Volunteering For The Canterbury Oast Trust | AM Marketing Charity Day at The Rare Breeds Centre 🚜🐖

Welcome, it is AM charity day! As some of you may know every year the whole of the AM team spend day working for a local
charity This year it was Alex’s turn to pick and we are here in the beautiful
countryside at Canterbury Oast Trust Rare Breeds Centre We’re here for the whole
day volunteering helping the guys with loads of stuff around the centre first task of
which is spreading some green hay then I think we’re going to be helping painting
parts of the chicken area which I am super excited about I’ve already seen
some goats there’s a lovely cow it’s gonna be a great day I’m Paul Harris I am the Volunteer
Coordinator here for Canterbury Oast Trust The Canterbury Oast Trust is a charity in Kent and East Sussex which was set up almost 30 years ago by a group of
parents that were raising children with learning disabilities and they were
finding it difficult to get education and care once they’d reach adulthood so
they decided on themselves to club together and and start something up
themselves to try and do that and the first home that they purchased was in
Canterbury hence Canterbury Oast Trust and was a set of Oast houses. Eventually that wasn’t big enough so they acquired a property here at Highlands Farm and it
expanded on from there A byproduct of that was the Rare Breeds Centre, which is an extremely popular family destination where we have livestock, goats, sheep, pigs, miniature pygmy goats and a whole range of other things as well, falconry
displays, turkeys They do different events throughout the year the place is designed and set up to help and educate adults with learning disabilities to
reach a better independent living and that’s our aim that’s what we do so we’ve had an incredible day
volunteering at the Rare Breeds Centre We have spread a load of green hay to try and make more flowers grow We have painted two chicken coops mm-hmm a duck coop, and a turkey coop We saw a pig race. We saw a pig race yeah that was pretty cool and now Alex is buying a load of plants If you are thinking of volunteering for a local charity, honestly this has been an incredible day the Canterbury Oast Trust and Rare Breeds Centre are in constant need of volunteers and donations so even if you just come down visit to see what they do here, we highly recommend it. We will see you next time. Bye! you

Does Vertical Farming Work?

vertical farming has been called the
future of Agriculture claimed to solve many of the problems we talked about in
the last video. It’s been a controversial topic with mixed opinions from experts.
Are these claims hype or can it deliver? but first we need a better understanding
of what a vertical farm is There are many different versions and they all
have vastly different capabilities. Part of the problem, is the many types of farm
and confusing array of definitions So let’s deal with those first. vertical farming and urban farming are
both umbrella terms that are sometimes used interchangeably, although they are
not the same. Urban agriculture includes a broad array of concepts, it essentially
focuses on bringing food production into the city. In order to move the production
as close to consumption as possible. This may include the usage of vertical farms
or may involve more traditional growing practices, in an urban environment. While
vertical farms can be urban they don’t have to be, therefor all vertical
farming references in this video won’t be restricted to urban environments.
While vertical farms can use soil most utilize hydro, aero, or aquaponics. These
methods use much less water than typically used in soil. Hydroponics
replaces soil by using a circulating water and nutrient mix for plant growth.
Aeroponics uses an open membrane and a water mist spray with a nutrient mix.
Aquaponics uses hydroponics and an aquatic ecosystem to balance nutrients
in both systems. I won’t be discussing the aquaponics variant in this video.
Strictly speaking, the term vertical farm could be used in reference to structures
that grow food on multiple levels. This could range from small-scale hobby
spaces, to large automated buildings. So let’s quickly take a look at which
versions of this technology, have the most promise to positively impact our
global issues. For many, the image of the vertical farm is a city skyscraper
filled with fruit vegetables trees and perhaps even animals. Whilst some look
amazing, it can be hard to argue that these images lend credibility to the
vertical farming concept. Skyscrapers represent very expensive real estate and are usually reserved for high-value activities. Growing fruit on trees or
rearing animals humanely, have a low value density. This isn’t a problem if
you have acres of cheap land to produce on, but it
is if you’re using premium real estate. Even if you’re growing a dense premium
crop, the cost of growing also increases exponentially with height. The
requirements to pump water and move biomass vertically, takes considerable
energy. This may be insignificant for a ten level farm, but would likely be
prohibitive for a farm with hundreds or thousands of levels. While there are a
number of architectural concepts for skyscraper farms, as yet, only one is
being built. The world food building is currently under construction in
linköping Sweden. While information for this building is limited, even if it
achieves its target costs of 40 million dollars, It is highly unlikely to recoup
that money with its production capacity of 550 tons of vegetables per year. Wall
farms and rooftop farms often share a similar visual appeal to skyscraper
farms. Unlike skyscraper farms, these don’t displace existing real estate.
Instead, they aim to utilize unused spaces to grow food. As such, the cost of
adding these types of farm is often minimal. Many of these farms are created
by hobbyists and double as Gardens. As such, the addition of green space to the
urban environment is considered a welcome one.
While this may seem like good news, the amount of usable surfaces for growing food, is
extremely limited. In fact, Dickenson Despommier, the man who is credited with
inventing the term vertical farm came up with the concept, after his students
calculated that rooftop farming could supply just 2% of 2015 New York’s
population, by fully utilizing all of its rooftops for growing. This is when he
turned to the idea of skyscraper farms. Even if we utilize all usable rooftops
in the world, we would only be able to save a fraction of a percent
the global land. so while rooftop and wall farms aren’t a bad use of otherwise
wasted space, their ability to affect the global challenges are negligible. Vertical greenhouses are largely
transparent structures, that utilize multiple growing levels. One of the
challenges that is introduced by stacking greenhouse levels on top of
each other, is providing enough light as the glass or polymer structure already
absorbs some of the sunlight and stacking vertically increases the risk
of shadows. Vertical greenhouses can get around this problem by rotating the
levels, to get a relatively even distribution of sunlight. By adding
supplementary artificial light, vertical greenhouses
can grow to higher plant density than a typical greenhouse.
