Jamie Foxx on Working With Bryan Stevenson to Accurately Portray Walter McMillian | Close Up

(soft music) – Jamie, you played a real life character. When you’re playing that role, how much do you have
to be faithful to him? – The first thing that
helped me was aesthetically. We are part of the same tribe in a sense, our cheekbones, the diamond shaped head, that haircut that he had, I
had that in the 80s as well. So aesthetically, we
were ahead of the game. I didn’t have a chance
to see him actually alive but I had to sorta like
piece things together through what people were saying. And then talking to Bryan Stevenson, and hearin’ him talk about–
– He’s a real life attorney. – He’s a real life attorney.
– That the film is based on. – Who you know, goes and
meets this guy on death row and finds out all these horrible things. He’s on death row without a trial. They say he killed a white woman in a city that he’d never been in. And he couldn’t believe that this existed. But he told me how Walter was. He felt like, since I’m in this situation, I might as well do
everything I can to help. So when you see in the
movie when he’s talkin’ to all the prisoners and
everything like that, tryin’ to keep up their moral,
these guys on death row. So I took that as the spirit of it and then it was a matter
of, the vernacular, bein’ in Alabama, and the
way they talk like that. The way they say they thangs and you know. And to make that not be caricature like. I remember Michael B. Jordan,
listen, nah don’t do that. Because it started
soundin’ like somethin’, where we really couldn’t understand me. So we sorta dialed that in. So sometimes you have to rely
on the people that are around you to say, what makes the most sense. (soft music) – You shot in a real life prison? – Yeah.
– Right. Those prison scenes are phenomenal. They’re really incredible. Did you think–
– Yeah, the one moment when the cuffs was bein’ put on me and they had a guy who was
part of the prison system, who wasn’t part of the movie, yeah you gotta squeeze it tighter. Squeeze it tighter
’cause he’s a bigger one. Squeeze it tighter. – There was a couple
times I’m like hey man, don’t squeeze it, don’t,
they’re tight enough. You know what I’m sayin’? So he doesn’t know that
he’s saying something that is taking me come out these cuffs. But that’s his everyday life. We become so used to it too ’cause we talkin’ to Bryan
Stevenson, talkin’ about changin’ the perception because
the perception kills us. It’s like, the real I don’t
wanna go see somebody in jail is because I don’t wanna get used to that. But so many people are just
used to seein’ their father, their brother, their mothers in jail. And the next thing you know,
we start rappin’ about it. We should rap about bein’ in jail ’cause we don’t have any other
thing, this is all we see. So it’s a tough thing. (soft music) The movie process, it’s
a little bit different if you know what I mean. It’s like. – You mean from the theater or? – Not even that, just like,
when I was on Any Given Sunday, I remember Oliver Stone,
when I first auditioned, was like, you’re horrible,
when I auditioned. And I was like why? Because I was television actor. So everything I did was loud, yeah, so, you better understand this with
the football in the air man. (laughing) And he’s like, (mumbling)
get the fuck outta here. – Oliver can be tough. – Oliver can be tough. – No but I learned from that toughness. Meaning like, when he finally
decided to make the decision for me to be the lead,
he still would grill me. He said that’s not it,
that’s not it, that’s not it. Like workin’ with Quentin Tarantino, and I watched some actors struggle because the set was like, it was heavy. I mean you had Samuel
Jackson here, you had Leo. I mean there was some juggernauts,
you know what I’m sayin’, come on mother fuckers, say that shit. (wheezing)
And the dude was tryin’ to say come on, come on get it. And the guy was tryin’ to get his line and I watched Quentin Tarantino go to him, no it’s okay, everything’s
fine, just say the line. And I was like, damn, this shit
ain’t gonna work out right? But then you see the movie. (laughing) I said god damn! And Quentin said, all I need is one. Even workin’ with Christophe, Christophe, watchin’ him work, I learned
a little bit more about movie. I watched him fold a paper. This mother fucker wrote on the thing and was just supposed
to put it in his pocket. It seemed like it took
him forever to do it. (chuckling) It was nothin’ else existed
but that moment right? Christophe Waltz’S
process says, wasn’t that I’m gonna have all of
these thing memorized and do all of these things at once. He would give you these,
calm yourselves gentlemen! One more time. Calm yourselves gentlemen,
I am but a weary traveler. Wait, wait. And we were watchin’ him and Leo was like. (laughing) I said Leo, you think he got it? He’s got some pal. (laughing) Just keep watchin’, some shit is goin’ on. And you see all these
little bits of things and then all of a sudden
in the movie, boom. Calm yourselves gentlemen. I was like oh shit. And then, I’d like to thank the academy. (laughing)

