Los Angeles Real Estate Reality Check: What will $200,000 buy?



we're on the road to begin our search for a $200,000 house to find it we drive 50 miles outside of Los Angeles to Fontana in traffic that can be a two hour drive we have a 3-bedroom 1-bath home is about a thousand square feet it was built in the 50s so you know all of it is pretty authentic authentic you gotta love a real estate agents vocabulary actually realtor Shar costantino admits this house on a busy Cypress Avenue hasn't seen an update in 60 years the Walden patio wouldn't pass inspection and the backyard well there is one okay so new sprinklers and obviously there's nothing to sprinkle correct I mean there is that you know the neighboring houses aren't that bad they say this will probably be a teardown but at least this is something you can stand in even live in something you can't say about Orange County LA or the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles our 200 grand takes us to the edge of Compton we show you the inside but the squatters locked us out well if somebody lives here who lives here realtor JP Pena found this probate sale on El Segundo Boulevard it's about to go up for auction technically this is starting for 134 it's gonna be auctioned off that means it's gonna definitely drive up the price to about 200 or you think so average sells pride in the area is 345 so you're getting quite a hell of a deal for this you're getting a hell of a deal yes sir it's on a 7,000 square foot lot that would take a tractor to clear there is a church across the street but JP says you'd need a prayer and an extra hundred and fifty thousand to turn it into a livable home now don't get depressed that's next just across the street from a Santa Ana DMV office and a liquor store is an Orange County property listed by Berkshire Hathaway which responsibly has made sure a chain-link fence keeps us safe from this it's a 1920s bungalow or it was before the decades the vagrants and the fire consumed it but it's the only structure realtor Monica car could find in Orange County for two hundred thousand if you are willing to go into a condo I can show you something really cute near South Coast Plaza and Costa Mesa Santa Ana about 500 square feet a studio totally redone in a community that's gated with a pool spa gym and some amenities so no house for you in the OC but at least Monica found a structure and on flat land our final stop the San Fernando Valley we met realtor Remo Packer in the hills of Sherman Oaks where well you're not really gonna get a house yet what you're gonna get Rock you're going to get a whole bunch of rock almost 10,000 square feet of rock Wow with a view to be fair to get 10,000 square feet of hillside you need to buy both side by side Lots at 200 K we can only buy one then go to everybody we know to borrow the million and a half it would take to carve into this bedrock and build no the only thing we with our $200,000 budget have in common with this option is we're both petrified

Why did we build high-rise public housing projects?