Although capital costs and electricity costs are higher. This makes them better
suited to urban environments, where land is at a premium. Vertical greenhouses
essentially allow you to move production closer to consumption. Both horizontal or
vertical hydroponic greenhouses are promising technologies, that will help
comeback the global challenges, as they require 10 to 15 times less land and
water than traditional agriculture. Given that commercial hydroponic greenhouses
are a relatively mature industry, their viability and scalability is not in
question. These greenhouses can grow a broad range of fruits and vegetables but
are not used to grow staple crops such as wheat, which accounts for the majority
of land and water demand. They’re also partially exposed to the climate and
local light levels, which makes them expensive to run in some areas. If we use
greenhouses to produce our global vegetables and some fruits, we would save
less than 2% of our global land, barely enough to offset a projected 2050 land
loss and less than half of the 55% increase in water demand. While
greenhouses may alleviate some of the global challenges, it’s not enough to be
able to prevent the worst of the problems. If we really want to stop and
reverse the global challenges, we will need a more radical approach. Plant
factories are the most technologically advanced version of the vertical farm. They are airtight, highly climate-controlled buildings, with a co2
enriched atmosphere. They’re essentially clean rooms, like those used in drug or
satellite production. Production rooms contain plants on multiple levels, they
are sealed and thermally insulated with no windows. Relying on 100% artificial
lighting. they’re aero, or hydroponic, where transpired water vapor from the plant is
captured and condensed recycling it back into the hydroponic nutrient mix. They are
typically warehouse size buildings, no more than a few stories in height. Plant
factories offer the greatest level of land and water savings of all vertical
farms. They also have the highest level of control and growing conditions,
meaning that they can grow any type of plant, in any region of the world. They’re
not exposed to bad weather or failed harvests, this gives them the potential
to have the greatest impact on the global challenges. Therefore, for the
purposes of this video, when I refer to vertical farms, I’m talking about plant
factories, as they are the most viable version of this technology, although as
we will discover, plant factories introduce their own challenges. While
they have a greater level of real-world practicality, they still face criticisms
around cost, real estate and energy consumption. So how valid are these
criticisms? In order for vertical farming to positively change the world, it needs
to be technologically feasible, environmentally sustainable (or at least
better than current practices) and economically viable. While this industry is still in an early
phase, from a technological standpoint vertical farming works. While it is true
that the current farms focus almost exclusively on leafy greens and herbs,
pretty much any crop can already be produced this way, with existing
technology. Vertical farms use less water than traditional agriculture, a lot less.
In the best vertical farms, one kilogram of lettuce requires 1.2 liters of water.
This is especially impressive given that lettuce is 95% water. 1.2 liters is 17
times better than a normal hydroponic greenhouse and in stark contrast, field
grown lettuce requires a staggering 237 liters per kilogram of lettuce. That’s
200 times more water! The water saved has the potential for a huge positive impact
on water security and reversing wetland destruction. Vertical farms don’t need
pesticides, they require little fertilizer and don’t have uncontrolled
agricultural runoff. These factors combined is great news for freshwater
wildlife. Since they can be built near population centers, proponents of this
technology often argue that urban farms allow for a reduction in carbon
emissions, due to a reduction in food transport. While this is largely true, the
extent of the benefit is often exaggerated from a climate perspective.
Food transport makes up a relatively small portion of agricultural emissions,
the real environmental opportunity for vertical farming, is the potential to
return farmland to forest and shrub land. This will be a massive benefit for
wildlife conservation efforts and also has promise for significant global
carbon sequestration. But how much land can it save? This technology has a vastly
greater yield for a given area, with the cutting edge farms having a growing
density over 100 times greater than field grown.
This has enormous potential for reversing deforestation and habitat
destruction. There is an elephant in the room however, vertical farms trade energy
for density control, it’s how they achieve massive yields for a small area of land.
Artificial lighting accounts for 80 percent of the farms energy costs, based
on the current global energy mix, most of that energy requires carbon emissions to
produce. So on balance, are plant factories good for the environment and
can they be solar-powered? This is something we will investigate in the
next video. Vertical farms can be expensive to set up, especially if you
want a big operation. Running costs can be high from a labor and electricity
perspective. While labor costs decrease with the scale of the operation, it is difficult
to shrink the electricity costs. Plants need light energy to grow, in a field the
sun provides it for free, in a vertical farm, it must be supplied.
Since leafy greens and herbs have a low light requirement and reasonable profit
margins, they are much more economically viable. There are hundreds of them in
operation around the world, some of them are massive in scale. Capable of
producing 30,000 heads of lettuce per day from a single farm. A 2014 study
of 165 Japanese vertical farms found that 25 percent were profitable, 50
percent were breaking even and 25 percent were making a loss.
These are promising numbers for such a new industry. Rapid technological
improvements and a greatly expanding knowledge base, have greatly improved the
profitability in just the four short years since the study. In fact, the
question is no longer can a vertical farm work but how big can this industry
get? and, will this industry ever grow more than leafy greens? Despite being in its infancy, this
technology already accounted for one percent of Japan’s lettuce production in
2014, from 165 vertical farms. While the number of farms has increased
significantly since then, so has the size of the farms. This year, a single farm
opened which will supply 0.6% of the whole Japanese
lettuce market. In 2015 the vertical farming industry was worth 1.15 billion
dollars, in 2020 its projected to be an industry worth over 13 billion
dollars. Just last year the US firm plenty, raised 226 million dollars, with
their plan to roll out their farms near every major US city. With investment from
the world’s richest man Jeff Bezos, it’s a significant statement for the
industry. But it’s not just the big companies. For eighty-five thousand
dollars, you can buy a shipping container with a fully installed farm inside and
it’s delivered directly to you. this container requires 1% of an acre
but can produce 20% of an acres worth of produce. This low cost of entry makes
vertical farming very accessible to entrepreneurs and many are getting
involved. A lack of investment certainly isn’t this industry’s barrier to growth.
but what about market size? any of these operations focus on the
premium end of the market because they are capable of delivering the highest
quality produce but they also focus on it out of necessity. Since the bigger
profit margins afforded by premium products, offset the labor and energy
costs of the operation. While this is good news for current businesses, plant
factories will have to compete on price with traditional growing methods, or its
ability to impact at a global level will be severely limited. Only a small
percentage of the market is willing to pay a big premium for high-quality
environmentally-friendly products. The more vertical farming shifts to the
right on the graph, the bigger the size of the market becomes. For the leafy green
market, the cost of production is shrinking fast. As of 2018, a number of
vertical farm products are cost competitive with the market, although
many are still sold at a premium to enhance profits. Taking a look at a
suburban medium-sized farm from Japan 2015, we can see just how close to market
costs they were. They were able to sustainably sell at a price just 12
percent above the country’s wholesale price. Looking into their costs, we get a
sense of the opportunity at hand. In fact, the cutting edge plant factories are likely
to have a cost breakdown that looks more like this. Year on year, yields continue
to increase for given inputs and the cost of the inputs continues to fall.
