Shady Internet Tractor Package “deals”

[music] -It’s Thursday
so we’re going to put three minutes on the clock down here
and answer the question for you today,
why are internet package deals for tractors a bit of a scam? [music] [music] -One of the things that annoys us
when we go and we see these internet package deals
is that oftentimes these packages aren’t necessarily great values
for the customer in the end. The real reason why you see
these things put together is because major equipment manufacturers
will have restrictions in place to prevent dealers from advertising
sub MSRP pricing. We’re not allowed to go
and put together a really aggressive price
for a new piece of equipment, and blast it out there
on the internet and see who bites. The way that some dealers
will choose to get around that is by putting together package deals. By taking a tractor
and then pairing it with some
really inexpensive implements, or a cheap trailer
or something they can hide the actual price of the tractor
in this larger package, and thus be able to advertise
some of these things. Now, where it starts to make us
a little bit uncomfortable, and really feel like some customers
might be not really getting the best deal
in that kind of situation is in a couple of areas. Typically,
the implements that are chosen in order
to put those packages together are the cheapest of the cheap. You go out and pick up
a couple box blades from China or a couple trailers from
a less than reputable manufacturer, and you can start to put together
these configurations where a lot of the add-on items
just aren’t a very good quality. That’s something
we’re always cognizant of when we’re selling equipment,
we just don’t want to sell of cheap stuff. We want to sell good stuff,
stuff that’s going to last and serve you well. When we see
these things put together with less than ideal implements
you just look at these things and shake your head. The other thing
that typically happens too in these package deals
is that the configuration of the tractor itself is usually
the absolute bare minimum configuration
for that model. Tires, for instance,
most of the time you’ll see a package deal put together. It will be put together
with AG tread tires. Now, virtually
every one of the tractors that goes out of our dealership
usually will go out with the R4 industrial tire,
it’s more heavy-duty, it has more rubber in it,
the sidewalls are heavier, they don’t puncture as easy
and they’re a lot more friendly on turf. Now there’s applications
for every tire option that you would want
but the reason why the AG tires are put in those package deals
is because they’re several hundred dollars
less expensive than the industrial tire
that serves most people the best. When we see these things put together
it just we always want to sell the right tractor
and the right configuration to the right person,
and not just generally do it in the cheapest way possible. Another thing, that falls
into that same scenario is the skid loader quick coupler. A quick coupler can add $350-$450
or so to the price of a packaged tractor,
but most people should be buying that quick coupler
it opens up your loader to a world of possibilities,
but again that’s added expense that you won’t find
in those package deals. My recommendation
to guys that are out there searching for tractors
is always to sit down and start with your application. Don’t go out there
and look for just the cheapest darn thing that you can find. Sit down and take a look
at what you’re going to be doing, and identifying
what tires you should be buying, and should you have
a skid steer quick coupler and really hone in
on those things first to make sure that you’re buying
the right tractor for your application,
and not just necessarily the cheapest thing that’s out there. If we can help you
through that process give us a call at Messick’s. We’re available at 800-222-3373
or online at [music]

How farming could employ Africa’s young workforce — and help build peace | Kola Masha

Since 1997, researchers
at the University of Sussex have monitored global trends
in armed conflict. Their research clearly shows that in Africa, over the last 10 years, armed conflict has gone up by sevenfold. Let’s think about that: sevenfold in a single decade. Why is this? We believe, as oxygen is to fire, so are unemployed youth to insecurity. We have a lot of youth on this continent. Youth like Sandra, who, on a Saturday morning in March 2014, woke up excited at the prospects
of getting a coveted job at the Nigerian Immigration Services. She kissed her daughter goodbye, left her home, never to return. Sandra and 15 other young Nigerians
died that day, applying for a job, in the ensuing stampede, as tens of thousands of people applied
for a few thousand open positions. In the last 20 years, 20 million youth
have entered the Nigerian workforce alone. Today, half our population
is under the age of 18. That’s almost 80 million people that will be entering the workforce
in the next 20 years. My friends, if a wave of 20 million people
entering the workforce triggered Niger Delta crisis, Fulani herdsmen crisis and Boko Haram, I ask you: What will four times that number do? To do my part to solve this challenge, in 2012, I moved to a small village
in northern Nigeria, in the center of the area
most recently hit by the spread of insecurity,
brutal bombings and searing poverty, with an idea: Could we create an economic buffer
to halt the spread of this insecurity, by unlocking the power of agriculture
as a job-creation engine? We knew this had been done before
in countries like Thailand, where, in 1980, they suffered from
the same economic challenges as us. Today, however, Thailand produces
two million cars a year — more than the United Kingdom — with over 30 percent of its workforce as highly commercial,
profitable small farmers, with an unemployment rate
of less than one percent. How did they do this? In the 80s, Thailand dramatically improved
the productivity of its small farmers, ensuring that it was able
to start to dominate export markets for produce. Building on this strength,
they attracted investment and started to process, being able to export higher-value products
like starch from cassava. Finally, coupled
with investment in education, they started to expand
to even higher-value manufacturing. To make our idea a reality
and follow a path similar to Thailand, we knew that we would have to sell
young farmers on farming. A young man in northern Nigeria, for the purpose of today’s
discussion, we’ll call “Saminu,” made it very clear to me
that this would not be easy. Saminu grew up in a beautiful village
in northern Nigeria. And he tells wondrous stories
of playing for hours with his friends, running up and down
the beautiful rock formations that dot the countryside around his home. Despite this beauty, Saminu knew that the first chance he got,
he would leave. He did not want to be a farmer. Growing up, he saw his parents
work so hard as farmers, but barely get by. As he says, they had “babu” — nothing. Young farmers like Saminu do not have access to the cash to buy the farming products
to pair with their hard work to be successful. When their meager harvest came in, desperate for cash, they would sell
most of it at fire-sale prices, when, if they could just wait six months,
they could get 50 percent more. Hence, Saminu left to the city, where he soon realized
that life was not easy. He borrowed a very old motorcycle, with tires that were
more patches than tires, to become a motorcycle taxi driver. He lived in constant fear every day that his precious, tattered motorcycle
would be ripped away from him, as it had before. But he got it back, thankfully. He knew of others, however,
who were not so lucky — other young men who,
once they’d lost their motorcycles, became destitute. Angry, these young men set
out to wreak vengeance on a society that they believed
had turned its back on them. Saminu told me that
they joined insurgent groups, often acting as getaway drivers
in bombings and kidnappings. To end this cycle of insecurity, we must make farming a viable choice. We must ensure that these young men,
on their small farms, can earn enough money
to make a life for themselves; to make a future. The question now is how. Recognizing that Africa
has grassroot-level leadership, we simply developed a model to bring the professional management
and investment to scale to these grassroot leaders. We called it “Babban Gona” —
“great farm” in Hausa. Upon reaching the village in 2012, I traveled from community to community, trying to convince people of our idea, trying to recruit farmer members. We failed woefully that first year, barely recruiting 100 brave souls. But we persevered. We kept doing what we promised, slowly we gained their trust. More farmers joined us. Fast-forward now five years. With a passionate and committed team and the tremendous support
of our partners, we grew dramatically, today, serving 20,000 small farmers, enabling them to double their yields
and triple their net income relative to their peers. We are very proud of the fact — (Applause) Fast-forward three years, Saminu has earned enough money to buy three goats for his mother
to start a goat-rearing business, owns his own retail store and bought not one, but two motorcycles, with vanity license plates: “Babban Gona.” (Applause) My friends, in the next 20 years, over 400 million Saminus
are entering the African workforce, with potentially half of them
having opportunities in agriculture. To unlock these opportunities,
through models similar to ours, they would require 150 billion dollars
a year in financing. This is a big number. But if we can tap into commercial debt,
it is a small number — only 0.1 percent of all the debt
in the world today, 10 cents out of every 100 dollars. This is why we designed our model to be very different from conventional
agricultural development programs. In a few short years, we have shown
that our model works, is high-impact and can turn a profit, attracting commercial investors that do not typically invest
in small farmers in Africa. Imagine a world where millions
of young men across Africa, hardworking young men, have other options. I know these driven, ambitious young men will make the right choice. We can realize this dream if they have a choice. Thank you. (Applause)

