Hi, I’m Chitra with Microsoft Accessibility
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AND THE RESIDENTS IN THOMPKINSVILLE IN THE YEAR SINCE GARNER’S DEATH. NEW AT 5:00, WORKING ON THE RAILROAD, APPARENTLY PAYS. A NEW REPORT REVEALS ONE IN FOUR WORKERS AT THE MTA MAKES A SIX-FIGURE SALARY! AND ON THE LONG ISLAND RAIL ROAD, THE PERCENTAGE IS EVEN HIGHER. CBS 2’S CAROLYN GUSOFF REPORTS. Reporter: THEY ARE ON THE MOVE. LONG ISLAND RAIL ROAD WORKERS’ SALARIES GOING UP, 27% LAST YEAR, THE AVERAGE RAILROAD WORKER PULLED IN $106,000. AND 130 EMPLOYEES EARNED MORE THAN $200,000. WHILE RIDERS STRUGGLE WITH RISING FARES. WAY TOO EXCESSIVE FOR THE TYPE OF WORK THAT THEY’RE DOING. I WISH I COULD MAKE THREE FIGURES AND I’M AN ATTORNEY. THAT’S A LOT. THAT’S RIDICULOUS. Reporter: RAKING IN SALARIES IN THE MID $200,000 RANGE, TRACK FOREMAN, REPAIRMEN, SIGNAL INSPECTORS, YARD MASTERS. IS IT RIGHT? OH, MY GOSH. NO! Reporter: THE MTA CALLS THE REPORT BY THE EMPIRE CENTER FOR PUBLIC POLICY FLAWED BECAUSE SALARIES REFLECT LAST YEAR’S UNION SETTLEMENTS. ONE-TIME ONLY PAYMENTS FOR WORK THEY HAD DONE YEARS EARLIER. TAKE AWAY THAT AVERAGE RETROACTIVE PAY, YOU STILL HAVE QUARTER OF A MILLION DOLLARS A YEAR RAILROAD WORKERS. THE HIGHEST PAID MTA EMPLOYEES IN FACT ARE MAINLY NOT THE BRASS. MOST OF THE PEOPLE AMONG THE HIGHEST PAID MTA EMPLOYEES ARE BLUE COLLAR WORKERS. Reporter: WHAT ABOUT TOP BRASS? WITH TOP SALARIES IN THE MID 300 THOUSAND DOLLARS TO $400,000. WHO MAKES THAT KIND OF MONEY? CORPORATE AMERICA OF LARGE ORGANIZATIONS GET THAT KIND OF MONEY. Reporter: AMONG THE HIGHEST PAID UNION WORKERS, MTA POLICE. WE WERE CHARGED WITH PROTECTING A MAJOR TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES AND WE HAVE TO BE THERE, YOU KNOW. THERE’S NO OTHER WAY TO DO IT ASIDE FROM HIRING POLICE OFFICERS ON THE STREET. Reporter: 66 WORKERS EARNED MORE THAN $100,000 IN OVERTIME DUE TO WORK RULE RESTRICTIONS. IS THE PUBLIC GETTING RIPPED OFF? THE REPORT INTENDED AS A WAKE- UP CALL TO THOSE PEOPLE WRITING THE CHECKS, THE RIDERS AND TAXPAYERS. CAROLYN GUSOFF, CBS 2 NEWS. TOP SALARIES ALSO WENT TO
At-will employment is part of American law
that defines an employment relationship in which either party can sever the relationship
with no repercussion, as long as there was no express contract for a definite term governing
the employment relationship and that the employer doesn’t belong to a collective bargaining
consortium. Here is the writing:
” any hiring is presumed to be “at will”; that is, the employer is free to discharge
individuals “for good cause, or bad cause, or no cause at all,” and the employee is equally
free to quit, strike, or otherwise cease work.” Michigan has decided to abandon the requirement
of a union worker to join a union and become and At-Will Employment State. There is much
controversy surrounding this decision as union workers feel that the strength of the employment
grouping comes for all members sticking together. At-will employment has been scrutinized as
a mandate that is based on flawed assumptions about the inherent distribution of power and
information in the employee-employer relationship and for its brutal harshness upon employees. Many union workers feel that their rights
are being taken away. However, there is another argument to this controversy. As the Michigan
Republican Governor pushes this through, every employee that does not want to join a union
is free to opt out. There is a said “Freedom” in being able to decide if you want to join
a union or not. Furthermore, you are not obligated to pay dues and pocket this money to feed
your family. Another argument is that if you compare the unemployment rates of states that
have at-will employment you will find a significant difference favoring the Michigan State Government’s
move. Either way, there is change in the air. In
order for the unions to remain strong, they must stick together. This will require a continued
effort to sway lawmakers and polls that the long tradition of union power protects the
middle class. At Will Employment may or may not be the answer. The news organizations are lending their hand
in pointing arguments from the likes of right winged Fox News and Liberal MSNBC. Chris Matthews of MSNBC went as far as trying
to point the Koch brothers as the leading capitalist power behind this movement. The
argument states that if unions cannot stay together in a tightly wound group then the middle class
will be exploited and draw lower salaries and benefits. Union dues may be a drop in
the bucket compared to how the worker will be treated with out protection.
