Navy Engineers Explore the World of Additive Manufacturing



Mr Guy Newton: It’s exciting, it’s new.
There’s the old way and then there’s the new way, now, and the new way’s pretty exciting.
I think it’s gonna change everything we do. I think [in] the future for additive manufacturing,
our role is going to be very important. It’s gonna give the fleet the ability to possibly
print the stuff on the ship as they need it, when they need it. Mr. David Price: It is remarkably fun to just
watch, and sit back and then realize that, you know, you’ve designed something that
didn’t exist before, and now you’re printing it out of something that is just a liquid. Mr Guy Newton: The guys out there on the ship,
they need something, they need it now, usually. Right now, you know, if you’re out at sea
20, 30 thousand miles, it takes a while to get parts out there. The aircraft can’t
fly out directly, it’s gonna take a week or two to get the part there. They can actually
push the button, hit the part, give it a couple hours, put it on the aircraft, it’s gonna
make everything wonderful out there. This gives us that ability to fill that hole or
fill that void out there, get ‘em back in the game. It’s saves time and money in a
lot of different ways, and over the life of the program, it saves hundreds of thousands
of dollars, if we can do that quickly. Mr. Gabe Draguicevich: In the middle of the
F18, there is a bulkhead. It’s a panel that goes across the center section of the F18.
That particular section was developing a crack. That crack had to be repaired. The one standard
replacement of that is to basically take that bulkhead out and put a new one in. It costs
about a million dollars to do that repair. We created a 3D model that was then given
to us in manufacturing. We grew a 3D-printed part overnight so that the engineer could essentially
do that fit check. With that nod and that approval, we then went on to create the metal
one. We are estimating that the cost savings there is around 700 to 800 thousand dollars.
Now, as a standard repair, it’s estimated it’s about 20 to 25 thousand dollars to
repair per aircraft, versus a million dollar replacement. Mr. Chris Root: My belief is that the future
designs that are yet to come, are starting to come now. Unmanned air vehicles, some of
the systems that can be designed, we design so differently because you have the freedom
of 3D design. Design flexibilities are going to be tremendous, things are going to be lighter,
smaller, and with the new material properties that are being developed, those are gonna
allow us to do even more. So, the designs are coming. We’re hoping to use some of
those tools to design replacement parts. Mr Guy Newton: Right now, we’re starting
to get into the titaniums, steels, those types of things. Once we do that, it’s gonna basically
change the world. But it’s also gonna be innovation at its best.

Lew Later On Manufacturing Moving From China To Taiwan



the world's top bicycle maker says the era of made in China is over how about that for a headline Bloomberg that's a headline on Bloomberg right now the bicycle company giant probably heard of them very popular the giant manufacturing is moving us orders to a Taiwan Factory the chairwoman says the company acted swiftly on Trump's tariff threat if you look at this article you see that Intel's considering the same thing as well as a bunch of other huge companies it's amazing how quickly will may be quicker than I could have even imagined or would have you know I talked in the past I'm like man you really gotta appreciate when you go to China you see the supply chain you see the manufacturing you're like something's going on over here how do they make it all happen what's the mechanics and things and then and then you get people saying oh they'll just move this production to the US Foxconn Wisconsin and you're like I don't know man like I don't know footballs on Sunday you know what I'm saying I'll be at the Raptors parade if you just can't picture it here in North America but what surprised me is how quickly these companies basing Taiwan specifically can just take it and go oh 25% tariff yeah we got what factory what do you mean what do you need a phone what do you need a bike yeah we still got Taiwan you know that's a it's surprising how quickly it could just shift things over including Bonnie to hear the chairwoman she had no problem she's like look it's a little bit of a headache so to move move our operations over there and in the meantime I believe in this article she says they got a ramp up they got to get extra production hurt hurt how about that for a quote from from from Bonnie to look at her what's a bicycle like she she's spicy she's active uh for an older lady you can see she's not on the bike I mean I'm not calling her old I mean she actually you know staying actually as far as I'm concerned so you want to come on the show Bonnie we can we can talk about you know anyhow look at this quote we started moving before he shut his mouth she's talking about Donald Trump what mid-sentence later it's too easy it's scary that they could just distribute this thing they could just move this production around that rapidly they're also setting up a factory in Hungary like it says the world is shrinking it seems and yeah maybe because of efficiencies and training and equipment possibly automation maybe transplanting transporting some of these operations not as complicated as we originally thought maybe we're destined to see a distribution again a quote here from Bonnie the world is no longer flat borrowing from Thomas Friedman's book whose title is a metaphor for viewing the world as a level playing field for companies and trade the concept is no longer affordable in every place they just put all their eggs in a china basket because the Chinese are very capable now the trade war is basically forcing people to rethink their entire global sourcing strategy so she's saying all this stuff the company's stocked