You Can Use Office Lens With Immersive Reader

– Hey everyone, I am Leslie Fisher. Hello from BETT 2019. I am here to share with you
some of my favorite tips that you can use right now. If you have not seen Office Lens before, Office Lens allows you to take
a picture of a whiteboard, and it allows you to take
a picture of a document, even a business card. And once you do that,
you can share that image to a variety of locations. I will share mine usually
to Microsoft OneNote. Why? Because Microsoft
OneNote will take any picture that has text, and it will go ahead and
it will recognize the text, performing OCR. Once it does that, a world of opportunities
are available to me, including Immersive Reader, which is an application that will actually help me
read the text more effectively, perfect for me as a struggling reader, as well as teachers and students and anyone you know that
might struggle with reading. So I can go within moments
from taking a picture of text, be it on a page, on a newspaper, place it into OneNote, and having it read to me and helping me, not just in the language I speak, but a variety of languages. So imagine a student taking a picture of a page of a textbook in English and having that page of a
textbook read back to them in their native language. It’s available and you can do it and it’s all available for free.

Work on Our Fitness l Nursery Rhymes & Kids Songs

here we go out on the dance floor let’s move and sing with all of our friends and work work work on our fitness work work like it’s our business work work work on our fitness work work like it’s our business turn to the left turn to the right take a step back put your hands up high turn to the left turn to the right take a step back put your hands up high shake shake like a leaf on a tree shake shake like a bumblebee shake shake like a bird in the sky shake shake let’s exercise here we go out on the dance floor let’s move and sing with all of our friends and work work work on our fitness work work like it’s our business work work work on our fitness work work like it’s our business turn to the left turn to the right take a step back take a step back put your hands up high turn to the left turn to the left turn to the right take a step back put your hands up high shake shake like a leaf on a tree shake shake like a bumblebee shake shake like a bird in the sky shake shake let’s exercise dance dance move move shake shake play play dance dance move move shake shake play play here we go out on the dance floor let’s move and sing with all of our friends and work work work on our fitness work work like it’s our business work work work on our fitness work work like it’s our business


So I know every year I get on here and say,
wow this upcoming year has so many huge blockbusters. And so I don’t wanna do that again, but on
the other hand, this upcoming year does have so many huge blockbusters. Like it feels like more than usual, is that
just me? It was harder to put together this list than
it usually is. Anyway, if you don’t know what this is,
every year I talk about which movies I think are gonna be the top 10 biggest earners at
the worldwide box office next year. Usually I’m….I’m ok at it. Just so you know this year I won’t be including
how much money I think each film will make, I just don’t feel like it adds that much
to the video and I just….I didn’t wanna do it. So, without further ado, let’s just get
into it. First up at number 10 is Hobbs and Shaw. Now normally a Fast and Furious film would
be higher on the list given this franchise’s billion dollar potential these days, but this
is a spinoff so I’m thinking it’s gonna be a bit smaller. Still, I imagine it’s gonna make it on the
top 10 because a) it is still part of that franchise and people all around the world
love those movies b) it’s starring Dwayne Johnson and Jason Statham, both of whom are
stars who are very well liked, and c) it’s shaping up to be a really good fun action
movie which will help with word of mouth and people just enjoy those. So yeah I’ve got high hopes for this one
both fun wise and box office wise. Next at number 9 is The Secret Life of Pets
2. Illumination’s back at it in 2019, their
films almost always do really well at the box office, so I’m expecting this might
be a kind of Despicable Me 2 situation. The only reason I don’t have this higher
is because I haven’t heard a lot of buzz about this movie even though they released
some trailers, but especially in the case of kids movies, I think even without online
buzz they still have huge potential. I think most people somewhat enjoyed the first
one or were indifferent to it, I thought it was kinda fun, better than a lot of other
Illumination stuff, but I can definitely picture parents being like, oh hey I remember my kid
liked that movie a few years ago, let’s go see the second one. Also again, Illumination, if nothing else,
knows how to market a film, if sometimes obnoxiously. Coming in at number 8 is Detective Pikachu. It kinda surprised me how big the trailer