How to Grow Microgreens in Your Home & Make $100,000+ a Year

Alright, this is john kohler with today with another exciting episode for you, and this is probably one of the coolest episodes I’ve filmed and visited in a long time the dude is just super nice Anyways where I am today in the world? I’m here in literally like a downtown Baltimore Just kind of like the inner harbors just off in the distance over there And we’re about today is just sitting outside a farm, and you’re like thinking John. Are you high no? I don’t smoke any kind of cannabis Or anything for psychoactive effects or ingested in any other way for those effects personally? So where I’m standing at is just outside a house But this house has a farm in it one of the rooms has been converted into a bar that grows microgreens and the farmer makes $100,000 actually plus a year from his farm. Which is actually quite amazing to me You know furthermore for those of guys that are out west and never been out east right the houses in the East Coast secession in big cities are Like small like there’s one big building, but that building is split into actually two individual houses and when this house was Purchased as purchased many years ago for like thirty five thousand dollars right now of course real estate prices has gone up the neighborhood a lot better, but also he White are making a really good lineage Oh In their house which was formerly back in the days a Bedroom so what I want to do for you guys today is actually take guys inside the house to show you guys this little Literally a micro farm and actually the cool thing about the micro farm Is that like she doesn’t even serve people from outside his zip code cuz he has enough business he’s maxed out his farm But what he’s also doing is he’s training others to grow microgreens in their home Or he set somebody up in a local area growing in an apartment also making lots of money selling microgreens You know and this I believe is the future of farming is actually No small micro farms and having many of them to employ more Americans so that we could all be self-sufficient and also you know feed People in the local area, which is a lot more sustainable in addition You know I want you guys to learn how to grow your own microgreens and eat them on a daily and regular basis They’re the most nutritious food literally on the planet anyways without further Let’s go ahead and go inside and show you guys just a small setup. They got in their kitchen All right, now. I’m inside. I’m gonna show you guys the kitchen here, and this is check this out They got a little mini Gross setup right here that you know they sell and can set you guys up with So you guys could grow your own microgreens just literally in the kitchen like they are so Microgreens are probably one of the easiest Crops you guys have grown if you guys have tried growing outside and have failed whether you live in an apartment and growing in containers which actually can be a lot harder in my opinion than growing in the ground and Haven’t had so much a good luck right you got to try growing some sprouts and microgreens They’re by far the easiest things to grow I mean the answer is simply because how long they take to grow right? Here’s a little setup in their kitchen that you know They also sell kits just like this so you guys grow microgreens in your kitchen like one flat a week You know with little lights underneath here and just a little stainless Chrome-plated rack and what the farmers here do actually is every day. They make it a goal to eat one pad of these guys At their breakfast meal and one pad at night for their dinner meal in the app They actually skip lunch, so I mean super simple super easy and what I’m not telling you is that these microgreens? They only take seven to ten days to grow to full maturity, so you know there’s a lot less probability of things going haywire When you only have to grow for ten days and half the time you’re just basically misting in with water, and they’re just germinating right? Super simple to grow I want everybody watching this to start growing some microgreens And I’m glad that a city hydro here makes it really easy right they figured out because they’ve been doing this for over five years in this very location Growing microgreens, and they started out slow at first, but now they have an established clientele and people know about City hydro, they’re probably one of the most of you know foremost experts in the country Growing microgreens on a small scale and actually talking with the owner Larry here for probably about the last hour So like this guy definitely has done his research, and he totally knows the stuff So yeah these guys only Seven to ten days to harvest and these are four to forty times more nutritious than the large-size vegetables So you know what they do is they just simply take some little scissors here, and they can just clip them off And they’re just gonna use these greens and just you know eat them They’re quite delicious they have a nice mild flavor so if you’ve eaten like B kale like normal Kelly’s right and especially if you live here in The Baltimore area and especially like in the winter when it’s snowing outside You know those leaves the kale that you’re buying is being shipped in all across the country From, California the nutrition goes down and also I’ll be the first to tell you that the flavor also starts getting way bad Right freshest is always bestest is what I like to say And if you grow your own kale Micron’s not only do they not taste like the nasty You know old bitter kale from the store. They have to have a nice light flavor You know you could taste the kale very lightly, but also they’re way more nutritious a lot more water rich for you And so I’d encourage you guys to get some micro greens in your diets every day You know I get questions a lot John. What should I grow I live in a partner Connor? What’s the best thing? I should grow indoors. Can I grow lettuce everybody always wants to grow lettuce? What’s this fascination with lettuce that everybody has well That’s two guys lettuce is so common. You’ve had lettuce probably you’re a whole entire life, and you know it the problem with lettuce is that it may take up the 60 days to get a whole a head of lettuce to grow and Then you’re gonna harvest it, and then you have one head of lettuce for dinner. That’s not a lot of food guys Meanwhile as you guys are going to see in just a minute You know these guys once again 7 to 10 days to grow and you can grow literally a couple pounds in 7 to 10 days and eat a plant of the microgreens which are more nutritious More delicious in my opinion and are a lot faster, so you could really do major damage To your you know grocery bill, right? I want you guys to try to like Minimize things you’re buying I want you guys to be a producer instead of a consumer And I want you guys to you know like one of my goals is to grow all my own food one day but Frankly I’m not in this place where I have enough land to do that so what I do is I grow as much food as I possibly can and Microgreens by far are is the best? Strategic investment right so that you can offset the most and actually also most expensive part of your food bill Which the leafy greens if you go to Whole Foods here in town. You know just down the street I think a bunch of kale can be two three dollars. Maybe in the winter when it’s more scarce. It’s even more And you guys in South Florida maybe in New York, so you can have it worse right? But these guys you could literally grow fur for pennies for Totally way less money and have it fresh and available for you guys so that you guys could actually eat higher quantities of these foods anyways aside from this little cool little kitchen setup I channel has take you up to the Grand Daddy which is actually so now about the head into the indoor farm and this indoor farm before it was actually this farm here was actually a movie theater room as Evidenced by the side of above it says digital Sound this theater features DTS? So before that it was actually a bedroom But this was a theater And actually through a long series events actually the owner of the farm used to be actually a hacker for the government to make sure some of our you know most critical systems were secure and He did that for many years. It was a good job, and he loved it in stuff, but one day unfortunately He was in an automobile accident where somebody rear-ended him. He was stopped and somebody rear-ended him in 60 miles an hour and he had traumatic brain injury after that he couldn’t work for the government anymore because he couldn’t like remember stuff right as well as he didn’t especially if you’re a Hacker. You got to know all these different things that you got to try when you’re hacking and doing all this crazy stuff So then he couldn’t do that anymore He’s like he couldn’t really do a lot of things actually anymore So he’s like what can I do and anyways his his uh? You know wife had gone in the store one day and brought home a tomato that was like seven dollars a pound and he’s like Seven dollars a pound that’s expensive I could grow that so then he tried to grow tomatoes, and then you try to grow lettuce like indoors and that didn’t really work, so well and Then his wife kept telling him Microgreens microgreens so then you started growing my greens, and it worked really well And this way they were able to save money from buying the expensive Organic greens at the local Whole Foods and other places and then that basically morphed it got bigger and bigger And he’s like hey I think we’re these for other people and that’s exactly when you started doing over five years ago now and In his converted theater room And I believe this is a much better use of the space instead of a theater that you might watch a movie I mean if you don’t have any if you don’t have anything to do maybe once a day or maybe more than once a day But what could be more important than growing the food that you guys you and your family you’re eating There’s nothing more important, so if you have a spare bedroom Extra space in your house you know park your car outdoors I’ve been to places that grow food in their garage right now You got a climate control it but you know growing food is one of the most important things you could do so I’m glad I’m able to come and Be here today actually on a fairly short notice to show you guys what they’re doing because that this grow room is probably one of The most impressive that I’ve seen throughout all my travels all right, so now we’re gonna head into the grow room here This is the home of city hydro there at City Heights Hydro calm by appointment only and this is the ultimate in vertical farming You know you’ll see all these Videos and all these people doing trying to do vertical farming and growing lettuce and all these big major crops, right I really think vertical farming is what they’re doing here is microgreens because they take less time they’re also more nutritious And they could make you know a bigger change in the world and check this out Just walking in here right all these racks and the nice lighting it’s nice and warm I smell the fresh air like just racks and racks and racks of all these beautiful Microgreens it just goes all the way down there, and this is just not even a big room I think it’s like was it 15 by 20 or something like that Not really that big, but yeah They’re using the best of the vertical space and you know they could have went higher because they got room up there But then you know they’re the routes the racks might start tipping over these racks I think are about seven feet tall and these aren’t any kind of special racks right you go down to your local Costco Home Depot even Target, I believe sells these kind of metro racks which are actually NSF certified you know for food use and You know they they’re they do things a lot Differently and a lot better than many of the microgreens growers that I’ve been to there They’re fully certified for all these food safety things and all this stuff And they could trace and know where the seeds came from and they label like each rack So here’s some micro radish here, and that’s what it says It’s growing micro radish, so we know what’s in there number one number two They have the date and the date is in the format of a month second day first that’s because I use a European dating and Then also they tell you where they have on here like where the seed stock came from and then you know Where this is going to be going who is this gonna get sold to right and? Yeah, look at these beautiful microgreens under these actually custom designed LED lighting right they want to they want to be really Energy-efficient and so they found this LED lighting that you know if I put my hand underneath here You know actually I can put my hand all on this, and I’m really not feeling any heat in here and these are custom design At the proper spectrum, I think it’s like 5,500 K or 5000 K Spectrum just white light they tried to use you know the other colors You know the whatever the other color the lighting you know that they normally use You know what the green or the reds or whatever, but yeah those didn’t really work So they just went with these and these they found actually work the best, but yeah This is amazing and this is all on low voltage LED lighting. Yeah, all these racks and amazing microgreens growing at different rates of speed Inside here to cool depending on the time of year They might use one or two different air conditioners as well as a dehumidifier here and Then also you know as you guys can see they have some small little fans Air circulation is one of the most important things to reduce the mold as is You know growing your microgreens properly? I think what I want to do next actually is actually share with you guys the process they go through To grow Mike green some of the special things they do that I haven’t seen anywhere else so you guys don’t know the process and that you guys could do it, too So one of the cool things about growing microgreens is that you really don’t need a lot, right? You don’t need to buy a tractor. You don’t even need to buy that many tools if any You don’t need to buy a hoe Or you don’t need to have a hoe or anything like that All you need are a few things number one. You need basically seeds right and then you need water and I think you might need some trays or something or something to hold the You know the microgreens in and maybe some kind of bedding Material or maybe not because they can also be grown in just water alone without any kind of bedding material But I think the quality of the microgreens Starts with the seeds the seeds are probably one of the most important things right if you have poor quality seed Then it’s not they’re not going to germinate and not going to grow the microgreens you want You know and so they’ve sourced some of the best quality seed and you guys can see they buy the seeds in bulk and That’s one of the ways as a grower You guys are going to get your cost down is to buy the seeds in bulk right they buy in twenty five pound or 50 pound quantities And that’s because they’re on a commercial level That being said you know if you guys are home growers, and you guys are gonna grow a lot I don’t necessarily recommend buying this quantity of seed because then you got to store the seed and the longer you store the seed and All this kind of stuff the germination rates go down So I would recommend you guys bind like buy the 1 or 5 pound bags Depending on the seed that actually you’re buying something like radish seeds Yeah
Buy it buy the 5 pound Buy the 10 pound to save some money because you’re going to blow through those a lot because they’re the cheapest and also easiest Microgreens to grow they can also be very important when you’re starting out to first learning how to grow microgreens Start out with radish seeds because they’re inexpensive your short start out with some kind of other seeds that are more expensive And you mess up, then you just lost the money right if you mess up your radish greens not a big deal brush it off put them in the compost pile outside and Start over so you know they’ve done their due diligence and research with the seed companies right they used to use like Johnny seeds But Johnny seeds Sells some of their seeds is actually from Samantha’s which is actually a month owned by Monsanto So they stopped really buying from Johnny’s unless they really have to and I don’t maybe even they even don’t nowadays But now they use Mountain Valley seed company I’ll put a link down below. I remember when I actually visited Mountain Valley seed company in Utah. I visited the owner there He’s a great guy And they just seemed like a totally legit company so it’s good to hear that actually you know Larry. Here is actually using them and the other thing I want to say about Larry is that he is a really cool guy right he came from the software industry and open-source model so his method of growing sprouts and microgreens or microgreens here is Open source you know, but he just wants the credits for coming up with his techniques and his credits So make sure if you use anything from this video say hey, I learned this from not John at growing greens But I learned this from Larry At City hydro through John koehlers video, right? But just let people know because I mean he’s he’s done a lot of work to actually make Mike greens even better than Actually all the places I’ve ever been to that just kind of you know step in other people’s footsteps I mean this guy really blaze in the field You know put it that way so you have a mountain valley season then you know store the seats properly right yeah the seats come Shipped in bags, and if they’re not going to have a seat along too long They’ll may be stored in the bag the brags are breathable But you know this also can let moisture in which can be one of the worst things for seeds So they you know also have these up These up buckets here with these especial tops I forget the I think they’re gamma lids that you can just to screw off and screw on and access your seat So I do recommend store your seeds in a proper way such as these nice food grade Buckets so aside from having good quality seeds Which we know they got already you got to have something else good quality water, and you’ll be amazed to know that City hydro here is just using the Baltimore Maryland tap water, but let’s find out what they do to before they actually Give it to any of their plants so this is the water that used at City hydro And basically they take the baltimore city water, which is already you know certified safe for human consumption, although. I wouldn’t drink it but if many people do unfortunately But what they do is they take that water and they basically run it through these two top pieces here, which is their specially designed? Basically a filter filtration including some carbon that they replace the media on a regular basis And they basically just let it kind of like a gravity feed down into a food safe HDPE I think this is like a 55-gallon drum and then they have a little spigot on here where they can actually get the water out and Amazingly you saw some of this the overview shot of this gardener when I walked in but this whole farm heater has literally only takes seven gallons of water a day and That’s totally amazing so this is Probably the best way to conserve nature’s resources to grow the most nutritious food on the entire planet And they’re doing it right here in downtown Baltimore totally amazing so yeah besides having the good water another thing that’s very important is having proper trades And they figured out a better trade than any other Microgreens farm I’ve ever been to today. I’m going to show is next so basically all the farms I’ve ever visited that grow microgreens use this standard black style Nursery flat to grow their microgreens in you know they come in like a 10 by 10 which is a half-size or a full? 10 by 20 like this right But they don’t use this style flat here for a few reasons I mean number one of the reasons that I’m aware of that I’ve known about this kind of style black plastic is that this style black plastic is some of the cheapest cheapest crappiest plastic there is These were designed to grow you know plants in roots not you know plants in soil With the roots not like microgreens to serve the people right in the creation of this Plastic is like this carbon black material Which is like really nasty stuff right and also furthermore like these trays look at this It’s like all cracked up on the side, and it’s bumped up these guys will deteriorate and go bad really fast And that’s not sustainable for business to keep buying plastic when they get bad. They got a hopefully recycle them or throw them away Not super sustainable, so they don’t do that here. You know they found the best practices of any microgreens company I’ve been to and they’re like what could we use that’s actually food safe? To grow the microgreens in right so then they they looked no further than their local pizza shop or bakery right in bakery and pizza shops, they have like a trays that kind of look like this right here and This is basically what it’s called as a is a proofing pant and this proofing pan Maybe they started out with but they don’t use this one now either. You can’t just use any old proofing pan this one’s actually made of fiberglass, you know kind of like my 1981 Corvette I used to have that actually got hit It’s fiberglass right and the fiberglass is a coating on there that may peel over time, so you know because these fiberglass Proofing dough trays were not designed to grow my greens are designed to proof dough without all this constant water Contact so they’re like how could we do even better than that then they found these guys? And these guys are actually also proofing pans and these guys are actually quite large I mean that I came to fit in the whole video without cutting it off but these are special proofing pans that are made from the HDPE plastic Which is the best food safe plastic use that also lasts a long time? You know some of these trends that they have here are actually five years old They’ve been using these trades five years old and it’s always better to reuse instead of recycle or throw things away So I want to encourage you guys it because our monitor greens growers still using these guys right we’re gonna start Don’t use these guys use the right you know product And this is actually made by the dome eight and this model is the cpt 70 and So you could contact them here at City? Hydro to buy these because they are a dealer because they buy so many of these for themselves and also help set up other people Growing now aside from these nice large style trades, which is a full tray which you know they sell a full tray of Microgreens. I think it depends on you know the price But generally I think they get maybe thirty dollars for a full tray and for a half tray You know which is basically this this size, which is white I kind of like these a bit better It’s $20 and furthermore and that’s the basically two restaurants who are ongoing? regular repeat customers now at the farmers markets They have different sizes, and then they would basically use this size for farmers markets And I think this is like a ten dollar size of my greens, and then they have like a smaller like a strawberry size Which is five dollars you know so you know they make a lots of money? Just growing all these microgreens with their regular clientele They don’t have to deal with a hassle of going to Farmers markets and selling you know five or ten dollars at a time You know they have customers that take you know six flats or more you know per delivery Which is you know every? I think every week or maybe even twice a week so aside from the seeds the water and the trains that grow the microgreens in You only need like one other major component for the most part. You’re going to need the media You’re going to growin now some migrants companies may grow in water, and they’re gonna actually be soon doing that here Just water alone with actually know basically bedding material or growth medium and many growth mediums Maybe like organic compost you know coconut coir Peat moss these actually plastic Spun fibers that make little mass used in hydroponics normally the but they didn’t want to use any of those things because you know some of those things to be messy they they Splinter and they drop dirt everywhere and that makes things really messy plus if it’s compost it might have possible contamination there They wanted to do something really clean That was more better for the planet than some of just the standard spun plastic mats Which is creating excess waste so what they’re doing here instead is that you know they’re going to be using This stuff which is basically this is just a coconut cooler fiber Matting right, and I know those you guys that are like it’s a hemp light. What about the hip matting John? Well, you know what here’s the hemp matting right here? They try using the hemp matting and the coconut coir mat in and guess, which one works more better The coconut coir many because they found this had and kept a better structure Than the hemp that that’s kind of like fell apart and didn’t work so well in addition There’s other kinds of fibers that you guys can use kanaev is another one that I actually Know about and have been experimented with myself personally, but it’d be interesting to see how that fiber works as well But that being said coconut fiber is probably the best fiber in my opinion that can have you know May be able to be used for other things But you know so many places make all this extra coconut fiber that needs to go into something creative and useful And this is probably one of the best uses now. This is a standard coconut fiber They trim this down to their proper size and then they don’t just put this in the tray and then grown this directly that wouldn’t work
You know what they do is they soak this stuff for about 24 hours in pure water and to get it the right consistency So over on this side. This is a soaked one, and this is an unsoaked one you guys see the difference in the color and Once it’s soaked for 24 hours, then they’re ready to go on to the next step Which is basically a seeding up this mat and putting seeds on it? And then starting the germination show I want to show you guys that step next so the next step here at city hydro is Getting those seats driven so first thing that usually takes some bamboo once again another natural material and
they lay some of these rods down on the bottom and now the reason why they’re doing this is to get the map that they’re Gonna, then put in to the trays off the ground They don’t want the matting Sitting on the ground of the trade because they can get too wet and that’s not going to provide good air flow or circulation For the plants inside then the next step is they they put some of these Matting things in here that are cut to the proper size so that they basically Lay in side-by-side super-tight kind of like a shuffling and dealing cards like you’re a dealer in Las Vegas But now they’re dealers in microgreens so once they got all these laid out properly Then they’re gonna go ahead and just simply sprinkle on the seeds which I’ll show you guys next so here’s a flat that will just seat it out with the micro leaks all in there And they basically just put all the seeds down and then after they sprinkle all the seeds And they got really good coverage and that could take some time to make sure you get good coverage And you don’t get piles of seeds in any one location You know for the best microgreens you want them as single file Or single layer at a time as you guys could get across the plat the next thing to do is very important step, right They’re gonna take some hydrogen peroxide and make sure you store your hydrogen peroxide in a non clear Bottle because if hydrogen peroxide is stored in a clear bottle Basically the properties of the hydrogen peroxide will get ruined by the light so they use a hydro peroxide a three percent solution and basically take the hydro peroxide and Basically spray all their seeds down to ensure that they’re going to be growing some of the cleanest microgreens This is a very important step to you know potentially kill any lingering of Potential pathogens that being said you know all the seats have been tested for pathogens before they started so it’s very important to go to a seed seller that you know test their seeds for the pathogens before you even get them and that’s another reason why I encourage you guys to buy seeds that are intended for Sprouting and for growing Mike Greene’s because these seats have been tested and the chances are Potentially seeds are growth usually used for growing vegetables have not very important the next step they do besides you know spraying on that is then they Spray on you know they’ve got a pump spray over here, and they spray on the water So they spray on a nice Moisture level to get the seeds nice and moist they get the pads nice and moist There’s even a little bit of a pulling water at the bottom of the tray here That’s collected underneath the bamboo and you guys can see how nicely these guys are put in the next step This is the easiest step of them all right. They got this specially designed cover here and basically. It’s just a special Cover like a styrofoam style cover with a toothpick sticking out on the end there if you guys can see them And they basically just gently set that over the top these are pre-cut to fit in these trays Perfectly, so there’s no light is being allowed in this creates a nice environment for the seeds to sprout it creates the kind of light Limit moist environments doesn’t let all the moisture out this also acts as an insulator You know to keep the temperatures constant at the nightstand proper germination temperature once? This is done Then they basically pick this up and they put it on a rack So once the tray actually just goes right on the rack and actually this is the one I was looking at the micro leaks You know it’s set on this rack which is known as the germination rack as you guys can see this germination rack You know has a really tight spacing and it has no additional lighting on there on this step No lighting is required for these Microgreens to start growing a matter of fact for the first several days and this depends on the specific micro green you guys are growing You’re going to leave this top over its up microgreens or the seeds Germany get no light whatsoever And why is this important? Well, this is important because it actually simulates How seeds would grow in nature right in nature the seeds would actually be underneath the ground They wouldn’t be on top of something in most cases, and then you know the see they’re like okay I’m germinating I’m gonna send my roots down and then I’m gonna grow up I’m gonna grow towards the light, but wait there is no light so they’re gonna start sending their shoots up And you know go for the light because they know the light will be from above lights never usually from below And so they’re gonna start shooting up and then at some point you know though it’s gonna start shooting up And then they’re gonna go ahead and take the top off at a certain point and on this tray here Just a couple days ago They started you can now see they got these plants starting to grow up and these plants are trying to grow for the light But you know what on this rack. There’s no light so they might leave this on this rack for a day or two and These plants are actually kind of yellow, and if they’re yellow at this stage That’s alright because these plants are yellow because they don’t got the light yet They can’t make the chlorophyll so these guys are pushing up for the light. They’re gonna go hard and fast looking for light They’re not getting any until maybe tomorrow when this trait is actually going to go over to one of the racks with the light So let me go ahead and show you guys that net So notice show you guys a rack with the lights actually so you know they’ve been doing a lot of Experimenting here and all this kind of stuff And you know I always like to do things Optimally like if I’m gonna have a rack man on or the most food on the rack as humanly possible or as a or as space emits our permits so actually on a rack that actually has a Germination rack where you’re actually not You know having any lights you can fit, or should be able to fit about fourteen trays on there So you could have a whole bunch of your trays Always in the stage of the germination after a couple days you know four days or so five days depending three to four Five days depending on the seed you’re going to move it over to the rack with a lights now the rack with the lights Need a minimum amount of distance between the tray and the light here because these are special LED lights that they’ve figured out and design themselves in Nice tubes, so they’re actually a waterproof You know they have minimal spacing so on one of these standards do racks, which is I think this these racks are like 18 inches by like four feet There’s a let’s see one two three four five the little lines on the side between The racks you know and that’s how I like to gauge It’s all like put a little black piece on there and then count five then I’ll put another one You know and so let’s see this one has one two three four five Yeah, so about five is a spacing so you could have stacked these to the maximum And I think set up in this way optimally spaced on one of these racks that are seven feet tall but no higher You can fit about ten You know light setups so I mean for a standard home if they only have four of you guys had two of these NSM racks 7 feet tall one with 14 germination stations and one with 10 for growing you guys could have plenty of the healthiest greens to eat Year-round and even if you’re starting to going to production for yourself right you could start with one setup And then you can start adding additional racks as your business grows as it gets bigger and the coolest thing that I even get to tell you guys yet is that you know I came in and Got a full tour of the place here, and you know what they do here is they do free training? Which is totally amazing two days of full free training with purchase? So you got to spend if you buy $1,000 kids right you get two free days of training so that you will be successful Once you go home You know this is not one of those companies that just wants to say the kit to make your money, right? Larry