The debate goes on.
This video was made possible by Brilliant.org. Learn how to think with Brilliant for
20% off by being one of the first 200 people to sign up over at brilliant.org/HAI. For all you hip millennial AM radio listeners,
you may have noticed something. A lot of AM radio stations shut down at night
and a lot of other ones can be heard from further away and there’s a good reason for
that. AM radio waves travel further at night. Now here’s some science talk. You might actually have to learn something
this episode. Broadcast radio is essentially split into
two types: AM and FM. AM radio waves look like this, FM waves look
like this. Except this isn’t to scale, this is. You see, AM radio waves are hugely longer
than FM waves. The wavelength from a station broadcasting
at 1000 AM, for example, is 300 meters long while a station broadcasting at 100 FM only
has a wave 3 meters long but with wavelengths, much like with stab wounds, smaller is better,
at least in some ways. You see, the station 1000 AM broadcasts at
1000 kHz which translates to 1,000,000 hertz which means that this wave oscillates 1 million
times per second but the station 100 FM broadcasts at 100 mHZ which translates to 100,000,000
oscillations per second. I won’t go too deep into the science of
this because I want views, but essentially at the higher frequencies FM radio transmits
in a way that is higher quality. So that brings us to nighttime. Between 40 and 600 miles of altitude, there’s
a layer of the atmosphere called the ionosphere. In this region, all the radiation coming from
the sun gives off electrons that stick around for a bit and bounce lower-frequency radio
waves, including AM signals, back to earth, but FM radio waves just go right through. Without the bounce from the ionosphere, FM
radio can only be picked up within line-of-sight of the broadcast tower which, since the earth
supposedly curves, is only about 30-40 miles. At night though, the sun disappears, but you
probably already knew that. Without the sun there’s less radiation giving
off electrons so some of the ionosphere disappears, but not all of it. Above 100 miles the ionosphere remains and
it keeps bouncing the radio signals back to earth, but since the bounce happens higher
up, the signal gets back down to earth further away. This is why AM radio has a significantly longer
range at night. The difference is so significant that an AM
radio station in New York with a transmission distance of about a hundred miles during the
day could, in the right conditions, potentially be picked up by a skilled operator in Europe
at night. But this presents a bit of a problem. There are only 116 AM radio frequencies in
the US as decided by the much loved FCC starting at 540 kHz and increasing in increments of
10 to 1700 kHz but there are thousands of AM radio stations. During the day this isn’t a problem because
their signals only reach a hundred or so miles, but if they all broadcasted during the night
the frequencies would just be a mumbled jumbled mess of sound, so they don’t. Certain frequencies are given clear-channel
status which allow some large stations to broadcast their signal at full power all the
time, but those transmitting on the same frequency during the day are required to shut down or
reduce power overnight. For example, on 1000 AM in the US, there are
two clear channel stations—KOMO in Seattle, Washington and KMVP in Chicago, Illinois. At night, all the nearest stations, like WCCD
in Parma, Ohio, will shut down while those slightly further, like KSOO in Sioux Falls,
South Dakota, will reduce their power significantly so they can only be heard in the immediate
area. This leads to a weird situation where the
broadcasting hours of a station change depending on the the time of year. When these daytime only stations can broadcast
is directly tied to when the sun is up so WCCD, the daytime station in Parma, Ohio,
for example, is allowed to broadcast for 15 hours a day in the summer when days are long
but in the winter, when the sun rises later and sets earlier, they only have 9 hours of
daylight during which they can be on air, but between the clear channel stations, KOMO
in Seattle and KMVP in Chicago, the range is so significant that at night, anyone from
coast to coast can tune into 1000 am and listen to radio. If you want a surefire way to make your millions,
you should start a radio station but if you want to start a radio station you’ll probably
need a better understanding of how radio waves work and there’s no better place to gain
an understanding of scientific concepts than brilliant.org. As I’ve been learning in their solar radiation
course, that same radiation that bounces AM radio back to earth is also one of the abundant
and renewable sources of power. Shockingly, you’ll learn complex concepts
like the Shockley Queisser limit simply with their straight-forward explanations, simple
graphics, and thought-provoking puzzles which help you think like a scientist. By going to brilliant.org/HAI, you can get
started for free and then, by being one of the first 200 people to upgrade to the Premium
Subscription, you will get 20% off.