The electricity, depreciation and labor costs are falling every year as
technologies continue to improve. Something we will look at in more detail
in the next video. This means for leafy greens at least, vertical farms are in a
position to corner the market. If vertical farms take over the leafy green
market, what impact will this have on our global challenges? Lettuce growing uses
over nine trillion liters of fresh water every year but that accounts for just
0.02 percent of global fresh water and lettuce accounts for just 0.1 percent of
our agricultural land usage. While the leafy green market is more than just
lettuce, the reality is it’s just a small fraction of global agriculture. To make a
big global impact, vertical farming needs to be able to economically grow a
broader range of produce, but what will it take to be able to grow more types of
food? Almost all crops can be grown hydroponically,
so in principle, vertical farms could grow almost all of our global crops. So
why aren’t we doing that? and if we could, how big could the impact be? let’s find
out… To get notified when the new video comes, click the subscribe button. If you’re watching the video more than a week
after posting, you can click the box on the right to see the new video now. I
look forward to seeing your comments on the video below and don’t forget to
check out the subreddit if you want a more detailed discussion.

Hams Across America: Pig Farmers Pay It Forward in their Communities

Today, we are here with Hams Across America
with Tennessee Pork Producers serving breakfast here at the Nashville Rescue Mission, in Nashville,
Tennessee. Today we are here at the Food Bank of Iowa,
putting meals together for Arresting Hunger. We are here today with the Missouri Pork Association,
Smithfield Foods and Prairie Fresh Pork, making a donation to the Food Bank of Missouri. Giving back to our communities is the cornerstone
of what we do. Because of our communities, we are able to
produce food to feed people. We are happy to partner with Hams Across America
to provide nutritious pork for those in need. It’s really exciting to be able to have protein
in the hands of those food insecure people because many times, that is not a product
that they get. By being able to step in and provide this
donation of 35,000 pounds of protein, we know that’s not something that they are going to
have to worry about. And for me being a hog farmer, knowing that
people are going to have hams it was really exciting. Law enforcement from across the state of Iowa
come together, and we are boxing up 800 meals to be disseminated at eight different locations
throughout the state of Iowa. The last few years, we had to purchase the
protein, which is a substantial cost for the mission. So we wanted to partner with a protein, a
commodity group that has the philanthropic background. I got in touch with the Iowa Pork Producers
Association, who put the call out for donations of pork for this event. And the response was overwhelming. We actually received enough pork in the first
donation to box up those 800 meals we needed, and we received a great response of additional
pork still coming in today. Today, I was humbled. We came into the Nashville Rescue Mission
and were given an opportunity to share our blessings we other people. It was amazing. And you don’t do this, if you don’t have a
passion for people and a passion for animals. I think giving back to my community is something
that I am supposed to do as a person. I think that we all are called to do a level
of service in some way. We look at that, and we talk about the grassroots. You know agriculture is the grassroots of
our very existence. And so giving back means counting your blessings
of everything that you’ve been given and turning around in someway giving that back to other

Clean Wheat Clean Shop & Office Upgrades? – Welker Farms Inc

Welcome back guys Always got something going on today We are cleaning some green Mike is back you guys probably member Mike. He was in the video a while back Actually went that long ago, like two months ago, maybe a month and a half ago cleaned a bunch of winter wheat for us Now we gotta get our spring we cleaned and he’s in the area beautiful weather so We’re gonna go ahead and told pull from the bin and up in the bin from the building Leg arm just right here This is the dilemma we have his machine Can’t quite reach over this barricade. We have here hold this wheat pile back. So we got to get this out of here So that’s what this is for It’s gonna pull these shuttles back. But yeah So Greene’s gonna go everywhere These almost be boards probably break But when we get this out, then we’re gonna use the loader to scoop up the wheat and put it into this This pub back over here as a search tank How many can we pull before this whole thing goes? These shuttles are just used as a barricade for waiting. We had an i-beam run across the floor there. That’s a big pile Oh eight about 37,000 bushels Yeah, oh there goes that one He breached the dam This is why we want to put a big grain bin so we don’t have to have this problem Idle the $12 OSB board Here comes a loader he’s gonna try to fit through there. I don’t think it’s gonna fit but I’ll get some of us out of the way here I think of much more Like I said earlier, this will be the surge tank made this this Great for a pup trailer right there and then he’ll pull his rig up sit back here underneath he’ll pull from that While we load the trucks from his rig and will occasionally just fill that up As he needs it, we’re gonna do about four thousand bushels. So a good two days we’re cleaning Well, there he goes That’s a nice big scoop right there Each one of those buckets holds Roughly a hundred and one hundred forty bushels full bucket This pop can hold about 600 if you max it out Well, I’m back in the shop those guys are still cleaning grain out there I’ll go out there and take a look in a second But what we’ve been doing leg arms, and I have been very adamant on getting this shop cleaned up It’s you guys are seeing it right now. Most farms Your shop isn’t in the homes of millions of people ours is so we kind of want to look nice It’s like washing your car to drive downtown. Yeah, you don’t want to muddy Well, this is so easy to get to be a mess in here. We bought a bunch of cabinets We’re gonna make it look really nice leg arms wants to do some cool touches to it so that way we’ll have a nice office so that way when people do come see us or I walk around with a camera like I’m doing right now you Know it looks presentable for you guys because we want to be presentable for you guys Is that better looking? Hey you guys think of that Jumper cables a couple trouble lights over here. We’re getting away from those because they’re a pain. That’s why they call them trouble lights We’re going more to LED lights and at all the extension cords That’s nice, all right, he’s got the 71 for he had nowhere to quonset she’s putting these on those new bins We just moved I’m taking the beater And auger so long The first time products and be put in need since remove them A nice little leak right there and right there least. This is a big opening we gotta fix this plate here All right, well we’re just going to shut down for the night this guy is gorgeous right now We got the auger moved over first load in the bin leg arms is topping