## How to Prepare For and Deal With Sand ðŸ’© or Gravel In The Corner

It’s probably one of our biggest fears as
riders. We’re using up traction to lean and turn
through corner, and then we come across gravel or sand or something slippery right in the
middle of a bend. What can we do as riders to be in the best
position to deal with this? Hello fellow CanyonChasers! With only two tires keeping us upright, being
vigilant and constantly aware of how much available traction we have at any given time
is key to becoming a good rider. So let’s talk about traction for a moment. We’ve mentioned this in previous videos,
but it’s worth bringing up again. Amontons Law of Friction. The first law: The force of friction is directly
proportional to the applied load. And the second law: the force of friction
is independent of the apparent area of contact. What this is telling us, in basic terms, is
that grip comes from weight, not the size of our contact patch. If you are sitting at a desk, lightly place
your hand on the table and slide it across the surface. No problem right. But what happens if you put weight on your
hand. Obviously it’s a lot harder to move because
grip comes from weight. Now let’s do that with this tire. No weight on the tire, I can slide it around
easily. But if I put weight on it, it’s suddenly
a lot harder to move. The second part of this is if we want to slow
down, we need to, as the racers say “wait for the weight” We need to allow time and
space for the weight of the bike to shift onto the front wheel so that we have adequate
pressure, or weight, over the front tire to be able to slow down without losing grip. Most riders who tuck the front or lock their
front tire do so by grabbing the brakes before the weight of the bike has shifted onto the
front tire. Conversely, lots of rear tire slides can be
attributed to whacking the gas open before the weight has transferred to the rear tire. So now, let’s go back to the reason you are
here. Dealing with that slippery thing in the corner
whether it be sand, gravel or even water running across the road. Lets face it, when it comes to something slippery
in the corner; if you hit it while leaned over, it’s really anybody’s guess as to
what is going to happen next. You might be fine. You might land on your head. When you find yourself on top of something
slippery, which will happen, is don’t do anything abrupt. At this point, your best option is to just
let the bike do it’s thing and hope for the best. I don’t know about you, but I’d rather not be in this situation. So really what we are trying to do is, if
at all possible, avoid the slippery thing or at the very least not be leaned over if
we do run over it. That means we need to be able to do one of
three things. One, alter our course and go around the slippery
thing. Two, alter our path of travel so that we can
go over the slippery thing with little to no lean angle or three, stop before we even
reach the slippery thing. First, we need to put ourselves on what will
likely be the cleanest part of the corner, which is also the part of the corner that
gives us the most visibility. When cars go around a bend, they lean the
wrong way. They put their weight onto the outside tires. The weight on the outside tires tends to scrub
the road surface clean. So a good way to minimize slippery things
and simply avoid a lot of slippery things in corners is to enter the corner with an
initial outside path of travel. Now, there’s still a lot of people who are
saying that the safest way to ride through a corner is to do all of your slowing before
the turn, then get off the brakes and either accelerate or maintain a steady throttle throughout
the entire bend. But what happens if we’re accelerating into
a corner when we see that slippery thing on the road? What choices do we have? Well, most of us are going to want to slow
down. We can snap the bike upright then brake as
hard and as fast as we can and A) hope that we have enough road and grip to stop in time
and B) hope that there isn’t anybody coming up
behind us. Or we can try to transition from gas to brakes
while still leaning, but in order to do that, we need to roll off the throttle and onto
the brakes, and do so gently enough so that there is time for the weight of the bike to
shift onto the front tire so that we have enough grip and we don’t slide the front
tire. A large number of riders crash at this stage,
before they even reach the slippery thing. Transitioning from acceleration to slowing
while leaning is really hard to manage because we are already leaned over and we are using
some of our 100 points of traction to turn. The biggest contributing factor to these crashes
is the huge sense of urgency. The rider’s brain knows they need to get
off the gas and get to the brakes, so they rush to make it happen as quickly as possible. But by rushing this stage, they don’t wait
for the weight, and they’ll typically just overload the front tire and fall down. But let’s say we do manage to transition
from the gas to the brakes smoothly while leaned over. How far have we traveled from the point we
saw the sand until the point we could begin slowing down? For most of us, it’s going to take about
five to seven seconds to recognize the threat, get off the gas and start slowing. Even if we are only traveling about 60kph
(45mph), in five seconds, we’ve already traveled more than 80 meters (260 feet) before
