RV Renovation Tips!



how's it going I'm Jarrod Gillis welcome to another all about RVs today we're going to be talking about the the tips some of the advice that we have for renovating your RV you guys had tons of questions from the tour that we did in the last video from that you guys had so many questions about just all those things we're gonna wrap that up to help you if you're wanting to renovate your RV here's some tips on how to do that let's start off with a couple of quick easy ones so the the wallpaper that we put in the backsplash area of the kitchen or the wallpaper that we used up in our bedroom kind of give it that weathered look those were real easy to install and do we just made sure that our wall was clean and and ready for the wallpaper it had a self-adhesive back to it so we just made sure we weren't sticking our hands on it getting it sticky we have heard of people having those peel off the wall we haven't had any issue with that and we've been going on for quite a while but if you were wanting to get some wallpaper like that I'll put a link down in the description maybe pin that first comment with links to some of that that wallpaper and anything else that we talked about in this video that you can buy on Amazon so also that map a lot of people have questions about that map and where we got it we just ordered it right off of Amazon again prime shipping easy to get we built a little frame around it that was just some wood that we had sitting around I think it was like a fence picket or something like that and we built a frame and and stuck it to the wall so that's where the mat came from now speaking of the walls a lot of people had questions on what was the process for painting what paint do you recommend how well has it worked out so our paint has worked out really well we haven't had issues with it getting scraped off or scratches or or anything like that it's adhered to the wall very well and so it's not like your typical home with drywall so what is that process so I would first start off saying that you want to clean it best you can so clean it with a product like TSP you just want to get the oil from the hands or anything from like the cooking area you want to get all that off so that your paint can adhere to the wall the best that it possibly can and then I recommend primering the walls before you put the paint color on there now we just put the primer right on the wallpaper put a thin coat of primer you don't want too soft and that wallpaper to where it wants to come off the walls so just a light coat of primer let that dry overnight fully dry so that you're not keeping a wet moist surface while you're doing it and then go ahead and roll on and paint your walls you're probably gonna have to do a couple of coats of paint a lot of people also asked what type of paint do you use and so I believe we just used Glidden I didn't need much and I wasn't too worried about it but I really like sherwin-williams paints I've painted a lot of exterior of homes when I was a contractor a lot of interior I've done a lot of painting and Sherwin Williams was just my favorite so that's usually the one that I leaned towards and usually end up picking but and here we just used a Glidden and it worked out great now let's talk about painting the cabinets because painting the cabinets is a little bit different in the process in which you do it so the prep that I add in here is I'm gonna grab some light sandpaper like a 320 even like a 400 and I'm just gonna scuff them up just a little bit I just want to edge into whatever finish is on there so that my primer is gonna bond best to the wood I'm not sanding it down to bare wood I'm just scuffing them up just a little bit to allow that bond to better happen so clean scuff clean primer paint now I recommend going to Sherwin Williams again get a good primer that will go well with the I think it's a pro classic it's almost like an enamel the paint that I recommend for going on here from Sherwin Williams it flows really well when you're painting your cabinets you don't want a bunch of stipple or brush marks or anything like that you just want a nice smooth clean look it's going to give you a hard finish to it so you don't have to clear coat over the top it's going to give you a cleanable surface and it's gonna flow well so those three things are why I recommend going with the the pro classic from Sherwin Williams but if you get a cheap paintbrush it's probably gonna leave streaks and lines a good paintbrush really goes a long ways and when I'm using a roller for some of the flatter larger areas I'm going to use something that's gonna give me a really smooth finish so I'll just use some of those those little 6-inch rollers and for some of the flat surfaces and a good Purdy brush and take care of your brush clean it out really well after you're done painting I see so many people with bad paintbrushes and bad paint jobs because they have a bad paintbrush and they don't clean it out well so small little slide tip but hey you guys are asking how these things come out the way they do just take care of your equipment and buy a good brush now moving on to flooring this might be one that is more of a do as I say not as I do because what I recommend is probably not what I ended up doing but what we ended up putting in here is just a click together laminate flooring it is one of the thinnest lightest laminate floors that I have found it's nothing super special is really inexpensive from Lowe's but I picked this one because of the height of it it was it was pretty thin and it matched exactly the height of the flooring that we pulled out well almost exactly the right height we we kept it just a little bit shorter so that we could put a piece of luan it's just like