Kids at Work, Out of School in Afghanistan

My name is Azizullah. I’m 12. I’ve been weaving carpets for about seven
years. There are 11 of us brothers and sisters and
we earn our living for our family through carpet weaving. About a quarter of all Afghan children are
engaged in child labor. These children work as carpet weavers on looms
at home, they work in the metal works industry, they
work as shoe shiners, as street workers. They work as bonded labor on brick kilns. Many of them work long hours under difficult
circumstances doing work that is injurious to their health
and could also cause death. My name is Sajjad. I’m 13 years old. I get lots of cuts but one time the [metal]
sheet cut my leg. It was a big gash. The sheet was on the shop floor. When I was walking by, my leg got caught on
it and I got a big gash. Children under the age of 18 are forced to
work because of poverty and unemployment [of their
parents.] 36% of the population in Afghanistan lives
under the poverty line. A more serious problem is the lack of awareness
among the people about the rights of children. Under Afghan law, children between the ages
of 15 and 17 are allowed to work provided that the work is less than 35 hours
a week, represents a form of skilled training such
as learning to be a tailor and the work is not physically harmful to
the child. Children 14 or below working in any form of
labor is illegal. But thousands of these children do work, often in circumstances that are harmful to
their health and well-being. Several years ago, one of our students worked
as a mechanic. He was under a car when the jack gave way
and he was killed instantly. His name was Haseeb. These incidents happen, these accidents. The carpet sector has one of the highest rates
of child participation, particularly girls because it is a home-based
industry and so girls find it easier to be employed
inside of their own houses. And because it is a home-based industry, it is more difficult to regulate for the government. I start at 5 in the morning and work until
6 at night. Children working on the carpet looms face
a lot of physical hazards. They risk having carpal tunnel syndrome, they
risk diminishing vision, they risk cuts and injuries to their hands
and to their eyes and they complain often of bodily ache because they sit in one straight posture for
many long hours during the day. Our eyes hurt and our hands also get injured. My lower back hurts. It�s been seven years. When I work too long, I inhale the dust so
I get a cough. When I breathe, the particles of yarn stick
to my throat then I get a cough. Children who work in brick kilns actually
work in bonded conditions which means they have to work to pay off a
debt that the family has incurred and often these children have absolutely no
choice but to work on the brick kiln. Every day we wake up with the mullah’s call
to prayer. We start making bricks early in the morning
and continue until evening. I don’t like making bricks. It hurts because the work is hard and the
mold is heavy. We take chunks of clay from the mound and
our hands hurt. Basically in brick kilns, as soon as a child
is able to walk and do things, they’re enlisted to work. By the grace of God, I have 11 children. This one brings us sand. This one turns over
the bricks. When they turn five, they start working. That’s
when they start. The point is everyone works. Children who work often are not able to go
to school, and if they do go to school they’re forced to combine the difficult
burden of labor and of education. Therefore, a lot of children are often forced
to quit school because they work. There are schools but we don’t go to them.
We make bricks here. We go to school about four or five hours.
The rest of the day, we’re here. The stress from carpet weaving distracts us
from our education. If you weren�t weaving carpets, what would
you prefer to do? I would continue my studies and attend courses. Children who work have the right to safety,
physical well being, the right to emotional well-being, the right
to an education. The Afghan government needs to implement its
laws regulating children and prohibiting them from working under difficult
and harmful circumstances. The government needs to hire more labor inspectors,
needs to train them and to legally empower them, to identify and then to rectify instances
of children involved in harmful work. The international community needs to help
the Afghan government offer technical expertise to devise regulations,
policies and laws to combat child labor and to offer the financial assistance to the
government to run programs of social support for children such as education, healthcare, counseling
and legal aid. Unfortunately, we don�t even have the minimum
budget for social support programs. This is mostly because the national budget
is spent on security and less on social issues such as vulnerable children. For example, if we prohibit children from
working, we must at least have an alternative plan to support them [to say] for example, “you should not be
working, we will support your family,” either financially or by providing them jobs. Unfortunately, we have a problem in this area. If the Afghan government fails to address
the issue of child labor, a quarter of Afghan children is going to grow
up with basically no or very little education so these children will not be able to escape
the cycle of chronic poverty during their lifetimes. We want to go away from the brick kiln and
go somewhere else and have a decent life. For my brothers and sisters to go to school. We want to go to school and learn a new skill. There is no future in brick making.