How to Take a Nap at Work. Seinfeld’s George Costanza built a bed under
his desk, but we’ll tell you how to be a bit more subtle. You will need A spot to sleep An alarm And
20 uninterrupted minutes and big headphones (optional) (optional) (optional) (optional). Step 1. Find a place at work where you can sleep uninterrupted
for at least 20 minutes—your office or cubicle, the backseat of your car, an underused conference
room, the mailroom, under your boss’s desk when they’re away Major cities like New York
now have nap pods that you can rent for brief snoozes. Step 2. Consider options outside your workplace: a
department store with a nice lounge, the local library, a nearby park in nice weather. Just remember to keep your valuables under
wraps or you could wake to a lighter wallet. If you’re going to sleep at your desk, slap
on some big headphones and turn your chair away from visitors; people will be less likely
to interrupt if they think you’re listening to something. Step 3. Take your power nap between 1:00 and 3:00,
when energy levels are at their lowest. If you’re a light sleeper, try snoozing under
your desk. If you hear someone coming, just jump up and
say thank God you found your contact lens, earring, whatever. Remember to have the prop in your hand! Step 4. Set an alarm. You want to take a nap, not wake up when the
cleaning crew is vacuuming around your feet. Step 5. Check your appearance before you resume work
so you don’t arrive at a meeting with bed head and chin drool. Did you know NASA sleep researchers found
that a 26-minute nap boosts work performance by 34%.
Hello and welcome the companies how to poop at work informational
Course. we’ve all been there but don’t like to admit it we’ve all kicked back in our cubicles and
suddenly felt something brewing down below as much as we try to convince ourselves otherwise the work poope is inevitable for those who hate pooping at work The following is the survival guide for taking
a dump at work. “ crop dusting” When farting you walk briskly around the office
so the smell is not in our area and everyone else gets a whiff but doesn’t know where it
came from be careful when you do this do not stop until the full fart has been expelled. Walk an extra thirty feet to make sure the smell has left your pants. “Fly-by” The act of scouting out a bathroom before
pooping walk in and check for other pooper ‘s if there are others in the bathroom leave
and come back again be careful not to become a frequent flyer people may become suspicious if they catch
you constantly going into the bathroom “Escapee” A fart that slips out while taking a leak
at the urinal, or forcing a poop in a stall. This is usually accompanied by a sudden wave
of embarrassment if you release an escapee do not acknowledge
it pretend it did not happen if you are standing next to the farter in
the urinal pretend you did not hear it. no one likes an escapee it is uncomfortable for all involved. Making a joke or laughing makes both parties
feel uneasy. “Jail Break” when forcing a poop several farts slip out at a machine gun pace. This is usually a side effect of diarrhea
or a hangover if this should happen do not panic remain in the stall until everyone has left
the bathroom to spare everyone the awkwardness of what
just occurred. “courtesy flush” the act of flushing the toilet the instant
the poop hits the water this reduces the amount of air time the poop
has to stink up the bathroom this can help you avoid being caught doing
the walk of shame. “Walk of shame” Walking from the stall to the sink to the door after you have just stunk up the bathroom. This can be a very uncomfortable moment if
someone walks in and bust you as with farts it is best to pretend that the smell does not exist can be avoided with the use of the courtesy
flush. “Out of the closet pooper” a colleague who pops at work and is damn
