What Is Impeachment And How Does It Work? | NBC News Now


NBC’S PETE WILLIAMS BREAKS DOWN HOW THE COMPLICATED PROCESS HOW THE COMPLICATED PROCESS WORKS. WORKS.>>HERE ARE SOME OF THE MAIN>>HERE ARE SOME OF THE MAIN THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT IMPEACHMENT. IMPEACHMENT. POINT ONE, THE TERM ACTUALLY POINT ONE, THE TERM ACTUALLY REFERS ONLY TO THE FILING OF REFERS ONLY TO THE FILING OF FORMAL CHARGES. FORMAL CHARGES. SO IF THE HOUSE IMPEACHES, THE SO IF THE HOUSE IMPEACHES, THE SENATE HOLDS A TRIAL ON THOSE SENATE HOLDS A TRIAL ON THOSE CHARGES TO DECIDE WHETHER THE CHARGES TO DECIDE WHETHER THE PRESIDENT SHOULD BE REMOVED FROM PRESIDENT SHOULD BE REMOVED FROM OFFICE. OFFICE. IF IT DOES VOTE TO DO THAT, IT IF IT DOES VOTE TO DO THAT, IT CAN HOLD A SEPARATE VOTE ON CAN HOLD A SEPARATE VOTE ON WHETHER TO BAR THAT PERSON FROM WHETHER TO BAR THAT PERSON FROM EVER HOLDING FEDERAL OFFICE IN EVER HOLDING FEDERAL OFFICE IN THE FUTURE. THE FUTURE. POINT TWO, NO PRESIDENT HAS EVER POINT TWO, NO PRESIDENT HAS EVER BEEN REMOVED FROM OFFICE THIS BEEN REMOVED FROM OFFICE THIS WAY. WAY. TWO PRESIDENTS, ANDREW JOHNSON TWO PRESIDENTS, ANDREW JOHNSON AND BILL CLINTON WERE IMPEACHED AND BILL CLINTON WERE IMPEACHED IN THE HOUSE, BUT THE SENATE IN THE HOUSE, BUT THE SENATE VOTED NOT TO CONVICT EITHER OF VOTED NOT TO CONVICT EITHER OF THEM. THEM. RICHARD NIXON RESIGNED AFTER THE RICHARD NIXON RESIGNED AFTER THE HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE APPROVED THREE ARTICLES OF APPROVED THREE ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT BUT BEFORE THE FULL IMPEACHMENT BUT BEFORE THE FULL HOUSE VOTED ON THEM. HOUSE VOTED ON THEM. POINT THREE, THE CONSTITUTION POINT THREE, THE CONSTITUTION PROVIDES THAT A PRESIDENT CAN BE PROVIDES THAT A PRESIDENT CAN BE IMPEACHED FOR, QUOTE, TREASON, IMPEACHED FOR, QUOTE, TREASON, BRIBERY OR OTHER HIGH CRIMES AND BRIBERY OR OTHER HIGH CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS. MISDEMEANORS. TREASON AND BRABIBERY ARE WELL TREASON AND BRABIBERY ARE WELL UNDERSTOOD BUT THE CONSTITUTION UNDERSTOOD BUT THE CONSTITUTION DOES NOT DEFINE HIGH CRIMES AND DOES NOT DEFINE HIGH CRIMES AND MISDEMEANORS. MISDEMEANORS. A PRESIDENT CAN BE IMPEACHED FOR A PRESIDENT CAN BE IMPEACHED FOR ABUSING THE POWERS OF THE OFFICE ABUSING THE POWERS OF THE OFFICE OR FOR ACTING IN A MANNER THAT’S OR FOR ACTING IN A MANNER THAT’S CONSIDERED INCOMPATIBLE WITH THE CONSIDERED INCOMPATIBLE WITH THE OFFICE. OFFICE. IF THE HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE IF THE HOUSE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE APPROVES ARTICLES OF APPROVES ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT, THEN THE FULL HOUSE IMPEACHMENT, THEN THE FULL HOUSE VOTES AND A SIMPLE MAJORITY OF VOTES AND A SIMPLE MAJORITY OF THOSE PRESENT IS REQUIRED TO THOSE PRESENT IS REQUIRED TO IMPEACH. IMPEACH. IF THE IMPEACHMENT VOTE PASSES, IF THE IMPEACHMENT VOTE PASSES, MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE ARE MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE ARE APPOINTED TO SERVE AS APPOINTED TO SERVE AS PROSECUTORS IN THE SENATE TRIAL. PROSECUTORS IN THE SENATE TRIAL. THE CONSTITUTION REQUIRES THAT THE CONSTITUTION REQUIRES THAT WHEN A PRESIDENT HAS BEEN WHEN A PRESIDENT HAS BEEN IMPEACHED BY THE HOUSE, THE IMPEACHED BY THE HOUSE, THE SUPREME COURT CHIEF JUSTICE SUPREME COURT CHIEF JUSTICE PRESIDES OVER THE TRIAL. PRESIDES OVER THE TRIAL. EACH SIDE CAN OFFER EVIDENCE. EACH SIDE CAN OFFER EVIDENCE. THEN A TWO-THIRDS VOTE IS THEN A TWO-THIRDS VOTE IS REQUIRED FOR CONVICTION. REQUIRED FOR CONVICTION. IF THAT HAPPENS, THE PRESIDENT IF THAT HAPPENS, THE PRESIDENT IS IMMEDIATELY REMOVED FROM IS IMMEDIATELY REMOVED FROM OFFICE. OFFICE. IF THE SENATE CONDUCTS A IF THE SENATE CONDUCTS A SEPARATE VOTE ON WHETHER TO SEPARATE VOTE ON WHETHER TO DISQUALIFY THAT PERSON FROM EVER DISQUALIFY THAT PERSON FROM EVER AGAIN HOLDING FEDERAL OFFICE, AGAIN HOLDING FEDERAL OFFICE, THAT REQUIRES A SMLIMPLE MAJORIT THAT REQUIRES A SMLIMPLE MAJORIT TO PASS. TO PASS. POINT FIVE, THE SENATE’S VOTE IS POINT FIVE, THE SENATE’S VOTE IS FINAL. FINAL. BECAUSE THE CONSTITUTION GIVES BECAUSE THE CONSTITUTION GIVES THE SENATE THE SOLE POWER TO THE SENATE THE SOLE POWER TO IMPEACH, AN IMPEACHMENT IMPEACH, AN IMPEACHMENT CONVICTION CANNOT BE APPEALED IN CONVICTION CANNOT BE APPEALED IN ANY COURT.