off the pump trailer right here So while we’ve been clean grain this is action other project We want to be doing has I’ve been cleaning up the outside right inside the shop and there’s not this wall This office in here. We never quite finished. We never finished trimming around the windows these cabinets. We just kind of made Shelves the desk. There’s nothing covering and there’s no doors It’s just not not very well finished and we just decided to make the call that fix this room up so we got new kitchen cabinets are going in here a brick with new paint in the room and These really cool things make this office a lot more presentable. So What we’re gonna do is we’re gonna go ahead and just take everything out of here I mean everything I’m not looking forward to doing this but Go ahead start shoveling all this stuff out Put it on the ground somewhere so that we can paint the walls get it ready to bring the cabinets in and put everything back Yet Back at the bin site in the last final truck of spring wheat seeded in the bins. Yeah I just pulled up and I don’t see anything unusual Like leaning or twisting or buckling? Oh, that’s good guess the question is well, they sink I Don’t know. I think these ones are probably to be fine. I’ll give my dad a hand here That’s it it is full it see Little daylight around the edges. I think it’s gonna leak out a little bit but we had to get it in there It’s got to go somewhere. She’s so full hit put about a half bushel on the ground Not a big deal leg arms gonna use younger though and this bin here To climb the auger cuz we got no ladders on these bins So he’s gonna use this auger to put the lid on top of these because we never got him close This oughta be interesting Yeah, definitely safe really Do you think you could ride on that thing? Do you think you could sit on there while I Drive it forward back it up over that one? Okay Like Yeah, okay is this is gonna be really interesting Thank You P run the old girl back All right, that is unhooked Hey, there was a little bit left in the pub so he just went ahead and dumped it on the concrete right here using the Cummins to pull it around Us above undone the air brakes. So we’re gonna use the front end loader. We’re gonna scrape this off push it in the bucket They dump it back in the building looks like leg arms got the truck And he’s dumping in the building right now. Let’s go take a look at that That’s in there He’s dumping it. This is all the screenings So this will blend in with the rest of the week when we hauled him we market it All right, there we go Steve’s loader will shove that in there and scrape up that pile on the concrete put down there too And then we’ll be done and No more handling grain until we markets up cuz that’s right. Now there’s nothing sold, so Nothing’s gonna be moving. Oh man. Look at this progress There’s no fluff in this area this Office is built off part of the sidewalk the concrete driveway So there’s no plug we want to seek originally bring out the drainage run along a white PVC pipe along this wall Through a hole right over here and it just poured out onto the concrete and ran out there and all We got as you see lots tools here concrete saw our demo saw a hammer drill chisels hammers lunges everything Just broke through the original event bringing into the clunk or the under the concrete under the floor There’s plenty of areas that water go to very little water The concrete is a stick My post digger broke this things dug a lot of holes over the years, but yeah, it’s broke I know how to fix it Yeah, look at that Who needs wood handles anyways, yeah Got some drainage tile and just play it. That’s where the drains gonna go and Then fill this all in a rock because we’re gonna pour concrete to level off the old footing to the shop rink That’s the old Shawn footing worse. They make a level across mice begin under here this way no mice would get in here Yeah It’s a sweet shadow. Alright here we are back. Oh, let’s park this big put a line these bugs. I’ll make it look nice All right, let’s start There we go, perfect, okay Nice little warm-up. It’s actually not bad. All right now it’s probably about 40 43 degrees somewhere now there is so not too cold for her. I want to get it in line at these guys. So we’ll do youngest to oldest Leave enough room for this take a bit there. That’s kind of tight and Let’s line up the front I always used to go by the cab seats. That’s how I line everything up so That looks good right there That’s a good sight right there we’ll leave it like that all winter and Then hopefully someday they can be like that only in a building office update painted crime crime painting They went ahead they just got the cabin and on the bottom and the view of the state’s gonna be Drain spot right through the ground got the water here frigerators going in the corner and He’s got plans to be the countertop to show that the second and of course all the desk will be back there with computer Nice big couch over here a place for us all to hang out. We like to hang out. Yeah, it’s coming together really good I was keep rolling I’ll set up by an expensive countertop My arms have the great idea of is using Snap-together fluorine because it’s way cheaper. So we just finished putting in this right here and it came out pretty well He bought two boxes not really known how much we’d need. And we thought we were gonna short but it looks like We’re gonna have enough to finish Well guys there’s a little bit left doing this office here actually a lot left we’re gonna have Besides the trim stained the cabinets. We got to get a nice sectional or leather couch to go on the back here We got a TV that’s sitting up here a spare TV. So that’s fighting them on the wall It’ll be pretty nice hanging out here this just be a good place to get out with a dirty shop and and Chill and drink coffee because we like coffee right but I do have an announcement to make I’m gonna be going on vacation for a couple weeks Starting this next week actually, so they’ll probably one more video including this one maybe a couple hours in between but Don’t expect some regular weekly uploads to the extent that I’ve been doing just because I’m gonna be gone with that said don’t worry I’ll be back and they’ll be more videos coming I’ve got a lot of head a nice that’s who you won’t believe the amount of video and I still have on my computer That has not made it into YouTube videos yet. So also guys the new red paint that I keep talking about It just hasn’t happened yet. It hasn’t been delivered. It’s just gonna happen but there’s just been some delays and whatnot So I’m sure when I get back They’ll probably be an announcement on that and you guys will get to find out what that is cuz I sure a lot of you Probably like okay, you told us like, oh like there’s the red pink. Um, and we haven’t seen it yet So yeah expect that it is gonna come it just hasn’t come yet. It’s offseason We’re winter right now if you don’t really need it, so it’s not like it has to be here right now But I do want to get it here so I can show you guys that would be pretty cool otherwise Yeah, some of ass that Welker farms is gonna make it to farm assume that are 19. I Cannot say yes or no on that I think the chances are yes, I would venture to guess there was enough positive feedback enough of you guys. Really enjoy the map I think it will