this piece of plywood that we'll put down on the floor when the slide comes in so it's the proper height and we have an area of the slide that would scratch the floor I think there's like a some kind of rivet or something underneath there that I can't quite get to to file to smooth out but it would scratch the floor as it comes in so we just stick a piece of luan right there the slide slides right up on the luan and then it goes right back out and it just helps protect our floor when we're driving when we pull it in when we pull it out what I would more than likely recommend for people putting in flooring in their RV is probably like a vinyl product like a vinyl tile that you can put in there I say vinyl tile it's it's like a vinyl plank is what it is so usually that's going to be lighter it's going to be easier you could bring in the like the sheet good of it but if you've never done that before it can be difficult to put in the vinyl planks are usually good for weight they're good for durability and they're easier to install and they're they work really well for water and they come in all kinds of different things you can have them look like tile you can have them look like wood there's some really nice ones out there so check out the the vinyl planks but before we move on from flooring let's talk about that transition strip because we had a lot of questions about how I made that transition strip from the slide to the main floor in the RV so I think I think I have a piece left over from when we did that this here is the one of the test pieces that I had had made it's just I just took a 2×4 and because it's almost it was a little bit wider then that gap was and then I just put it through the the saw we had a table saw and so I cut this side and then I cut that side at the different heights because there was a little bit of a difference in the height between the two and then I sloped this side a little bit and then I also sloped this side so it was a lot of different cuts this was a cut through the table saw this was a cut through the table saw and I ended up angling that just a little bit and then this was a cut through the table saw so it had to pass this through quite a few times it was just one 2×4 and I used one side for the left side and then the bottom side for the right side it worked out pretty well it was pretty cheap I mean how cheap is a 2×4 and it's just pine which the floor of mimics pine so it worked well found a stain that went along with it and then we clear coated it so that way it's protected and that was our solution for covering that gap between the slide and the main floor we also had a lot of questions about weight now the floor was probably one of the heaviest things we put in here it's not a ton of flooring but it does add up so we still have more weight that we could add to this trailer not that we're trying to add weight but it's a toy hauler so it's got a really strong frame and it's meant to drive a vehicle in the back of it and so we're actually still underweight in the trailer and weight is a concern when you're wanting to renovate your RV my recommendation would be to consider weight and everything that you change if you're pulling something out and you're putting something back in consider the weight is adding weight how much weight is it weighing less you might even be saving weight on some of the things you did which we'll be talking about the dinette in a second which I think is lighter than the original dinette that was in here so consider weight on your your flooring and the different things that you build and what you're building your products out of but now let's talk about the dinette because the dinette is something that really matches our style a whole lot more than what was there originally when we pulled out let's just talk about the benches we pulled out those benches first they were made out of particle board which is somewhat heavier we built these benches out of pine I know that's not the best like woodworking wood out there but the Doug Fir pine looks good for what we were going for and it doesn't weigh a ton so these benches they're pretty light we can move them out move them in move them around we also had questions about do those benches scratch the floor so the benches we did a lot of sanding on them and a lot of refining when we put them in and so the the bottoms that they're they don't scratch the floor when you slide it or when we drive if it moves around a little bit we're not concerned about it scratching the floor the issue is if you get sand in here and if you get sand underneath anything and you get a hard surface pushing it into the floor you're gonna cause a scratch or some kind of a blemish into the floor so what we do is we just try and keep the floors clean we keep the floors clean we haven't had any scratches and it hasn't really been a big issue now the table we built out of the same Doug firs that we did the the benches out of and they they match that way that they match same stain same clear coat and all that so we put these together we used like a biscuit joint in between three different sheets of to buy wood so we put those together we even did some pocket screws underneath there to hold that all together I put a kerf underneath each end of the table so I took a saw blade and I I cut through just a portion of the table and then I put angle metal up inside that table so that it will keep it straight so it added some strength going laterally across the table and it's just on the same hardware that we had in this area now this table might look heavier than the one that was in here before but actually particle board is some of the heaviest wood it seems like you can put a rig like this using this Doug Fir it's actually lighter