13 Differences Between US and UK Home Renovation

hi everyone I'm Billy Anna and I'm Felipe we are the postmodern family we are Americans living in the UK living a traditional life should we move this out of the way because it's showing it shows in the bottom right there okay yeah we make 3d videos a week so we encourage you to subscribe follow us on Instagram Twitter and Facebook today we are going to list you 13 differences in renovating a house between the u.s. and the UK so before we get into this we have been in the middle of moving some of you may have noticed that when we post posted some old videos because we have been in looking at new content for you guys and it has been 2 and 3 months or something – its mid-december yeah it's been a long time – since for buying a house and then deciding to renovate it and in the process of renovating we have learned a lot of new terms and just differences in buildings and how people build things and since so many of you really enjoyed our list of differences between us homes and UK homes it was just one of those videos that was thumbs up so many times that we figured we touch on this topic once more yes so in response to the gist the general feeling behind the commentators in that other video in response to that which is the main one that I kind of annoyed me was if you don't like the houses here in the UK then you should just go home and we found that really funny because to me the house that you live in shouldn't affect what country you want to live in does that make sense like oh I want to live in France because the bathrooms there just spectacular or I want to live in Japan because they squirt your bum with water from below where's that in France – they do that they do that in France and then in Japan in Japan I don't know but what like for example in Korea everyone sits on the floor most of most of the tables are low and you sit in the floor for your dinner and sometimes you have to convert that to your bedroom at night but look we aren't living in the UK because the houses are fantastic and it doesn't mean that we don't like living here just because the houses are smaller here yeah so we really do like living here which is why we're making this video yeah and we're sharing with you guys that you should be proud of the country you live in so this differences because after all you should take pride that even some Americans decided to come live over here no there are no garages that fits your car people wondered why would you want to put your car in the garage let me see you in America now I'm not saying America's the best place to live but the garages in America are usually attached to the houses so once you drive into the garage you just close a garage door you get out in the nice warm garage that's safe from snow and rain it's dry in there wait before you go get confused do you mean that the garage is warm by air content relay heating sometimes cousin usually not okay well anyway if you get to the garage you close the garage door behind you so you don't have to get out of the car and leave the garage through the garage door there's another door that leads into the house and I know so it's like you don't have to even put your shoes on until you leave it I don't know how I'm going it off the garage is another room in your house except that has a massive door that you get to from the outside it's just hard to explain I guess but the garage is here that we have seen are always detached from the house if you have to it's like his own little little box right whereas in America they are attached to the house is this a garage video and you just walk through to go inside the house so you don't have to go in the rain and snow or anything mmm you don't have to you can go you can take your shoes off in the garage even and then just go into the house a lot of people do that in America anyway this is not a video about the garage okay so number one the difference is that we've seen is that the word for a countertop in America is worktop in the UK number two the word for taps which is what you use in the UK is faucet in the US so we would use faucet but here you use taps no one would know what faucet is here number three is crown molding in the u.s. is coving in the UK in the US there isn't really that I'm aware of a standard paint color for rooms if you have if you have like you know you want to be bought a house that you want to turn into a rental property you want to paint it some safe color that everyone accepts a safe and normal I don't know what there isn't within the UK Magnolia is the safe go to color that they sell by the bucketloads number five there is no such thing as a lease contract without a break clause in America but here there are leases that have no break clause and that's new for us number six is there's a company that rents out vans help you move and stuff called u-haul but that's now becomes just the word you use for renting of and to move even though there are more companies than one than u-haul so not if you're moving people say oh you want to get a u-haul they don't mean the actual company to just mean a thing to move so here it's not u-haul it's self-drive u-haul versus self-drive number seven is the popular stores that you would go to that