probably make it too far missing there 19 I don’t do it It had to be someone else doing it, but I got it’s gonna happen and it’ll probably have some major improvements updates graphics, you know Glitches bugs all that should probably be ironed out for pretty nice maps So stay tuned for that and also guys if you enjoyed this video I do enjoy making these sometimes it’s very time-consuming the last candy video. I started at 8 p.m And I finished at almost 6 a.m. In the morning. I literally pulled an all-nighter making that video to get help for Thanksgiving. So Sometimes stuff takes a while. So if you enjoy this stuff Subscribe to my channel that helps me out Like the video and also there’s a little bill next to subscribe button below the video click that bell that notifies you when I upload stuff to that just helps get My content to you so it doesn’t get brushed under the rug a lot. Yeah, definitely subscribe also guys There’s a lot other really great farm channels out there if you guys enjoy my channel, make sure to check out some the other ones They’ve got some good content and expect some some pretty big things happening this next year I see I see this channel ongoing in a lot of ways It’s really hard for me to predict the exact extent of what’s gonna happen but I just think there’s me some pretty cool opportunities for myself for leg arms for my dad for our farm and for you guys as a channel to Watch so stay tuned for that It’s gonna be fun. This 2018 has been a good year. I think 2019 is gonna be even better. So let’s Let’s kick that off. Ok, guys. God bless. Have a good one. Subscribe. Take care. I’ll talk to y’all later You

UAlbany Students Use Social Media to Help Market Small Business

We have a CSA which is Community
Supported Agriculture. People buy a share in the season’s harvest. We harvest whatever is ready and deliver it to our sites where people come and pick up the produce. The students are working on how the farm could market to a younger
demographic, to find out ways to get the CSA concept advertised with people
that are just graduating. Raymond shows us his tactics, how he keeps customers, how he gets new customers and then we also got to brainstorm and come up with
new ideas to reach other customers. Pretty much right now we just focus on
social media and presence because that’s what our generation knows and what we
know to bring customers and profit to a company so knowing that this generation
is very social media heavy we feel like that’s the best way to bring him more
customers. It would be nice to access a younger generation of consumers to support our farm. A farm without a market, is not a farm at all, just a pretty place to visit. Working hands-on is a real life
experience rather than working on a case study. Working with the farm you get to
understand it through a business aspect and be put in the real world. Working with him he’s a lot different because we’re able to get his perspective. It’s easy to jump off and try to think of a bunch of new ways he could go about, you know, running his farm, but he has a good thing going and so he can’t just jump
into new projects necessarily. He just wants help reaching out to younger consumers. Actually being there to feel the emotions that you get from seeing a view, from seeing the animals that you won’t see in the city, you can read
about it but it’s different from experience and from feeling it. This collaboration with the School of Business is gonna be beneficial to us and also to those students who learn a little bit about smaller businesses, because we’re not super big and about local agriculture and how it works to
basically survive as a farm.

What is Aquaponics? How it Works & Why an Aquaponic Setup Can Fail

I have another exciting episode for you and
we’re here in Hawaii, on Oahu actually, and today we have a special episode for you
guys all about aquaponics man I’m excited for this episode actually to share with you
guys. This place here is actually called Aquaponics Place. This is a store that specializes in
aquaponics, all the different parts you’ll need for aquaponics, the plants, the fish,
the different, you know, tubs, bins, totes. Everything you need to do an aquaponics system
in your home so that you can start growing your own food today. You know, especially
here in the islands it’s very important to, you know, have a backup plan in case the
ship doesn’t come in. To be able to grow your own food and as much as I like growing
food in the soil and dirt, you know, or the red dirt here, aquaponics systems are great
because now instead of just having vegetables you can also grow your own fish. Whether you
want to keep fish as pets or whether you want to have them as a food source they can grow
a lot of fish and a lot of vegetables to eat, a very well balanced diet. So anyways, what
we’re going to do today is we’re going to go into the aquaponics place and share
with you guys exactly what aquaponics is if you don’t know about it and share with you
some of the components of the system and share with you guys some of the fish that they offer
here. Share with you guys some of the pre-made and pre-built systems you can actually buy
and bring home, anywhere here on Oahu. So we’re here inside the aquaponics place
and if you guys are an aquaponics geek, this is your hang out man. They got all these different
valve things and siphon things and screens and they got all kinds of fittings and they
got basically everything you need to do aquaponics at home. I mean even on the mainland, a store
like this is just unheard of. I’ve never seen a store dedicated to aquaponics. I think
there should be a store like this in every city across the nation so that people can
actually start growing their own food and it makes it easy for people to get all the
supplies and parts, fittings, all this stuff you know because normally you have to go around
to five stores, maybe a plumbing store, a hardware store, a swimming pool store and
a pond store to get all the different things to get a system together. I like that this
is literally a one stop shop to get all your aquaponics needs met. And I’m glad they’re
here on Oahu so that everybody on this island can be growing some food today. What we’re going to be doing next is actually
share with you guys how the aquapoincs system works specifically, so that you’ll be able
to know how it works, and then more importantly be able to set one up and grow food for you
and your family. So now we’re going to share with you guys
what an aquaponics system is and it’s pretty much right here as you guys can see we got
a big tank on the bottom and this is simply a fish tank. It’s holding fish, there’s
lots of fish growing in there. The tilapia that you can eat or just keep as pets and
then what happens is the fish are living in the fish tank and they are getting fed with
the fish food which is the only input in this system. The fish eat the fish food and then
guess what, they create waste much like us right. The fish make the pee and poop and
then that basically gets in the water and then what they do is they take the water and
they pump it up into this top bed. They pump the water up and then the water filters through
this rock here, the cinder, and it basically filters down and goes back in and comes back
out and strains back into the tank there. You can see where it’s all spraying out.