you see what I did there those of you that are just listening the arm went up in the air the company's stock skyrocketing nine point eight percent on Monday their willingness to quickly steer orders away from China is to you can apply or you can what am I looking for here well you can associate the the growth and the jump in their ability to do that and you could get it you can catch a graph on the original article if you want more information you could go check it out on Bloomberg but it's a showcase I chose this particular story because of what it indicates here now a bicycle is not a smartphone but Foxconn huge smartphone maker for Apple and others based in Taiwan so I chose this article because it's evidence that this can happen it's evidence that the customer has a ton of power in this negotiation in this conversation the destination of the product and the tariffs at the destination dictate the behavior of the supplier the world is full apparently of potential suppliers in different geographic region even those that have huge operations currently in China appear to be unfazed given the potential here of this tariff they're unfazed they just go ok we move it along we keep it moving you know and there's all kinds of consequences for this well from a geopolitical perspective you didn't know this was a politics show we'll just give you the 101 here you know it's just that it's just a it's just an overview but just keep this in mind when you're thinking about this negotiation you're thinking about companies like Huawei you're thinking about your next smart phone keep this in mind there's a lot going on behind the scenes that could influence influence your next purchase in these departments and you could see increases in costs as well you're going you move the bike over here maybe it's not a 25% tariff but maybe there is a slight increase in cost same could be said for your iPhone you might expect that price to go up further from where it currently is it's quite possible just because of the headache

Disruptive design via additive manufacturing: Chris Williams at TEDxVirginiaTech



thank you very much thank you so on reflection my professional career has been guided by a quote by Professor Michael Ashby who's a renowned material scientist from Cambridge University and his observation is that when humans make large load-bearing structures they use dense solids like steel concrete and glass but when nature does the same she tends to use cellular materials things like wood bone and coral there must be a reason for it and professor Ashby is correct these lightweight materials these cellular materials that are filled with porosity small voids inside their material matrix are extraordinarily lightweight but yet very stiff and strong and can absorb energy impacts and the problem the question for you is why don't we see those materials more often why don't we see these in every product that we use is because our designers don't have a vision for it is because they just can't see the opportunity well that can't be the case because we've seen this in nature for so long what I argue and that the reason why we haven't seen this is because we're limited by the way we make things our manufacturing technologies don't allow us to make these were constrained they put boundaries on what we can achieve so just take a moment and think about how we make things it's led by mainly subtractive manufacturing you know where you take a big chunk of material and you selectively selectively remove that material bit by bit to get to the shape that you want and yes there are a lot of other manufacturing technologies out there like injection molding and and forging and sand casting but at the heart of all those technologies is subtractive or you have to make the tool the pattern the dye the mold let's take a moment to just look around you in this beautiful new space and look at all the things around you all these besides the organic matter sitting next to you every object has been designed and manufacture think about its shape its form it's driven by the designers intent but it's limited by the way in which we can make things and manufacturing technologies I mean just look at the chair but you're sitting next you are sitting on why does it look like this when it could look like that well it's because there's no way to make that right we can't take our machine tool and bend it and curve it into space to carve out the stuff that we don't want to get to the object that we do want but this isn't some sort of graphic this isn't some sort of CGI trick this is an actual object a physical artifact so how was that made it was made with an emerging technology we call additive manufacturing also referred to commonly as 3d printing and we choose the word additive manufacturing because it's the perfect juxtaposition we're not subtracting material bit by bit we're adding material bit by bit to create the shape that we want so in additive manufacturing we start with a digital model and to get to the three-dimensional real object we take that digital model and we slice it into cross-sectional layers basically two-dimensional pictures and we feed each layer one at a time to a 3d printer and it makes that object from the bottom layer all the way to the top layer by layer I'll let my PhD student Amy Elliott and fellow TEDx speaker explain this is a different video so we'll go with this one this is a great video of an extrusion process we're actually in slowly extruding plastic layer by layer and for you Virginia Tech fans in the audience for making a beautiful little hokey bird here a miniature statue now there's lots of different ways that we can make things layer by layer we can extrude stuff like a robotic hot glue gun would or we can inkjet parts drop by drop and fuse them with UV light but the question is with there's a lot of reasons why people are so excited about these technologies it's because maybe they democratize manufacturing they put manufacturing