in the spring of 2007 the Chicago Housing Authority demolished the last of the 28 buildings in the Robert Taylor homes housing project Robert Taylor homes is one of several high profile housing project demolitions from st. Louis's pruitt-igoe to the fellow Chicago project cabrini-green the demolitions serve as an admission that high-rise public housing wasn't a good idea the housing that replaced them are all low-rise projects better integrated within existing neighborhoods so why did anyone back then think this was a good idea why didn't housing authorities build these high-rise projects in the first place to understand why these high-rise projects were built we're gonna have to go back in time all the way back to the Great Depression this is when the US government really began to get seriously involved with the construction of public housing prior to the Great Depression the private market was against the idea of government competing against them but the unprecedented economic climate subdued their protests now contrary to what you might think public housing in this era was not designed to house the poorest of the poor but instead help the middle class that was now struggling thanks to the depression activists and housing advocate Katherine Bowers shaped the nation's vision for public housing in this era and literally wrote the 1937 law that really kicked off public housing in the United States she envisioned large-scale projects on the edges of communities she favored modern architectural techniques but did not favor high-rise projects this general approach of housing workers in low-rise buildings lasted until the end of World War two housing not just public housing changed dramatically in the post-war years middle class white families moved to the suburbs enduros buying single-family homes they left behind black and immigrant families who could not leave the city either because they could not afford homes or because white neighborhoods would not tolerate black families moving in banks went loan to minority families and real estate agents wouldn't show them homes in white communities white families were allowed to have a home an asset that increased in value and cemented their place in the middle class black families in the city became poorer and poorer and the federal government was about to make their lives even worse Harry Truman signed the Housing Act of 1949 which was intended to provide vast amounts of federal funding to cities to eradicate what he called slums or 5 million American families were living at the time and build new modern housing while upgrading the living conditions for millions of Americans may sound like a good idea in practice it was a disaster planners refer to this period of time as urban renewal but for many poor black urban residents it was known at the time as Negro removal as black neighborhoods were demolished but only some housing was rebuilt and much of that housing was actually intended for upper income white residents the full effects of urban renewal are far-reaching and will certainly be the subject of its own video Sunday but here's this relevant to our discussion of housing projects urban and rural directed funding at the inner cities meaning the kind of projects Katherine Bauer advocated for nice developments in the suburbs just weren't possible inner-city neighborhoods would be destroyed and replaced with completely new housing now nothing about that plan suggests that public housing authorities had to build high-rise buildings they could have replaced existing low-rise neighborhoods with low or medium rise buildings but the architectural style known as modernism was popular modern architects had already developed solutions for the slums and that solution was rows of bleak high-rise buildings lekar Busey a was the most famous of the modern architects who aim to create a modern city his plan for Paris called for the demolition of the historic Central City in its place would be 18 identical skyscrapers within super blocks of lawn and trees these towers in the park as the urban form came to be known were meant to serve as a cure for the ails of the city instead of enduring a dark dirty place with the confusing Street Network Parisians could enjoy plentiful light air and views in their Tower then take the elevator down to the park located right at the front door as the towers were identical and each floor was more or less identical they would be very efficient to build and be able to house many people that sounds pretty good right well when coreboot presented the idea back in 1925 Parisians hated it like really hated it it never came close to being built but 25 years later his ideas didn't sound so crazy anymore two reasons for this first housing advocates wanted to replace old and dilapidated housing with something better and modern towers are pretty much the opposite of slum conditions at the time remember in the area Chicago where Robert Taylor homes was built many did not have private baths and a third of housing units were overcrowded some of these residents look forward to the new modern homes with private baths new appliances Envy in fact high-rise towers may have been a good place to live if local governments and housing authorities would have maintained and policed them well enough and second modern towers can be built relatively cheaply now in the case of the Robert Taylor homes Chicago Housing Authority officials strongly preferred low-rise designs like townhouses for their new housing Elizabeth would the progressive director of the CH a at the time had tried high-rise elevator buildings in the past she was influenced by the modern tower in a park bottle of liquor booze EA but after criticism from friend Catherine Bauer would admitted that she wasn't comfortable putting people in high-rises they instead experimented with four-story buildings that were essentially two two-story townhouses stacked on top of each other unfortunately federal officials thought those plans were too costly and required Chicago to cut costs and build high-rise buildings the marginal cost of adding floors to elevator buildings is relatively low so up those buildings went it's worth noting that the federal government does not deserve all the blame one of the reasons Chicago's plans were so expensive is because the Chicago City Council responding to the desires of their white constituents refused to allow any new public housing on the outskirts of Chicago where white families were moving in droves and land was cheaper the progressive Chicago Housing Authority had long advocated for sites in white neighborhoods but the racism of white residents halted those plans enforced the mostly black residents of Robert Taylor homes into cheaper and worse high-rise buildings and that brings us back to the wrecking ball the instincts of the Chicago Housing Authority were right the towers didn't work when st. Louis tore down the pruitt-igoe project in 1972 an architectural historian called its destruction the day modern architecture died the federal government entirely rethought its approach to public housing at that point two new public housing projects were low-rise mixed income and integrated into communities the federal government also created a voucher program so families in need can rent homes on the private market I think it's safe to say the air of the high-rise public housing project is over hey everyone thanks for watching just a personal side note Katherine Bauer and her husband William Wurster co-founded the College of Environmental Design here at UC Berkeley it's one of the first schools to put architecture Landscape Architecture and city under one roof it's actually this roof right back here so thank you catherine bower for your humane vision for social housing and for my current educational institution

Los Angeles Real Estate Reality Check: What will $400,000 buy?