What the plants do is the plants actually filter the fish pee and poop and put it back
into the water. So that’s the simplified version we’re going to talk about in a little
while the more complex version and how this system and why this system really works. It’s
actually a, there’s one big lynch pin that many people may not be aware about in an aquaponics
system that we’ll cover in just a little bit. So next we’re going to show you guys
some of the different edibles that you can grow in an aquaponics system to feed you and
your family. Alright so in this system they got a couple
cool things. First soybeans, yes you can grow soybeans in an aquaponics system. They got
some little Kales right there in addition some mizuna, one of my favorite leafy greens,
especially to grow in the winter time. Also the lettuces, of course the lettuces will
do well in an aquaponics system but they can’t be in full sun. They like it a little bit
shady. Let’s see here, in addition they got some of my favorite, this is the shiso
or also known as perilla and this is a purple shiso. I grow this in my garden every year
and evidently it will do well under an aquaponics, in the cinder right here, check it out, this
basically acts like a bio filter here and this cinder actually unlike other metas that
can be used for the aquaponics has a lot of surface area because they’re literally like
little sponges. In addition it looks like they got a little tomato over there and a
whole bunch of chives growing in this bed. So, this aqauponics system here they got a
whole bunch of strawberries that are currently in the greenery or leafing stage. They’re
seasonal so they’re not producing berries at this time. In addition they have a nice
large egg plant that’s been there a while and also they’re growing lilikoi or passion
fruits that’s growing out of the aquaponics system over and over and over and up the chain
link fence. I think it will be great one day when they have all this lilikoi or passion
fruit with hanging fruits to eat and also show the massiveness of the plant after it’s
been growing a while in the aquaponics system. Other plants that can be grown in aquaponics
are something like this, the basil, looks like it’s doing quite well. They also have
some parsley here and besides the parsley they got the red Russian kale, one of my favorite,
the kales right here. In addition they got the green malabar spinach. I like the purple
Malabar spinach but they got the green Malabar spinach so it’s planted maybe about a month
ago. It’s doing really excellent, this is definitely one of my picks for what I would
grow in the aquaponics system because the Malabar spinach is what’s called a perennial,
edible vegetable. You know some vegetables and some plants actually go through their
life cycle like the lettuce or like the kales but with this guy, this will continue to grow
and keep putting on food for you so you can eat day after day, year after year without
having to continually replant like you do with the lettuce. Over next door here we got
things like more basil, and look at this, this basil’s been growing here a while and
this basil straight up has like woody stems on it. It’s quite old, doing quite well,
although it looks like it does have some still (06:44?) on there that they may want to do
something with but doing quite well and it’s nice and tall there. In addition they’ve
got the Calo or the Taro here which is also grown in the aquaponics system in addition
they got a few beets over there and some rosemary. I know one of my favorite things to grow in
Hawaii for sure is this guy right here, this is the okra, look at those little babies man,
fresh okra, fresh okra is absolutely delicious and I love eating them, especially when they’re
young babies. So over to this bed a few more things they
are growing, things like celery right here. Definitely looking really nice and vibrant
here. Also they got this plant, look at this guy, this guy’s a nice woody stock, really
thick, it’s going to seed and these seeds are actually high in Omega 3 fatty acids as
are the leafy greens that you can eat. This is also the shiso or the perilla. This the
green variety, definitely would encourage you guys to grow the shiso green and the purple
as well as basil as like an herb bed but also don’t forget to grow your leafy greens.
So here’s some collard greens here, I would probably choose the Georgia southern collards
here in Hawaii if I was growing them and let’s see here, here’s a nice large parsley plant,
looks super delicious, looks like it’s growing quite well. So you guys just saw some of the different
leafy greens and edibles that you can grow in an aquaponics system and I always want
to encourage you guys to try and grow different things and experiment because that’s what
this is all about. See what you can get away with, of course some plants are going to do
better than others and of course that depends on how big your system is, how well it’s
draining or not draining which we’ll talk about in a little bit. Also how much sun you’re
getting or how much sun you’re not getting. Very important factors are considered when
selecting different vegetables and herbs to grow in your system. Now besides just the
leafy greens and you guys know that I’m all about my leafy greens, my show is called
growing your greens and I want to encourage you guys to eat two pounds of leafy greens
a day. You know they are one of the healthiest foods on the planet. The most nutrition with
the least amount of calories. As you guys know, standard American food, fast food, junk
food, is very high in calories but low in nutrition the greens are very high in nutrition.
Another thing that’s actually pretty good in nutrition for the calories specifically
and for the protein are the fish here. So whether you want to grow your fish and eat
them or you want to have them as pets, you can definitely do that in the aquaponics system.
In just about 10 months, on average, and it depends on the size of your tank and how much
you’re feeding them and what not. Your fish, the tilapia will grow into full size and you
can catch them and eat them. I think they’re fun we’re going to go ahead and go fishing,
see if we can catch a fish here. Think you got to be pretty quick to get one of these
suckers. Not that quick. Alright, I’ll try number 2 let’s see if we can do it. I got
a strategy this time. I’m going to corner them against the wall. Alright! Check it out,
I caught a fish! But I’m going to be nice and let him go. I think if I had the aquaponics
here. I would mostly grow the fish for my pets instead of eating them. I got enough
greens to get enough protein a lot of other nutrients in my garden besides the fish personally. Alright, so now that you guys saw what you
could potentially grow, the plants and the fish. We’re going to kind of dive more in
and explain how exactly an aquaponics system works and the different methods of growing.
We have two different kinds of set ups here. They have like, basically a system that has
just like a flood and drain, kind of floods it and then it drains it maybe some of you
have the system where they’re just constantly feeding it water and the system that you choose
to have is going to have is going to be dependent on the plants you’re growing so for example
some crops can be grown in a system where the roots are constantly in water such as
the lettuce or such as water crest. Whereas most plants are not going to like that level
of water and have the roots wet all the time. They need to get proper aeration. So there
needs to be a flood and drain system where the roots aren’t constantly staying wet.
So now we’re going to go ahead and show you guys both those different systems and
how they do it here at the Aquaponics Place. So this is the first system that we’re going
to show you guys and this is the easiest system to make. If you think of your bathtub, if
you fill up your bathtub with water and it gets too high it has that overfill valve right
so you can never overflow your bathtub and it won’t like leak on your bathroom floor.
Well, this system, growing the lettuce in constant water works pretty much the same
way. So what many systems use is they may use like some kind of raft system and they
generally put this on like some kind of Styrofoam but they choose not to use the Styrofoam here
because the Styrofoam beads will break off, get into the water and contaminate your system.