in the hands of the people so that they can really true envision and make their dreams people are excited about the digital nature of this technology the fact that we could email files of products it could completely change the way that we buy and consume products much in the way that the mp3 player or the PDF has changed the way that we consume music and documents but what really excites me about this technology is that it can completely change the way that we make things it allows us to achieve and make those objects that we've always been inspired by nature so you know we can make these cellular materials layer by layer they grow like organic things do in nature right and it's not hard for our machines to do that because really it's just a bunch of two-dimensional pictures making that complex shape is as simple as just printing a few ellipses and stacking them on top of one another and this has changed the way that people are doing business and changing the way that they have their entire domains so Bathsheba Grossman is a wonderful artist who has used this technology to make impossible shapes come true she remarks at these Mattia technology has changed her sculpture that hasn't really been changed as lost-wax casting was invented 6,000 years ago we're making her rethinking the way that we do textiles but in the engineering world we can use these structures to start making those cellular materials so yes we can make this out of polymer but can we make this out of metal at Virginia Tech we're working on a technology to do that and what we do is we don't print metal we actually are printing sand we're using an inkjet printer to actually deposit not ink but we're depositing glue drop by drop to glue together particles of sand and when you're done you read coat layer by layer with powder and when you're done you're like an archaeologist you dig the part out of the powder the sand to retrieve what you want now again we're printing sand here we want metal so what we're printing is not the part we're printing the inverse of the part we're printing it's mold we take that part and take it back in time somewhat to a more traditional manufacturing process metal casting and as the metal fills that mold we then can remove that printed sand to get to the metal shape that we truly desire this material is extraordinary lightweight its cellular but it also absorbs energy from impact quite well so our collaborators dr. Ramesh Batra and his PhD student Kiana Lee have worked at making a simulation for us so up in the upper right you're going to see an explosion take place and you'll see the material absorb that energy now imagine you're sitting you know this is on the side of your car and you're sort of sitting here there's three small tiny defects that do occur but let's compare that against a solid version of that same material same mass same cross-sectional area same explosion it doesn't absorb the energy there's a huge crater there and I for one would not volunteer to sit on that side of that panel now we can use this technology not only to mimic nature and bring that into our artificial products but we can also use the same sort of idea to start helping nature and helping ourselves so we're using a completely different layering process here it's process really as simple as a projector and instead of projecting a giant image we use a different set of lenses to actually converge the image to a bunch of series of small images about the size of a postage stamp when you do that you can start making really small complex structures and what we're doing is we're making these structures out of a biocompatible polymer we're making tissue scaffolds objects that can survive in your body and that have the same porosity as bone that match that bone porosity so it encourages in growth and helps your bone heal faster it can be seated with your own cells so that it won't be rejected and as you can see it's small features as small as three widths of a human hair of course you can also use it to makes very tiny replicas of your school mascot like our eight millimeter hokey bird for well just just because we can really now we can also look throughout nature and look for other inspiration for example let's take a look at citrus Maxima the pomelo a 10-inch diameter great fruit like fruit this fruit is so large that when it's dropped from a tree it has to you know have some means of surviving that impact because you don't want the fruit to spoil and so researchers have dissected it and found that yes this very thick rind has a cellular structure throughout it but it also has fibrous network that's go around at circumference almost like rebar and concrete that help it absorb the impact so how can we do how could use that so we developed a process a technique here where what we do is we're doing things layer by layer but we design a channel into the part and then we pause the print and we lay down a fiber and then we hit resume now we're embedding fibers throughout solid material just like we would see now what we do is we want to do experiments oh yeah we can make cellular materials right we can do that fairly well and let's compare its performance with fibers and without fibers so when you put a compressive load on those structures you see that with fiber gets you 1.7 times stronger performance than without okay sorry about the graph forget that the bottom line is you put 500 pounds on a piece of plastic of fibers in it it looks like this you put 500 pounds on a piece of plastic without that it looks like that okay we're talking about light weight we're doing increased performance with absolutely no mass increase but you know where else in nature do we see fibers how else are they used well in like ligaments and tendons and muscles so we can start printing objects like this where we pause the sabres start printing our finger structure and we pause it halfway through and put our fiber in and in one printed part one single print with one