than the table was before as far as is the weight of it so switching out the table was good on weight switching out the benches was good on weight so some of those things saved us weight to offset the weight of say the floor questions we had whoa Oh the water filter a lot of people asked about the water filter cuz I just brushed over that in the tour and we ended up using an RO water filter I've had a lot of experience in the past with those I just prefer the RO system it works silently in the background to fill up that storage of water we have a couple gallon pressure tank that's underneath the sink and that will fill up when we're connected to city water if we need to fill up water jugs because we're going out boondocking we just fill up those those water jugs so if you're interested in the same ro filter that we have just check the link in the description I know some people are concerned that the RO actually takes out too much stuff out of your water but if you have a well-balanced diet and you're making sure you're getting all your vitamins and minerals and all that through your diet I think the RO is a great way to really filter that water when you're going to different municipalities even RV parks have different well water you're able to filter that and have a safe drinking system I almost forgot because it wasn't kind of the main part of the tour but we have a questions about the exterior paint and I've always been a little reluctant to share this one with you because I wasn't sure how the exterior paint was going to hold up so let's take a look at that so when we repainted the rig one of the biggest things that when we did it we didn't really have any money so I did it the most cost-effective way that I can find and that was the rust-oleum $50 paint job and so I don't really shared how we did it and all that because I wasn't I wasn't positive on how long it was going to last we're going to years on this so it's doing well so far but I know that's not like the full length of how long I hope that it goes I wasn't sure how the look of it was gonna be in the beginning where we're pleased with it not perfect but we're definitely pleased with it it's an improvement for what we did and like I said it was called the rust-oleum $50 paint job and what's involved in that is you get professional rust-oleum paint that's what it's called the professional rust Oleum paint and you mix it 50/50 with mineral spirits and you you hold it on you actually roll the finish on to your RV and that was what makes up the rust-oleum $50 paint job because you can like paint your car with with 50 bucks and people have done it and they've had some great results so you can see the results that we've had here so if I was going to recommend somebody doing this or give somebody tips I would say the key to getting it to how you would like it is prep work prep work is going to be key in all of that and it will be a ton of work pulling off all those decals for us it was extremely difficult of course we ended up doing this kind of in the colder months which helped us in the painting did not help us in pulling off the decals it took a lot of labour to get those decals off and then I roughed up the surface with that that wet sandpaper kind of give it something to bond to and then I put a few coats of the the color on so we just did white and then we painted on our decals so I I put three stripes on each side that were their existing I kind of marked out where they were originally so I didn't have to try and generate or fabricate my my own kind of a design but we just kept a few stripes on each side and we mask those off with tape we we painted over them and just use the rest'll to hem gray and they've been holding up well so if you're crazy enough to try something like this to paint your RV another tip I would give you is when you're rolling it you want very moderate temperatures you don't want it freezing cold and you definitely don't want it hot warm or in the Sun because when you're you're going and you're rolling you want to roll that wet edge all the way through you don't want to have a dry edge that you're coming back up so a nice smooth roller that you can just work very quickly across the RV because you're gonna roll it on is gonna create a few bubbles and then you're just gonna come back hit it to knock those bubbles down so you don't get any kind of weird drips or runs or anything like that it's you really want to practice it before you start doing it on your rig because I ended up having to do the the nose of it twice because I hated the look of it getting it down to smooth again and rolling it on properly in a good temperature really made a big improvement and and doing the front again you can see you can see this shine you could probably see some of the ripples in there but I'm much happier with it than what we had originally well I think that's gonna do it for today so remember as always get out there and enjoy your RV so if you like this video give us a thumbs up if you haven't already please hit that subscribe button and if we don't see you on the road hopefully we'll see you in the next video

Detroit Axles & Manufacturing