we are Boyle Heights this is about a hot area rang out Boyle Heights east of downtown LA a hot area and a white picket fence curb appeal good thing since the front door is practically on the curb this is definitely a great deal this looks like it's been flipped correct it is flip flipped buying a junker and fixing it up for a quick resale in this case realtor JP Pena says the flipper does pretty good work but our 400,000 is only buying 1,100 square feet of house is this typical for 400,000 or is this a good deal for 4 this is actually a good deal for 400,000 it comes with updated small bathrooms tight bedrooms you get a fireplace groceries are closed and you'll want to stretch your legs with a walk to the store because you won't be able to in the backyard this is like my fee here's the bedroom he's not kidding space comes at such a premium in this little San Fernando Valley jewel you get to choose park a car or a guest would you sleep in here I don't know the nice to put your collars gonna say it's too nice to put the car in here it's not nice enough to put your mother-in-law yeah well maybe it's just about we haven't met my mother realtor Remo Packer shows us the nicest house on a tired Street in San Fernando also 1,100 square feet and being flipped for a quick sale a peek out the window shows a real backyard and our 400 grand buys us an alarm which points again to the neighborhood there's such buyer demand right now Jeff that people need something they need something to buy so is it the ideal neighborhood no but it's fresh and it's new and people don't have to do anything to it oh if you could only say that in Orange County for the same price in Anaheim four hundred thousand buys us proof whoever was here has been evicted can't say the same for the termites what does real-estate agent Monica car thing this isn't a realist steal of a deal the the properties in this neighborhood typically go closer to 500 the last sale was 485 well it does come with air conditioning let me show you the bathrooms the guest bath that's if you don't like your guests and the master bath the back yard shows potential God I'm starting to sound like a realtor but the real zinger is actually I've been told there are multiple offers on the property and it's sold for full price it's selling for full price asking asking price 399 yep as is as this well you're getting the land remember this is Anaheim so we're in the happiest place on earth I'm here high $400,000 yes alright show me around all right now maybe by the time we got to the Inland Empire we were easy to impress but realtor char Costantino showed us a house that wasn't cramped or crumbling updated over five years by a young family room for the dog and the RV so you have an eat-in kitchen we have a family room over here and then how many bedrooms for our bedrooms four bedrooms and two full baths the house is in upland and while we could buy something newer with our four hundred thousand if we drove farther east this makes more sense for getting to work it's commuting distance into Los Angeles we have the Metrolink so you can actually get on a train and get into LA in 45 minutes