tiny pause we can start printing complex structures and you know has an opportunity to change the way that we think about bio-inspired robotics or we can start you know making hands that do what we want that look like what we see in nature let me share one final example with you before I leave you know like I said there's so many reasons to be excited about this technology one of which is this emerging idea that when remote locations you might need you know we're in remote cases where there's no way to resupply the area you might could need a 3d printer in space so let's imagine like a disaster relief scenario right major natural disaster no way to resupply the area because all transportation lines are down and you need to perform reconnaissance to actually search for survivors what we could do is if they had a 3d printer at that location is actually email them the solution to their problem like let's say in the form of fill of a 3d printed quadcopter so what you see here is a fully 3d printed helicopter without the sides from the motors and in the rotor blades and the electronics the entire fuselage has been printed and you can see it has a cellular structure right we need it to be stiff but yet we need it to be lightweight and we can also use 3d printing to do some really complex tricks like make it collapsible this entire objects only two parts the hinges are printed as one piece and that's really cool because yeah it's portable and yeah it's backpackable but we can also print seven of these in a single 3d print but you know the truth of the matter is we're really excited about this product but what we're really more excited about is the story behind the person who made it so this is cam bus he's a senior at Blacksburg high school let's give him a hand and the reason why I brought cam onstage today is because he sort of helps me drive home my last point you know what's really exciting about this technology we've seen so many great innovations come in just a short time with the technology and it's been coming from existing engineers and to be honest we and this is myself right we're struggling because we've been boxed in for so long about what the technology can and can't do about manufacturing technology it takes effort for us to sync past those boundaries but there's a new engine a new generation of engineers coming like cam and his peers these generation of engineers that have grown up with this technology that have grown up with CAD have grown up with making growing up with arduino z' they never had to face a world where those constraints existed so yes we have seen a lot of wonderful innovations with 3d printing and that it's manufacturing but we have haven't seen anything quite yet thank you very much

Smart buildings – the future of building technology



our world is undergoing changes changes that have a significant impact on our environment changes that force us to think in new ways this also applies to buildings the study on the future of building technology shows that requirements are undergoing lasting changes the need for security will play an even greater role in the future flexibility and dynamics will be basic requirements for system operation maximum efficiency will have top priority and not only where energy is concerned in addition we need to increase comfort for the well-being of users only solutions which create the greatest synergies between energy efficiency comfort and safety and security will be sustainable over the long term solutions that turn buildings into living organisms networked intelligent sensitive and adaptable modularity is one key solutions that easily adapt to the changing needs of their operators and users we achieve maximum compatibility using standardized interfaces plug and go the modules themselves must be flexible as well space is divided as needed assisted by mobile equipment that integrates seamlessly into the logistics concept a giant step forward toward greater efficiency because flexible usage is suddenly possible over the entire lifecycle transportation systems will also be more flexible route usage will be optimized divided into passenger and cargo flows destinations will be reached faster and security critical areas will be better protected by dynamic route management along the way to the future we will network classic domains completely and intelligently and we will create synergies that make new functions possible energy example we will no longer focus just on energy distribution an intelligent energy management system will control the interplay between internal consumers for juicers and the energy mix of public power grids new types of storage concepts will make it possible to purchase excess energy from the grid and competitive prices energy that enables load Peaks to be equalized safely and efficiently increasing water treatment requirements also offer potential in the truest sense of the word additional energy storage is possible through intelligent networking consumption optimization will of course also be key new types of functional construction materials and techniques offer potential in the areas of lighting and climate control however the possibilities cannot be fully realized until they are integrated into the building management concept intelligent networking of disciplines creates outstanding synergies where security is concerned discreet access controls according to the open-door concept not only increased security but also allow for dynamic logistics people are guided quickly and safely to their destination through personalized assistance a wide range of control and navigation solutions point the way comfortably and at the same time improve discretion in defined building zones in the future we will monitor all media flows including supply lines and safety measures will be initiated automatically as needed intelligent networking provides maximum security occupancy sensor ease in the lighting system do more than just turn the lights on