because a business is only as good as the performance of its trucks successful companies worldwide settle for nothing less than Detroit axles Detroit axles are built alongside the legendary engines on Detroit's 3.2 million square foot facility in Detroit Michigan Detroit front and rear axles for heavy and medium duty commercial vehicles have quality built in through superior design processes and quality checks and balances it all starts with the front axle Detroit axles manufactures hundreds of foot axles per day building each from scratch only Detroit axles use needle bearings which roll against the kingpin causing less friction and wear than bushings which rub combined with a watertight knuckle assembly this means less maintenance and longer axle life for you Detroit axles design is proven in millions of trucks around the world every day Detroit axles produces hundreds of model for rear axles for larger applications and model to rear axles for smaller applications whatever your performance demands you can choose either model to optimize your weight and cost advantages Detroit axles design is packed with performance features like steel customized for Detroit axles gear sets for maximum strength minimum distortion and less weight a ring gear that is integrated into the differential case reduces the number of parts so it's studio and more compact and a differential design that's the largest in its class for unmatched stability robustness and Ear life that excellence continues in our processes starting with the gear set the heart of the rear axle wing gear and pinion tooth profiles are precision machined using a power dry cutting process the only one of its kind in the u.s. gear sets are machined to the ten thousandths of an inch for such tight tolerances that any pin can be matched with any ring gear for a perfect fit every time it's also an environmentally friendly process because it eliminates coolants and lubricants and takes half the time as traditional machining another key process at Detroit axles takes place as the gears are heat treated using state-of-the-art vacuum carburizing with a high-pressure gas quenching furnace this efficient process uses less heat than traditional furnaces and doesn't emit heat outside the treating chamber Detroit axles will be the only manufacturer using this technology for larger gears error proofing through quality checks and balances is the third area of excellence at Detroit axles it starts with highly-trained technicians who measure and gauge components on a continual basis multiple controls like torque control both tightening and electronics checks and balances are in place to ensure that every part conforms to strict standards this protects line integrity product performance and ultimately you the customer against any defects our system of multiple quality feedback loops deliver constant communication of instant feedback on every torque every tolerance every key feature to the team giving Detroit axles the quality and reliability you demand throughout the manufacturing process every part is tracked with unique coding recording data so no defective part gets through the vision system station photographs parts to ensure they're in the correct location torque controllers are hooked up to a tools net program that alerts operators to any torque issues Fe a testing enables engineers to perform virtual testing and evaluation of parts eliminating problems before the parts are even manufactured and the testing continues after manufacturing including a rough road validation test to put the axle through extremely tough conditions for 12,000 miles equivalent to 1.2 million miles of real-life driving Detroit axles puts these systems in place to ensure that every part conforms to exact specifications for consistent product integrity and performance and every axle is backed by a comprehensive industry-leading warranty for extra peace of mind Detroit axles are made in the same location as Detroit engines so you're assured the same quality strength and reliability you expect from Detroit whatever your business demands of its trucks you can count on Detroit axles today and hundreds of thousands of miles down the road demand it all demand Detroit you

Free Update Content with TwoDollarsTwenty | Cities: Skylines Industries Tutorial Part 7



g'day guys tell us 20 here and welcome back to City skylines industries this is gonna be the last tutorial from me and I'm gonna spend it looking at the new content that comes with the free updates I'm gonna start by checking out the new toll booths which will raise extra revenue for the city however will also create extra congestion on the roads so to avoid this only replacing them around the outskirts of the city you can find the toll booths in the road section under the very own tab and there's four to choose from I'm placing mine on a three lane highway so I'm gonna choose the four lane toll booth and place two going in either direction once I've done that I'm gonna waste my money placing down some trees and then I can actually change the price of the tickets when I click on the building and use the slider to decrease or increase the ticket price another cool feature with the free update is the ability to make buildings historical you can make a building historical by clicking on it and then clicking the historical building button and this would mean the building will continue to level up by won't actually change its appearance I'm gonna do this around my downtown to keep the skyline looking quite prominent and the rest of the buildings much lower down and I'm also gonna do this for buildings that I just like the look of and when I keep that look in the city the last feature I want to talk about is something that is quite interesting and allies within the map theme editor and this feature allows you to create custom name lists for your map theme the really cool thing about this is you can really customize the names of pretty much anything that spawns in your city ranging from industrial buildings to commercial buildings to people to districts you really have a lot of freedom making these names and I think it's going to make for some really interesting and unique map themes down the track but guys that is it for these tutorials I really had a lot of fun exploring the new industries DLC and I just want to say big thanks to Paradox Interactive for asking me to collaborate with them I hope these tutorials are been useful and I look forward to seeing your creations in the near future I'll see you later