So they actually have a nice piece of plastic here and let’s go ahead and lift this guy
up. So what’s happening is water is getting pumped in over here on this side and if you
look on the backside, I don’t know if you can see that there but there’s basically
like that overfill drain on your bathtub that’s sucking the water in so water never overflows
but always stay a constant height. The water is kind of being a little bit aerated due
to the flow of the water in and out and you can see in these little net pockets they have
here these little lettuces are growing these little root hairs out and in these net pods
the plants are just set in the cinder and that’s actually just to hold the soil and
also another reason that we’ll talk about in a little bit but these lettuces will grow
really well like this and another thing that will grow well like this also is the water
crest that likes to have it’s roots wet. So now we’re going to show you the 2nd kind
of system they have here. This is a system that actually drains out the water and actually
drains it fairly fast so that the roots are not staying wet because most plants do not
like their roots wet. They will succumb to root rot, possibly other diseases if you that
and that’s all made possible with this guy right here. It’s actually called a bell
siphon and how this works is simple. So we’re going to go ahead and give you guys a close
up to show you exactly how this works. Alright, so how this system works is we got
a grow bed with all the little cinders in here and then they got this little, kind of
mesh thing that does not allow the cinders to go in and they have their overflow tube,
much like the other overflow tube in the lettuce bed. So when the water level that gets pumped
into this bed gets high enough, which is almost there now, what’s going to happen is the
water levels going up and if we look, pull these rocks back here, you can see the water
level right here is getting higher and higher and higher and if we just let it get this
high and go into the overflow tube which it’s almost going to reach in a minute, it’s
always going to stay at that level. Now, this is what happens exactly in the lettuce bed,
the water always stays at a certain level and it’s almost overflowing now. And it’s
just about overflowing now so can check it out so you can see the water running over
the top into the tube there which then returns the water to the fish tank down below and
now you have the water always at this constant level. So what this guy does which is the
bell siphon valve, it basically creates a vacuum or a suction to pull the water faster
than it would just normally drain out. So, for example the water’s draining out here
but it’s never going to go below this exact level that you’re seeing. Now this is the
standard bell siphon that they offer here. Just looks like that it’s basically just
some pvc with a cap on the top. They put some little holes on the bottom, you know, in a
nice shape but actually they have a cool one which is for display purposes only which actually
has a clear top on it. So I don’t know if you’ll be able to see this on the camera
but what we’re going to do is we’re going to go ahead and put this guy over the drain
tube and once again it has cut outs on the bottom. We’re going to put that over the
top and I don’t know if you guys can look in there but what’s happening is this is
creating a massive suction. Look at this water draining out very quickly right. This water’s
draining out very quickly so now the roots are not sitting in a constant water supply
so that they will not get the root rot and it’s a special siphon that siphons the water
out until it’s all siphoned out and then basically it will slowly fill up again until
it’s full. When it gets full again then it siphons all the water out fast again. So
this way you’re getting a drain and flow without any additional appliances or electricity
or anything. It’s all happening on suction. This is definitely an ingenious way to make
this happen and then it’s just kind of cool to look at the water as it’s working in
there and see if it’s sucking or if it’s filling or if there’s air bubbles or if
it’s sucking air or what man. Definitely so cool. Let’s go ahead and fill this guy
back up so this can continue to work how it should. So you guys just learned what you can grow.
Then you learned how to do it are the 2 ways you can accomplish this. Next I want to get
into the Nitti gritty the bare bones of how the aquaponics system works. It’s actually
fairly simple but yet complex on some levels so pay attention to this part. It’s probably
the most important part of this video in my opinion. So as you guys know what happens is you feed
the fish, the fish poop and then the poop is pumped up through and then put into the
top here so that it can filter down and there’s a few components to this system. Number 1
is they got a very simple screen here. So this screen catches all the solid waste you
know cause we don’t want that solid waste going into the gravel bed and get all funky
and stuff like that right. You can then take the solid waste and this is solid fish poo.
(Joking) But this is solid fish waste you can probably wash this out. I’d probably
put it in your garden and use it as a fertilizer. So this is going to catch all that stuff.
Now the non-solids then are going into the cinder bed and what happens is the plants
just don’t absorb those nutrients directly. There’s a middle man involved you know,
when buying things I like to cut out the middle man whenever possible but in this system I’m
afraid you cannot cut out the middle man or the system will not work and it will crash.
So the thing that you’ll need to know for this system to work is, and the middle men,
what they are, are in this bottle here. It jumps starts the system. Now the middle man
will occur naturally but by jump starting the system, you’re guaranteed a system that’s
going to work more effectively and work right the first time. This is actually simply called
organic digesture. So this product reduces the ammonia, phosphate, nitrites and nitrates
actually in there and they do this by a very special way using beneficial microbes, bacteria
and enzymes will break down the bad stuff in the fish poop and make it bio available
for the plants to absorb. So without this critical component, that will also occur naturally
if you don’t want an add it like this. Your aquaponics system can work properly and flourish. The other thing that’s very important is
the medium so they got this cinder here and you know the cinder if you look at that closely,
kind of looks like a sponge. There’s all different cracks and crevices, so this gives
the bacteria and the mirobes a place to live in this system so that they can flourish and
break down the solids from the fish to make it plant absorbable. So yeah, as you guys
know that have been watching me for a while, I’m really into microbes and beneficial
fungi and bacteria and that is truly what makes the aquaponics possible but if you’re
also a home gardener in the ground it also makes a standard garden in your ground possible
and will thrive as well. So now that you guys learned how this system
works, let’s talk about the inputs required to grow the fish and all your plants. Basically
what you need to do is you need to feed the fish so that they can create their bio solids
or their poop to feed your plants plus you need to have the bacteria so all these things
are pretty much a one-time investment. Once you got all those guys going, you’re only
going to need to buy 3 additional things to keep your system going. Number 1 (00:19:00)
you’re going to need the fish food of course, so you know, the fish pellets. They’re maybe
$33.00 for about 40 pounds of food at this time in bulk and I always encourage you guys
to buy it in bulk for the best price. And you’re literally just going to take some
and you’re going to feed the fish. We’re going to throw a little bit of it out there
and check it out, they’re eating back there. But you know the fish food’s all you’re
going to need to keep the fish happy so that they create their poop and their pee because
they are living in water so you’re not going to need to provide that but the few other
things you will need are Number 1 you’re going to need what’s in this little
bag here and what’s in this bag is some special stuff and let’s go ahead and put
the bag back in there for you guys but what’s in the bag is this stuff right here. This
is actually oyster shells so it’s often used, oyster shell, for like (00:19:44?) and
gardening but what this is, this is a PH balancer. So you can use the oyster shells which acts
as a PH balancer so that the fish have the right PH to live in properly. Another thing
you may need depending on where you live are heaters. The tilapia like to grow and live
in the temperature that Hawaii is naturally so you do not need additional heating in Hawaii
but in other places in the country, you may need to actually use heaters to keep your
water warm enough or your fish are not going to do well, they’re not going to grow fast
and they’re not going to make it at all. Another thing you will probably need here
and what they recommend at this aquaponics place is the iron chelate so the iron chelate
helps keep your foliage green. It’s a nutrient that is not provided by the fish food that
will encourage and ensure your plants ae healthy. Now the other thing that I would personally
experiment with that they’re not yet doing here, and hopefully one day they will, is
the rock dust minerals. I would experiment with the aquaponics and adding rock dust minerals,
which will add 70 plus different trace minerals into the water which will also give nutrition
and provide nutrition for your fish but also more importantly for the plants, you know
and for them and so the plants and the fish will have more minerals and be more healthy.