and off in an emergency they also assist in organizing a fast orderly and thus safe evacuation escape routes are defined according to the situation lighting installations operate in emergency mode and point the way dynamically acoustic signals and voice prompts provide additional support subsystems support the evacuation scenario intelligent systems help detect flows of people and separate them when escape routes are about to become overloaded intelligent use of installations and networking with the surrounding area allow for information to be exchanged in real time only when all systems work together in a network can we meet the security requirements of the future adequately and efficiently a networked integrated and intelligent building management system will be at the heart of the next generation of smart buildings a building management system for greater efficiency comfort and security on the way to sustainable cities we are already using our expertise and building technology and the architecture of network systems to connect buildings into building clusters via an IT backbone and we are achieving significant improvements in energy efficiency smart grids and smart consumption will shape the future networking city districts and even entire cities will also mean more security security the growing urbanization urgently needs intelligent sustainable solutions will shape the future and the future has already begun

Additive Engineer Josh Mook Revolutionizes Manufacturing with 3D Printing – Together We Work – GE



I was the kid that loved to take everything apart and put it back together I want to learn what makes it tick what makes it perform what makes it work my wife likes to say nothing around our house breaks permanently I think there's something just in my personality that draws me to solve problems like that my name is Josh Mook and I am an engineering leader and GE additive additive manufacturing is essentially 3d printing where you're taking a design file in a computer slicing it in two layers and melting the individual powder particles layer by layer we can now produce geometries that before could only be drawn as an engineer what motivates me is really designing things that no one has ever imagined before in the beginning I started at GE Aviation my love of flying this really what drove me into the field of aerospace my grandfather was a pilot it was the one that introduced me to flying at an age of two my time as a pilot really made me respect the technology jet engines are like a symphony of very complex components working together with just a human hairs width of clearance between them GE aviation I was fascinated with big problems in engines when GE decided to develop our own fuel nozzle it's something that almost consumed me there's a lot of science almost sometimes feels like magic inside designing the perfect combustion system you would have seen sketches for me everywhere I would say at least once a day we felt like there is no solution I realized that the only way we were gonna ever meet the requirements is to use a manufacturing technique that we had never used before and it it was perfect for this part really because the complexity level have a very small component we're trying to fit just an amazing amount inside of it yet I can print it as a single piece which is more efficient lighter and more durable my wife often calls the fuel nozzle our fourth child and it felt like that after the fuel nozzle in the jet engine we replaced over eight hundred and fifty five components with just twelve using this design technology ever since then we realize that additive can be so much bigger it is gonna revolutionize the way all products look in the way they're manufactured we're working in medical oil and gas power generation automotive really every industry is right for design disruption it's completely shifting how the engineer approaches a problem and that's the most exciting part about my job every day I believe my kids and this next generation are gonna grow up with possibilities that we couldn't have imagined you

Bungie is Pushing the Industry Forward



now I'm not really a big destiny to player in fact this is my character or guardian it's what they're calling it yeah this is my guardian the keeper of the light the one who defeated Gaul with my only weakness being getting my feet wet yeah it's safe to say that I'm not a big destiny to player I played the game at launch and then never looked at it again when I don't really think too much of it I think I think the game looks pretty good but other than that I didn't really think much of the gameplay so it's a little bit weird that I find myself talking about destiny too and more particularly Bungie and this is because well you probably all know it's the the announcements that Bungie made for destiny – yesterday they basically talked about three key things that they're going to do to destiny they're going to make it free to play at least the base game and then all of the expansions except for the latest expansions you still have to pay for those they're going to make the safehouse cross-platform so if you have a file on the PlayStation 4 on the Xbox one and you want to switch the PC or vice versa then now all progress will carry over and they're going to bring the game to steam and I think that all of these things are very important for the game and they're going to make the game I think the games gonna blow up I think the game's gonna double in player size maybe triple and player size this is huge and I wanted to take this video to talk about why I think that this is so important and where I think that the industry is going next with Bungie making this move because this is no doubt the result of the Bungie and Activision split up back when it happened back when they split up like a couple months ago I didn't think too much of it back at that time when it happened I thought it was very much a EAM Bioware situation where everybody loves Bungie