A New Kind of Industrial Company | GE



this really is an exciting time for GE we're returning cash to investors growing our earnings every year changing the mix of our earnings changing the portfolio and really positioning GE for a new generation of growth and profitability and shareholder returns last year we did three strategic moves the Alstom acquisition and the synchrony spend selling the appliance business really all along the lines of both accelerating and really driving forward the change in the portfolio to being much more industrial a smaller GE Capital and really by 2016 establishing 75% of our earnings coming from the industrial businesses Enterprise capabilities is the G store because each business makes a contribution to the store and all the businesses can take away from the store oil and gas ads localization in places like Africa but then the transportation business can capitalize on that localization to improve their business in the future healthcare adds imaging to the G store and then the oil and gas business can take imaging from the G store into pipeline inspection and technologies like that I always talk about GE as a company that innovates its scale last year just was the culmination of a lot of key technologies that are really game changers for the company going forward the H turbine is the most efficient largest gas turbine in the world the leap jet engine is a narrow-body jet engine that has almost 80 percent market share the Tier four locomotive has launched two years ahead of competition our products today are combination of physics and analytics what we call the industrial internet we've made big investments to capture these analytics and turn them into meaningful output for our customers this is going to help the company grow faster it's going to make us even closer to our customers and we think position as well for the future we've really tried to change the culture change the way we interact with each other change the way we think about accountability and things like that and we call it the culture of simplification and it's really about lean management less is more do fewer things better more focus putting everything on the clock from a standpoint of speed matters reorienting the whole company towards winning in the marketplace and really digitizing GE to make it faster and smarter as time goes on if you think about the company in 2014 2015 even 2016 you're just going to see all the elements of this strategy come into focus and come into place and a company that's growing EPS returning cash to shareholders changing the mix of the portfolio and executing well over the next two years investors are going to get 40 billion dollars of cash back out of the company we think this is a great time to be a G investor

7 principles for building better cities | Peter Calthorpe



المترجم: Eyad ElSwedy
المدقّق: Riyad Almubarak اسمحوا لي أن أضيف
إلى الوضع المعقد الذي نجد أنفسنا فيه. أن في ذات الوقت الذي نقوم فيه
بمعالجة أثار التغير المناخي، سنقوم ببناء مدن تسع
لثلاثة مليار شخص. وهذا ضعف
البيئة الحضارية الحالية. إذا لم نقم بذلك بالشكل الصحيح، فلست متأكدًا من أن جميع الحلول المناخية
في العالم سوف تنقذ البشر، لأن الكثير منها يعتمد على
كيفية تشكيل مدننا: وليس فقط الأثار البيئية، ولكن على رفاهيتنا الاجتماعية، وحيوية اقتصادنا، وإحساسنا بالمجتمع وترابطنا به. في الأساس، الطريقة التي نُشكل
بها المدن هي تعبير عن الثقافة البشرية التي نطبقها. وهكذا فإن فعلها بالشكل الصحيح،
على ما أعتقد، وإعطائها الأولوية العاجلة. وحتى درجة معينة، فإن إتقانها
سيساعدنا في حل مشكلة التغير المناخي، لأن في نهاية الأمر، إن سلوكنا هو الذي يسبب المشكلة. المشكلة ليست بسبب شيء محدد، وليست في شركة اكسون موبيل
ولا في شركات النفط. المشكلة فينا نحن، وطريقة عيشنا. طريقة عيشنا. هناك سبب لهذه المشكلة. يدعى الزحف الحضري العشوائي،
وسأتحدث بصراحة بهذا الشأن. لكنه ليس هذا النوع من الزحف الحضري
العشوائي الذي تعرفه أو يعرفه أغلب الناس، كالمجتمعات منخفضة الكثافة خارج نطاق مناطق التكدس السكاني. في الحقيقة أعتقد أن هذا الزحف الحضري
يمكن حدوثه في أي مكان وبأي شكل من الكثافة. السمة الأساسية فيه
أنه يقوم بعزل الناس. فيقوم بعزل البشر في مقاطعات اقتصادية وتجمعات سكنية واجتماعية. فيفصلهم عن الطبيعة. ولا يسمح باختلاط الثقافات، ولا بالتفاعل بين الناس، والذي يجعل من المدن
أماكن رائعة ويجعل المجتمعات تزدهر. إذاً فالعلاج لهذا الزحف الحضري
العشوائي هو ما يجب علينا التفكير به، وخاصة عند تعاملنا
مع هذا الحجم الهائل من البناء. إذاً دعني أقدم لك تدريب واحد. لقد طورنا نموذج لولاية كاليفورنيا ليصبح بإمكانهم الحد من انبعاثات الكربون. وضعنا سلسلة سيناريوهات كاملة
لطريقة نمو الولاية، وهذا فقط نموذج مختصر جدًا. قمنا بدمج نماذج تطوير بدائية مختلفة وأفترضنا بإنها ستصل بنا
حتى علم 2050، 10 ملايين طاقم جديد
في ولاية كاليفورنيا. الأول كان الزحف الحضري. وهو عبارة توسيع ماهو موجود:
مراكز تسويق، مقاطعات سكنية وحدائق عامة. الأمر الثاني فكرته الأساسية،
ليس في انتقال الجميع إلى المدينة ولكن مجرد تنمية مدمجة، وهو ما اعتدنا أن نراه
بالأحياء التي يكثر فيها الترام أحياء يمكن المشي فيها، بيئات سكنية وتجارية
مندمجة ومنخفضة الارتفاع. والنتائج كانت مدهشة. ليست مدهشة بسبب حجم الفرق في التحول في طريقة بنائنا للمدن ولكن أيضا لأن كل طريقة
تمثل مجموعة ذات اهتمام مشترك، مجموعة ذات اهتمام مشترك
تدافع عن اهتماماتها بالتتابع. فهم لم يروا، ما أسميه،
"المنافع المشتركة" للشكل الحضري الذي يسمح لهم بالانضمام مع الآخرين. وبالنسبة لاستهلاك الأراضي: علماء البيئة يشعرون
بالقلق إزاء ذلك، وكذلك الفلاحون، ومجموعة كبيرة من البشر، وبالطبع، سكان الأحياء الذين
يريدون مساحات مفتوحة بجانبهم. النسخة التي يكون فيها
زحف حضري في كاليفورنيا تضاعفت فيها المساحات الخضراء
وحارات المشي ووسائل النقل العام. وتم تقليل انبعاثات الغازات الدفيئة، لأن في ولاية كاليفورنيا، أكبر