Homelessness – California's Ugly Growth Industry



the footage on your screen the picture looking at right there was shot by one of our producers last week we were out in California all week in Los Angeles supposedly one of the richest cities in the world in some ways it is but the video you're watching shows something else California is poor meandering trash filled streets right in the middle of the city right downtown block after block homeless encampments along the sidewalks blanketing downtown LA the footage you're watching starts at 5th Street and San Pedro and goes west again block after block 10th after 10th this is how the poor spent Easter Sunday in California they weren't clustered along a single road either it wasn't just like Skid Row it was like many Skid Row's we drove down three completely different blocks and the encampments just continued looks like two goofs ago poor port-au-prince but it's not it's America's second largest city the encampments begin just two blocks away from Little Tokyo one of LA's major tourist destinations nearby apartments rent for 3500 bucks a month three quarters of the homeless are sleeping in vehicles or in tents or on the street officials blame in part the cost of housing which is something experts say California has been painfully negligent in building today in LA County there are about a half a million rental units short of the market need a resident here needs to make 48 dollars an hour to pay the median rent the people are literally living in our v's miles of our V's parked along the streets and as you're watching here in tents why wouldn't ocol leaders want to slow or stop the flow of new arrivals to get prices under control to opening up new housing they're doing the opposite la is a sanctuary city in the sanctuary state one of the challenges that Los Angeles has is that we are the least affordable housing market in America that is a very large number of people who are very close to the edge at any given time and and as rents move faster than incomes many people are falling into homelessness on a regular basis LA County spent 300 million last year on shelters and services yet it's not enough on a daily base 17 more residents become homeless compared to those who find homes Karen Hicks has been in Los Angeles for a long time her family has run a business there for more than a hundred years and they say the city is becoming unlivable Karen Hicks joins us tonight Karen thanks very much for coming on tonight we're gonna put as we speak pictures on the screen I think that you took from around your business of what it actually looks like so your family has a business basically in downtown Los Angeles yes it's been in the same location for over a hundred and two years and yes these are our pictures of what is going on right around our neighborhood so we're seeing I mean some of these pictures are are almost too disgusting to put on the screen but there we have a number of them of RVs yes people are living in those fulltime yes people are living in them full time you'll notice there is raw sewage that is coming out this raw sewage it ends up in one place in our gutters which goes down to our oceans it is it's more than an environmental crisis it is a health crisis down in this area I have reached out to our council person councilman Price I've reached out to mayor Garcetti and as of today you know they have not contacted me now we got in contact with you because you copied us on an email to lawmakers in your city just happen I just saw it in our in the inbox and was so shocked by these pictures and you were nice enough to come on and tell us what does it say about your lawmakers that they don't even respond to you you know it it's so disheartening to know that you know we're kind of at the bottom of the totem pole we have a very good relationship with our senior lead officer in our area and he is the only one if anything positive does happen it's only because of him personally my calls to the city just they go unanswered or is why they not know I mean it's so Garcetti your mayor lives there and the city is falling apart and it as your again on the screen raw sewage in the street I mean what's their explanation for this Wow I would love to hear it but like I said they they will not contact me and you know I would love to have a discussion about you have invited them here to live on our streets and our sidewalks by disregarding the laws that are actually in place and not letting our law enforcement actually enforce these laws so now you need to deal with what this has brought that's what I would love to say to them but I haven't had the opportunity it's up right now so your family's been there for over a hundred years providing jobs and paying taxes you're in for the long haul absolutely you owned all this infrastructure in the middle of Los Angeles and yet you're the one they're ignoring and they're catering to people who aren't even from there who are relieving themselves in the streets I mean how sheltered do you feel our voice is not heard extremely and I think when I sent that email I was at the end of our rope yeah and angry you have every reason to be angry and I hope that you will come back with an update on this if they don't listen to you let's get louder because this is totally on it this is when civilization collapses in this trash that has been piling up in downtown Los Angeles resulting in typhus and so on the cause of it appears to be the tremendous increase in homelessness that's been reported widely across California all of my friends and neighbors are dealing with issues with it I'm dealing with in my community which is an affluent community they're dealing with it in downtown Los Angeles and we've got a second problem we have a big release of prison populations the Supreme Court has ordered California to release prisoners because we don't have proper housing for them so California is again and again demonstrating the failure to provide the most basic governmental needs for its people but la is not the only ones great California city that is crumbling San Francisco may have fallen even further the nonprofit organization opened the books created a simple map the map shows every instance it's on the screen now in the past eight years where human waste has been reported on the sidewalks of San Francisco at least we assume this is San Francisco there's so much Brad and you can't even see the map it's easy to laugh about this and we do sometimes but imagine what would be like if you were from San Francisco imagine if you could remember when San Francisco was still a great city livable place where ordinary people live not just tech plutocrats imagine if you watched your own home sink beneath piles of garbage and used needles and human waste San Francisco has more billionaires per capita than any city in the world the reason will nearby Silicon Valley it's generated unprecedented wealth there were several multibillion-dollar IPOs this year alone but beneath this wealth is extreme inequality the city of San Francisco has thousands of homeless people living on the sidewalks if you've been there recently you know that that's true the city has a flourishing drug scene some of neighborhoods have open-air heroin markets in broad daylight cops do nothing about them so despite its booming economy San Francisco has lost its grip on its homeless problem and is struggling to provide basic services this was the scene outside our hotel in San Francisco a homeless man hungry for dinner digging through a trash can for food the epicenter of homelessness in San Francisco is the Tenderloin neighborhood it's just blocks from tourist attractions like Union Square and major thoroughfares like Market Street in the Tenderloin we saw junkies shooting up in broad daylight and homeless people wielding makeshift knives one threatened to stab our camera crew because we were filming there in this video a mother and daughter wait for a public bus standing just feet from a drug-addled man who's too intoxicated to put on his own coat the city has about 470 intravenous drug users per square mile one reason so many homeless congregate in the area is a place called glide memorial church like the city around it glide is political and post Christian back in the 60s it removed its crosses to be more welcoming this man was out cold on a sidewalk just blocks from the church next to him a partially eaten birthday cake syringes at the city passes out in water packets that help addicts cook heroin on the street how does the city this rich get so dirty one reason in San Francisco no longer enforces quality of life citations like sleeping on the sidewalk or public urination the city used to use citations as leverage to get people off the streets but in 2016 a liberal judge called Christopher hight flushed all 64,000 outstanding warrants for quality of life crimes every one from 2011 to 2015 but it's not just quality of life crimes San Francisco now finds it difficult to enforce any law there you go just broken smash-and-grab car thefts are everywhere a huge problem in San Francisco but cops make arrests in fewer than 2% of them police station in the Tenderloin complained that it's impossible to get convictions against drug dealers so they don't even try to enforce the law one officer told the San Francisco Chronicle that the police now allow criminals to operate even when cops know who they are and what they're up to one consequence of not enforcing those laws rampant drug abuse well beyond the Tenderloin we videotaped this man shooting up heroin right in front of City Hall in broad daylight here's a picture of two people shooting up at Mission Dolores Park a three-bedroom row house right next to these junkies currently sells for six million dollars former mayor mark Farrell told local media that even he had stepped on a used needle once at the Civic Center Plaza right near downtown but nothing's changing despite the reports and the money that San Francisco spends on cleaning its streets we found syringes and human feces all over the city open the books calm has assembled a every case of hypodermic needles found in the streets of San Francisco since 2011 take a look at that believe it or not things can get even worse in 2018 there were 9520 reported needles on the street that's used needles on the street the number is more than double the number from 2016 and thirty three times as many as were reported in 2011 schoo is literally becoming unlivable by the day even by the hour two California lawmakers care no they really don't where's Nancy Pelosi in this she lives in Pacific Heights right in the San Francisco you wouldn't know it she never mentions any of these things this neighborhood in East Palo Alto California is so close to Facebook's global headquarters that Mark Zuckerberg could ride his bike to it tech billionaires like Sergey Brin and Tim Cook live within 10 miles but the people who live on Bay Road in East Palo Alto aren't quite as fortunate as their Silicon Valley neighbors there's no place in America that better illustrates the massive inequality caused by our booming tech sector on any given night more than a hundred thousand people are homeless in the state of California nearly eight of ten of them live on the streets but there's homelessness in poor areas to consider Stockton that's a city in California's Central Valley the housing downturn hit Stockton so hard that the city filed for municipal bankruptcy in 2012 current rent prices in some neighborhoods are as low as six hundred and eighty dollars a month and yet our investigation found homeless people all over Stockton under overpasses next to highways along rivers and canals near downtown on the outskirts of town 50 miles north and Sacramento the state capital things are just as bad maybe worse every public place we visited it in Sacramento had homeless people a bike path along the American River downtown lined with tents in one neighborhood just north of the city center homeless Californians camp out near soup kitchens encampments on North B Street go on for a mile what's striking about the homelessness in Sacramento is how prominent it is it would be impossible to visit the city and not see it they were people living at the Cesar Chavez Plaza right in the heart of downtown this photo shows a multi tent encampment literally at City Hall the Public Library essentially functions as a day shelter it's filled with homeless people charging their phones using computers bathing in the bathroom people are even living on the grounds of the State Capitol building when we visited one issues that the city doesn't have enough shelter space local officials are doing a terrible job of finding places to put people the last city run homeless shelter in Sacramento closed in April now the shelter is going to be used as a marijuana cultivation and distribution center of course California tent cities should humiliate the state leaders they don't see me humiliated Gavin Newsom the governor out there said this California is what happens when rights are respected when workers reward and when nature's protecting when diversity is celebrated in free markets are free markets we are nothing less than the progressive answer to a transgressive president that's silly