When their more healthy they’re going to grow bigger, grow larger their also going
to be more bug resistant in the case of the plants. Probably disease resistant and have
a stronger immune system in the case of the fish. So I don’t know exactly how much of
that stuff to add but it can be done cause I have heard about people doing it before
and I would highly encourage you guys to look into that and add some rock dust, even in
small amounts to add some of those trace minerals back into your system so that you can grow
some of the most nutritious food ever. So now that you guys know how this system
works, we’re going to explain the anatomy of the system or the parts that you need to
do it and you know here at the Aquaponics Place they’ll supply you with everything
you need including the plants, the fish the containers and the pumps and everything to
do that and as you guys can see behind me, there’s a standard system behind me. Now
the system prices can range from a couple hundred dollars to a thousand or more dollars
depending on how large you want your system. Of course I would always encourage you guys
to buy the biggest system possible because the biggest system that you can buy will produce
more fish and more greens for you to eat faster just in case you need to eat out of your garden
exclusively and not the grocery store. So it’s really simple how these systems work.
You got 2 big tanks, you got the bottom tank which is where the fish live and then you
basically got some concrete blocks that they stack up to make legs like a table. Then they
have basically a 2×4 wooden frame that’s of course the grow bed up top. They have the
bed up top they fill it with the cinder and you plant your plants, I mean really aquaponics
is really that simple. Now whether you buy a constructed set up like this which is all
looking nice and professional or whether you get a standard, what’s called an IBC tote
on Craigslist for $100 dollars, $200 dollars depending on where you live, and cut it down,
it’s really that easy to do an aquaponics system. Even if you’re renting, have a condo
or you know, don’t have land or in ground space, aquaponics system is an excellent way
to use some of the extra space that you have and you don’t necessarily need a nice full
sun spot if you want to grow tomatoes yes, you will need a nice full sun spot but even
in the shade here in Hawaii something like the lettuce and the herbs are going to do
quite well so that you can start providing food for you and your family instead of being
dependent on the grocery store. So did I tell you that the Aquaponics Place
will sell you everything you need including your kit, your fish and yes even your plants.
They got starter plants here for sale and what I’m going to show you guys next is
actually how they start their starter plants actually in an aquaponics system. This is
actually unique cause I’ve never seen this being done anywhere I visited with all the
different aquaponics systems I’ve seen. I’ve never seen anybody do it like this.
So it’s really cool so pay attention to this section if you’re going into aquaponics
and you want to start your own plants from seed. Aquaponics makes it really easy. Alright so this is how they start their seeds
in the aquaponics system. Really cool so you don’t have to use any space, use any kind
of soil. What they got is they got standard seed slot here, standard slat and what they’ve
done is they’ve filled it with Rockwell which is a poplar hydroponics growing medium
that they also do sell here and in the poplar they basically just put the seeds in the little
holes and because this is a flood and drain table, the, you know, this gets wet and then
it drains out so it’s not constantly sitting in water which then you could get, you know,
seed rot but in this way this will get just enough water so that the little seeds can
germinate into little baby plants. Once they germinate, get a little big then they’re
going to transplant them into little individual containers that are next door. So let me go
ahead and show you those guys next. So once they got those little baby plants
started from seeds or actually you can do cuttings like this you’re going to basically
put plants in the little containers here, right, check it out, little containers and
these containers once again have the little holes at the bottom and it’s just growing
in the cinder there and then you just basically bury this down in the aquaponics bed here
just deep enough so that it gets enough water. Enough plants will get fed and once again
they got that bell siphon valve here that’s flooding and draining this so like the roots
aren’t staying constantly drenched in water, it’s getting enough water and this is literally
an automatic watering system for all the baby starts. This is super ingenious. So it looks
like they got, they got here water crest probably my top pick for growing in an aquaponics system.
Water crest is one of the most nutrient dense vegetables on the planet. In addition they
got the kale another yet nutrient dense vegetable. I believe you guys should be eating at least
several times a week. They got the shiso, I love the shiso especially the purple one.
You guys can’t see that, oh there it is. They got a green shiso, they got the chives,
they got some corn growing under the aquaponics. Now probably my favorite crop to grow if I
was here in Hawaii. I’d the water spinach or the Ung Choy. It’s actually, classified
as, from the USDA, as an evasive obnoxious weed so you’re probably not or supposed
to grow it anywhere else in the United States cause it could get in the waterway, all this
kind of stuff but you can grow it here in Hawaii and it will grow fabulously under an
aquaponics system like this and you can literally just take cuttings and replant it. You’ll
have a whole mass of food that will continue to grow day after day, year after year and
the great thing about the Ung Choy is that it will have the nice mild flavor it’s not
strong or bitter, you know, like kale. Some people might not like and it grows real simple
and real easy. I’m all about like sharing with you guys and the best of what I know
to make gardening and make growing food at home really easy. So hopefully after watching this episode,
you now know what aquaponics is, what you can grow, how to grow it and why it works.
I think these are very important fundamental pieces of knowledge that everybody should
know how to grow their own food in this day and age. Whether you live in Hawaii and food
might stop coming in or whether you want to have a backup plan in case trucks stop running,
there’s a financial collapse or whether you just want to eat the healthiest food possible.
Based on the current agriculture system, in my opinion, they’re not growing the healthiest
food possible. To do that you must do it yourself at home, pick it and eat it fresh for higher
levels of nutrition, plus you can add things in like the trace minerals that are not in
foods today. If you are here in Oahu and are interested in getting your own aqauponics
system, I would highly recommend the aquaponics place and you can check them out and learn
more about them on the aquaponicsplace.com. Hopefully you guys enjoyed this episode coming
at you from Oahu, Hawaii. Once again my name is John Kohler with growingyourgreens.com.
We’ll see you next time, and remember keep on growing.