are known as like DIY stores or home building stores and in the u.s. they were Home Depot and Lowe's and here in the UK they are B and Q and wicks number eight are these warehouse type stores here in the UK that are is just awesome and they sell you every bit you know all the tools and supplies you can imagine they have the biggest catalogs but all you do is just walk up to a front desk and you put your order and they go fetch the stuff so talking about tool tool station screw fix those sorts of stores that we've drawn drudes if not thousands of pounds on in this home reno project but i don't know where i'm not aware of an analogous store in the US where you know you have your Home Depot's and Lowe's where you walk through aisles upon aisles of stuff and you collect it yourself and then go pay for it but a store that you would just walk to a front desk and order and they bring it to you I don't know that there is one number nine is the word for drywall in the u.s. is plasterboard here in the UK number ten is the prevalence of plastering or putting plaster board and then plastering over brick here in the UK in the US as far as I understand and and I've lived I've lived in the southeast I've lived in the West Coast and I've lived in the Northeast I haven't stretched my time in the middle but it seems like in the US all we do mainly is drywall and you sort of plaster a little bit at the seams to smooth over the transition from one plaster board to another but here it seems like it's standard practice to plaster the whole surface number eleven is the difference between the use of brick and wood for building houses in America is very common to have wood frames for the entire house you would have like a concrete base and then wood for the rest of the house whereas here you have a concrete base and then brick for for all the everything the walls in America the use of brick for walls was usually just a facade if you've ever seen brick houses in America it's it's usually a wood frame drywall you know walls and then you have a brick facade number 12 is the word used for what you call here a cloakroom or toilet or water closet in the u.s. we would say a half bath even though there is not half a bath in there and number thirteen is the difference between the word anchor and wall plug so these are things that you would drill into the wall and put into the wall before putting a screw for support so we would call them anchors in America but I think I would have if I want to redo this list I would have maybe added the difference in customer service of contractors next video as we rant about working with builders different one would be the coving and the crown molding I think the other ones maybe make sense I can like wall plug makes sense you plug the wall with yeah like they make fun of us for calling it walkie talkie but they name things sort of normally as well wall plug uh-huh it plugs the wall yeah yeah the worktop though I found that confusing hmm why countertop because it's like the counter what is a counter is someone who counts it's no a counter is yeah and that's why so I think it came after the word counter and then the counter top the top of the counter maybe the counter is where you count money you know like Joe to the teller [Laughter] so the countertop would be that makes sense to me whereas worktop I just got confused because I was like were these four workspaces only like businesses and I thought why would you have a worktop in your kitchen yeah yeah okay thank you so much for watching we hope you enjoyed this video leave a comment below and check out our t-shirts at to spring comm become a patron at slash the post-modern family thanks for watching

Lego Minecraft Brick Building House Animation

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Interior Design — Crisp, Clean & Narrow Brooklyn-Style Galley Kitchen Renovation

the first thing I thought when I walked into this space was oh my gosh this is horrible and actually even said to my client you're not allowed to look like this like nobody should have to look like this which was hilarious but it was so dingy and no planning and where the appliances were and it was just the last place they wanted to be and it was actually the place they wanted to be the most in the house so I knew we had to change it when you're working with clients there are always going to be two people that have different opinions of what they want which can be very tricky for these clients we sat down and I got a wish list from both of them so everything that they wanted what they wanted to see design wise and what they wanted to see in terms of functionality and then I kind of took those things and came back with a design plan that I had my fingers crossed that they would like and then they did the kitchen I think its widest it's eight feet and then lengthwise it's about 23 feet so we had like very tight configurations to work with my whole inspiration was authentic Brooklyn so I didn't want it to feel like big box stuff I wanted to feel like it was old it was part of the house the brick was really important even though it's kind of the design that you don't maybe notice right away because it's white and it blends into the space but it did two things if it did feel a bit