proud of it you will often see an “Out of the closet pooper”
enter the bathroom with a newspaper or magazine under his or her arm always look around the office for the Out
of the closet pooper before entering the bathroom the “Pooping Friends Network also called PFN A group of co-workers who band together
to ensure emergency pooping goes off without incident this group can help you to monitor to where-
about s of the out of the closet pooper’s and identify safe havens. “safe havens” A seldom usde bathroom somewhere in the building where you can least expect visitors try floors that are predominantly of the opposite
sex this will reduce the odds of a pooper of the oppisit
sex entering the bathroom. “Turd Burglar” someone who does not realize that you are
in the stall and tries to force the door open this is one of the most shocking and vulnerable
moments that can occur when taking a poop at work if this occurs remain in the stall until the turd burglar
leaves this way you will avoid all uncomfortable
eye contact. “Camo cough a phony cough that alerts all new entrants
into the bathroom that you are in a stall this can be used to cover-up a watermelon
or to alert potential turd burglars very effective when used in conjunction with
an astaire astaire A subtle toe tap that is used to alert potential
trade burglars that you are occupying a stall this will remove all doubt that the stall
is occupied if you hear in Anstair, leave the bathroom immediately
so the pooper can poop in peace watermelon a poop that creates a loud splash when hitting
the toilet water this is also an embarrassing incident if you feel a watermelon coming on create
a diversion see camo coug. “havana omelet” a case of diarrhea that creates a series of loud splashes in
the toilet water often accompanied by an escapee try using a camel cough with an Astaire Uncle Tom a bathroom user who seems to linger around
forever could spend extended lengths of time in front
of the mirror Or sitting on the pot. an uncle tom makes it difficult to relax well
in the craper. has you should always wait to poop when the
bathroom is empty this benefits you as well as the other bathroom
attendees now that you know how to poop at work we hope
you’ll take what you have learned here and apply it the next time you have to take
a poop at work by (FART SOUND) Oh No! You better go now!
– SO TODAY WE HAVE A BIG
SURPRISE FOR A VIEWER AND HER COWORKERS. THEY WORK AT NORDSTROM
ABOUT 30 MINUTES AWAY IN CANOGA PARK. AND SUSAN AND HER FRIENDS
CAME TO A TAPING LAST WEEK, TOLD MY STAFF HOW MUCH THEY LOVE WHEN I SURPRISE PEOPLE
ON THE SHOW, SO THAT’S WHAT I’M GONNA DO
RIGHT NOW. JEANNIE IS OUTSIDE
OF NORDSTROM, AND I AM GONNA GIVE
SUSAN A CALL. JEANNIE, ARE YOU THERE
AND READY? – HI, ELLEN.
I’M HERE AND I’M READY. – ALL RIGHT.
HOW IS IT THERE? – UH, IT’S BEAUTIFUL HERE.
THE WEATHER IS AMAZING. – YEAH, IT’S NOT AS COLD AS
WHERE WE NORMALLY SEND YOU, HUH? – NO, NO. – THANK YOU FOR CALLING
NORDSTROM TOPANGA. – OH, HI.
EXTENSION 1042, PLEASE. – I’LL CONNECT.
HAVE A GOOD DAY. – YOU TOO. [hold music playing] [line ringing] – JO MALONE LONDON.
THIS IS SUSAN. HOW MAY I HELP YOU? – OH, HI, SUSAN. THIS IS JO MALONE COUNTER,
RIGHT? – YES, THIS IS JO MALONE. – HELLO, SUSAN. QUICK QUESTION–
I HAVE A DRESSING ROOM. I WANT TO GET A SCENTED CANDLE
THAT’S VERY RELAXING. WHAT WOULD YOU RECOMMEND? – WELL, WE HAVE A NEW CANDLE
CALLED LAVENDER & LOVAGE… – OOH! – AND IT’S VERY, VERY RELAXING. – OH, WONDERFUL.
GOOD SUGGESTION. DO YOU THINK THAT WORKS WELL
FOR A TALK SHOW HOST? – FOR A WHAT?
I’M SORRY. – FOR A TALK SHOW HOST– WOULD A TALK SHOW HOST
LIKE THAT? – OH, IT WOULD BE BEAUTIFUL,
YES. – WHAT ABOUT– – IT’S BEAUTIFUL IN A ROOM
OR IN–IN ANYWHERE. – GOOD. WHAT ABOUT SOMEONE
WHO’S HOSTING THE OSCARS? WOULD SOMEONE LIKE THAT
LIKE IT? – OH, THEY WOULD LOVE IT. – YEAH.