for this was, but I guess it shouldn’t have because Pokemon is huge and most people love
it, or have some nostalgia for it, and it’s a pretty well cut trailer, showing off all
the crazy Pokemon of the world that everyone probably loves, I don’t know I never got
in Pokemon as a kid. But even I was watching it and thinking, hey
that looks kinda fun. So I think not only will this have the huge
Pokemon fanbase behind it but possibly also the mainstream moviegoing public, which will
all lead to it being pretty big. Then at number 7 I’ve got Jumanji 2, which
yeah, is a surprise to me too that it’s this high on the list. And you know what, I might look kinda foolish
down the line if the hype for this sequel doesn’t match the firsts, cuz I think that’s
a very real possibility, but the new Jumanji made nearly a billion dollars. That’s still insane to me. And most people really enjoyed it, it’s
kind of a household name now with younger people who probably didn’t know about the
original. This is also kinda dependent on the movie
actually being good, because that’s what seems to help a movie in the long term rather
than just the opening weekend. So hey we’ll see, i don’t think this will
be as big as the first one, but I still think it’s gonna pull in a lot of money. Then at number 6 I’ve got Spider-Man Far
From Home. It kind of surprised me how big Homecoming
was, cuz even though it was the MCU and it’s like the most marketable superhero, I feel
like there might’ve been a bit of Spider-Man fatigue since the last reboot wasn’t that
long ago and the trailers kind of spoiled everything, but no, everyone went and saw
it and most people loved it and I think the same’s gonna happen here. Plus, thanks to that film and Infinity War,
I think Tom Holland is the most popular version of Spider-Man to date, with the general public
at least, don’t hate me hardocre Raimi fans, and also, Spider-Man is bigger than ever these
days, he’s got the Tom Holland stuff and the video game and the animated Spider-Verse,
Spider-Man’s showing up in a lot of fantastic stuff and I think that’s just gonna get
more people to go out and see this. Also it’s the MCU, that’s a guaranteed
like 500 million already. Coming in at number 5 is Toy Story 4, and
from here on out on the list you kind of start to see how 2019 is going to be Disney’s
year. To be honest the reaction to the trailer wasn’t
as crazy as I was expecting it to be, and I think there might be a little bit of weirdness
around this movie of like, why are they making this they wrapped it up perfectly last time? But still, Disney Pixar, huge franchise for
them, kids movie, it’s got all the ingredients for a huge box office hit. And Incredibles 2 just proved that Disney
Pixar sequels many years later bring in a lot of money, both from kids and also adults
who were kids when the originals came out. I mean, kids who saw the first Toy Story in
theaters would be close to 30 by now, and kids who watched Toy Story 3 in cinemas would
be mid to late teens by now, like me, so it’s kind of a great formula for getting in a lot
of different age groups. At number 4, and this will probably surprise
some people how low this is, but I’m going Star Wars Episode 9. I find the progression of Star Wars in the
past few years absolutely fascinating. When Force Awakens was coming out it was such
an insane event, the hype leading up to that film was crazy and a lot of fun to watch and
be part of. Then Rogue One happened and it was bit more
divisie, and some people started to turn on Force Awakens a bit as time went on. Then the whole Last Jedi controversy happened
where it caused a kind of fanbase divide that I don’t think I’ve ever seen before, and
then Solo came out and….bombed? Can we officially say it bombed? I mean a Star Wars film about one of the most
popular characters in the franchise made less than 400 million dollars, it made less than
Kingsman, it made less than Rampage, for what they wanted this film to be yeah I’d call
that a bomb. And I feel like there’s a real Star Wars
fatigue right now, which again, is nuts to me considering how crazy this all was not
that long ago. Anyway, that leaves us here with Episode 9,
and honestly I don’t really know what to think about this. I mean I don’t think it will bomb because
there were a lot of factors that led to that specific Solo situation, but for the first
time in a while I’m genuinely not sure if a Star Wars movie will make a billion dollars,
because of the state of the franchise. I know something like half the fanbase is
upset and I don’t know how that will affect it, if they’ll boycott it or something or
they will go see it cuz JJ Abrams will throw in some fan service, but more importantly
for the box office I don’t really know how the general public feels about Star Wars anymore. Is it still the kind of brand where a new
movie’s coming out and people are like, oh yeah I’ll definitely go see that. Solo kind of showed that it isn’t, although
maybe that’s cuz that was a spinoff and people will go for the main saga, I’m not
really sure. So that’s why I have it here. It’ll definitely make money, but I don’t