here is committed to the microgreens to growing them and more important to teaching people about the microgreens And how they are so valuable and how it is so easy to grow literally it takes them like about four hours each day In this room to run a business that’s making over a hundred thousand dollars a year And you guys could do that too from your home if you want it now of course you know the caveat is you have to have a market for the microgreens so big cities are a perfect place for my greens, New York Baltimore you know Miami you know all these Chicago all these big cities where they got all these rich people right now know and value the microgreens in addition very important besides having rich people as having high high-end restaurants that know with chefs that know the food right chefs that start tasting the microgreens and start including them on their plates right they they know the flavor of the mic greens and How their customers just love it whether they’re just used as a little garnish on the side or they’re just making haystacks of microgreens with a nice rich dressing right and Customers could taste the difference and then customers will come back to those restaurants Using the migrants because the other restaurants are still using that dumb parsley stuff, right? Microgreens way better than parse as a garnish because they also should be eaten tasted They’re so nutritious and more importantly just so fine and delicate anyways, this is some a micro basil grown I mean and Depending on the micro green you’re growing it can be shorter Or it can be longer to grow and the cool thing about the my greens is that you know at this? Microgreens farm they don’t sell cut my hearings right if you cut your my groupie and then sell him then you’re going to be Regulated more than if you just sell live plants so you know when they’re ready to sell their my greens Literally they just take out You know one of these little trays here or one of these little uh you know cutouts of the microwaves And we’ll just sell this to people so these are lives so now the chef has the precious food of any restaurant or you have The freshest food because you can harvest like this then just you cut off the mic greens as you need them And you guys can see the root structure underneath their growing. Yeah, this is really wet I gotta get it put it back in there so yeah I really like the format of you know growing living foods right and even in their kitchen where they’re harvesting the food They didn’t just cut it and put in their fridge right they’re leaving it growing in the pads that are 100% compostable And they’re only going to harvest them once they’re ready to use and eat them So another thing that I really like about city hydros that you know they’ve experimented with many different Microgreens and Larry like me is kind of like in some respects a lazy farmer, right? He wants to grow only the easiest crops that grow in the fastest time that he could profit the most on and he’s experimenting with many different kinds of seeds and Using the techniques he grows with these pads. He’s learned that certain Microgreens grow better than others so he tends to focus on them You know one of his favorites are the micro parsley? Which is right here look at this look how beautiful that is he also has you know? Kohlrabi, he likes a lot the micro cilantro super amazing Micro kale micro you know leeks and onions he does the micro basil so many things do really well But there’s a few that don’t really grow in this kind of arrangement You know so like I think he said like this chard like it doesn’t really grow a chard my greens Because he’d have to you know modify his system to do a little bit differently and at this point He just probably prefers not to grow them But you know even so he grows I think over 20 different kinds of different micro greens Which is still an enormous selection? And my tip for you guys if you guys are growing my greens at home or even for sale I would encourage you guys always to grow the deeply pigmented micro green so for example right here We got some radish margaritas look at how beautiful these guys are they’re nice and filled in on the tray These guys grow really fast, and he’s got a green in there But he’s also got a lot of purple ones mixed in there as well now They kind of look really cool E in his mix But if it was me and I was going for my own home use you know I would be brewing like as Many purple varieties as I possibly can right the purple varieties of the micro greens as well as the full-sized vegetables and fruits You know contain? Anthocyanins which are more nutritious than just the standard green kind the anthocyanins have been shown in scientific studies with rats to actually reduce your weight Lower your blood pressure and help with blood sugar regulation, which is totally amazing? All this whole system here is automated olive lighting, so he doesn’t really have to do anything he gets us to make sure that they’re plugged in and you’re thinking John how much does the electricity to run all those lights and Well sung-hee told me on average It’s about $100 to run this whole room to have this farm growing and of course seven gallons of filter City water and so this is not a lot of input for a whole bunch of outfits output So this is probably the you know your the best way to utilize your local resources to grow food for not only you but also Your family another cool thing about the farm here is that they don’t use any kind of pesticides or chemicals? Or they don’t spray their stuff down for bugs cuz check it out. It’s indoors It’s an isolated environment, and if just the farmer and his wife literally. We’re here all the time. They’d have no Infestations of anything but because they do tours that your classes they get people in here they’re training all the time People are in and out you know they’ve been to the produce section at the farmers market bringing bugs in and stuff, so one of the easiest ways they use they deal with bugs is just simply a five-gallon bucket with water and A little bubbler and they put in a hard cider, that’s sweet right oh And some soap in the bucket with a bubbler right and this attracts all the fruit flies that they may have To come in here, and they basically get trapped and drown in addition on the wall And if you guys saw when we walked in they have like one of those uh UV fly traps you know so it’s very important them to have clean food in a matter of fact their Food is labeled a hundred percent pure And this is something you guys can’t say about most food growing these days especially been organic food You know if it says organic and you’re buying at the store Hopefully, it’s organic But you just never know unless you’re doing it yourself Or come to a place where they actually have an open-door policy like Larry has here Or you know I can see everything he’s doing he has no kind of toxins yet He has some grapefruit seed extract, so I’m still in the house some azomite. You know some hydrogen peroxide these are all non-toxic products anyways I think What I want to do next for you guys is actually a taste some of the Mike Greene’s to show you guys how I? Like to eat them so aside from just some of the standard microgreens that they’re girl And they’re always trying to like you know grow new and exciting and different things so right here You know they’ve got some actually some crow barrage. You know barrage micro, and it literally grows in my garden as a weed I like to harvest and pluck out the flowers to eat But you know they’re growing in for the microgreens which are right here And you know I want to let you guys know real quick the definition of microgreens the true definition of microgreens are basically Greens that actually have you know just the two baby leaves When the plant is at the stage of just growing from two baby leaves the you know Majority of the nutrition in the baby leaves is actually from the seed, so if you’re going to go buy seeds It’s important to specify you get seeds that have the least number of seeds per pound this means the seed is Larger the seeds are healthier They’re going to contain more nutrients than the same given seed that actually weighs less that are actually smaller seeds so that’s the true definition so they the majority of what he grows here is basically the two leaf and Once it starts to you know put out the third leaf and forth then that’s when the plant will require some Nutrients so you know he doesn’t feed any nutrients here as you guys saw He just uses the seeds and water so you know microgreens are a hundred percent veganic which is something you can’t say for Organic produce even at your local Whole Foods or our whole paycheck store, maybe because the Amazon bottom Hopefully maybe I won’t call them whole paycheck because they did reduce the prices a little bit But nonetheless you know most organic produce is actually be growing be growing with manures as many home gardeners will also use manures You know I do not advocate the use of manures because in my opinion the only reason why there could be contamination with microgreens is because of animal-based Manures in animal and or animal contamination, you know in the seeds You know plants and animals do not share diseases I can’t get you know a cold or the flu from microgreens right two different things But I can get you know cold flu or other illness you know from chickens for example I mean what they got the bird flu, right? So these are completely safe to grow provided you have good practices and have Uncontaminated seeds can it can be considered beginning and in my opinion This is the most important vegan food if you guys are vegan out there You guys need to eat on a daily basis because they’re more they’re the most nutrient-dense food on the planet which means they have more nutrients phytonutrients phytochemicals vitamins minerals as Compared to the calories and unfortunately most Americans are eating high-calorie foods Too many animal foods in excess, and this is that great health expense to our Country to the healthcare or I like to call it sick care system You know eating the improper foods will cause you to gain weight get unhealthy Cause sickness illness and disease and actually that’s another reason why the farmer here got into growing the microgreens because him himself Was overweight and he lost lots of weight by eating Healthier and especially including some of these some of these nutritional powerhouses in his diet I think the next thing I want to do for a little bit is actually sit down with Larry and interview him So you guys can learn more about? Microgreens more about the work that he does here to teach you guys about the my Koreans How you guys could actually come here and get a full two day training? And you know I’ve never really said this before but you know there’s a lot of different gizmos and gadgets and round Barrels with a little different slots you can buy for like $400 to grow food in right I’ll tell you guys this if you guys are serious about growing food the thousand dollars you spend with Larry to get a set up and get two days of full training here with him is probably the Best $1000 you will ever spend to grow your own food because you know this can be done anywhere It’s guaranteed you’re gonna succeed whereas You know one of those big $400 bins with all these holes in the sides, right? I mean that may look cool in a video But that’s not super functional because you really can’t grow as much bottom of food as you grow with the microgreens Alright, so here’s some Mike greens that Larry said I can eat here And these guys are the kohlrabi you know and encourage you guys to grow kohlrabi Mike greens And here are some kale Mike greens now my favorite way to eat. These is probably not giving your favorite It’s just like this you go to the living light greens while they’re still alive Still growing water dripping out the bottom. You can see all the roots there, and I just take my mouth, and I go huh? mmm, honey This is the best thing in the world to eat your food right how does animals and nature eat the food do they have things? I have the refrigerator Did they have things that are packaged in bottles and jars no? The deers of the woods go to your you know your trees and here we are of Citrus trees and just eat the leaves right off the plant eyes are still living so this is by far the best way to eat Them that being said you might be calling me a caveman or something like that I don’t really care so what most normal people do is They would actually just clip this off And then you know add it on top of salads as an Abbott at it as a topping I mean I would just if I have this many microgreens. I’ll make a micro green salad every day You know Michael you didn’t eat two pounds of leafy greens one of those micro greens or Bigley peas from my garden You know greens are probably one of the most Healing foods in the entire planet especially these guys which are the cruciferous greens. They have properties called Isothiocyanates, you know they’ve studied broccoli John Hopkins. You know studied broccoli nets and anti-cancer food right and Also, these guys are also anti-aging as well and will help actually keep you young at the same time so now I’m here with Larry the owner and barber here at City hydro, and this is one amazing place you got here Larry. Thanks so much Yeah, no worries It’s been a pleasure like coming out talking with you and showing you guys out there what he’s got grown on here Which is totally amazing so Larry the first question I have for you is why did you start all this? I mean I kind of went into the little bit of that earlier But why did you start growing microgreens as a business actually to sell the people but not just that? You know spread the information of my greens as an open source model provided You are credited and also help others grow their own microgreens Whether there are people at home or you know somebody wants to start a good business or whether it’s a chef in the restaurant if it’s start up a rack and Harvest the freshest food for their customers right so back in 2011 I was while stopped in traffic like somebody traveled about 65 miles an hour, and I thought What the hell am I gonna do for an income and my wife came home with these tomatoes from Whole Foods? At $7 a pound then I thought I can grow those so we started trying to grow like microgreens are sorry Tomatoes under LED lights and they’re just not enough power to grow the LED lighting under tomatoes under LED lights. You need the Sun Yeah, and so then we thought she I thought Oh lettuce is we’re gonna grow lettuces Everybody’s growing lettuce is we can make bloody growing lettuces So we had this entire room full of lettuces this room right here this room right here We harvested it went to the farmers market and got $35 wow man. You’re rich And I thought that ain’t gonna do it and the whole time Giada my wife is saying to me You know there. You should look at microgreens so after the farmer’s work and everything I looked at her. I said you know Jenni We’re gonna grow What do you think she didn’t go ahead a chance great idea microgreens that guy is always a hard-headed one maybe sometimes It’s the girl team I’m gonna dip it right so we started growing microgreens And we and I would used to be a chef So I knew that I wanted to be everything to be food safe And I wanted everything to be pristine that clean and everything had to be able to be used in the kitchen so no soil could be used and The first plane we brought it to he looked at him He said these are living and I’m like yeah, you got to cut them to order you placement He said I get to use a wall. You’re not having water rotting and stuff, and I said yeah, 100% utilization and After that chef after you did one gig showing our microgreens we’re off to the races Wow so is it true that you know you got so much business here that You’re fully to a capacity you can’t grow any more and that you actually only sell in your zip code So this is like a micro farm only serving is literally immediate area right so we actually have a micro carbon footprint Which means we only sell with instead of our zip code and our concept was to empower other people to grow So people will call me and say hey I want to grow and I need some clients and stuff like that so we not only trade people out of growth Will also refer clients to them like a chef will call me from DC. We don’t service DC, and I’ll say wait a minute I got a I got a grow in Rockville that’ll service DC So we turn him over to DC We turn that shop over to this guy and he starts to grow with it same way We have a grower called some arukou here in Baltimore her husband came to me and said hey Larry We’re doing 12 trays a week from you. No microgreens my order and I said all chef can’t be heard I don’t have the capacity I said I’ll tell you what we teach your life to grow We’ll set up a burr room for your life, and she gets something like the greens back to your restaurant He said you’re going to give me a business. I said yeah, I said, but I’m gonna make money I’m gonna sell you the equipment I’m gonna say the coconut fiber of course But now he grows his own microgreens sells them to the restaurant sells them to the restaurants in DC She probably makes more than he does Wow amazing and that’s why I’m so excited about this episode Cuz you know as you guys know. I’m an entrepreneur right and if you guys need a juicer This is a shameless plug you guys need a juicer blender dehydrator. Please support me by making your protec that’s how I’m able to travel around all these places and make cool videos with people like Larry But not only is Larry an entrepreneur, but he’s in power and you guys be an entrepreneur This is what really and truly it’s gonna make America strong again. Not some puppet. Dude at the frickin government anyway We’re gonna talk about politics in this episode, but anyways yeah That’s what’s gonna Make American strong is by all of us having our own business being independent for the man So you guys could work just a few hours of the day and actually Larry how many hours you work a day doing all this Making over a hundred thousand year, so I work about three to four hours a day But the only thing is it’s seven days a week so growing microgreens is like having children You got to take care of but at least they don’t talk back that security I don’t talk about and but you gotta water every day. You can’t miss a day of watering so that’s the only caveat That’s a little bit of a sale pain But a commitment is to be there 24/7 seven days a week for the microgreens and if you got a kid Child you want to go for the weekend you have em one As long as they know how to do it and not mess up right I mean Yeah, just like any business though you need to pay attention your business or it’s going to get late from you know I Even though I work my own business You know I’m literally on call 24/7 to answer emails and handle customer service issues and do what I need to do to make it happen if that’s what’s important because surely You know I do not want to go to a job Where I got to be there at a certain time and clock out and not even get paid what I’m worth right so I really Want to encourage you guys to you know take up O’Leary on this opportunity if you guys are looking for something You know I’ve visited so many different farmers and so many different. You know things you could do in farming to make money You know farm of other people’s lands and their front yard their back yard and all these kind of things man That’s too much. What to way too much work much easier to invest literally for a thousand dollars starting You could get set up with a kit and get two days of training with Larry celerity when I explain that to my viewers Right so we sell it we sell your rack the racks about 1,200 bucks complete Then you get two days of free training So you come here for a day you learn all about the system you learn about our substrate you learn about the water systems we use My wife teaches you how to cut the mats how to process the mats and all that stuff The next day you come back we teach you how to C we teach you how to sell we teach out of water in? Two days you get the full training for twelve hundred dollars with a rack and what we tell people is don’t buy a whole brewery Don’t invest $10,000 Supply unless you’ve got unless you want to Buy our one rack get that one rack go and get clients for that one rack make money doing that and say hey I need another rack because it’s modular you can build your system as you go You don’t have to put up Fifteen thousand dollars to buy a grow operation you can buy one rack at a time and go from there Right exactly in 12 hours with the rack, and if you don’t want to get the rack and source your own rack It’s a thousand dollars, so that’s what I’d personally do and recommend for you guys, but some of you guys know What a house will would have enough figure out the rack and all this kind of stuff so Larry will provide that for you So man, I think that’s an amazing business opportunity I know a lot of you guys have a thousand dollars available on your credit line and your credit card So you could charge it and start your own business in addition you know Larry has Additional training growing the market greens is one thing that he’ll set you up on and train you guys to do but selling it is a whole nother thing and that’s an accessory that Larry will also literally take you guys around for a week and Show you guys going out on sales calls and following up and how to sell at farmer’s markets I talked to this guy for a while. He’s got all the tips and tricks down anyway said Larry I want to talk to you more about actually the product you grow in here So sure are the microgreens are growing are they organic Yeah, so we had an issue with organic and beans we grow hydroponically There is a big issue whether a hydroponic is actually organic and I have a lot of friends that are actually organic farmers And I looked at my process and everything and I thought You know we want. We don’t want to go for the organic certification We like we kind of want to stay true to what we’re doing Hydroponically, so what we do is we call ourself pure when people ask us. What pure is until we use nothing They said use nothing I said we do is no fertilizer. We use no pesticide movies new soil We use strictly water and coconut fiber and the coconut fiber that we use is organic by nature And the seeds that we use aren’t always organic We try to use organic and conventional But I know every farmer that we can buy our seeds from Mountain Valley guy Rob out there He can shake the hand of every farmer. He gets eats her so we are very very Conscious about what we’re doing, but we don’t want to grow organically we grow up here And I tell people it’s it’s 100% pure pure water. No fertilizer No pesticide and no soil and the seeds are untreated very important. He would retreat. He’ll reject treated seeds I don’t encourage you guys to use treated seeds either They’re treating seeds are really nasty stuff out there, so Larry’s a true. You really only grow in water You really don’t add anything else. No she love it some of these microgreens look amazing Nope, just water because the micro green really doesn’t need any fertilizer. It doesn’t need anything It’s like the chicken in the Inca it gets all this nutritional value from the show mother Nature has figured this up We didn’t need to figure it out and actually we found that when you added soil or you added four To the microgreens you actually distracted from the flavor And so we decided that we wanted to sell a living product that was grown with just pure water And we used Baltimore City water that we filter six times. Oh six times Yeah, so I showed him their filters together earlier, but yeah I mean I’ve visited many different microgreens grows and farms all over the country I mean check my other videos if you guys haven’t seen before I’ve over 1300 videos on this channel and by far This is the cleanest best margarines facility that I’ve ever visited so Larry Did you design all the systems here to grow the microgreens like the trays like I’ve never seen these trays anywhere else I’ve never seen these specific lights anywhere else. You know I’ve never seen people actually use a coconut fiber I mean, this is all like this is all like how did you come up with it, right? So so so I just be a chef so I knew that The microgreens that we grew or the produce that we grew had it go into the kitchens And so you couldn’t bring soil into the kitchen so we had to figure everything out And I also knew that everything that I did had to be food safe That I wanted to make sure that we didn’t have any of those 10 20 black trays And I contain lead and Mercury and everything else that everything had to be food safe so I did the research I figured out everything that we’re doing and then we started using we started looking at our lighting system and At first we were using the red and blue spectrum lights And then I started doing research about then and it was like no microgreens We can just use full spectrum bright white LED lights. We don’t need the red or blue. We’re not burning We are not honoring something right nothing flowers It’s straight fidgeted And then we actually found that the red and blue spectrum lights were changing the structure of the plant They are making a little more rubbery and and not so natural-looking the LED lights the designer tuned at 5500 Kelvin Bright, white that’s all we use We designed it we designed the power units to do it we designed the trays that we grow and design the system that we grow It because we wanted every to be food safe and at first we weren’t planning on selling our systems. We were growing microgreens That’s what we’re going to grow growing selling and people are looking at our pictures on Instagram. That’s City hydro and going Where did you get that equipment and I said I designed it. We built and they go be a seller. I said we do now so that’s how we got into the Quitman business Wow so I’m totally glad you guys are actually you’re making the equipment available for people and even training them to use it Some of the best stuff I’ve ever seen So Larry one of the things I wanted to ask you is like about food cost you know if you’re a chef You’re always concern about your food cost because you’re trying to cut it down and of course you if you’re a chef and you grow your own food you can’t cut it down any more than that and if you’re a Producer and growing food that you’re selling You know you want to also lower your cost and also sell for as much as you possibly can next to grow in cannabis I think my greens are the most valuable crop on the entire plant if you go to a local store They’ll sell one ounce of my greens per I don’t know 4 or 5 bucks super expensive And they’re cut they’re not even living so they’re not viable and you’re gonna have part of them I probably look bad, but the way Larry does it here is he keeps them alive for you So you’re not going to have any losses, so how much does it cost to grow a pound of microgreens? You know in your system, right? So how do microgreens on average cost to produce between two and four dollars Wow and they sell anywhere from twenty-five to? Forty dollars a pound wow man that’s like 10 to 25 ten to 20 times your guys’s money I don’t know any of their investments that you guys could make you know to make your money that much better So if you guys are like our stock market Brokers or them people we mess in the stocks you guys should get into microgreens opening small Maya greens farms in some of the biggest cities of the country right and let’s talk about that how many different countries And farms have you actually put in all over the world Larry right so today. We have about a hundred and twenty-five Growers worldwide this morning before you were here We actually had four growers in to learn how to grow one was from India And then three of them from Baltimore here that are sending operate up on their own We’ve had people come in from Turkey, Dubai Israel, South America all over the United States, Napa Valley Texas, Florida Washington, DC upstate, New York New York City in fact we have two interns right now working that’ll be here tomorrow from New York City Wow and then are going to move to San Francisco and open their own corporation in San Francisco Wow so yeah No matter where you live in the world as long as you have a comfortable environment for you to live in Right then the microgreens will also grow they don’t need to be in a greenhouse and price shouldn’t get me put a greenhouse outdoors Right throw them inside if you’re comfortable the microgreens are comfortable as well, and they can’t be grown in anywhere you know and I want you guys if you guys have been looking for some kind of opportunity, so Called Aries this comes from my heart because I see how clean his operation is is here I see how he’s doing things and simply this is just the best way to grow microgreens Ever and even if you’re just a home you know user right for a thousand dollars you get two days of training Come to Baltimore here with and Larry will teach you personally You know come with your life and your husband or your husband and wife or whatever both you guys To learn so you guys can become more sustainable grow your own food grow the highest quality food if you want to start a business Hey, like you said start with the twelve hundred thousand dollar investment And then just keep adding shelves on I want Larry to have more growers, and this is really cool This is the future of farming so actually let’s talk about that Larry’s. Why are you open sourcing all your information? You know that you’ve learned on how to grow and sharing it with others to us is about everybody doing this It’s about nutritional value It’s about people eating healthy I used to wait 300 pounds and all the Fat Boy diseases diabetes High blood pressure high cholesterol, I was a GMO train wreck right. I learned I started eating microgreens I’m down to 205 now I’m off all my Western meds no meds for diabetes no mint for high cholesterol high blood pressure all gone And it’s because of what I eat now and people have to learn that we have to eat right and what better way to learn to eat right is when somebody shares it freely and somebody gives it for the Tell you the amount of stuff we have coming back to us by giving away things really outweighs anything But the games that we get whether even monitoring games begin by giving things away for free and training people. It’s just Astronomical you’re making me cry right down the head this that’s why I make these videos for you guys right I spend my afternoon before I actually got a rush off to the airport as soon as the camera turns off to catch my flight to go back to Vegas tonight all for free because I want to make the World a better place you know people that come up to me one about different shows and see I’m John you saved my life I lost weight. I’m growing my own food. You’ve motivated me to grow food You know you open my eyes up to how the industrial system is working You know and Larry’s how am I trying to protect his trade secret, so I’m not sure with you guys how to grow microgreens? I’m gonna do it all myself and try to like make make himself all over the world or franchiser all this crap He just wants to sell you a system, so he makes it a little bit He could be a business But more importantly he can help people of the entire world to be more sustainable Right, and there’s so many other reasons aside from the standard sustainability the health just helping people helping others This is how the world is gonna change for better is through a more open source kind of model instead of a trade secret model That come big companies like Monsanto and DuPont and Bayer and all these they have these crate secrets because they want to make the money off people Larry as well as me we just want to help the world so Larry are there any final comments or thoughts You’d like to share my viewers today now visit us on instagram at sydney hydro one word We post pictures about all our lengths greens We post recipes about what we grow and how to use microgreens as well because for us It’s not just about growing the microgreens It’s also about how to prepare them how to use them in your dishes put them on your soups put them on your fried eggs In the morning put them on on in a breakfast burrito put them on your hamburger instead of a lettuce Pilate don’t cook Yeah, don’t Know whether zoomin like that means it’s cookin We’re just have a micro green salad Or you know fresh? Raw just like you guys saw me do earlier Wow and you know so I’ll post links down below to Larry’s Instagram They’re also post a link to its website, but I will say that you know there has been so busy farming He doesn’t have time to really update the website and all this stuff, so I’ll put also his phone number and contact information below He’s a really nice guy give him a call if you’re at least at all interested in Starting your own business or at least getting your guyses You know to grow your own food for you, and your family once again as I said you know This is the best thousand dollars You’ll ever spend on growing any kind of food for you And your family or even starting a business in growing simply the microgreens so Larry. I guess that’s pretty much it for today Thank you so much man. Dude if you guys enjoyed this episode with Larry me coming to his farm city hydro Please be sure to give me a thumbs up I get a lot of thumbs up so I’ll come back With Larry in the future and do more you know in detail Episodes because this is kind of general overview because I have a very limited time here today Also, be sure to click on subscribe button right down below, so don’t miss out on a my new and upcoming episodes I’ve come out and I better every three to four days you never know where I’ll show up or while you’d be learning on my youtube channel and Finally be sure to check my past episodes my past episodes are a wealth of knowledge over thirteen hundred episodes at this time teach you guys all aspects on how you guys can grow your own food at home and also be sure to Share this video with somebody send this to somebody that’s down on their luck that hates their job That wants to get into something that can be productive help other people and Grow some the best foods on the entire planet at the same time so with that my name is john kohler with We’ll see you next time in it till then remember keep on growing You