انبعاثات الكربون تأتي من السيارات، والمدن التي لا تعتمد على السيارات كثيرًا يقل فيها كثيرًا حجم الانبعثات. الأميال التي تقطعها وسائل النقل:
وهو بالضبط ما كنت أتحدث عنه. مجرد خفض 10,000 ميل
في المتوسط لكل أسرة في السنة، نزولًا من حوالي
26,000 ميل للأسرة، له تأثير كبير،
ليس فقط على جودة الهواء وخفض الكربون ولكن أيضا على مصاريف الأسرة. القيادة بهذا القدر الكبير
أمر مكلف للغاية، وكما رأينا، كيف تعاني الطبقة المتوسطة
لتحافظ على مكانتها. العناية الصحية: كنا نتحدث عن كيفية
إصلاح ما قمنا بإتلافه وتنظيف الهواء. لماذا لا نتوقف عن تلويث الهواء؟ لماذ لا نقوم بالمشي
وركوب الدراجات بشكل أكبر؟ وهذه هي مهمة تلك الأشكال
من المدن التي نقوم ببنائها. تكاليف المنازل: عام 2008 كان علامة فارقة، وليس فقط بسبب السلوك
غير المفهوم لبنوك التمويل فقد كنا نحاول أن نبيع الكثير
من النوع الخاطئ من السكن: ذات مساحات كبيرة، لعائلة واحدة،
بعيدة عن العمران، وغالية جدًا لا تستطيع
عائلات الطبقة المتوسطة تحملها وبصراحة، أصبحت
غير ملائمة لطريقة عيشهم. ولكم من أجل تقليل المخزون، يمكنك خصم التمويل وبيعها. أعتقد أن هذا غالبًا ما حدث. تقليل الكلفة بمقدار 10,000 دولار تذكر أن المتوسط في كاليفورينا 50,000 وهذا عامل كبير. هذه فقط تكلفة السيارات والمرافق. وبالتالي فإن دعاة الإسكان بأسعار معقولة،
والذين غالبا ما يجلسون في صوامعهم منفصلين عن علماء البيئة،
منفصلين عن السياسين، فالجميع يتشاجرون مع بعضهم البعض، بدأوا الآن في رؤية هدف مشترك، وأعتقد أن الهدف المشترك
هو ما يجلب حقًا التغيير. وكنتيجة لهذه الجهود، فإن لوس انجلوس، قررت أن تتحول إلى بيئة أكثر اهتماما
بأماكن المشاة ووسائل النقل العام. في الواقع، منذ عام 2008، خصصوا 400 مليار دولار
لتطوير النقل العام والتوقف عن إنشاء طرق سريعة للسيارات. ياله من تحول: لوس انجلوس أصبحت
مدينة للنقل العام والمشاة، وليست مدينة للسيارات. (تصفيق) كيف حدث هذا؟ تأخذ الأراضي غير المرغوبة،
والمساحات الصغيرة وتضيف مساحات للمشي ووسائل للنقل العام ثم تنشيء منازل ومراكز تجارية وترفيهية، وبذلك تلبي مطالب الإسكان الجديدة وتجعل من كل الأحياء الموجودة حولها متداخلة مع بعضها البعض، ممتعة أكثر وسهلة للسير فيها على الأقدام. هذا نوع آخر من الزحف الحضري العشوائي: الصين، زحف عشوائي عالي الكثافة،
والذي يبدو بشكل متناقض، و لكن توجد نفس المشكلة:
كل شيء معزول في أحياء ضخمة و بالطبع هذا الضباب الدخاني
والذي تم الحديث عنه للتو. 12 بالمئه من الناتج المحلي للصين
يتم إنفاقه الآن على الآثار الصحية الناتجة عن هذا. بالطبع، تاريخ المدن الصينية عتيق. مثل أي مكان آخر. المجتمع كان عبارة
عن متاجر محلية صغيرة وخدمات محلية، وجيران
يتمشون ويتفاعلون مع بعضهم. ربما يبدو كمجتمع مثالي،
ولكنه ليس كذلك. إنه في الواقع ما يريده الناس فعلًا. أما هذه الأحياء الجديدة الضخمة، هذه الأحياء والتي قد
تستوعب 5000 وحدة فيها، ولها بوابات بالطبع،
ولا يعرف فيها أحدُ أحدًا. وبالطبع لا يوجد ممشى جانبي،
ولا محلات في الطابق الأرضي إنها بيئة عقيمة جداً. لقد وجدت هذه الحالة
في واحدة من هذه الأحياء الضخمة حيث أقام الناس محلات بشكل
غير قانوني في مرآب سياراتهم حتى يتمكنوا من توفير
هذا النوع من اقتصاد الخدمات المحلية. الرغبة موجودة لدى الناس
في الحصول على بيئات منظمة. علينا فقط أن نجمع المخططين
وصانعي القرار على هدف واحد. حسناً. وبعض التخطيط الفني. تشونتشينغ مدينة بها حوالي 30 مليون نسمة. هي تقريباً بحجم ولاية كاليفورنيا. هذه منطقة نمو صغيرة. أرادوا منا أن نختبر بدائل
للزحف الحضري العشوائي في عدة مدن في الصين. هذه المنطقة تتسع لحوالي
أربعة ملايين ونصف نسمة. الشيء المأخوذ من هذه الصورة، كل واحدة من هذه الدوائر
هي أماكن للمشي حول محطات نقل الركاب استثمارات هائلة في محطات المترو
وخطوط الباص السريع، وموزعة بشكل يسمح للجميع بأن يكون عمله بالقرب من هذه المحطات. المنطقة الحمراء هي منطقة تكدس رهيب. فجأة، دعت مبادئنا
لتوفير مساحات خضراء للحفاظ على أهمية ملامح البيئة. وبعدها أصبحت هذه الشوارع
شوارع خالية من السيارات لذلك بدلًا من جرف وتسوية الموقع والبناء حتى حافة النهر، لم تكن هذه الحافة الخضراء
شيئا معياريًا في الصين حتى بدأت هذه المجموعة من الممارسات يتم اختبارها هناك. هذا الطراز المعماري، الأحياء الصغيرة، حوالي 500 عائلة في الحي. يعرفون بعضهم. محيط الشارع يوجد فيه محلات تجارية وبالتالي هناك وجهات محلية. والشوارع بذاتها أصبحت أصغر، لتواجد العديد منها. شكلُ بسيط، تصميم حضري بسيط. والآن، لدينا شيئا أحبه كثيرا. فكر بالمنطق. إذا كان فقط ثلث البشر لديهم سيارات، لماذا نخصص 100 بالمئة
من شوارعنا للسيارات؟ ماذا لو خصصنا 70 بالمئة لشوارع خالية من السيارات،
لكل الأشخاص الآخرين، حتى تصبح عملية التنقل والحركة ميسرة، حتى يتمكنوا من المشي،
ويتمكنوا من ركوب الدراجات؟ لماذا لا يكون لدينا… (تصفيق) مساواة جغرافية في نظام حركتنا؟ وللحقيقة، فستكون المدن وقتها بشكل أفضل. وبغض النظر عن ما يفعلونه، بغض النظر عن عدد الطرق الدائرية
التي تنشيء في بكين، لن يستطيعوا التخلص
من الإزدحام بشكل كامل. إذا هذه شوارع خالية من السيارات،
بها منازل ومحلات تجارية على جانبيها. لديها وسائل نقل عام في منتصفها. أنا سعيد لجعل هذه المركبات
ذاتية القيادة، ولكن ربما سيكون لدي فرصة
للحديث عن ذلك لاحقًا. لذلك هناك الآن سبع مبادئ
قد تم اعتمادها من أعلى سلطة في الحكومة الصينية، والآن يسعون لتطبيقها. وهي مبادئ بسيطة، وهي على الصعيد العالمي،
أعتقد أنها مبادئ عالمية الأول هو الحفاظ
على البيئة الطبيعية، التاريخ والزراعات المهمة. الثاني هو الخلط. الاستخدام المختلط هو أمر شائع،
لكن عندما أقول مختلط، أعني الدخل المتفاوت،
الفئات العمرية المختلفة فضلًا عن الاستخدام المتنوع للأراضي. المشي. إذا وجدت مدينة رائعة
ولن تتمتع بالمشي فيها. فلن تريد الذهاب إليها. الأماكن التي تقضي العطلة بها
هي التي يمكنك المشي فيها. لماذا لا نجعلها في كل مكان؟ الدراجة هي الأكثر كفاءة
بين وسائل النقل التي نعرفها. وقد تبنت الصين الآن سياسات
إنشاء حارة عرضها 6 أمتار في كل طريق. إنهم جادون في العودة
إلى تاريخهم في ركوب الدراجات. (تصفيق) هذا مخطط معقد. الربط. هي شبكة طرق والتي تتيح
العديد من الطرق بدلاً من الطرف المفردة وتوفر العديد من أنواع الشوارع
بدلا من نوع واحد فقط. التنقل. علينا أن نستثمر أكثر في وسائل النقل العام. لا يوجد حل سحري. المركبات ذاتية التحكم لن
توفر لنا الحل. في الحقيقة سوف تزيد من الأميال
المقطوعة في الرحلة ومن الازدحام، أكثر من البدائل المتاحة. وأخيرًا التركيز. لدينا نظام هرمي للمدينة
مبني على وسائل النقل العام بدلا من الطرق السريعة. إنها تحول نموذجي كبير، لكن هذين الشيئين يجب أن
يعاد ربطهما من خلال وسائل تُطور شكل المدينة. لذلك أنا مفعم بالأمل. في كاليفورنيا، الولايات المتحدة والصين