think it’ll be the biggest movie of the year. Coming in at number 3 is Frozen 2. I mean, this kind of speaks for itself. Frozen is such a huge part of pop culture
now. A sequel is going to bring in just all the
money. I think they’ve waited just to the very
edge of people completely losing interest in Frozen and it not being relevant, they’ve
waited right to the end and now it’s happening and I think people are gonna go out in droves. Family movies make a lot of money at the box
office, and this is like the ideal family movie, it’s Disney, it’s a sequel to a
movie most kids absolutely love, everyone’s seen Frozen, everyone’s gonna go see this. Then in the runner up spot, this one I could
see conceivably being number 1, but for now I’m keeping it here, I’ve got The Lion
King. I mean so far, the Disney live action remakes
have been huge, and those have been with Disney movies like Alice in Wonderland and The Jungle
Book. Now they’re remaking arguably their most
popular film of all time? Yeah this is going to be insanely big, I think
even more so than Beauty and the Beast, I think this might hit 2 billion dollars. There’s not much else to say, I just think
the response to that trailer, the way people know and love The Lion King and the proven
track record of these Disney live action remakes, I think it all culminates with this, this
is the peak I think, at least box office wise. So before I get to my number 1 choice, here
are some honorable mentions that I think definitely could sneak into the top 10. It 2. First one was a massive hit, especially for
an R-rated horror movie, and with Pennywise and this story now being really relevant again
in pop culture I can see this being just as massive. Captain Marvel. The MCU films generally make it into the top
10, only reason this wasn’t on the main list is that this year is so competitive box
office wise already. Shazam! The Worlds of DC movies are a bit hit or miss
at the box office, but so far this looks like it’s leaning more towards the hit direction. Aladdin. Disney live action remake, it’s gonna make
tons of money. I just don’t think it’ll be as much as Lion
King, just haven’t really felt the same level of hype around this as for that one. Don’t get me wrong though, it’s still
gonna make a lot of money. Spies in Disguise. The most bizarre trailer twist I’ve seen
in a long time, which I won’t spoil here if you haven’t seen it. But animated movies generally do really well
at the box office, this one’s got Tom Holland and Will Smith, haven’t heard a ton of people
talking about it but I think box office wise it could be huge. Joker. This one is the one that I think is least
likely to make it, but still….maybe this could be big, if it’s good. I’m just getting kind of a Venom Deadpool
vibe from this, not in terms of the movie’s tone or anything, but the way where it’s
getting a lot of internet hype and attention and people are crazy about the look and I
don’t know, I think there’s a slim chance that this could be really big. And then, number 1, a rare case of this being
the same as my most anticipated number 1, actually I don’t know if that’s rare I didn’t
bother to check is Avengers Endgame. I mean, much like number 2 and number 3, pretty
self explanatory. Marvel, Avengers, Infinity War was such a
huge hit, biggest trailer of all time, etc etc. Whose not gonna go see this? I’ve speculated that maybe the more secretive
marketing might cut off some of the more very casual everyday movie goers who see the usual
Marvel trailers with crazy action and powers and heroes and go see that and then see this
teaser and think, well that looks kinda dull. But I think based on the franchise alone and
especially Infinity War I think the general public is there for this just on the brand
alone, i think they could just release nothing and mos t casual moviegoers would still go
and see it, it’s Avengers, it’s Marvel, it’s arguably the biggest franchise right
now. Honestly most of the moviegoing public is
like a fanbase that Marvel can count on at this point, it’s kinda crazy. Also future marketing will probably have some
more action and reveals and that sort of stuff, to a certain extent anyway, so yeah, I imagine
this will probably match Infinity War’s numbers or at least get very close. Also, quick note here at the end, at some
point in probably March (if I remember to do so), I’ll post in a video or on Twitter
how my list from last year held up, and if I’m actually getting better at this over
the years. Spoilers, I’m probably not. So those were the movies I think will make
the most money next year. Do you agree or disagree with my list? Let me know all of your thoughts down be low
in the comments. While you’re at it be sure to like this
video, check out my Instagram and Twitter @bhl_hudson, check out this podcast about
movies and TV and whatnot I do every other week with a friend of mine, it’s called
The Poorly Planned Podcast, and subscribe for more videos like the one you just watched. Thanks for watching and I’ll see ya next

How Does Impeachment Actually Work?