‘Georgians First’ Created to Support Small Ag Businesses

SMALL COMMUNITIES IMPROVE. [Scott Hilton/Executive Dir., Georgians First
Commission] The governor is particularly passionate about
agriculture since that is such a huge component of our state, so we want to hear directly
from agriculture, our farming community to see what are those things that we can be doing
to help make life easier for them, cut barriers, cut red tape, so that they can just operate
their business and help fuel their economy. [Kenny]
Tell me how you’ll do this? I assume there’s going to be a time that the
commission actually does focus groups and talks to these farmers and folks connected
to Ag. [Hilton]
That’s right. So, there’s really two exciting ways to get
involved right now. One of the things we’ve done is work on a
small business survey, that’s going to go out statewide. Where we hear directly from the small business
community, and so there’ll be an opportunity for you all to send that out to your farmers,
and we can then receive feedback directly from them. And then we’re also looking for folks to serve
with us on a focus group, where we can hear directly from the small business owner. And take that feedback into the recommendations
that we give to the governor, of how to streamline state government. [Kenny]
What do you expect to come out of this? What do you anticipate to hear from the Ag
industry, particularly in rural Georgia, the folks who have been affected by storms and
those kinds of things. Will that be part of this? [Hilton]
It really will. So it’s everything. We’re already starting to hear some common
themes. So we’re hearing access to capital that you
need to start the business, run the business, and so we’re looking into that. We’re looking into our different state agencies,
where do, kind of bureaucracy, and things like that get in the way, whether it’s on
the environmental side or you know, water, and things like that. So, looking at all aspects of government that
right now may impede your business. So, we’re looking for those specific ideas
that someone may have, of “Scott, you know, I face this every single day can you help
me break down that barrier.” So it’s through those surveys and those focus
groups that we’re gonna learn a lot of that information. [Kenny]
You work closely with the governor, I guess you have seen first-hand, he has real passion
for rural Georgia, particularly when it comes to healthcare, education, broadband and technology. Speak to that. [Hilton]
He really does. So, when we talk small business all those
things play, it’s all part of that mix. You know you’ve gotta have quality education,
access to healthcare and especially rural broadband. And so there’s a real focus on that, you know
in the metro Atlanta area, they’ve got a lot of resources, but the governor recognizes
that really the heart and soul of Georgia is out in our more rural communities. And so he is absolutely 100% dedicated to
supporting those communities and doing what we can to really across the spectrum support
agriculture and rural Georgia. [Kenny]
How long will this take, this effort of getting out and asking farmers in the Ag industry
and small business, how long will that take and put this together. [Hilton]
Yeah, so our board is comprised of 18 small business owners from all across the state,
who are working hard to come up with a set of recommendations. Our final report is due to the governor June
of 2020. So we’ve got about a year. And what that’s going to look like is, the
recommendations we’ve given to the governor, of ideas that we’ve come up with through hearing
from the small business community. And what we plan to do, is those good ideas,
we’re not going to sit and rest on them, we’re going to go ahead and start implementing them. So by June of next year, we’re gonna be able
to report back to the governor, here’s what we’ve done, and here’s what still needs to
be done moving forward.