– YOU MEAN, LIKE, ELLEN? – LIKE ELLEN DEGENERES,
LIKE ME, YEAH. – LIKE WHO?
– ME. IT’S ME.
– ELLEN! THIS IS ELLEN?
– IT IS. HEY, SUSAN. – [screaming] [cheers and applause] – THIS IS ELLEN DEGENERES? – YEAH, IT IS.
HEY, SUSAN– – IS THIS ELLEN?
– YEAH, SUSAN, IT IS. WHO ARE YOU THERE WITH,
YOUR FRIENDS? – YES, YEAH, MY FRIENDS
SABRINA AND SUE. – YOU LIKE WHEN
I SURPRISE PEOPLE, RIGHT? – OH, MY GOSH.
IT IS HER. IT’S HER. – OH, MY GOSH.
– IT’S HER, IT’S HER, IT’S HER. [voices overlapping] [all screaming] [cheers and applause] – HI, SUSAN. – HI, ELLEN!
HI, ELLEN! – HEY.
HI, LADIES. – HI, ELLEN.
HOW ARE YOU– – OH, THERE’S ELLEN! – HI, HI.
HI. all: HI, ELLEN! – SO LISTEN, I HEARD THAT YOU LIKE
WHEN I SURPRISE PEOPLE, SO I THOUGHT I WOULD
SURPRISE YOU–SURPRISE! – OH, MY GOD.
– TOTALLY SURPRISED ME. – YEAH. HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN
WORKING AT NORDSTROM? – OH– [laughter] I’VE BEEN SINCE 1985. – UH-HUH. AND YOUR FRIENDS
AND FAMILY GET– YOU GET A DISCOUNT FOR THAT,
RIGHT, SO I COULD USE THAT? – YES. ANYTIME.
I’LL HELP YOU, I’LL HELP YOU. – GOOD, GOOD. – I’LL HELP YOU.
WHATEVER YOU NEED, ELLEN. – OH, THANKS SO MUCH, SUSAN.
– YOU’RE MY FAMILY. – YES, I AM YOUR FAMILY.
THANK YOU. I LIKE TO THINK OF THAT–
MYSELF AS YOUR FAMILY ALSO. AND YOU HAD SO MUCH FUN
WHEN YOU WERE HERE LAST WEEK, I WANTED TO INVITE YOU BACK, SO DO YOU THINK YOU WOULD BE
ABLE TO GET TIME OFF IN DECEMBER FOR ONE OF MY
12 DAYS OF GIVEAWAYS? [all screaming] [cheers and applause] WE HAVE TO TAKE A BREAK.
WE’LL BE BACK. SO WE’RE BACK WITH SUSAN
AND SABRINA AND SUE, AND, SUSAN, A FEW MORE THINGS
I LEARNED ABOUT YOU. LET’S TALK ABOUT– YOU HAVE FOUR KIDS, AND THREE
OF ‘EM ARE IN COLLEGE, RIGHT? – YES. – YES, AND YOUR HUSBAND SCOTT WORKS 17 HOURS A DAY
AS A LIMO DRIVER? – YES. – THOSE ARE LONG HOURS. THEN–LET’S TALK ABOUT YOUR CAR. TELL ME ABOUT YOUR CAR. – OH! YOU MEAN BETSY? [laughter] UM, IT’S A 1990… – MM-HMM.
– IT’S OLDER THAN MY OLDEST SON. – UH-HUH. – AND IT–I HAVE TO JUMP IT
EVERY TIME I START IT. – YOU HAVE TO JUMP-START IT
EVERY TIME. YOU KNOW THERE–YOU’RE SUPPOSED
TO JUST USE A KEY. THAT’S– [laughter] – WHAT DID SHE SAY? – SHE SAID YOU’RE SUPPOSED
TO JUST USE A KEY. [laughter] – AND IT HAS, LIKE,
200,000 MILES OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, RIGHT? – YES, YES.
– YEAH, ALL RIGHT. DO ME A FAVOR.
STEP OUTSIDE WITH JEANNIE. I WANT YOU TO JUST GET
SOME FRESH AIR. WALK OUTSIDE WITH JEANNIE. – COME ON OUTSIDE. [indistinct chatter] AND IT’S SO NICE.