European even maybe a bit New York but it also felt like it was authentic so it felt like it was actually part of the house and that we were using that within the space that we were then redesigning that brick is actually a brick veneer you can customize the color and the size so the way that this goes on is just like tile and you grout it so you can also control the thickness of the grout and then we just painted it white and it feels completely like a brick wall and it's not one of my favorite things about this kitchen is this beautiful table that we have up against the brick wall when you're working in a small space like this every inch count they could use it as like a buffet if they were hosting a dinner party sit and eat or read the newspaper it could also be another workstation and it also has casters on it so they could roll it into the middle of the space if they wanted to use it as an island I like that we added that bit of wood it really warms up the otherwise cooler features in the space and with the wrought iron base it again kind of gives that nod to this is an old piece it's established but it is a brand new piece when I started working on the the cooking line of the kitchen it was tricky you know they're big ance retainers I wanted to give them full-sized appliances which is kind of where I started from and then worked my way back workspace wise from that full-size appliances also can make the space feel even bigger anytime you're working in an old house you are going to have to work with things that are structural that you can't change so I had duct work above the cabinetry that I couldn't move so we actually cheated in some places so some places where it looks like the cabinet is all the way up it's actually a faux front that just covers the bulkhead behind but it just gives you that beautiful height that you're I can just go all the way to the ceiling I really wanted the kitchen to have a nice traditional feel but I wanted it also to have a bit of a transitional feel so the cabinetry that I chose is a nice simple shaker front and then I use this beautiful black hardware that just kind of brings in that more established feel to it one of the other features in this kitchen that I actually really love is the subway tile we took it all the way up to the ceiling in parts and I've actually never done black grout before and it was my original design plan and then when it came the day to grow I chickened out and I thought no this isn't gonna work so I phoned my client and he was so into the vision he said no you're doing black and so we did it and I'm thrilled with the way it turned out the existing window in this kitchen was very tiny so no natural light and it was actually further down in the space so it looked into the neighbor's house like right into their window so we really wanted to change that I also wanted the window again to feel older and more authentic so I increased the size dramatically and then I also got it a custom-made window that had the black million so it felt and you know the more European and really brought in some light and because we moved it down again they don't look into their neighbors House of Mirth we really took our time to pick what we were going to spend the money on and what we thought we could maybe save some money on so the floor which turned out beautifully was actually a savings it was very inexpensive slate tile that instead of just lying in you know a brick pattern we just turned it on its head a bit lated herringbone it feels very custom it's beautiful just anchors the space and it was really affordable the thing that we decided to spend money on were the doors at the back of the room which the kitchen wouldn't look like it without these doors it's actually the art in the room and when we open those doors up it just adds like another room to their kitchen so they were really worth the money and probably everything in the room I had another little sneaky moment in this kitchen I really wanted to get them some extra kind of pantry storage for food and a microwave in here but there wasn't really room on the cooking line so luckily for me the other side of the kitchen actually backs onto stairwell that goes to the basement and we actually went into the wall that way we outfitted it with shelves and everything else and put the microwave in there so it's completely flush with the wall added stores in the added appliance but it doesn't mess up any of the other space the best part about this kitchen is that we got to take things up really high which increases the feeling of the size of a space dramatically so in this space the archway coming into the kitchen I raised it right to the roof the back doors we raised right to the roof and then the stairwell going down and brought that entry into the basement hop and then I did a custom door that's 8 feet tall painted it black so it looks authentic and old and it just increases just the feeling of space without really increasing the footprint because we were dealing with two different personalities I wanted to make sure that they were both really happy we were really careful we took her time and we had a lot of communication between us and in the end they were thrilled and I was thrilled and I'm over here for dinner Oh