and everybody loves Bioware and everybody hates Activision and EA and of course we destiny to not being as great at lunch I think it was very easy to point the fingers at activation just like many players pointed the fingers at EA but I was thinking you know maybe it's also partly bungees faults that the game wasn't a hundred percent as player one it just like it was also Bioware's fault and not as much as fault at Anthem wasn't too great so yeah back then I kind of wanted to back off from cheering like hey this is something really really good and just wait it out because we don't actually know if it was all activations fault that destiny 2 turned out the way that it did at lunch but with this split it has a lot bunchy to now do all of these awesome things like putting the game on Steam making it free to play having cross-platform saves it a lot bunchy to do that and this is no doubt going to push the game further it's going to make the game a lot bigger and it might even change the industry a bit for these looters shooter type games or these these life surface games in general now the big thing is going to be free-to-play free-to-play is going to cause a whole bunch of people to try out the game that would have never even played destiny in the first place this is not because the game is too expensive for any of that it's just because it's so much easier to try out a game when it's free then if you have to pay for it I see it everywhere even if games are super super cheap it's 5 bucks maybe on sale people are like yeah I don't know but then if it's free-to-play they're like alright I'll give it a try even my brother he has a he bought a laptop a couple months ago and he he recently just a couple days ago he came to me like hey I just want to play some games casually you know I'm not I'm not big into games but I just want to have something to do here and there when I have some free time is there any game you can recommend to me I'm like alright what do you want well he wants multiplayer but you know a little bit of single-player it's also cool but yeah it has to be free-to-play he doesn't want to pay for games and if you want free-to-play games than a lot of of the good faith games they fall off right away they people don't try and people don't even want to look at them it's just the way that it works even if a game on your phone is like 2 bucks you're like nah fuck that I'm not paying for a mobile game but then if it's free suddenly everybody picks it up and it gets a whole lot of traction and I think that that's what we're gonna see for destiny to hear so much players are just gonna download this game players that might not even like this and the players that might not even like the setting they're like alright it's free I might as well download it and combining the fact that that's coming to steam as well where everybody is gonna be able to pick it up for free it's going to be a big deal in it as well so yeah I really think we're gonna see this game blow up right after it becomes free-to-play permanently then cross safe really good feature I think it's a little bit less important but it fits well with the fact that the games also coming to Google stadia which is another new thing that's been announced I assume that everybody already knows what this is but it's basically a sort of council type thing that Google is bringing out that allows you to stream games from the clouds to either your phone or to your television or to your computer just like a streaming surface it sounds a lot like what the Xbox wanted to do and back in 2013 with cloud gaming back then which didn't really work out but now Google is making a device purely for streaming games like that it's subscription-based it costs like 10 bucks a month and games like destiny and the division 2 are also moving over there so it makes sense that a game like destiny would add cross-platform saves so that if people ever want to just play on their phone play destiny on their phone with Google stadia they will keep all of the progress that they have from PC or Xbox one so these things they integrate very well with each other the game going free to play the game going to steam the game going to Google stadia the game having cross-platform saves the games just gonna grow I mean just look at warframe right warframe is a very very popular game right now especially on PC I'm not sure how well it's doing on console but if I just look at a steam chart for example warframe is still in the top 10 of the most played games every single day on Steam now this is obviously not just because warframe is free-to-play but I think that free-to-play is a huge factor in this if warframe was maybe 20 or 30 bucks to pay up front a lot of people that play warframe now probably wouldn't have given warframe a try free-to-play brings in a huge casual audience to the game and you probably already see where this video is sort of going because I'm hoping that this is going to be a huge success and at other games like the division will follow in their footsteps just think about it the vision going free-to-play they're gonna add a survival DLC which falls in line with what's popular right now the battle royale genre imagined that being free-to-play imagine just how much the game would grow over time I think it would be super healthy for the game and it would be something that I would be very happy to see of course but here's the thing right here's the thing that I wanted to talk about because I also want to look into the future what I really want to know the question that I want to ask is what's going to happen to the future of destiny – or destiny as a franchise now are we going to see a destiny tree at all or are we going to see Bungie built upon destiny – for years and years and years and years to come and finally make it sort of this ongoing universe that players can just jump into and can keep coming back to over and over and over again because personally that's something that I would