Man Quits Job in Finance to Create Incredible Permaculture Garden | From Finance to Farmer

Hey there everybody my name is Jordan and welcome to the first film of the ‘living the change” series For this series we’re travelling around New Zealand in our van Bluey sharing the inspiring stories of the people making change to a more sustainable way of life In this first film we’re visiting Andrew & Beth at their permaculture property in the bay of Plenty I felt this void in my life, like there’s something missing so…When I was living in big cities, I had to get away to connect with nature but when i wake up every morning, I come here outside and I’m immediately in nature here I don’t have that void anymore, I’ve just got this instant connection and satisfaction I’m Andrew Martin and today we’re here in our permaculture property in the bay of Plenty, New Zealand we’ve got 5 acres and we’ve planted hundreds of fruit trees which you’ll see later So this is our main garden just close to the house in zone 1 so, yeah, we can say we’ve got a lot happening here We’ve got, you know, lots of kale and spinach silverbeet, beetroot, bok choy, rhubarb, zuchinni… And, how I started this is Basically a sheet mulch so I’ve got some used paper cardboard some manure and some food scraps and then build it up and then just put straw on top and then just planted straight into it and since then i just kept adding to the soil with compost So, yeah, I studied business I was involved in finance and more specifically in stock market So we used to help people manage their money Whether the organisation are worth we used to manage hundreds of millions of dollars for people. I think i just did business because it was one of those things that I thought would lead to something And sure, I’ve been successful in a certain regard given us the wealth to be able to buy some land And that sort of stuff. But I felt myself being drawn into this materialistic world Because all the people around me had material possessions and it was all this wanting and creating of attachment and wanting, wanting more stuff It can be contagious, this consumerism materialism lifestyle I wasn’t from that background. I’m from a sort of a conservative sort of upbringing Then all of a sudden I’m involved with, you know, guys that are driving luxury cars living in an expensive house in the Sydney suburbs A lot of guys are, you know multimillionaires and… they were trapped into a system and they thought an extra, you know, 10 or 20 or 30 million would make them happier. And i worked out early on the paste that, that is not the case And i think, a lot of people think that the more money they have, the more happy they’re going to be and it just doesn’t work… So, the idea is to you know, have native plants mixed among fruit trees so we’ve got you know, natives here we got a tamarillo here we got marno, […], […] and […] natives We’ve got a cabage tree here This is a… uh a pine nut So those are really expensive nuts you get in the supermarket This is one of those that takes about ten years to get any fruit on it or any nuts So that’s a long term project. And then we’ve got, over here, we’ve got a fig tree. Which is fruiting quite nicely. And another carob tree here And then for the monarch butterflies We’ve got a couple of swan plants which they really enjoy real much, so we’d be lucky to see one Here he womes now… There was a lot of little moments of realization I saw a few documentaries and movies that were about some of the bigger picture issues But when you’re in the coporate world And you’re so busy with your life and achieving certain things I’te hard to get off that train Beth, my wife and I we sort of had grown over the corporate lifestyle and the trap of having and wanting more… So we thought “Ok, let’s just cut our ties from what we’ve known” and… we’d been working for many years We thought “Ok… let’s just …start a fresh” So we’d been to New Zealand a number of times previously And we just thought that’s a great place to… just start, we’ll look at alternatives and live a simpler, more sustainable life And just explore what’s out there. It was then the realization sort of hit home I started to research more read, you know, hundreds of articles and watch hundreds of documentaries and sorts of stuff. Then i started to really understand : “Wow, We got some serious issues here…” And no one’s really talking about this stuff and it’s quite scary In here we got our chickens We’ve got two breeds we’ve got a brown shader which is these ones here And then over here wev’e got Araucanas And over here we have little chicks that have just hatched in the last two days You can see them down here Ok the chicken yard here… You can see there’s lots of weeds and little shrubs and what not and… We’ve planted some…there was about 10 or 12 feet Java bushes around the edge To give them some protection. There’s a walnut tree down there But now you now the chickens love it. They can get in here and hide under here and escape from predators cause when we first had them, it was cleared and we did have a problem with eagles and hawks so we lost a few chickens Because that was easy for the hawks to see them, then come in and attack them but Now we’ve…hadn’t had a problem. And you wan say there’s little hidy house everywher for the chickens here And they love it in here, they just hide through here and over here, they even lay eggs in the hidy holes and her’s one here there you go The first thing We did is simplified our life. So once you simplify your life, it frees you up to do a lot of other things. So we just thought “Ok, What can we afford ?” and live within that limit And that way frees you up a lot more, so… Down sizing and tiny homes is excellent because it gives people the freedom to…to make decisions about their lives And that’s sort of what we’ve done. Wev’e consciensly made that effort not to live outside our means And once you do that it’s really powerful so I always wanted a pond and a lot of permaculture people talk about ponds and averyone has pond and it’s functionnal, it’s got some great uses So the idea is I built this pond to feed the beds which are actually under about 2 feet of grass at the moment so what happened is i thought I thought like I’m gonna… I’ll just have a go digging the pond. And i started digging it out and i just kept going for a couple of hours and then after four hours i had a pretty big hole it’s probably a meter and a half deep And then the second day, I just kept going and dug down And…within two days about 4 or 5 hours each day, I had a pond ! And then, I just… got a liner and put it in the pond and I couldn’t believe my luck The next day, it belted down rain and then the pond was full So in two days, I’ve gone from having no pond To a completely full pond, which is awesome. Apart from working on the garden, that takes a good part of my day I also for a few blogs and have written a few books and… i also consult with business local government and community groups on helping raise awarness around some of the big picture issues So I do what they call as a vulnerability assessment So once i analyse the data and identify gaps, then i come up with recommendations For councils to move to a more sustainable model. I’m fortunate… I’m in a position to be able to do this A lot of people who don’t have the luxury of being able to have time to… research and…come up with ideas and solutions so… That’s what i’m trying to achieve I saw a documentary back in 2007 called A Crude awakening that was talking about the oil shock and resource depletion on peak oil And that really got me interested in the whole energy side of things I read lots of books on energy and watched lots of documentaries and lots of articles And it just seemed that permaculture kept popping up as a solution. Then I started to research permaculture and realized that It was an integrated approach to how we’re living So at the moment, our current society… It’s a fragmented approach to living So everything’s compartimentalised or separated whereas permaculture is a holistic approach to how we’re living. It integrates food, environment with your lifestyle and taking care of, you know, people, the planet the natural resources So I really… That really… hit home and I just really thought that was… that was one of the solutions for moving forward Over here we’ve got some grapes and we’ve had these in for about a year and a half and this is our first decent yield of grapes as you can see here and what we do so we let the next door neighbour graze our front two pattics and in return, I can go over to her place and I get some pine needles which the blueberries love cause they love acidic soil so I just sprinkle the blueb… the pine needles around the blueberries so it helps mulch them and help give them nutrients and it also keep the weeds down. So what i’m trying to… I do mow and i don’t like it but I just try to mow the paths also Um… side the paths So what we do is we leave all the… all the weeds and the ground cover, there cause it… You know, i hate to waste the resource But what I like to do is just walk up when I’m out in the garden and just pick a bit of weed and just dropped around there it gives it a… I gives a bit of a top up and a bit of a feed and then, you know, it just protects it from the From evaporation and you know, it’s just consant soil building So… a lot of people come over to our property and have a look around they go “what about all your fruit trees ?” “Do you get pests and stuff, like bird that eat them ?” I say yeah sure But we don’t mind that you know we were not here first and you know we’re a part of nature and you know We’ve had…we have comments from other people that live around near us On the farms and they say they can’t believe how much wildlife and birdlife is here and their properties just, you know, a few hundred meters away have almost no wildlife or birdlife so you know we’re attracting birdlife and wildlife Through just letting nature be as opposed to wanting to control it. Start growing food that’s where alot of this… these initiatives start. Food is central to the way we live our health, and our whole ecosystem and environment so if we can start doing something small like even if you If you just live in the suburbia and you got a small block you can start growing food Even if you’re in an apartment you can you know windowsills, pots whatever you can start, and that’s the first step once you engage with growing and experiencing nature Then things start to happen to you and it’s like a like a flower it starts, you know growing, getting bigger and then that leads to something else. So get out there and explore because there are options We just have to have the capacity to realize that we’re not stuck and we can change and just… just do it ! I love Andrew’s story because it contradicts a belief that underpins our society : that only large amounts of money and having expensive material posessions are what lead to happiness. We’ve been fad this lie by businesses and governments in order to make profit and to perpetuate the growth economy that’s contributing to the destruction of the earth By each one of us refusing to believe this story our society tells us Together we can create aworld where the deep satisfaction we all desire comes from our connexion with community and nature rather than from material posessions in the face of the crisis the world is facing today a new way of being is emerging where we’re connected to nature and exist in harmony with all other forms of life and it’s up to us to pioneer the transition to this deeply satisfying, nourishing and truly sustainable way of life I definitely feel happier and less stressed. When you work in a coporate world, it’s very competitive and I’ll tell you, there’s not much competition out here appart from a few weeds Which i get upset with. But now I’ve learnt to let go and now I eat some of the weeds I definitely feel better and I feel more flexible I don’t have any actual pains anymore And I just feel more connected and more lively. I eat much healthy now I don’t eat any processed foods We have lot of vegetarian meals and it’s all fresh, organic produced So we also live a less consumerist lifestyle So we don’t need as much stuff So I haven’t got this constant craving for more and more things to make me feel satisfied or happy This lifestyle working on the land and… doing permaculture It feels more rewarding and like I’m putting something back with a lot of… current society it’s take take take And with this sort of lifestyle I feel like this is long term I’m putting something back. So… ther you have it. We have homegrown salad fruit salad, grain salad and some eggs and I can’t believe still that I don’t have to go to the supermarket. We’ve grown all this ourselves in just 3 years. I’m still amazed. So anyone can do it So hope you’ll enjoy the first of many films in this series and this project wouldn’t be happening at all if it wasn’t for the generous support of our crowdfunding backers. So thanks so much to everyone who donated. And I want to say a special thank you to the simplicity institute, friends tiny houses, Michael Albertson, Lou Ridsdale, and Quentin Wilson. If you wanna find out more about the project, you can click here and it will take you throught to our website Or if you wanna watch another film about a permaculture farm, you can click here. So thanks for watching guys and I’ll see you all in the next film.

Quit Your Job and Farm – PART 1 – 10 Small Farm Ideas, from Organic Farming to Chickens & Goats.