we can really begin shedding speed in earnest. That’s almost an entire football field This is one of the fundamental flaws of the
“Slow, Look, Press and Roll” method. It really only works if you can see the entire
corner, or if you can see into the future. Now, let’s say we are trail braking into a
corner with our front brake. Which is to say, we’re still doing the majority
of our braking before the turn, but then trailing off the front brake after the entrance of
the turn and dragging a little bit less and less of the front as the bike begins to lean. Even if we are only using a mere 1-percent
of our bikes braking ability. When we see the slippery thing all we need
to do is slowly add back a little more brake pressure. Gently of course. We don’t want to panic and just hoik on
the brakes, but slowly and progressively add more pressure. We’ve eliminated several steps to slowing
compared to the guy in the previous example, so there’s way less need to rush. Because we were already on the front brake,
the bikes weight is already on the front tire. So how far will we travel in the time it takes
us to recognize the slippery thing and begin gently slowing down even more? Maybe 20 meters or about 65 feet. We now have about 60 meters, about 200 feet,
more space and time to work with. Traveling at 60kph most of us should be able
to stop in about 30 to 40 meters (100 to 130 feet) depending on how far we were leaned
over when we saw the slippery thing. But let’s go worse case. We just don’t see the slippery thing with
much time to spare. If we’re on the gas, accelerating or even
just steady throttle, despite the misnomer that it’s better to slide a rear tire, when
it comes to paved roads, sliding a rear tire in a corner typically results in a high-side. The rear tire slides over the slippery thing,
but then when it gets to clean pavement again, it grips and we get thrown up and over the
high-side of the motorcycle – a very violent crash. Now, worst case with gently slowing with the
front brake. We’re already slowing, but we can’t slow
enough to stop or go over the sand straight up and down, but at least we’re going slower
than we were when we saw the slippery thing. And worse case, if the front tire slides out
from under us, It’s a low-side. Which, while still a crash and still totally
sucky, is way less violent than a high-side, and, again, at least we were able to slow
down even if only a bit. What we are really trying to do is give ourselves
the most options to deal with the unexpected. None of us can see into the future, so accelerating
when we can’t see what’s coming is tempting fate. Even riding at very conservative speeds, it’s
too easy to misjudge a corner or not be able to predict that a car is about to pull out
of a hidden driveway, or who knows what. The best way to deal with something slippery
in a corner, or anything unexpected in a corner, is to avoid it, and the best way to avoid
it is to gently slow into the bend, until you can see your exit, and you can verify
that it’s clear. And guess what, you can actually practice
this just by walking alongside your bike. Walk next to your bike and gently squeeze
the brake lever until you can just barely hear and feel your brake pads touch the rotors. It doesn’t take much. Maybe just enough that you can hear the brake
light switch activate. Just that little bit of pressure is all it
takes as we slow into a corner, just that little bit is all we need to put a little
extra weight onto that front tire to give it more grip, to help the bike change direction,
and to give us more options to be able to slow down even more if we come across something
unexpected or something slippery in a corner. So, what’s the craziest thing you’ve ever
been surprised by in a corner? How did you survive it? Let us know in the comments below. In the meantime,thank you Karol in Poland
for inspiring us to make this video, and if you liked it, please hit that thumbs up and
maybe even subscribe, you can also click on that little bell if you’d like to be notified
whenever we upload another video. Thanks so much for watching and ride well.

## Activists protesting companies working with ICE arrested at Amazon in Cambridge

and allies gathered at the
Holocaust Memorial Thursday
evening, protesting the
practice of private companies
professionally collaborating
with ICE. 55/ Yoni Kamensky 9:06
his arm and somehow my father
know what to do with that
They marched through the streets of Boston during the evening
rush? NATS motorcycle ?a mile
and a half,
down Charles Street, over the
Longfellow Bridge, redirecting
traffic?before finally arriving at
their destination: Amazon’s
Cambridge headquarters. Puzzled employees trying to
leave work had to weave their
way
through the crowd now camped in
the lobby. Some, with police escort. Organizers with Never Again
Action, a nationwide group
formed two months ago say
private tech companies are
working with ICE, selling data
bases and software. :32 these tools are being used
to dehumanize entire
communities, to
create terror, to track people
and
round them up, put them into detention and then ultimately
deport them
NATS 24:09 and yes, amazon is
part of this crime Last year
Amazon
employees wrote executives a letter, detailing their concerns
about the relationship with ICE. :50 during the holocaust, IBM
created punch card and data
systems that were used in every
concentration camp to track our
ancestors