THE WEATHER’S SO GOOD. – YES, IT IS, IT IS.
– ISN’T IT SO GREAT? – IT’S BEAUTIFUL.
– OH, THAT’S LOVELY OUTSIDE. YEAH, THAT’S BETTER LIGHT
ON EVERYBODY. OKAY, UM, SO ANYWAY– AND SO THE CAR’S NAME
IS BETSY? WHAT DO YOU WANT TO– – THE CAR’S NAME IS BETSY?
– BETSY, BETSY. – WHAT DO YOU WANT TO NAME
THE CAR THAT’S BEHIND YOU– THE RED CAR.
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO NAME THAT? THAT MAZDA
THAT’S RIGHT BEHIND YOU. – OH, IT’S RED!
IT’S RED! [cheers and applause] WHAT DID SHE SAY? – ELLEN, WILL YOU
TELL HER AGAIN? SHE DIDN’T HEAR YOU. – OH, YOU DIDN’T HEAR ME? I SAID, WHAT DO YOU WANT
TO NAME YOUR CAR? THAT’S YOUR BRAND-NEW MAZDA
RIGHT BEHIND YOU. [all screaming] [cheers and applause] – OH, MY GOSH. ELLEN, THANK YOU SO MUCH! – OF COURSE, OF COURSE. I HAVE A CANDLE THAT’LL SMELL
GOOD IN THERE TOO FOR YOU. OUR FRIENDS AT MAZDA, WHOSE DRIVE FOR GOOD PROGRAM
HAS DONATED $2.7 MILLION TO U.S. CHARITIES. IT’S A STYLISH,
SEVEN-PASSENGER S.U.V. THAT PERFORMS WITH
MAZDA’S EXCELLENT HANDLING. AND YOU’RE A WONDERFUL WOMAN,
AND ENJOY THAT CAR. YOU DON’T HAVE
TO JUMP-START THAT. – THANK YOU, ELLEN, SO MUCH. – ALL RIGHT. I WANT TO THANK MINNIE DRIVER.
I’LL SEE YOU TOMORROW. BE KIND TO ONE ANOTHER.
>>Hi, I’m Crystal with
Microsoft Accessibility. Today, I’m going
to show you how to fix an issue with keyboard
shortcuts not opening Assisstive Technology
on Windows 10. If your existing keyboard
shortcut does not open your Assisstive Technology you will need to create a new one. Here’s how to create
a new keyboard shortcut. Press Ctrl+WIN+Enter
to start narrator.>>Starting narrator.>>Bring focus to the desktop by pressing WIN+D as in Delta.>>D, FSReader.>>Select and delete
the shortcut that doesn’t work.>>Jaws 2018, two of three.>>Open File Explorer by
pressing WIN+E as in Echo, and navigate to the Assisstive
Technology executable file.>>E, file explorer,
desktop, videos, OS disk, C selected, program files, 3 of
8 selected enter. Freedom scientific,
selected, on, Tool, enter, FSReader, Jaws, 5 of 8, selected, on,
enter, 2018, enter. XSD selected on, jfw, selected on, tool tip, file description, application
file for Jaw’s company.>>Press Shift+F10 to open the context menu and
select Create Shortcut.>>Context, menu,
create shortcut.>>If asked to place
the shortcut on the desktop, go ahead and select Yes.>>Yes.>>Press WIN+D as in Delta to bring focus back
to the desktop.>>D.>>Select the new shortcut on the desktop and press Alt+Enter.>>JFW shortcut, enter
shortcut properties.>>Select the shortcut tab.>>Selected shortcut tab item.>>Navigate to
the keyboard shortcut field and type the keyboard shortcut
you want to use.>>Shortcut key, Alt+J.>>Select OK.>>OK, button and desktop.>>If your keyboard
shortcut is still not working then we
recommend performing a clean boot in order to identify any
application conflicts. Check out the link in the video description on
how to perform a clean boot. Otherwise, you will
have to perform a re-setup the operating system. Press WIN+I to go settings.>>Win I, settings, search box.>>Select update and security.>>Privacy, Update and Security, 13 of 13, enter.>>Select Recovery.>>Recovery, 5 of
10, enter, Recovery.>>Select Get Started.>>Get started with
resetting this PC. Button, reset this PC, keep my files, button.>>If you enjoy
this video please select the like button and subscribe to our channel for more videos
on Assisstive Technology.>>Microsoft logo
in high contrast, logo in Braille, logo in sign language,
Standard Microsoft logo.