Hi I’m Dr. Tarrin P. Lupo and I’m a gardener, well sort of… I live in Savannah Georgia and currently we are getting close to October. You can even hear the Cicadas if you listen, we are in Cicada season. I have had my successes. Just look at this Thai Basil plant that I cloned. These were actually pretty tough to find here in Savannah. We finally located them in an asian market. Once I got the roots growing well in water I transplanted them and put them into my wood chip garden. I have also had my failures too. This poor avocado tree was only one day from retirement. and this poor avocado tree It never even learned to read. (Crying) Cut!….Cut!… An unexpected phenomenon has been occurring in this country over the last 50 years. People of all kinds of unrelated professions have dropped out of their jobs and decided to become farmers. Most of these adventurous folks have no prior experience in farming. They just got to a point where they said Screw this job, I’m going to become a farmer. Over the last 50 years Many small independant family farms Have either been bought up, Bankrupted or been legislated out of business. Most the food today is produced and owned by massive corporations. So with all the cards stacked against the little guys, How are some of these micro-farms surviving and even thriving in this hostile environment. I say we go find a couple and find out what their secret is. (Rooster crying out) Many new farmers start with just chickens. So I decided to talk to my own local chicken lady. Suzanne Bailey breeds chickens and sells them to other farmers who want to bulk up or start their own flocks. Her husband Mike and her have a reputation in the community for producing some of Savannah’s finest fowl. People make long drives from multiple states just to get their hands on her rare breeds. Most folks are surprised to find out She is not a full time farmer. Well, I’m actually a chemist. but I do this because I love the animals so much. and I don’t like to be bored. so when I get home I work with animals. I asked her to give me a tour of her most popular breed These are the Maran’s This variety is called a Splash Maran, the hens are. The rooster is what’s called a Blue Copper Maran. and the reason I have a rooster in here is because I have an order for hatching eggs. And a Blue Maran rooster over a Slash hens will will produce 50/50 % Splashed Blue Marans. These eggs are so prized that they go for about $35 a dozen in the right season. Theses are the Marans and they originate in France, and they. lay an egg just about every single day. and their eggs are very, very dark brown. So I have a lot of customers that prefer the dark brown layers. Through trail and error she has become quit good at hatching all kinds of poultry This is the brooder house, just a little handy house I use to put my incubators and hatchers in. The chicks, once they hatch they leave the hatcher. I keep them in the tubs with heat lamps until they are about 3 weeks old. I do that until they are old enough to go outside to the outside pens. and those also have heat lamps. You have to keep chicks at 95 degrees the first week and 5 degrees less each week. until they are fully feathered. Once they get to within 4 days of hatching they go into the hatching trey here. These are actually turkey eggs that hatched, the last ones that hatched. They hatch in this trey, the bottom of the hatcher there. and once they are all out and dry and walking around and everybody’s done, the hatcher tray comes out and the chicks get to go into the little tubs, with the heat lamps on them and water and food One of the hardest parts about breeding chickens is just keeping them safe. Suzanne has found a way to keep a peaceful truce with a local den of foxes. like sacrificing a virgin to appess a dragon She culls her sick birds once a week and offers them up as tribute. Instead of burning the carcasses she throws them in front of the foxes den in the woods. This has reduced attrition dramatically, but she still has a second line of defense for other predators. This is Holmes, he is a miniature mule, he is 4 years old He is not nice. His whole purpose in life is to just keep foxes and coyotes out of this pen. and he does a very good job. We pen him in his little corral in the afternoons whenever I feed the chickens because you don’t want to be out here with him. because he is not a really nice mule You mean he is kind of a jerk? He is pretty much an ass. (both laugh) So what would you do over if you could start from the beginning again? I would not hatch as many chickens. I went way overboard, had way to many, had to build more pens. They are built now, so thats good, but In the future I will only be hatching A limited amount of birds that people are wanting instead of so many. So what kind of advice would you give to someone just starting out that doesn’t know anything about chickens? I would suggest, finding someone that has chickens who can help you, because books and the internet are great but first hand experience is wonderful. and if you can get a mentor to help you thats the best way to go. Of course most people starting out don’t want to invest the money setting up a chicken farm this size before they know if they even like it. A good place to start is your own back yard. Michelle Padget and Scott Morgan live in mid-town Savannah They invited me over to check out their coop they built in their own back yard. They keep it small and simple to handle. but living in the city has a very different set of complications. I know in some places in the country there are legal problems that or legal hurdles that people have to jump over. to be able to have chickens, but here they are pets. It is perfectly legal for us to have up to 5 birds. But we can’t have a rooster though, because we are too close to the neighbors. I guess that is our biggest problem with raising chickens in the city is space. We just have a little yard and chickens require a lot of grazing space. If we were out in the country they would be able to roam more and we would be able to have a rooster to protect them. As it is, we just got our little set up here. So what advice would you give to someone who just wants to set up chickens for the first time in their back yard? I would not under estimate the existence and tenacity of the predators that exist in your area. Learn about what eats chickens and what’s around, because we had no idea. how many opossums, raccoons, hawks, etc. where going to come around, even cats were pawing underneath the coop and unloosed one of the wooden planks and ate one of the chicks. Before we had time to stop it. So you just never know what is hungry for a chick or chicken. So learn about how you can keep them safe. Michelle tell me , how do you keep your chickens safe? That is probably the most important thing we had to deal with, because it turns out everything eats chickens. We keep them enclosed in the pen at night We close them up in a coop so raccoons and opossums don’t get them. During the day hawks are a problem and we have strung fishing line in sort of a web overhead. to keep the hawks from coming down. into the pen to get them. Did that help? Yes it did, we have not had any hawk attacks since we strung up the fishing line. Thats good news, so we will see. It’s like an arms race. Every time you fix a problem the predators find a way through it or the chickens find a way out of it. It’s like a game (laughs) Scott shares some advice on how to make a low cost pen for the first time. Well there are a lot of potential designs, there is no need to reinvent the wheel unless you want to. You can get online and there are all kinds of designs from having having no money to wanting to spend $500 on a fence and a coop. We bought our coop for $200. We originally just had this chicken wire here and some of these wooden planks. Then they were getting under the wire so then we did the pallets, now they are getting over the wire. We have one or two that can still fly even though we clipped their wings. so we are going to raise it up with more chicken wire, hopefully that will quell them (laughs) Michelle goes on to tell us, What breeds she recommends for beginners. There is a website, I think it is “my back yard chicken dot com” or “back yards chickens dot com” or something They will go through the whole breeds and they will tell you which breeds are aggressive and which breeds are friendly or which breeds lay eggs better. This is Goldie and she is a Wheaten Americana Which is a breed of chicken that lays blue eggs so we are very excited about her and this breed tends to be very calm and very docile. There are others that are a little more aggressive, some of ours are just not friendly at all but as you can see Goldie is a sweet girl. I would say do your research, if you want a friendly chicken you can that you can pet, dress up and paint their nails. (laughs) Raising chickens inside a city sometimes has some unattended side effects. Failed farmers tend to dump their chickens in the government parks here in savannah. People have been dumping their birds for about 3 years now here in Daffin Park. It didn’t take long for these feral fowl to take full advantage of their new environment. What I found fascinating was just how fast these chickens went from domesticated birds Back to their wild ways. In just a few generations these chicken could protect themselves and even flourished. The wild chickens have done well fitting in with the community. They contribute by keeping the wild bug population down. eating the scrub and even fertilizing part of the yard. but mostly its the entertainment value. People just really enjoy seeing chickens when they go out for their walk. and they have become much loved in the community. I am even told that some breeds of chickens need very little care and take care of themselves. Chickens like jungle fowl and bantams will actually fly up in trees at night and protect themselves. Seeing these wild chickens survive here Shows you just how tough they really are but don’t be fooled Most breeds will do very poorly if you leave them on your own. So you feel you got chickens down and you are feeling more adventurous. Well the next step for most people are goats. Wendy and Richard Cowart run a small goat farm called Bootleg Farm. They mainly focus on goat milk and cheeses. Well we decided to go with goats initially because we wanted pets just to have goats around the house. and then we decided that if they were going to stay with us then they had to provide something back to us. We really didn’t want meat goats so we decided to do dairy goats and enjoy the milk. Tarrin Lupo: Is it true that goats do a lot of damage around your farm? Wendy: They will eat all the bush and shrubs that you have because they are more browsers like deer. They are not really grazers although they will graze. They prefer the trees and the bushes, so if you need land clearing they are awesome for that. Tarrin Lupo : So what kind of advice would you give to some about raising goats who has never done it before? Wendy: You have to have plenty of space for them, They don’t like being very confined. Although they do okay in confinement but they are more prone to diseases and other problems in a smaller area. and if you are not set up or ready to have small baby goats you do not need to get a buck. Tarrin Lupo: So what are some of the problems with having bucks? Wendy: Bucks will typically go through a rut season which is there mating season or breeding season. and it lasts anywhere from August to say March. and they stink very, very badly. They will pee on themselves and the girls think it smells wonderful but it really, really stinks. Tarrin Lupo: One last piece of advice from Wendy was to make sure you get more than one goat. goats are herding animals If you only get one they will make your life miserable as well as they will be sad. Now that you know a little more about goats. perhaps you would like to try your hand at cattle. Welcome to Hunter Cattle Company. The farm is located in Brooklet Georgia, about 40 minutes outside of Savannah. It sits on over 300 acres of reclaimed Georgia swamp land, that was once an Indian village. Hunter Cattle is a fully functional and self contained small farm. They raise pigs, chickens, turkeys and of course cattle. They mainly focus on raising two breeds Black Angus and Black Baldies. The owners have rapidly grown over the last 10 years with no signs of slowing down. They have 4 full time employees and a very large part time staff. The Furgusons recently have become large enough to even construct their own onsite processing facility now that family can keep that money they were outsourcing to a slaughter house. This is especially impressive since their former profession was not farming. We always had a family business, I worked with my dad, then my son and then my daughter started working with me and my wife and we did some construction work and when they became families of their own with children we all wanted to get out on the farm and raise our own food. Tarrin Lupo : Del explained to me why he wanted to start with cattle. Well I love cows hanging out with them in the pastures on a quite afternoon to hear them chewing the cud and to be out there in the middle of them, it’s wonderful. and people might say how can you end up having a cow on a plate, but that is all part of how it goes. Tarrin Lupo: one of the things the family does really well is community outreach. most people in savannah know exactly who they are and what they do. they even put on a farm heritage day and invite everyone to come. Instead of competing with their neighbors , they instead invite them to show off their farms too. I think the best way is to open up the farm for people to come see. and once or twice a year we have a day that we just tell all our neighbors , friends and customers, hey come out and see what we got going on. We just want to promote our Hunter cattle company and just want to promote all the farmers that are doing their best to survive and at the same time provide. provide food for the plates, and we invite all our farmers neighbors out here. Just give people an education of what it takes to eat. the family also does community outreach by helping out some of the local humane society. Well, they will call us up and will say they have a cat or two. that needs a home and they are always happy to bring it out because they. know this is a wonderful place Of course the cats are also functional If a cat can chase down a rat, that is the best pest control we got. Some of the cats here end up having kittens We have people who come to the farm and see dozens of animals but will still sit there and pet the cat People love the kittens. Tarrin Lupo: Hunter Cattle company is a working family farm Every member has a job and they are expected to pull their own weight. they also cut loose and have lots of fun as a family too but having young children presents some unique problems at harvest time. It’s just a part of our life, it is just a way of life. I had someone the other day ask “how do you teach your 7 year old to axe down and cut down a tree?” I thought to myself it is nothing we taught him, that is just something he has been doing his whole life. As far as farming, this is all they know, they know we raise our own meats to eat. For us we would rather raise them and know what we are putting in our bodies, that they were treated right and eat them. then just eat something that we had no clue about. Tarrin Lupo: Kristin goes on to share about some of her experiences with having children work with her on their farm. It is an adventure, they think it is such an adventure. Every morning they want to get through their home school work super fast just so they can get down to the barn and start working, which I think is really amazing. Now when they are teenagers, I am not quite sure they are going to think all this farm work as amazing. So you know what? So some of them might want to stay on the farm and keep farming and some of them might want to do something different, and that’s totally fine. Debra Ferguson was quickly hit with reality of owning a farm I didn’t realize that when we bought the farm, we really bought the farm. It was a whole new lifestyle and it was no more vacations, No more trips to town because you got a 1000 mouths to feed. No more good night sleeps because you are worried something might get out. or something might be sick. So it is a whole new ball game. Tarrin Lupo: Debra found out that simple things like taking a vacation were a huge ordeal. Before we bought the farm we would go to missions a couple times a year. and vacation. Now it is pretty much impossible for the whole family to go anywhere together. We have to leave someone here to look after things. We do have good help but it is still not the same as having your family member here to take care of business. Tarrin Lupo: Their son Anthony shared a warning about cattle. One of the the biggest things is you’re really going to need to love it. in order to be able to do it, Because if you don’t love it, you are going to be giving up a a good steady paycheck for a bunch of nothing for a while, so if you plan on doing cattle you better love it Tarrin Lupo: He also shared some advice on how some new farmers avoid making mistakes when starting out. Well, on of the bigger is electric fence along the highway. during the middle of a storm, when power goes out, you always got to worry about the cows running out into the road. Another thing is, you really need to watch and mange your money very well. Makes sure also when you are breeding cows have a low birth weight bull. A low birth weight bull means a lot. You want to make sure you throw a lower birthweight on your calf. When we first got into it, we bought some bred cows that were bred to a high birthweight bull and the calves came about anywhere from 100-140 pounds we ended up having to pull a lot of calves that year. You want to try and stick somewhere between 60-80 for most of your cows. especially for when you have a heifer who has never had a calf. So that will really help out Tarrin Lupo: Their son Hunter spent most of his life on this farm and is now struggling if he wants to leave. Well it’s a blessing to grow up on a farm. It’s something that not a whole lot of people get to experience. Since I was 11 I have been here and the Lord has truly blessed it. I have been praying whether it is his will to leave or to stay. I’m waiting for an answer and is soon as I know we will go from there, but for right now this is where I am at. Tarrin Lupo: Hunter cattle also monitizes it’s company by offering over night stays at the farm. Perhaps you are not ready for livestock a lot of new farmers start out just growing vegetables. Kevin and Melissa Brown run Kachina Farms located in Rincon Georgia. They mainly focus on growing high quality organic vegetables for high end restaurants in Savannah. Tarrin Lupo: Melissa give me an idea what you did before as a career and why you decided to go into farming. I was in the Medical field and I was working in St. Joseph Candler and my husband due to some healh issues was laid off and we did this on a small scale Just to give him something to do and pass the time. We did not realize that there was no organic herb farm in the area, certified organic. So we ventured out to couple of people to see if it would benefit or profit. by word of mouth we started getting costumers and restaurants calling every day. Tarrin Lupo: Melissa explains what hoops you have to jump through to get certified organic. It’s not a whole lot of hoops, I just called the Georgia department of Ag. and they can get you set up with an inspector and give you the rules and regulations they require. If your farm has never been tilled or never been farmed then it is not hard. If it has, then you have to wait 3 years to be certified. Tarrin Lupo: Even in Georgia, if you want to grow year round, you are going to need a green house. Kevin gives some tips on how to build one economically. Commercially bought green houses are extremely expensive. For small scale and medium scale farms you can probably build your own greenhouse. using treated wood. driven into the ground and fence railing. which I did here in this greenhhouse. we did it for a fraction of the cost. The large greenhouses cost $4,000 – $5,000 dollars This one, if we had bought it all new wood maybe $1,200? at the most, the only thing we did not skimp on was ever, was the plastic. The plastic is a green house grade. the stuff you buy at hardware stores will degrade in 1 year and break. This will last 4 to 7 years. Tarrin Lupo: One of the most interesting things the farm does is actually grow their own worms. All of our cuttings and waist Paper waist, culled peppers of plants we can’t sell or use. are put in our worm bins. The worms will break down all this material. It takes about 3 weeks to go from whats first applied, to to useable worm castings. This is about 1-2 weeks out. they have already broken down the newspaper. and a lot of the material. There is 1000’s of worms in this bed. This black material you see on top, that is the worm castings already developing. again , this started from this down here. the sandy loam we have down here in the south-east. is difficult to grow in because it is mostly sand and won’t hold nutrients. So worm castings are one of the best ways. to add Organic matter to that sand. Once you combine it, it becomes a great medium for raised beds or even to apply to a growing medium. We use a shaker that we made. out of wood and screen wire we use it to separate the worms from the castings. Once we shake it out, all the castings drop to the bottom and then we have a product we can use in the nursery. Tarrin Lupo: If you want to make maximum profits you have to get good at growing seedings. Tarrin Lupo: Kevin shares some advice. The worm castings are combined with peat moss. with the peat moss and the castings together. It creates our growing medium. We take the growing medium and put it in these dixie cups. of which we drill a small hole in the bottom for drainage. and we will fill hundreds of these up. and put our seeds in it. for this cilantro it was about 2 weeks and we got plants. Two of the main products we can use as organic growers especially for bugs and fungus, fungicide is neem oil it’s used by most organic growers neem oil comes from the neem tree it’s applied using water as its carrier. the great thing about it is once it is coated on a plant it produces a covering that is bad tasting to most insects It is a fungicide to prevent tamping off or any other fungus disease on the plant. The other one in Bacillus Terangus or BT that is a worm killer we get cut worms and web worms that is probably our second biggest problem this is one of the only available products we have that we use Tarrin Lupo: Melissa shares some marketing advice for new farmers just starting out. I would first meet farmers in your area and find out what they are selling what they are not selling, I would also go to chefs that are in your area look at food co-ops, look at what their need is. look at what they have too much of and what they are really in need of and that way maybe you can have a niche in the market that nobody else has. Tarrin Lupo: To find out more about growing herbs and exotic vegetables I went to see my friend at Ogeechee River Gardens. My name is Michele Pokrandt, my farm is Ogeechee River Gardens and it is located in Richmond Hill Georgia Tarrin Lupo: Michelle is actually a professional gambler. She uses the money she earns at farming to bank roll her buy ins. She mainly sells her vegetables at the local farmers market. she