هذه التغييرات مقبولة بشكل جيد. أنا متفائل لسبيين. الأول، غالبية الناس تعرف الآن. فهم يفهمون جوهريا الشكل الذي ينبغي أن تكون
عليه المدينة الرائعة. والثاني أن هذا النوع من التحليل
الذي نستطيع تطبيقه الآن يتيح للناس الفهم والربط بين النقاط، يتيح للناس تشكيل تحالفات سياسية لم تكن موجودة في الماضي. والتي تتيح لهم أن يُدخلوا أنواع المجتمعات
التي نحتاج إليها جميعًا حيز الوجود. شكرًا لكم. (تصفيق) كريس اندرسون: حسنًا،
القيادة الذاتية، السيارت ذاتية القيادة، كثير من الناس هنا متحمسون بشأنها. ما هي مخاوفك نحوها؟ بيتر كالثورب: حسناً، أعتقد
أن هناك الكثير من اللغط بشأن هذا الأمر. أولًا، يقول الجميع أننا
سوف نتخلص من الكثير من السيارات. ما لا يقولونه أننا سنقطع
العديد من الأميال في المسافات. ستجد العديد من السيارات
تتحرك في الشوارع. سيكون هناك المزيد من الازدحام. كريس: لأنها جذابة جدا… فستتمكن من النوم أو القراءة أثناء القيادة. بيتر: حسناً، هناك هدة أسباب. الأول: إذا كانت سيارات خاصة، الناس
ستسافر مسافات أكبر. فستكون سببًا جديدًا للزحف العشوائي. إذا كان بإمكانك العمل أثناء ذهابك للعمل، فسيمكنك وقتها العيش في أماكن بعيدة. وهذا الأمر سينعش الزحف الحضري بطريقة تشعرني بالخوف، سيارات الأجرة: حوالي 50 بالمئة من الاستطلاعات تقول
بأن الناس لن تتشارك في ركوبها وإذا لم يتشاركوا في ركوبها، سنجد زيادة بحوالي 90 بالمئة
في الأميال المقطوعة بالسيارات. وإذا تشاركوا في ركوبها، ستزال هناك زيادة 30 بالمئة
في عدد المسافات المقطوعة. كريس: مشاركتهم تعني
ركوب العديد من الأشخاص بوقت واحد في إحدى وسائل النقل التشاركي الذكية؟ بيتر: نعم كالمشاركة في عربات
بدون عجلة قيادة مثل اوبر. في الحقيقة، فاعلية المركبات تكون بوجود أو عدم وجود عجلة القيادة،
فالأمر لا يهم. يدعون أنهم سيكونوا الوحيدين الذين
يملكون سيارات كهربائية فعالة، لكن هذا غير صحيح. ولكن في الحقيقة المشي وركوب
الدراجة ووسائل النقل العام هي الطريقة التي تزدهر
بها المدن والمجتمعات. ووضع الناس في فقاعات خاصة بهم، سواء كان لديهم عجلة القيادة أم لا، هو الاتجاه الخاطئ. وبصراحة، صورة السيارة ذاتية القيادة وهي
في طريقها إلى ماكدونالدز لتسلم الطلب بدون وجود صاحبها، فمجرد إرسال هذه العربات
في هذا النوع من المهمات العشوائية يرعبني حقًا. كريس: حسناً، شكرًا لك على ذلك
ويجب أن أقول، الصور التي عرضتها للشوارع متعددة الاستخدامات
هي حقًا ملهمة وجميلة. بييتر: شكرًا
كريس: شكرًا على جهدك. (تصفيق)

Reasons for THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION



hello my name is Brett and welcome to its history and the first episode of in time so sit back grab a drink send a tweet pop an aspirin if you need to and get ready to hear an epic story a story of transformation innovation and mechanization that has for good or bad shape this modern world as we know it like no other time in history before this is the story of the Industrial Revolution like many stories it begins with a few problems that need solving think back to a time where information traveled as fast as a horse could ride we're tradition on the accident of birth decided July for you and entertainment what entertainment most people were too busy working so how did they come from them to now where if our flight is delayed the grocery store is sold out of pineapple or worse the internet knocks off as you're watching your favorite History Channel on YouTube we grumble at the inconvenience of it all well it certainly didn't happen overnight problems first had to become noticed by people who could see outside of traditional understandings of the world such as the old it is what it is and if man were meant to fly he would have been born with wings type of mentality problems of transportation the worker himself in society as a whole were just a few of the issues to which the Industrial Revolution addressed and redefined creating new problems for later generations to deal with today's contamination of the environment the demolition of tradition and ever-growing inequality between rich and poor and of course the horrors of modern warfare share also in the legacy the Industrial Revolution has given us but every age has its problems and every story needs a setting so a little more than 300 years ago with civil war revolution and the death of a king's still fresh in its collective consciousness ridden fought it had finally resolved its old problems by the end of the 17th century Great Britain an island detached from Europe but very much connected to the rule through its many colonies and trade routes boasted a special absence of problems that would help enable it to industrialize before any other nation you see other nations by the middle of the 18th century were in constant war with governments that weren't exactly a model of stability Britain had by 1688 given itself a constitutional monarchy after what they called the Glorious Revolution that saw a new chastened King limited in power by the heads of Parliament while most countries were in trouble financially with no immediate access to capital for investment Britain had established the Bank of England stabilizing the country's finances that could support new ventures at the low low interest rate of 8% a new stock market that began in Jonathan's coffeehouse in 1690 held charged investment while some new safeguards were enacted that minimize risk to the amount invested also Britain was clearly not isolated from the rest of the world after having defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588 Britain began to dominate the seas established colonies in the Americas and conducted highly profitable trade in India clearly by the turn of the century Britain had all of the essential political economical and logistical ingredients ready for one all of a meal to come let's talk about food for a second by the 1700s the agricultural revolution was long underway and Britain the ones common land that farmers shared had become consolidated over time into larger farms that could be fenced off into enclosures well these new crops such as potatoes new forms of crop rotation and innovations and machinery made farming more