Who’s in charge of the person in charge?
Who fires the leader of a country if the leader is breaking the law or not doing their job
properly? Who gets to decide that the leader of a country is abusing power or derelict
in their duties in the first place? Sometimes leaders are fired or removed from office through
a process called impeachment where a governing body accuses and investigates how a leader
has mishandled their position or powers. While many countries around the world have
their own impeachment processes, today we’re focusing on the impeachment process for the
United States of America. Furthermore while any elected official may be impeached, and
impeachment is possible both at the state and federal levels, we’re specifically discussing
how impeachment works for the highest office in the land, the president of the United States. There are only 4 ways a US president may leave
or be removed from office during their term: Firstly, they can pass away. Eight US presidents
have died while in office, four of those deaths occurred via assasination. The first incumbent
president to die was William Henry Harrison in 1841, who died after only a month in office.
He was followed by Zachary Taylor in 1850. Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in 1865,
followed by James A. Garfield, who was assassinated in 1881. William McKinley was assassinated
in 1901 and Warren G. Harding suffered a heart attack while in office, and died in 1923.
Franklin D. Roosevelt died in 1945 and finally, John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. The second way an American president can leave
office during their term is to resign. Only one president has ever resigned in the history
of the US. Contrary to popular belief, President Richard Nixon was not removed from office,
he resigned in 1974. Thirdly, a president can be impeached, convicted
and removed. In this context, a simple definition of impeachment
is that the House of Representatives makes formal charges against the president for–to
quote the constitution “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”
However, generally when people talk about impeachment they mean the whole process, including
conviction and removal from office. Basically impeachment is just the starting
point for reviewing a president’s actions and determining if those actions fit the clauses
set forth in the constitution. Much like a grand jury indicting an alleged criminal,
impeachment starts a process in motion to review and investigate the president’s actions. Let’s walk through how the impeachment process
can unfold: The President has done some questionable things
that the House of Representatives feels they should probe. The Judiciary Committee of the
House opens an investigation into the President’s actions. Ultimately, the Judiciary Committees’
report is enough to sway several members of the House that President should be impeached
so they call for a resolution. While at any time a member of congress could call for a
resolution of impeachment, if they are the only representative interested in impeaching
the president, it’s highly unlikely that the House would take further action. With support for an impeachment from several
colleagues, the Speaker of the House declares that the House of Representatives is going
to hold an official inquiry of impeachment into the President’s behavior. How the Speaker
declares the official inquiry is not specified in the constitution, they can hold a press
conference, send a letter to the Senate, etc. Over the next several days, if not weeks or
months, the House of Representatives collects and reviews information regarding the President’s
questionable actions. This investigation may involve holding hearings, subpoenaing witnesses
to testify, reviewing transcripts and files deemed relevant to the proceedings, etc. Once they’ve reviewed any evidence, if warranted
the House of Representatives, usually the Judiciary Committee, drafts Articles of Impeachment.
Technically, the House of Representatives can set up a special panel to handle the impeachment
proceedings or skip the investigation and hold a floor vote on such articles without
any committee vetting them. The Constitution simply says that impeachment is the prerogative
of the House of Representatives and does not specify how they conduct proceedings. Once the Articles of Impeachment have been
created, the House votes on them. If any article passes by a majority, then the President is
impeached. The House of Representatives consists of 435 lawmakers so if any article receives
a vote of 218, the article passes via simple majority. From there, the US Senate holds a trial to
decide if the passed impeachment articles are true and they rise to the level of being
serious enough to convict the President and remove them from office. The trial is overseen
by the chief justice of the Supreme Court. A team of lawmakers from the House, Called
‘Managers’, act as prosecutors while the president has counsel to act as defense lawyers.
The Senators serve as a jury. After hearing evidence and closing arguments from each side
and deliberating, the Senate then reconvenes and votes. A supermajority or at least two thirds (⅔)
of the Senate must vote in favor of any Article of Impeachment for the President to be convicted.