focuses on some unique vegetables and flowers to supplement her income. The bitter melon has been a really god niche market it sells main to the Asian community, Hawaiian, Polynesian and Indian there are lots of different names for it it’s a very bitter, beautiful fruit and it is in the gourd family. It is so easy to grow, you just got to knock the stink bugs off occasionally. Tarrin Lupo: Michelle also gives some advice on how to self pollenate your vegetables that grow in a greenhouse. Take the electric tooth brush, put it on the stem, vibrate the little flowers to get the pollen to knock back in there tomatoes are self pollinating, they do not need a flower of another tomato so you can just do it yourself when the bees are less active when you are growing in a high tunnel, to get them to create a tomato. Tarrin Lupo: Michelle shares some advice about using high beds and grow bags to make your life easier and save some money. I made these beds because I am getting older and I don’t feel like bending down in the dirt. So I can be at this height to harvest and plant also I can fit more in the bed then I can in rows in the garden because I don’t have to have walking rows in my raised beds Plus I have better drainage, better control and better control of the insects. and it is just 100% easier for me than being in the ground. The bottom two boards of the boxes I just have top soil in there and the top say 10 to 12 inches is engineered soil that I get from a soil scientist that is just wonderful super charged soil and there I am able to ensure that my plants are going to grow wonderfully because the soil is so well drained and so well put together. Tarrin Lupo: So what do you use to fertilize? I use anything that has to do with the sea such as fish emulsion, seaweed, kelp crushed up lobster and crab shells I just think the minerals from the sea does a really great job on the fertilization. The bags are grow bags, they are very inexpensive. Fill them up with the good soil. Plan out whatever plants you want to grow, in the spring I do tomatoes. Here I am doing a bunch of Fresh herbs, parsley, sorrel dandelion, tatsoi mizuna I have a drip system going on here there is a drip tape we call it. If you can see this drip tape? every 18 inches it has a whole and every morning it waters so I don’t have too. The ground cover we are using is a poly-propylon fabric. that just helps control weeds in the agriculture industry. and it is a life saver for me, because I don’t make money pulling weeds. Tarrin Lupo: It is much more profitable to start your plants out from seeds. Michelle shows us how she does hers. I start out with seeds in plug trays, and then from the plug trays I move them up to a 4 inch pot once they are rooted in a 4 inch pot, I take them out into the garden bed. and plant them out for the season and grow them out that way. Tarrin Lupo: Michelle share one last piece of advice for new farmers. a way to make good money by keeping it simple. Well cut flowers are very profitable and so easy to grow there are so many beautiful zinnia seeds that are geared for farmer market farmer people growing Sun flowers, zinnias, beautiful cut flowers, long lasting They sell out first thing at the market, if you start at 9 , by 10:30 -11:00 you will be sold out. Tarrin Lupo: perhaps you don’t want to really grow anything. Maybe you just want to tap existing trees. Check out this maple sugar farm in upstate New York. My name is Gary Wohlschlegel, grape farm, dairy farm. I went to work at a large company for 30 some years Then I lost my job and started looking into the maple business. In the early spring we tap the trees we put a spout on the line put it in the tree when the sap starts dripping we turn on the vacuum then the vacuum sucks it out of the tree and then it runs by gravity down to the pump house. the pump house sends it back up to the evaporator. then the sugar house. When we start getting sap to the pump house , we pump it up here to the sugar house. In the sugar house, we collect it in a large tank the we run it through the reverse osmosis, which takes away 80% of the water. then we concentrate that down to about 12% sugar We put it in a concentrate tank Then when the concentrate tank gets full then we turn on the evaporator and start concentrating it even further until we get up to about 66 bricks. then we filter it and put it in barrels. Tarrin Lupo: I ask Gary just how much final product do you get per tree? The answer was surprising. A 1/3 to 1/2 gallon depending on the season it could be even a 1/4 of a gallon of finished syrup on a good year maybe a 1/2 gallon Tarrin Lupo: Gary explains, what are the favorable conditions that make a tree flow better. Cold nights and warm days, so if we could get into the get into the mid 20’s at night and go up into the low 40’s would be great. Tarrin Lupo: How long does that season last? 6 weeks on average. about 30 days they figure of actually running. This maple plaque shows what tap hole maple is When you tap holes in a maple tree how it configures the wood and kind of stains it, you can see where the tap holes are you can see the streams of of coloration that runs through the wood and stuff. My advice for getting into any sort of work is to do your back ground we went to a lot of seminars and got educated on the whole maple process. Also on the maple end building your sugar house and getting all your set ups done. get a person with a lot of advice and knowledge and go from there Tarrin Lupo: Ernest and Donna Hancock run a radio show together in Phoenix Arizona. They also have a news service called In their year they have chickens, and they are growing their own vegetables. Their main focus right now is their aquaponics system. They made a complete self-sustainable aquaponics systems which runs on solar generators. Their idea was that they could pack up their system at anytime and be able put it anywhere. Their own food, power and clean water. Ernest Hancock: The fish that we chose, the tilapia, was because they were a nile fish. They have low oxygen , it’s a lot of heat, it’s just like Phoenix. So Egypt Cairo is Phoenix So these fish come from the same kind of environment that they will be in here. We had this water feature here when we moved here so we wanted to make use of it. So what we did is we just had a sump pump that pumped it into the top pipe. that feeds the “Aquadome” and then it returns here. We also have the waterfall area we can use, we are going to be doing plants up here. It’s just a sump pump, but their is another method called the air lift which we are using over there. Where you create a pocket of air or bubble, just using little aerators for fish aquariums. and that air bubble lifts the water up and it uses only about 15% to 20% of the energy. So we are probably going to go to that, but we needed to condition the water over a few months. to do our bacteria experiment. So what happens, it’s the ammonia created by the fish that goes into the beds and the bacteria breaks down nitrites first. and then another bacteria breaks it down into nitrates that feeds the plants and then cleans the water then it comes back to the fish, creating a loop the sustains everybody. When the water comes in from the pound it goes into this tank here. That another pump goes up and supplies each one of these 3 main grow beds. These plants we had for months, the water had been doing its thing with the ammonia from the fish, the bacteria in here. So when we planted these plants a week ago they were half this size. they went stupid right away. So what happened , we learned that we could we could do a lot more plants, we were afraid that we don’t have enough plants to clean the water for the fish. So we keep adding on more plants, we have something like 200 plant places holders for the plants. So we are about 1/3 there. So the water pumps up into these beds. and then they have what is called a bell siphon A bell siphon , you want the water to circulate, it goes up into the tank. Then it siphons and drains all the way down. fills up and down about every 15 minutes. You’ll have to look up “Bell Siphon” to see how it works, it is hard to explain without me showing you. Bell Siphon on youtube, go see that it is cool. The Egyptian who thought that up gets a gold star, because that one I could see where that one would be a benefit for a lot of things, I wish I had been taught that in school when I was a kid. I could have used it a bunch of times. This main one here, when it fills up and drains, it goes into the floating beds. and when the floating beds are over full , they go back into this, and this tank, when it gets too high it goes back to the pond. Now there is another tank we will show you later but this is the main system The water comes in from the pond, it’s distributed out into the grow beds and float tanks. then it goes back to the pond for recharge, thats it. When we first planned on doing this, we went to a prepperfest event that we had our “Moneydome” up, we were there and got to meet a lot of people, and one of the guys had a thing called the H2OPE system. and it’s H2OPE and it stands for water purification and energy So he had a water store in Las Vegas He created it himself and he has all kinds of different sizes. H2OPE systems, just go look them up online, they are awesome. They got suitcase ones, big ones, little ones. This you can put 3 large marine lead/acid batteries in there. You can get Lithium Ion, you can do all kinds of stuff, whatever battery you want. What it does is it has quick connects on here, to connect it you just go “Bam!” and it’s done. It is amazing just how fast and easy this works. and I will show you the 2 compartment sink we are doing and how we are going to be using that To have powered water, I need pressurized water because I want to do everything out here. I will rinse my plants off, prepare them and eat them, got a table, everything. but I needed pressurized water. this is purified water also, I can throw that hose into a swamp it has reverse osmosis it has an ultraviolet, a carbon filter it does alkaline, it is amazing what it does. but it also pumps water, we could do irrigation filtration, we can do showers with it the “Jack-a-lope Freedom Festival” , we use this for we use this for powering everybody’s phones and everything. “The Power of the Showers” (smiles) This is mobile, it just has a handle that pulls out and it has wheels and you just go For what we used it for, for months in the summer, it powered the entire dome. The problem was , the roll out solar panels we had, as the sun went down in the winter time, I did not have a place to put them. that it was getting enough sun, so we may hang them off the dome it’s self. so that is what we are probably going to do. so we unplugged it, because we have to need to hook up the plumbing into the sink system and do it, but I ran this for months, when there was no sun, and there was a wheather system in for like 3-4 days the power of the batteries was able to run this entire system this entire time So the reason for the H2OPE system So if I take the domes down and put them one a trailer, This entire system can fit on my little trailer, along with this power system and I show up somewhere, I got food, I got purified water, I got pressurized water, I got power. Frickin, who wants me in their bug out? That’s why! The whole purpose of this was to be able to be self sustaining that was kind of the point, I wanted my grandchildren to eat well and to know how food grows. They eat healthy, every Monday they come over and we spend at least an hour working on the dome. the “Aquadome” we are going to go work on the dome. They understand, they think this is normal. One of my sons just bought home, in the back yard they have an area where they are putting in an “Aquadome” I’m sorry I mean the grow beds and the aquaponics. The table here is just a 4×8 sheet piece of plywood we put in and it is supported by By the same conduit EMT we are using for the dome, that supports this, and this thing is strong. Well we put the H2OPE system in to power it and I can rinse all my vegetables I can get them all prepped, heck I got the power, I can do my juicing right frickin here. The reason we did it this way is because a camera goes right there and it hooks into my radio and television show So we can come out here between the 4 minute and 8 minute breaks between the hours and we can do all the farming, and by the end of the show , the 3 hour show that we do, I am done with my farming for the day and I don’t have to do additional video work. It’s part of the show I have a wireless mic the video feeds into my switcher, and I’m done. We got these verticals These hard points on the dome as so strong, I can hang from them, you should get a picture of me hanging from them. We have these strawberries, We got this idea from someone who had made these on youtube for their strawberries. All this is, is PVC drain pipe you cut every 8 inches on each side and you heat gun it then you just press it and form it and then we painted it to make it look cool, because it has to be cool. these are part of the 200 plant areas that we have the sink, the camera, the mic, it is all inspiration for everyone to grow food, now this whole area that this is on two summers ago is where we had our garden and I spent most of my time weeding. it was amazing , it grew really fast, but there was a lot of maintenance in it This I hope will not be a any maintenance and because it is in a circle it is ergonomic, it’s easy and I don’t have to move that much to do a bunch of work. One of the things we wanted to do, the H2OPE system worked great, but the sump pumps use a lot of electricity So we found another way called an air lift system it’s just air , like you use for aerating water for fish What it does, is that pump makes an air bubble at the bottom of this, Some of these pipes, 10 foot high pipes, air bubble lifts the water up and goes into the top tanks, and that is how we are going to have the water distributed to the vertical growing and into the tanks and so on, is through this air lift pump the reason is, it only uses like 15 to 20% of the energy. So if we are trying to go off grid or use a or use solar or something like that, this was a really cool idea, plus it came with, another growing system and we put this bird netting on, because when we start planting I know the birds are going to start to come so I just wanted make sure. The water comes into the top here and it just flows back and forth and we can do a lot of our plants here and start our seedlings and a lot of things and then of course the water drains back into the tank So the air-lift, that is another thing to look up along with the bell siphon, look for air-lift-pump and you will see how that works and how much less energy it uses just another way to grow and operate this without using a lot of energy. One of the ways you can filter, just to get the big chunks out coming from the fish pound is called a swirl filter, now the way we did this one, is the water comes in and then it will fill up, then it has a pipe that goes in like this and the drain will come out the water will fill up here and then it will go into this and come into the system, that way we have eliminated a lot of the solids. the solids go to the bottom we have fresh water from the top that goes in to here, it is a really easy way to do it. One of the benefits to this is the solids go into the tank at the bottom and we have a drain off to the side of the tank here that we just open that every now and then flush out the heavy solids and so on and we put that on our favorite plants and trees and such and they get extra. Tarrin Lupo: I wanted to find out a lot more about aquaponics These systems fascinated me, so I tracked down endless food systems in Arizona. to find out about maybe getting a home unit. HI I’m Chad Hudspeth with endless food systems, and I actually grew up on a dairy farm. grew a lot of crops there, but upon graduating college, went to the roofing business and was involved with that heavily for 10-12 years. and I wanted to do something that would really change the world and I saw these fish powered gardens and I thought this was the solution to world hunger. I started looking into it and started growing a couple different kind of ways and discovered this is so much better then the conventional way that I grew up gardening. leaning over and weeding and all that How much do you water and how much food do you give the plants? this thing is completely automatic and I thought this thing has got to be the best. So this is our fish tank, it is about 300 gallons and a fish powered garden We are really relying on the fish to produce the nutrition or waste for the plants. So it really doesn’t matter which kind of fish you use, but we have tilapia in here because they handle hot water. and in Phoenix it gets pretty hot. but if you are in a northern climate where it gets cold trout would be good. So we have a water pump that pulls the water from the fish tank into the grow beds. You can plant just about any thing you want, there is only a few plants that don’t do well in aquaponics. Potatoes and carrots are about the only thing. This is swiss chard right here, and this will grow for a couple of years, you just cut off a stalk really close to the base and it is really good just raw in your salad. Or you can stir fry it with an onion or something. Just about any leafy green or vegetable will grow in these beds. Tarrin Lupo: So you don’t have a lot of room, No problem, chad offers these smaller units. The fish tank is where the fish live, and their waste are pulled up by a water pump into the top. These pebbles filter that water and take the waste, actually there are red worms in here that convert that over into a nitrate the the plants can absorb for food. This is our small table top version, it is good for maybe one beta fish and some herbs or things like that It is a decorative model, once again it is completely self cleaning you never have to clean the water or the pebbles. The tricks to making these work really well are called an auto siphon It a fairly complex thing but basically there is an up-stand here where the water overflows. This is called the bell, it goes around it There is an air-pocket that is created at the top when the water begins to overflow, it creates a suction called a siphon this is just a media guard that goes around the whole thing and keeps the pebbles and anything from getting in there and stopping it up. We had several costumers asking for an off-grid package, a way to power these things without electricity This lid is adjustable depending on, the angle of the sun, and we just mount the the solar panel right to the lid, there is a charge controller on the side over here and a battery on the ground The battery can also be used as a back up system if you didn’t have a solar panel but you were concerned that maybe if your power goes off and your pumps would quit it automatically kicks on a 12 volt pump. So this is out raft bed, it is just a piece of styrofoam and the roots of the plants just hang down straight into the water. These are best for lettuces, leafy greens, anything that is fast growing and small. So you would want to grow things like tomatoes, swiss chard, things that have a long life in you gravel beds. but anything small and fast growing in your raft beds. Once I discovered these fish powered gardens and how powerful they were and how they could feed the world, I really wanted to manufacture a kit so people could be self-sustained right at their house The powerful thing to me, was that a person could take a small area, maybe 12-20 feet right in their back yard or in their garage, and grow pretty much all their own food and to me that is just amazing With out large systems people usually grow outside in a green house or something like that. You can grow indoors using any kind of light, light a T5 light, but it is going to take quite a bit of electricity, you could use either a solar tube, which is like a thing you mount on the roof and it directs the light down. or grow outside in a green house. Tarrin Lupo: So what if you don’t have a lot of room, maybe you live in suburbia. Well no problem, you can plant a surprising amount of fruit trees that will feed you year round. Check out “The Urban Farm” My name is Greg Peterson and I live in a place in Arizona called “The Urban Farm” The Urban Farm is a 1/3 of an acre in north central phoenix, it’s 80 feet wide by 160 feet deep. On of my favorite things to do on them is grow fruit trees. this is an apple tree patch, one of the ways that I plant fruit trees is hedges rather than individual trees. So this is an apple tree hedge row right here this is 8 apple trees in 30 feet. I have got them about 3 feet apart The interesting thing about this part of it, is this is my front yard but it is actually the neighbors front yard too. So this is our fence between the two yards right here, and I am standing in his yard right now, shhhh don’t tell him. So it is February in Phoenix Arizona and a lot of the trees are still dormant. These are the grape vines, I love grapes, grapes do great, I use them, you can see I use them as a hedge, and this is again, a fence between the neighbors house and my house come back in 4 months and what you will see is this nice dense green hedge full of grapes. So this is the front yard of the urban farm, and one of the distinguishing features of all the way around the front of “The Urban Farm” are the fruit trees. I got apple tress in a hedge, I got citrus trees across the front and all the way down the north side of the property. and sprinkled thought are different kinds of peaches and apples. My favorite thing about fruit trees, and urban farming is, you plant them once and they make food for decades. So this is the north side of the property of “The Urban Farm” , you can see a nice row of citrus This is great for keeping the privacy in and keeping the neighbors out, when you want to keep them out. I got several different kinds of citrus growing here, I got something called a Mandarinquat, this is the kind you eat the skin The skin is sweet and the inside is really tart. We got our navel oranges, Plus, here we go, lemons. Growing fruit trees in an urban area is significantly different than growing in a rural area The big thing with urban fruit trees is you want to keep them small. This peach tree behind me is getting a little bit tall. The fruit at the top of this tree is going to be mostly bird food. So we actually want to keep the trees about this size. During the year I give classes on urban “orchidring” , thats what we call it. A big part of what I teach is how to keep your trees small. The perfect size fruit tree is about 6-7 feet tall and 6 feet wide, that way you can walk up to it and harvest the fruit right off the tree. The other great thing about keeping the trees small is that you can plant different kinds of peaches say, here on “The Urban Farm” I have peaches that ripen a variety that ripens in May, two that ripen in June and two that ripen in July, so essentially what I have done is created this, schedule of peach tree ripening so I have peaches from May until August Tarrin Lupo: I hope you learned something from this fun ride. Just remember to get out and try any kind of farming. There is no excuse to stay in a job that you really don’t want to be in. when there is so many options on how to grow your own food now. Just get out there and farm. This is Tarrin Lupo and thanks for joining me. I want to thank all the great people who donated to help make this documentary a reality. Thanks so much! You can find more information at thats Thank you.