Free Update Content with TwoDollarsTwenty | Cities: Skylines Industries Tutorial Part 7



g'day guys tell us 20 here and welcome back to City skylines industries this is gonna be the last tutorial from me and I'm gonna spend it looking at the new content that comes with the free updates I'm gonna start by checking out the new toll booths which will raise extra revenue for the city however will also create extra congestion on the roads so to avoid this only replacing them around the outskirts of the city you can find the toll booths in the road section under the very own tab and there's four to choose from I'm placing mine on a three lane highway so I'm gonna choose the four lane toll booth and place two going in either direction once I've done that I'm gonna waste my money placing down some trees and then I can actually change the price of the tickets when I click on the building and use the slider to decrease or increase the ticket price another cool feature with the free update is the ability to make buildings historical you can make a building historical by clicking on it and then clicking the historical building button and this would mean the building will continue to level up by won't actually change its appearance I'm gonna do this around my downtown to keep the skyline looking quite prominent and the rest of the buildings much lower down and I'm also gonna do this for buildings that I just like the look of and when I keep that look in the city the last feature I want to talk about is something that is quite interesting and allies within the map theme editor and this feature allows you to create custom name lists for your map theme the really cool thing about this is you can really customize the names of pretty much anything that spawns in your city ranging from industrial buildings to commercial buildings to people to districts you really have a lot of freedom making these names and I think it's going to make for some really interesting and unique map themes down the track but guys that is it for these tutorials I really had a lot of fun exploring the new industries DLC and I just want to say big thanks to Paradox Interactive for asking me to collaborate with them I hope these tutorials are been useful and I look forward to seeing your creations in the near future I'll see you later