Travelling in a fried-out combie
On a hippie trail, head full of zombie I met a strange lady, she made me
nervous She took me in and gave me breakfast
And she said, “Do you come from a land down under?
Where women glow and men plunder? Can’t you hear, can’t you hear the
thunder? You better run, you better take cover.” Buying bread from a man in Brussels
He was six foot four and full of muscle I said, “Do you speak-a my language?”
He just smiled and gave me a vegemite sandwich And he said, “I come from a land down under
Where beer does flow and men chunder Can’t you hear, can’t you hear the
thunder? You better run, you better take cover.”
(Yeahhh!) Dying in a den in Bombay
With a slack jaw, and nothin’ much to say I said to the man, “Are you trying to tempt
me Because I come from the land of plenty?”
And he said, “Oh, you come from a land down under?
(oh yeah yeah) Where women glow and men plunder?
Can’t you hear, can’t you hear the thunder? You better run, you better take cover.” We are.. Livin’ in a land down under,
Where women glow and men plunder, (yeahhhhhhhhhh)
Can’t you hear, can’t you hear the thunder? You better run, you better take cover.
Every day, without even realizing it, each of us sets the world in motion. Our global economy is a huge machine made up of smaller pieces: our societies. And they, in turn, work through organizational activities that are related to each other: states, unions, consumer groups, and companies. Each of these organizations are part of the global mechanism but each one works in a different way. Why? Because the core piece of this machine is us: human beings. And as such, we contribute our values, thoughts, and ideas; that is, our culture. The same thing happens in our jobs: each is organized and works differently. However, there is one particular mechanism that appears throughout the world: work violence. And it affects us all. Why? Let’s look at some examples and find the common patterns that cause it. There is a group of young salespeople who work at a store. Their employer demands that they help customers and do other tasks for which they haven’t been properly trained. Here is a group of waiters. Their wages are very low, so they have to depend on customers’ tips. At the same time, on the other side of the world, a group of telemarketers are trying to sell a product. These employees are victims of their supervisors’ constant pressure to reach sales objectives. They have only been trained in sales and they work very long shifts. In another hemisphere, there is a group of bank tellers. They have been trained in administrative work and are constantly threatened that the world crisis is putting their jobs at risk. Now, let’s imagine that these employees must help a customer and that the customer verbally or physically attacks them, threatening to stop buying, or consuming, or close their account. That customer is using violence. What are the elements that are repeated in each case? In each one, there is an aggressor and a victim. And the aggressor has a resource he or she can use to mistreat the victim. In this case, the resource is money. That resource brings power. Money is only one type of resource. Training, hierarchy, and security are some others. This means that workers should have their own resources—that’s right! But unfortunately, they’re too scarce. And here we find the fundamental component that puts violence to work: inequality. Where does inequality appear? Workers have little security, which makes them fear losing their jobs, not receiving a tip, or not making a sale: all factors on which their livelihood depends. This makes them endure situations that they would otherwise not put up with. And with little training, even if they wanted to face this situation, they wouldn’t know how. Therefore, an employee has significantly fewer resources than a customer. However, violence often seems unavoidable. Think of workers facing a robbery, for example, a security guard, and a truck driver who carries valuable cargo. What resources should these workers have to confront violence? Security elements, an alarm system that protects them, and training in how to react to these problems. If workers do not have these resources, they are more prone to become victims. However, the aggressor is not always an external agent of the organization. Many times he or she is part of it. As we know, in every organization there is a system of relationships, functions, hierarchies, and a series of like values. This means that some workers have power to give orders and penalize those of a lower rank. Therefore, they have more resources and they can be used to exercise violence. Let’s imagine an office. It could be a graphic design house, postal office, insurance company, travel agency or it could be from any other economic sector. A supervisor constantly harasses an employee in his or her office. The rest of the colleagues realize it, but they don’t do anything for fear of losing their jobs. The harassed employee submits a claim to the supervisors, but it’s not investigated. Finally, this situation becomes intolerable and the harassed employee resigns. The aggressor never receives any punishment. This is a case of mobbing, or work harassment, and it generally occurs between workers in different hierarchies. Hierarchy is a resource that aggressors use to systematically mistreat other employees. There are several types of mistreatment; for example, humiliating or mocking others, assigning tasks employees cannot do or giving them no tasks to do, isolation