really hope to see for these type of games when in Division one yes we're going all the way back to the division one but when a Division one was announced I was hoping that it would follow that sort of same model that we wouldn't get a division two that we wouldn't get a division three because I'm sure they're already working on a division three now I was just hoping that I was just gonna be one thing that they would add to over the years to come obviously that didn't happen because we got a division – and I think that's I don't know I feel like that some of the magic was lost when division 2 launched not because it was a worst game by any stretch of the imagination but just because it's like oh it's not a division game it's no longer ever playing division and they're gonna just build upon it and make it bigger and bigger and better over all the years like warframe is doing it's like no it's it's not a division game and in a few years we'll get another division game and then another division game and the same is kind of going for destiny which is something that I'm just not too much a fan of it's it's been part of the reason on why I'm thinking different about the division now than I did a few years ago a few years ago I was like you know it might be rough now but this is eventually gonna be the best game ever and that's also why I made all those videos oh I think this should be changed about the division I think they should do this to the division and this and this and this and for the division – I haven't really made any of those videos you might have noticed I made one video talking about the washout sniper because PvP was just not fun with that but other than that I haven't made any videos any videos at all on what should be changed about the game or what they should do with the game and all that stuff and that's because I've just started seeing the division – differently it's just like oh we'll get a couple DLCs those will probably be fun for 10 or 20 hours or maybe even 30 hours or maybe even 40 if we're lucky and and then and that's it you know and then we'll get a division 3 and if the division 2 isn't perfect right now then they'll get it right with the division 3 or with the division 4 or with the division 5 if it's not gonna be something that they'll build on forever it's just another product cycle right so I've kind of stopped caring about it in that sense I'm like alright alright they'll fix it later and if they don't it's also not the end of the world because they'll probably be one day where they get it right in a few years we're not even talking about the division 2 anymore we're talking about the division 3 or the division 4 you know what I mean the same could be said for a destiny – now it's very possible that development for destiny 3 has already started that they're already working on something new and the same it's possibly true for the division 3 it's it's very possible that they've already started concepting and working on the setting for the division 3 over at massive studios right now it's maybe a little bit too late right now to shift that but instead of a destiny tree or a division tree what I would like to see is them just re releasing destiny or re releasing the division and when those games release make them free-to-play make them products that you build upon forever and not be stuck with that product cycle I think that is the best way to grow a game like this if you can't do it for destiny – now then do it for the next destiny or next division and and maybe I'm getting a little bit too ahead of myself here maybe this is not at all where the industry is going but it's I would like to see it going and with bunchy making these these big steps to change the way that their game is monetized and basically the way their game works I think it's possible I think we could be going into a new era with with these type of games which I would be very very happy to see you know give me something to be passionate about again give me something that I know Oh in a few years I'll probably still be playing this that's something that you don't get with a simple product cycle so yeah Bungie good job good good steps taking the industry forward I can't wait to see what's gonna happen next all right guys it's going to be it for today I'll see you all later or like they say in the Netherlands ziyal author

What the Economic Crisis Really Means – and what we can do about it



נאמר לנו על ידי פרשנים כי המשבר הכלכלי העולמי של 2008 התרחש בשל אי יכולתם של מלווים בלתי אחראים להחזיר הלוואות זה נכון אך זהו רק חלק מבעיה שהיא עמוקה יותר הכלכלה הנוכחית תלויה במה שנקרא צמיחה מתמשכת ורצופה יתכן מאוד כי כבר עכשיו אנו בתוך מיתון גרוע משחשבנו בנקאים וממשלות לא יודו בכך כרגע אנו לא זקוקים להם בכדי להבין זאת, אנו חשים במתרחש יש לנו את האינטרנט היום בכדי לחלוק מידע אנו יכולים להשיג משהו טוב הרבה יותר ממה שקיים כרגע, אם רק נתאמץ להשיגו אינני מומחה אך קראתי במשך כמה שנים חומרים על הנושאים הללו ואני רוצה לחלוק את המידע כדי שכולנו נבין מהם הסיכונים והאפשרויות העומדות בפנינו נבחן כיצד עובדת ועל מה מבוססת מערכת הבנקאות הנוכחית נוטים לחשוב כי בנק מלווה לנו כסף שיש בידו מחסכונות אם כך היה המצב, היתה נוצרת מערכת בנקאית יציבה למדי במקום זאת קיימת מערכת של בנקאות ברזרבה חלקית בנקים יכולים להלוות כמעט את כל הכסף שהופקד ללקוחות נוספים הנה דוגמה אדם יפקיד $100 בבנק מסוים הבנק יכול להלוות $90 לאדם אחר אשר מפקיד את אותם $90 בבנק אחר, נוסף כרגע רשומים $190 בעוד שעד כה היו רק $100 מה- $90 הללו מולווים כעת, לאדם נוסף, $81 וכך הלאה. מכפלות הן של עשר עד מאה נשמע מטורף ובכן… פחות מ- 1% (אחוז) מהכסף הוא מטבעות ושטרות השאר אלו מספרים במחשבים אשר משקפים – חובות בנקאות בשיטה זו מתדלקת במהירות את הכלכלה ו"מצמיחה" אותה ומאפשרת לרובנו להחזיר חובות, עמלות וריביות רק כל עוד "הצמיחה" בכלכלה ממשיכה הסיבה שלא תוכל להמשיך ב"צמיחה" היא כי מאז המהפכה התעשייתית הכלכלה תלויה בעיקר על אספקת נפט זול מקידוחים, שמתדלדלת אם הקידוחים היו קלים לביצוע הרי כיום הם קשים יותר הנפט היה פשוט פורץ מהאדמה מאה וחמישים שנה שהאנושות מבצעת קידוחים באופן אינטנסיבי קשה יותר