The Senate consists of 100 members so a simple majority is 51 votes; while a 2/3 supermajority
vote is 67 votes. If the President is found guilty of any article, they are removed from
office and the vice president is sworn in. No US president has ever been removed from
office via impeachment. Three presidents have come close. Two presidents have been impeached–President
Andrew Johnson and President Bill Clinton. A third, President Richard Nixon resigned
before the House of Representatives could vote on the Articles of Impeachment they had
drafted against him. In 1868, during Reconstruction, President
Andrew Johnson, who had an ongoing bitter struggle with Congress over division of power
was impeached. The primary charge against President Johnson was that he violated the
Tenure of Office Act when he fired Secretary of War Edwin Stanton. While 3 of the original
11 drafted Articles of Impeachment were passed by the House of Representatives, President
Johnson was not convicted and therefore not removed from office. In fact on each of the
3 articles, the Senate fell short of the required ⅔ majority by a single vote. In the fall of 1973, an impeachment process
began over President Nixon’s role in the Watergate Scandal. In early summer of 1974
the Judiciary Committee of the House approved three Articles of Impeachment against President
Nixon, for obstruction of justice, abuse of power, and contempt of Congress. Before the
House of Representatives could vote on the impeachment articles, President Nixon resigned
from office on August 9, 1974. President Bill Clinton was formally impeached
in December of 1998, on two Articles of Impeachment–perjury to a grand jury and obstruction of justice
for his role in suppressing his affair with Monica Lewinsky. The Senate held a trial and
then a vote to convict. The Senate vote pretty much split down the middle by political party
and did not receive a super majority on either article so President Clinton was acquitted. During the summer of 1787 when the Constitutional
Convention convened in Philadelphia, the delegates spent a lot of time building checks and balances
into the government. Enshrining impeachment into the Constitution created a failsafe–the
US president is not above the law. One of the reasons central to America being founded
was that the colonies no longer wanted to be under the control of a King whom they deemed
a tyrant. So when the founding fathers created 3 branches of government, they wanted to make
sure that the executive branch, the elected US president never had absolute power like
a monarch. Impeachment is a way for the legislative branch
to check the power of the executive branch. However, the founding fathers deliberately
made the impeachment process multi-step, somewhat complicated and rather vague so it was hard
to abuse. Let’s break impeachment down: In article
2, section 4 of the US constitution it says: “The President, Vice President and all Civil
Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction
of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.” So the constitution lays out 3 offenses for
which the president may be impeached: Treason, which they defined in article 3, section 3
of the constitution as “Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying
War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort.” So
basically treason is helping enemies of the United States. Bribery is defined as the giving or offering
of a bribe. So if the president receives or gives gifts or money for personal benefit
or political favor, they would be participating in bribery. The third offense deemed worthy of impeachment
is ‘high crimes and misdemeanors’ which the founding fathers did not define, deliberately
leaving it vague. For years, constitutional lawyers have debated what this means. The
term comes from British common law tradition. We’ll run with a fairly broad definition:
Any misconduct by the president that severely injures the stability, integrity or effectiveness
of the US government. Among other actions, this could include obstruction of authority,
perjury of oath, abuse of authority, misuse of public funds or assets, tax evasion or
unbecoming conduct. So while a president could break the law,
depending on the crime or the severity of the crime, it may not be considered a ‘high
crime or misdemeanor’ and therefore impeachment would not be pursued or would likely fail
if pursued. The impeachment process is meant to be a deliberate,
contemplative course of action. Impeachment proceedings also have a political dimension
because members of Congress are conscious about how their actions and votes during the
impeachment will play to their constituents and political base. Furthermore, impeachment
actions set precedence. Lawmakers look to the previous impeachments to substantiate
how future impeachment proceedings are conducted. If you remember, we mentioned that there are
four ways a President can leave or be removed from office. Just to recap the 3 ways we’ve
discussed: #1 is through death, #2 is if they choose to resign, #3 through impeachment,
conviction and removal. The fourth and final way a president can be
removed from office is if the 25th amendment is invoked. Under the 25th amendment there
are two methods in which the president may either temporarily or permanently be absolved
of power. Firstly, the President can provide the leaders
of the Senate and House of Representatives with a written declaration stating that they
are unable to discharge the powers and duties of their office. Once the declaration has
happened, the Vice President assumes all powers and duties as Acting President until the President
provides another written statement declaring that they are ready to resume their duties.