from the rest of the group, unfair penalizations, or excessively controlling employees. In every case, there is violence at work. But hierarchy in it itself does not generate violence. There are other elements that increase inequality: in this case, other workers’ attitudes and above all, collective behaviour. There are missing values such as solidarity, or fair company policies, which help violence work, with unchecked force. These are resources that increase inequality. What other type of inequality can we find in our organizations? Gender inequality. Gender is a group of social ideas that assign men and women different roles. And in general, male roles are more highly valued than female ones. These social ideas are sometimes transferred to working environments and force women to take lower ranking positions, earn less money, and get fewer training opportunities than their male counterparts. That is, they get fewer resources. So now, let’s think what happens if we add a new dimension to our examples: gender inequality. As with any other inequality, this will reinforce violence, which will in turn be exercised to a higher degree against those with fewer resources. In this case, women. And there is a particular kind of violence exercised against women: sexual violence, or sexual harassment. Sexual harassment occurs when a person receives sexually-based comments, jokes or gestures, improper behaviour, suggestions or pressure to date, or sexual intercourse, touching, psychological abuse, and even rape. Now we can see how gender inequality makes women become possible victims of violence, to a higher degree than their male counterparts. And violence will be more frequent if the aggressors are bosses or supervisors, because on top of all the other resources, they have the power granted to them by their place in the hierarchy. We can now complete the mechanism of violence at work: there are certain resources that cause inequality, and the greater the inequality, the more the probabilities for violence to appear and work. When this happens, all the organisation’s machinery starts malfunctioning. Why? Because violence affects all employees, not just the direct victims. Violent cases, in any way, shape, or form, produce high stress levels. Stress consists of bodily reactions to changes in our environment, and it helps us adapt to them. The problem appears when that stress overwhelms our bodies. To understand this better, let’s go back to machinery and gears: imagine that our bodies are machines that run on rechargeable batteries. Whatever is going on in our environment makes the machine work. The more the activity demanded from it, the faster it will use up its energy. If the environment becomes stable, the energy can be recharged. But there are situations, like violence, which demand the body to use up all its energy and the machine is damaged or blows up! High stress levels not only lead to psychological effects, but also physical ones in the people who suffer from it. It can cause heart or bowel problems, abuse of legal or illegal substances, depression, or even lead to suicide. The mechanism of violence, therefore, works by depriving us of a healthy life, and it affects us all. The time has come to stop it! How? By getting rid of the gears that make it work. Work violence does not take place only because of certain individuals’ attitudes; it appears in certain organizational structures more than in others. Reviewing and modifying these structures will help stop violence. And to do so, we have an invaluable weapon: the concept of decent work. Decent work is that which protects all workers’ lives and health. It’s a kind of work where there is no difference between men and women and there is no such thing as discrimination or unfair policies. Decent work is job security, appropriate leisure and working time. It is work where there is a discipline system that does not foster power abuse, and it punishes violence. Decent work provides training, because training not only prevent violence from happening, but also helps one face it. Decent work, in short, is fair work. And we are all responsible for attaining it. No organization works in isolation and we cannot rest on employers’ good will, when the main objective is higher and higher profits. That’s why workers and unions must work together. In each sector, we must start a movement of exchange with employers, cooperating with them in building evaluation strategies and prevention policies. We need to form security and health committees, and ensure they are included in national and sector collective bargaining agreements, provisions in terms of violence control, and contingency plans. We must provide training and inform people about how to prevent violence. Gradually we must organize more and more workers. We must foster the culture of solidarity and participate more actively. When workers are supported by unions, they can face unfair treatment and fight back without fear. Training is also a tool for cultural change. Through tripartite dialogue, we must promote and demand polices to create decent working conditions for everyone and inspections that guarantee those policies are fulfilled. We must work transversally to eliminate gender inequality, and all other kinds of unfairness that exists today as “gears” in our organizations and societies. Our goal is equality of opportunities. Our goal is decent work for everyone. Let’s stop the mechanism of violence. We must start now. We, male and female workers, are the most important element.