למצוא ולהפיק נפט מבצעים קידוחים עמוקים ביבשה ובים בציוד יקר יותר ועם סיכון רב יותר פעם הספיקה מכיתר חבית נפט 1 כדי לכסות הפקה של כ- 100 חביות כיום תכסה חבית 1 רק 10 חביות – כלומר פחות בהרבה הנפט יקר הרבה יותר היום אנו חיים על פלנטה בעלת משאבים מוגבלים, סופיים הופקו משאבים בדרך הקלה ביותר. גדלה מאוד כמות המשאבים הנצרכים השימוש במשאבים מתכלים מגיע לפסגה ממנה יש ירידה המבטאת רווחיות פחותה יותר לפי נתונים מארגון החוקר את פסגת הנפט והגז פסגת הנפט התרחשה ב 2008 אך אין זה אומר כי נגמר לנו הנפט בכלל אלא אוזל הנפט הזול כששמעתי זאת לראשונה חשבתי "לפחות משתמשים בדלק רק לתחבורה.." אך לא! מעבר לנסיעה פרטית יש את שינוע המזון ואספקת כל מוצרי הצריכה ואת כל מוצרי הצריכה האחרים שלנו החקלאות מבוססת על מכונות ורוב ההדברה מיוצרת מנפט כך גם פלסטיק, הרבה מהרפואה, כבישים צבעים, צמיגים ואפילו משחות שיניים למעשה נפט מעורב ביצור של כמעט כל מוצרי צריכה הרגילים והיומיומיים לא רק נפט הגיע לפסגת גרף ההתכלות איתו גם גז טבעי, אורניום, מינרלים נדירים ועוד חומרים חשובים אחרים. אנחנו מנסים לגדול מעבר למגבלות המשאבים של כדור הארץ האנושות מנסה לגדול מעבר ליכולת של כדור הארץ הסביבה נפגעה כך שכיום אנו סובלים מאסונות טבע עוצמתיים בתכיפות גדולה יותר ניצול משאבים אחרים שאינם מתחדשים אפשרו לנו להגיע לתרבות ההייטק של היום ניתן לדמות זאת כאילו אנו מציתים את קירות ביתנו כדיי להתחמם לא ניתן להמשיך כך כמובן על התכלות הנפט אנו יודעים. איתו גם המיתון הכלכלי זאת בשל צבירת החובות. אם נחבר את כל החובות בעולם נגיע לסכום של 150 $ ביליון נרצה לחשוב שמדינות יוכלו להלוות למדינות אחרות, אך לא זהו כסף שכולם חייבים לבנקים וללקוחותיהם הבעיה היא, זה העולם, חייזרים או חוצנים חביבים לא הולכים להציל אותנו עד כה שיטת ההלוואות הזו של הבנקים העלתה את מחירי נכסים , בתים ומניות כאמור ה"צמיחה" מאפשרת זאת וכך ניתן להחזיר חובות אך כאשר חובות מגיעים לנקודה בה אינם ניתנים לסגירה בדיוק כפי שהיו לפני המיתון הגדול מחירים יכולים ואכן צונחים בנקים בעלי שווי מנופח מלווים הרבה פחות גם העסקים הגדולים מנופחים ואיתם גם תקציבי מדינות החובות הופכים תדירים וקבועים פחות כסף זורם, הביקוש יורד ובעקבותיו המחירים פחות כסף נחוץ לרכישת טובין ורכוש בסופו של דבר מחירי הבתים ירדו – מה שקרוי דפלציה מחירי הבתים יורדים לרמתם ההגיונית כך אם יש לך משכנתא עלייך לחשוש שתישאר עם חוב גדול יותר מערך הבית שלך הרבה יגלו ששילמו כסף רב על בתים אשר ערכם נמוך יותר מצב כלכלי זה יוצר עליה באבטלה עליית מחירים של מוצרי צריכה בסיסיים ופשוט זמנים קשים כפי שהיה במהלך המיתון הגדול. כך קורה גם כרגע רק שהפעם המיתון יהיה חמור יותר זאת כיוון שמעולם לא חיינו בעולם שהוא כפר אחד גדול בשילוב עם המחסור המתמשך בנפט – המצב יהיה קשה משבר 2008 הינו רק ההתחלה מעמד הביניים נאבק בכדי לממן אוכל, דלק משכנתא או שכר הדירה וזה הולך להיות רק קשה יותר אז מה אנו יכולים לעשות בכלכלה הזו הכסף המודפס ותספורות של חובות מועבר בעיקרו לכיסויי חובות לכן הכלכלות בקושי השתקמו מאז משבר 2008 רוב הממשלות, העסקים הגדולים והתקשורת מנסים לחמוק מהדיון בנושא ומייצרים שיח מרגיע זאת בכדי לשמור על הסטאטוס קוו, המערכת הקיימת מה שרק יקשה ויחריף את המצב בטווח הארוך וכשהמצב נהייה קשה יותר נוטות הממשלות להציל את עצמן, למשל על ידי העלאת מיסים וקיצוץ בהוצאות בכל התחומים במקום לבוא בעזרה לנו, האזרחים באילוצי האינטרסים הקיימים אין לממשלות דרך אחרת, אולי חיובית יותר, לנהוג באזרחים אחרת כבר היו עושות זאת המערכת המנופחת והמסועבת צמחה עד למקסימום שלה מתחילה להתדרדר ולפרק את עצמה אט אט, חלק אחר חלק תהליך אותו הממשלות מנסות לעכב עבורי התכלות עצמית זו טובה שכן מיליוני אנשים ברחבי העולם עסוקים בליצור מערכת טובה יותר העולם התעשייתי לא סיפק לנו אושר או פתר את העוני רובנו עובדים קשה יותר מידיי, ובעבור מה בכדי לכלות את משאבי העולם ולאחר מכן לסבול מאסונות טבע מדוע לא להפחית צריכת אנרגיה? וכך להגיע לביטחון במשאבי האנרגיה שלנו לחוש גאווה שאנו מזינים עצמנו ביחסי תלות עם הסביבה ולא שליטה בה שינוי סדר עדיפויות. יצור עצמי של חפצים שימושיים אלו שנויים שניתן לעשות גם בלי רצון ממשלות לעזור יש אלטרנטיבות לקפיטליזם ואני לא מדבר עם קומוניזם שתיהן מושתתות על התעשייה. בדיוק זה אינו רצוי ובר קיימא בעולם עם פחות משאבים ופחות כסף בכיס של כל אחד אם לא נעשה משהו נגיע למצב בו התנאי החיים הם איומים קונפליקטים וגל אפשרי של פאשיזם אף אחד לא באמת רוצה בזה נלמד להסתדר אחד עם השני, לדאוג לאדמה ולסביבה לעבוד יחד בכדי להגיע לניהול אחר, שיספק חיים הוגנים ותעסוקה נאותה אנו יכולים לבחור לעבוד פחות שעות, לאכול בריא יותר לנסות לגדל בעצמנו כמה שיותר ממה שאנו אוכלים ותוך שאיפה לבלות יותר עם משפחתנו וחברינו זה לא אומר לחזור לתקופת האבן אנשים עובדים על בניית צורות חיים נוספות אורך חיים לא תעשייתי ויש מודלים שונים כבר 40 שנה אנשים ממציאים וחושבים על פתרונות לדוגמה פרמקלצר היא דרך חשיבה כזו מתוך הנחה כי ניתן להשיג הרבה עם שימוש מועט באנרגיה. גידול צפוף של מזון אורגני טכנולוגיות פשוטות פותחו בכדי לספק את צרכיו האמיתיים של האדם חימום וקירור ביעילות אנרגטית גבוהה במקומות שונים בעולם מעוצבות כלכלות מקומיות אלטרנטיבית שיויונית ויציבה יותר קהילות שינוי מגדירות את המונח מקומי מחדש למשל כאשר הליך היצור מתרחש קרוב לבית ומתאים לצרכים הגולמיים של האדם זאת בעזרת ידע טכנולוגי מתקדם ישנם אף קבוצות אשר חושבות על שיטה ברשת האינטרנט במקרה בו רשת האינטרנט תיפול והנה כמה דוגמאות בכל פעם שאני נתקל באתגר ונכנס לדאגה אני מגלה קבוצות של אנשים אשר מקדישות מאמץ בכדי למצוא פתרונות מעשיות וחיוביות ליישום בעבודה משותפת נוכל ליצור עולם טוב יותר כאן ועכשיו תקוותי היא שככל שהמערכת הקיימת תמשיך להתפורר מי בנינו אשר יבחין במתרחש יכין עצמו ויתחיל כל יוזמה מקומית או פרויקט ולהכין את הקהילות שלנו לכך כך שכשהמצב יהיה קשה יוכלו קהילות למצוא פתרון מקומי כשהמצב יחמיר נוכל לחלוק ידע לגידול מזון עצמי ושימוש בטכנולוגיות ידידותיות לסביבה המשבר הכלכלי הזה לא יהיה נחמד כלל ועיקר, בדומה לקודמיו מבשרים כלכליים בעבר לא היו זמנים נעימים והמשבר הזה יהיה גדול מכולם סבירות גבוהה למדיניות צנע וניצול סכנה בעליית הפשיזם ואף מלחמת עולם 3 הרבה אנשים מבינים מה מתרחש ומתכוננים לקראת המשבר ברגעים כאלו ערוצי המידע באינטרנט הם נכס עבורנו לכולנו צרכים בסיסיים, בטחון אישי ואנו בני מזל אם הגיענו להגשמה עצמית ואושר מה שמתרחש כרגע עובר על כולנו ואנו יכולים לבחור כיצד לעצב את העתיד יחד עשה מחקר קטנטן כדי לגלות איזה פתרונות לעולם טוב יותר אתה מוצא עבורך ותחליט/י איזה צעדים תעשה/י כדי להתחיל להגיע לשם ככל שנהייה שם יותר אנשים השינוי יעבור קל יותר, צודק יותר ואולי אף מרגש בנתיים אם נוצרה תחושת הערכה בלבך לדברים שראית כאן שלח את הסרטון הלאה – ככל שיותר אנשים יצפו במידע כך ייטב לכולנו תרגם: עודד משולם 2013