An example of this clause in action would be in 2002 when President George W. Bush temporarily
delegated power to Vice President Dick Cheney when he underwent a brief medical procedure. Section 4 of the 25th amendment discusses
the second means of either temporarily or permanently removing the president from office–if
the Vice President and a majority of cabinet members provide the leaders of the Senate
and House of Representatives with a written declaration that the President is unable to
discharge the powers and duties of their office, the Vice President can immediately assume
the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. If the President responds with their own written
declaration that no inability exists, they can resume the powers and duties of their
office. Then within 4 days if the Vice President and cabinet members send a second declaration
that the President is unfit for duty, the Vice President again immediately takes over
as Acting President. Then Congress must meet within 48 hours regarding this issue. Within
21 days, Congress must vote to permanently remove the president from power. If two-thirds
of members of both the House of Representatives and the Senate agree that the President is
unfit for office, they are permanently stripped of the position, and the Vice President officially
becomes President. This clause is for removing power from the President if they suffer a
deficit in their physical or mental faculties and cannot or will not provide Congress with
a written declaration. Currently this option has never been utilized. Do you think the US impeachment process is
a fair way of investigating whether or not the president has committed bribery, abuses
of power or other severe crimes against their position? Why or why not? Let us know in the
comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video Can The President of the United States
Go To Jail?! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t forget to like, share, and
subscribe. See you next time!

Annual employment law changes 2019. Prepare now.

At 11pm on Friday 29th March this year, the
UK is due to leave the EU, with or without a deal; unless Parliament agrees to extend
the 2 year deadline under Article 50. Huge uncertainty has characterised the last
few months and weeks, and it remains to be seen just what will happen. Fortunately, there is no such uncertainty
when it comes to the various annual employment law changes, some of which are due to come
into force just 3 days later, on Monday 1st April. Every year the NMW and NLW rates increase,
and this year it’s no different. From the 1st April, employees aged 25 and
over, who are entitled to the NLW, must be paid a salary that equates to at least £8.21
per hour. For employees between 21 and 24, who are entitled
to be paid the NMW, their rate increases to £7.70; between 18 and 20 it increases to
£6.15, and for employees over the compulsory school age and who are 17, their rate increases
to £4.35. As for apprentices, their rate increases to
£3.90; unless you happen to be on a particular BBC reality programme, in which case it’s
whatever rate Lord Sugar decides you are worth. Statutory rates for certain employment entitlements
also go up on the 1st April. In particular, SSP rises to £92.45 per week,
and SMP and SAP both rise to £148.68 per week. Auto enrolment contributions for employee
pensions also increase, but not until Saturday 6th April, to coincide with the start of the
new tax year. Employer minimum contributions rise from 2%
to 3%, and minimum employee contributions rise from 3% to 5%. Meaning that the total minimum contribution
will stand at 8% from the 6th April. This is the last of the incremental changes
that were set out when the auto-enrolment scheme was first launched. For private sector employers with a headcount
of 250 or more employees, remember that the 2nd annual deadline for submitting your gender
pay gap report is Thursday 4th April. Results must not only be published on your
website; returns must be made so that your report also appears on the designated Government
website. It’s likely to be less painful second time
around as we are all more familiar with what’s expected; unless of course you’re an employer
who has grown their headcount in the past 12 months, and you now find yourself caught
by the Regulations for the first time. Employment status, and whether someone working
for you is an employee, independent sub-contractor, or worker, is one of the hottest topics in
employment law at the moment; not least because of a number of recent high profile cases and
the Government’s review into this area. In the context of that debate an important
change comes into force on the 6th April, when workers will, for the very first time,
be entitled to receive an itemised pay slip from the company or organisation they are
working for. Currently something only that employees are
entitled to. There are some detailed Regulations coming
into force which employers, who retain workers, will certainly need to be aware of, because
a failure to provide a pay slip to those individuals who are workers could lead to an Employment
Tribunal claim. Time does not permit me to outline any further
proposed changes that are on the horizon this year, and which could well have a significant
impact. So please; if you are already a Peninsula
client do keep in touch with your adviser. And if you are not a Peninsula client, then
do get in touch to find out more about how Peninsula can help protect your business. Particularly in these uncertain times. Whether these last few minutes provided you
with a welcome distraction from Brexit, I shall leave you to judge