The Future of Farming & Agriculture

Over the next two decades, a technological
wave will revolutionize the efficiency of farms all over the world. It can’t come
soon enough. By the year 2050 the human population will be nearly 10 billion—which means we’ll
need to have doubled the amount of food we now produce. This is an examination of the agricultural
innovations coming down the pipeline that will help get us there. The industry has undergone major developments
over the last century. 100 years ago, farming looked like this. Today, it looks like this.
And tomorrow, it will look something like this. These changes have allowed many of us
to do other things with our lives. In 1900, 10.9 million agricultural workers produced
the food for 76 million people. Today, just 6.5 million workers feed 321.4 million Americans. Two factors were most responsible for this
surge in productivity: engines and the widespread availability of electricity. Today, the innovations on our immediate horizon
include autonomous pickers—UK researchers have already created one that gathers strawberries
twice as fast as humans, the challenge will be creating robotic pickers that can switch
between all kinds of crops; Robots or drones that can precisely remove
weeds or shoot them with a targeted spritz of pesticide, using 90% less chemicals than
a conventional blanket sprayer. For the organic farmer, they could zap the
weeds with a laser instead. This could have a big impact, the UN estimates that each year,
between 20 and 40% of global crop yields are destroyed by pests and disease.
Tiny sensors and cameras will monitor crop growth and alert farmers on their smartphones
if there’s a problem, or when it’s the best time to harvest;
The BoniRob can take a soil sample, liquidize it, then analyze its pH and phosphorous levels—all
in real time; As a proof-of-concept for all this autonomous
farming technology, researchers at Harper Adams in the UK plan to grow and harvest an
entire hectare of Barley without humans ever entering the field.
Companies like Agribotix have already commercialized software that analyzes drone-captured infrared
images to spot unhealthy vegetation. Then, like a real life game of “Sim-Farmer,”
the grower is alerted on their device when a troubled area is identified. Machine learning
will regularly improve the system’s ability to differentiate between varieties of crops
and the weeds that threaten them. Not to be left out, a company called Mavrx
contracts 100 pilots to fly light-aircraft that are outfitted with multispectral cameras
on data-gathering missions over large farms throughout the country;
For an even wider view, PlanetLabs operates a fleet of CubeSats that take weekly images
of entire farms from space to help monitor crops;
Other companies are creating analytics software to act as farm-management systems, allowing
growers of all sizes to deal with this new tsunami of data;
And The Farmer’s Business Network combines data from many farms into one giant pool to
give its members the power of macro-level insights that have traditionally only been
available to corporate mega-farms; Vertical farms are essentially warehouses
with stacks of hydroponic systems to grow leafy greens. They’re sprouting up in cities
all over the world where fresh produce — and land — is scarce. The key obstacle here
is the cost of energy, and the toll using a lot of it takes on the environment. The
upside is that artificial lights and climate controlled buildings allow crops to grow day
and night, year-round, producing a significantly higher yield per square foot than an outdoor
farm. For now though, only expensive, leafy greens like lettuce — or herbs like basil
— have proven profitable in the vertical system. And the jury is definitely still out
on whether this is truly and environmentally-friendly technique;
One possible solution is to use blue and red light wavelengths to optimize photosynthesis
and turbo-boost growth—a technique tested by researchers at project Growing Underground,
an experimental farm operating in old World War II bomb shelters underneath London;
Another advancement in indoor farming is the Open Agriculture Initiative, which aims to
create a “catalogue of climates” so temperature and humidity can be set to recreate the perfect
conditions for growing crops that would normally come from all over the world, locally instead.
This is an attempt to tackle the “food miles” issue. When produce is shipped around the
world it creates unnecessary CO2 emissions. Just look at a where a few of the items you
eat today were cultivated to understand how big of a problem this is.
The millions of people entering the middle class every year in developing countries are
demanding tens of millions of pounds of additional meat. These ideas aim to get the most from
every animal. Who would’ve thought Fitbits could be for
livestock too? Cows are being fitted with smart collars that monitor if they’re sick
or, if they’re moving around more, which is a sign of fertility;
Researchers at Scotland’s Rural College are analyzing cow breath. Exhaled ketones
and sulfides reveal potential problems with an animal’s diet;
Thermal imaging cameras spot inflamed udders to provide earlier treatment to combat a bacterial
infection known as mastitis, one of the costliest setbacks in the dairy industry;
3-D cameras that quickly measure the weight and muscle mass of cattle so they’re sold
at their beefiest; Companies have even begun positioning microphones
above pig pens to detect caughs, giving sick animals the treatment they need a full 12
days earlier than before. Less antibiotics are used if fewer animals become ill for shorter
lengths of time; And a system of just three cameras, developed
by researchers in Belgium, tracks the movements of thousands of chickens to analyze their
behavior and spot over 90% of possible problems; Here’s a stat that I found eye-opening:
consumption of farmed fish has now surpassed our consumption of beef. Researchers are working
to increase the types of fish that are raised. Aquaculturists at the Institute of Marine
and Environmental Technology in Baltimore are developing an artificial ecosystem that
mimics ocean conditions so that saltwater fish farms can be built inland. This would
allow millions of landlocked people to be able to enjoy fresh fish, instead of consuming
frozen fish grown or caught on the coast that have to be shipped thousands of miles in refrigerated
trucks that use a lot of energy. The most exciting thing about this experimental
fish farm is that it’s actually a closed system that creatively uses three sets of
bacteria in different ways to so it doesn’t produce any waste and even powers itself.
[Dr. Yonathan Zohar]: “This is the world’s most sustainably produced fish. The system
is completely and fully contained. There is zero interaction with the environment. There
is no waste. Zero waste goes back to the environment, which is the big problem with aquaculture
today.” This revolutionary technique could be critical
for saving species in the wild, like rapidly depleting bluefin tuna populations, without
curbing the appetites of sushi lovers like me; Another ingenious approach from a company
in California are proteinaceous fish food pellets made from the bodies of a bacteria
that grow by consuming a combination of methane, oxygen, and nitrogen. The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization
estimates that 2 billion people consume insects as part of their diet. [Insect eater]: “I eat insects like this
because they provide nutrition. The nourish the body, they are not too fatty but have
lots of good ingredients. If you eat these all the time, you will get sick very rarely.” Bugs are among the cheapest, most nutritious,
environmentally-friendly sources of protein. So there’s a growing movement to find new
ways to incorporate them into food products that can be marketed in a way that doesn’t
gross people out. Some examples are protein powder and insect
flour. But even if insects never make it onto many of our plates, they can still help us
a lot as animal feed; On the other end of the alternative protein
spectrum is lab grown meat. In 2013 the first hamburger was made from muscle cells grown
in a lab in the Netherlands, followed by a meatball grown by a California company called
Memphis Meats. These grabbed headlines, but production costs need to come way down before
we’ll be buying synthetic meats in significant quantities. [Dr. Mark Post]: “So it’s better for the
environment. And we need much less resources to actually produce it so that we can produce
much more meat with much less resources so that we can feed the entire planet. And we’ll
probably look back at this time as sort of barbaric, that we still killed animals and
used animals to such a degree for our meat consumption.” Human survival on earth has, by necessity,
driven us to use–and change–the world around us. Some of our most powerful innovations
are aimed at solving problems we ourselves create. As climate patterns change and human
population rises, the prospect of a global food shortage becomes increasingly dire–it’s
a threat that even the deployment of millions of autonomous farmer-bots would be unlikely
to solve. But where man-made machines may fall short, bacterial machines may very well
prevail…bringing me to the technology that can continue to deliver the biggest increases
in crop yield: genetic modification. Scientific breakthroughs like CRISPR, genomic selection,
and SNP’s now allow single letters within a gene to be precisely edited. Unlike older
methods of genetic manipulation, like transgenic modifications that made uncontrolled alterations
to large regions of DNA, CRISPR — a gene editing system repurposed
from bacteria — more closely mimics the process of random mutation. This process is
critical for environmental adaptation, Darwinian natural selection, and — ultimately — evolution.
While this fact alone may not placate the most passionate anti-GMO advocate, highly
precise techniques, like CRISPR should help ease the legitimate health and environmental
concerns that have thus far curbed significant commercial investments. But not everyone is
sitting on the sidelines. Two large agricultural companies, DuPont and
Syngenta, have used genome selection to develop two new, drought-tolerant strains of corn
called AQUAmax and Artesian. Then there’s the NextGen Cassava project
led by Cornell University, in partnership with research institutes all over Africa,
that aims to “significantly increase the rate of genetic improvement in cassava breeding
to unlock the full potential of this staple crop that’s central to food security and
livelihoods across Africa.” Genetically improving the cultivation of other
crops that haven’t been modified yet could additionally lead to huge yield increases
for millet and yams, for example; Rice, one of the world’s most important
crops, has seen its yield plateau—meaning that, for years now, the maximum amount that
can be grow on, say, an acre of land has not increased.
The C4 Rice Project — a massive global collaboration between 18 biology labs spread across four
continents — is trying to change that. Their goal is to genetically engineer a new strain
of rice so that its photosynthetic process works more like maize, which would — theoretically
— turbo boost its yield by 50%. And, of course, it’s not just crops, pig
lines are being altered to make them immune to an illness that costs American farmers
$600m a year. While it is hard to predict which of these
developments will have the greatest impact on food production, we should be pursuing
all of them. The use of genetic technologies will, inevitably, prove essential for tackling
what would likely be an insurmountable challenge, sustainably doubling our global food supply.
The good news is that some of the world’s most creative scientists, engineers, farmers,
and innovators are working on solutions for this problem, even as you watch this video. This piece was based on articles that recently
appeared in the The Economist and the journal Nature. And our recent video on India’s highway
megaproject led some of you to suggest other projects for us to look into. Your suggestions
for video topics are always appreciated. Thanks for watching. Until next time, for
TDC, I’m Bryce Plank.

The Business of Raising Pigs, from Cost to Profit

Hi I’m Mike, here on the ranch cows are
our main source of income, but we couldn’t do this without diversifying. We also raise our own steers and pigs for
direct sale to customers at farmers market. These are the honest facts of raising pigs
for profit, on our Wyoming life. Welcome to our Wyoming life, if you are a
regular viewer thanks for joining us again and if this is your first time here please
subscribe and come along with us as we explore the ranch life and escape the ordinary. The question was raised to me recently if
raising your own animals and sending them to slaughter gets any easier as the years
go by. The quick answer to that question is no, but
the real answer is a bit more complicated. Neither Erin or I were raised on the ranch
or on any ranch for that matter. We came here a few years ago when Erin’s
step dad started getting sick and he has since passed away. We came here from a life in corporate America,
about as far from agriculture as you could get. When we came we had no idea what we were getting
into, sometimes we still don’t but we have since settled into our new life. We have started a family, we’ve had 3 kids,
Mackenzie who is 7, Grace who is 4 and Lincoln who is 2. And we have changed how things are done around
here, when we came it was strictly a cow and calf operation. Since then, Erin has added gardens and actively
sells vegetables raised here on the ranch year-round, we also raise and finish our own
beef that we sell and pigs as well. By the end of this video you will know more
about how we raise our pigs, how much they cost us to raise and how much profit there
can be in pork. So today we get to talk about pigs and there
are three sides to this equation, production yield and sales. Back in July of last year we brought a new
batch of pigs onto the ranch. Each and every year we get our pigs from the
same place. A young lady that grows her pigs in Nebraska. We have purchased our pigs from her for years
because we want to stay consistent with our customers, changing breeders each year could
change the flavor of the pork and we want our customers to be confident in knowing they
are going to get what they expect. This year we purchased 7 pigs, one of them
we had presold before we even got them and the others will be sold to our local customers. We pay 50$ per pig and so starts their time
on the ranch. The piglets now weigh about 10 lbs each and
will live here in the pig shed for a majority of their lives. We have two stalls available to them, and
they will be able to move from stall to stall when then get bigger, allowing us to lock
them in one side of the pens while we clean the other. Which happens often, pigs need to be cleaned
frequently their stalls mucked out and bedding replaced. These pigs will live on the ranch for an average
of 200 days, gaining weight at about a pound and a half per day. By the end of the 200 days we are hoping for
pigs that weight between 270 and 310 pounds. Just like people different pigs have different
metabolism and some will gain weight faster and some will be slower. To help them gain that weight we need to feed
them, obviously, and we do so by buying pig food by the ton. Each bag of food weighs 50 lbs and a ton has
42 bags on it. A pig will eat about 4% of its body weight
in food per day, these little guys will eat less and a half a pound per day but that will
quickly change. As they grow they eat more and over their
entire time here on the ranch each pig will consume about 800 lbs of pig food, for all
seven of them totaling 5600 lbs of food or about 3 tons. More than the weight of an average car. We buy our pig food at a cost of $13.70 per
bag or rate of 28 cents per pound. Over its lifetime each pig will eat 225$ worth
of feed. All together we have 1575$ in feed in the
entire group. Pigs drink water too, however I have never
figured out how much it costs pump water for them at the rate of 3-5 gallons per day per
pig. Another cost that I haven’t figured as well
is my time that I have into the pigs. Each day we spend at least an hour dealing
with them, somedays more, somedays less. From feeding, watering and cleaning stalls,
even entire days, rebuilding stalls or chutes. Over all this time spent with our animals
you do get attached to them, you learn their quirks, you get to know their personalities,
which makes the day that they leave the ranch that much harder. This year we are taking our pigs to Sturgis
Meats. A USDA inspected meat processesing and packaging
facility. Here we can get our pork packaged for sale
to our customers. We offer our pork to customers at farmers
markets and by direct sales. Being usda inspected means that we can sell
our pork by the single piece, one pound of bacon, or a single pork chop. Just like the grocery store. With the pigs dropped off, we can go back
to that question from the beginning, if raising your own animals and sending them to slaughter
gets any easier as the years go by? This is our 3rd year raising pigs, and the
day anyone animal leaves the ranch is hard for me. You see the hard work that you have completed
take another set toward completion and as hard as it is, I know that as we move forward
from here, I am providing for my family, the ranch and our future here. 2 weeks later we are ready to pick up our
pork, Before leaving we do a bit of housekeeping, cleaning out freezers and making sure we have
room for the many pounds of new meat we have coming in. The timing works out right, because we are
on our way back over to Sturgis with a load of steers that we will be processing into
beef for sale as well. But first we must have our brand inspection,
where a state representative comes out to the ranch and inspects the cattle we are taking. After checking the brands and proof of ownership,
we can head out with them, driving the hundred or so miles to drop these guys off and pick
up our pork. Loading it all in the back of the truck, then
high tailing it back home before things start to thaw. Once back home, we disconnect the trailer
and over to the shop we go to start unloading pork. On average a pig will yield about 57% their
live weight in pork. A 250 lb pig will bring you 144lbs in retail
cuts. All together we brought over 2150 pound of
live pig, we are taking home 1225 lbs. We don’t get too crazy with our cuts and
for those interested here are the numbers. 350 Pork Chops
70 Pork Shoulder Roasts 126 pounds of Sausage
250 pounds of bacon And 300 pounds of ham
We also set aside a half of an entire pig for our farm to table dinner in late summer. Our cost for processing our pork including
butchering, processing, inspections, vacuum packaging and curing averages 400$ per pig
for a total of 2800$ Our total cost for 7 pigs this year was 4725$. Now comes the third part of the equation:
Sales We sell our pork at farmers markets and direct
to our customers. When it comes to pricing our meat we do it
in two ways. One is by the individual cut and the other
is in 35 pound packages. In a 35 pound package you get 8 pounds of
pork chops, 6 pounds of sausage, 5 pounds of bacon, 8 pounds of roasts and 8 pounds
of ham for $199. That is an average of 5.69 per pound. If we sold all of our meat at that rate, lets
say we only sold packages then we would have an income of $6970.25. With a cost of $4725 giving a profit of 2245.25
for six months of work. You might think we could actually make money
on pork is with individual sales, people that buy 1 or 2 pork chops, a pound of bacon or
sausage. We price our individual cuts comparable with
the grocery store, our customers know that they can buy pork in the grocery store for
close to the same price but what they don’t know is how that pork is raised, what hormones
or antibiotics might have been used or the condition that they lived in. Lets take a look at those numbers. Bacon we sell for 9.50 per pound we have 250
pounds to sell, that’s $2375 Shoulder roast is 4.99 per pound, with roughly
210 lbs we have $1048 Ham is 5.99 per pound and 300lbs give us $1797
Sausage at 6.50 per pound is $1365 And pork chops at 5.99 per pound brings about
$2096 And if we sold all of our pork individually,
that gives us a grand total of $8681 Take off our cost of $4725 again and the profit
is now $3956 $3956 profit with individual cuts and $2245
with packages. Our actual profit is somewhere in the middle. It may not seem like a lot, and we are really
only talking 7 pigs here but for us it can make a big difference. That money can be used to help further advancements
in the garden, or it might help buy Mackenzie’s braces. Its another one of those things on the ranch,
that if we don’t figure in our time and our labor we actually do pretty well. When we first came to the ranch, one of the
first things Gilbert taught me is that your time isn’t worth anything. How right he was. So the original question once again… Does raising your own animals and sending
them to slaughter gets any easier as the years go by? The answer doesn’t change I guess, its still
no. These animals are a part of the ranch and
every year we see many of them go away, but their sacrifice is never in vain. By raising animals to see we are ensuring
that the ranch continues every year, and hopefully long enough to see our kids raise their kids
on this very same land. Maybe they will be doing the same things we
do today, maybe they won’t. The whole place could be a wind farm by then
and you know what, that’s totally fine. If it keeps the ranch going we will do it,
this land is one of the most important things in all of our lives. And every day we make sacrifices ourselves
to make sure that its still going to be a part of our lives tomorrow, including making
choices that are very hard and sometimes heartbreaking. I hope you have enjoyed this little economics
lesson, mixed with the why and the how. When we started our channel, we decided we
wanted to not only bring you what we do, but also why we do it and the emotion involved
in every step. Make sure you subscribe for more from the
ranch as we explore the ranch life together and escape the ordinary. Like us on Facebook for updates you cant find
anywhere else @ ourwyominglife We post 3 times per week and hope you again
soon Until then, thanks for joining us in our Wyoming