easier and more productive this meant ultimately that less farmers were needed to produce the same amount of food long before jethro tull began drilling rockin to your head the original jethro tull invented in 1701 the siege rule which was a machine that revolutionized the business of farming and put the small farmer out of business same could be said about advancements in textile making around the same time for hundreds of years clothing trade had been a domestic and small-scale affair by the early 1700s people began to also see if the process could be mechanized John Kay's flying shuttle established in 1733 produced the same work in half the time James Hargreaves spinning jenny patented in 1764 increased output six-fold turning traditional and hand spinners out of a job machine smashing parties the Luddites being the most well known were formed by artisans rightfully fearing for their jobs but the impeachable quality and quantity of fabric and food that came from such mechanization and consolidation of work power could not be stopped so what were these farmers and artisans supposed to do how were they to make a living well move to where the jobs are of course in the big city by this time population was increasing and there was more food and clothing available and with an improved diet life inspectin sea also began to rise that spooky bubonic plague began to fade into memory and vaccinations for other big killers like smallpox were developed so Britain had no shortage of food and certainly not a shortage of workers the two key ingredients for an industrial revolution the city's needed people people to run the mills and the machines to crawl into coal pits and also consume the goods that were created for both domestic and foreign markets and it turns out that Britain with its special mix of Protestant work ethic and Calvinistic sobriety and seriousness had a culture that wasn't exactly lazy or aimless attitudes changed toward the prospect of accumulating wealth in the face of older traditional values and as the name implies to be industrious carries the idea that one is diligent determined and with one's nose to the grindstone so by the middle of the 18th century all the ingredients that were necessary mixed together into a big traditional and innovative industrial soup of revolution of farmers and hand spinners along with many other trades had little choice but to move to the cities to find other means of employment some of the lucky ones found their old jobs again but located in shared spaces inside large factories with hundreds of other workers leaving away under less than satisfactory conditions but as we mentioned there were also other jobs new jobs made available thanks to developments in coal mining canal building pottery and transportation these new jobs were not under the regulations of the old guilds which quickly lost control merchants and the newly emerging industrialists were grasping as much power as they could and work to ban trade unions during the Napoleon Wars but the machines had already begun to take over a century before and they all needed to get their power from somewhere either from their human operators or for some other source that being coal in fact coal mining was big business in Britain as there was a lot of it but with the increased demand coal mines were becoming larger and this brought in another problem because of the cost of transportation before the time of the railroads whole – needed to be close to a river otherwise it wouldn't be profitable so the deeper the coal miners dug the more the mines became flooded with water people began to experiment with ways to pump out the water then these experiments are exactly what produced the first steam engine thomas savories atmospheric engine was the first attempt it could only raise water by about 80 feet then came Thomas Newcomen who with his own improvements – savories designs created the first practical steam engine for pumping out water well the story of the steam engine has just begun we will look at it in further detail in another episode let me tell you that it will eventually undertake a series of improvements join forces with iron rails and carriages and be called the puffing double by its inventor and of course more problems emerged such as the need to achieve temperatures that could produce metal strong enough to make the bridges rails and weapons for the new age you'll cope to the rescue not to drink not the nose candy but the fuel source it was abram darby the first you found out how to use coke to smelt iron producing the high temperatures needed for steel manufacture but there were also so many others will mention later like iron man wilkinson the industrialist who invented many great things as well as requiring everything around them in made of iron including several coffins and a nobilis to mark his grave as the preface to our story goes society in great britain started to take on new form relationships after it had all the necessary factors needed to start the process of industrialization as you can imagine these radical social changes were in direct conflict with traditional ways of life that began to vanish as a result thinkers from John Locke in the 17th century all the way up through Adam Smith in the 19th promote a new social political and economic relationships between the individual and his increasingly complex world where the future was no longer bound by the past of course there were plenty then as I imagine there are still plenty now who would have liked to return to a time before such a mule as the Industrial Revolution was ever cooked up but the story is a long one and we have even yet to touch on workers rights so the great implications of steam and electric power new chemical developments to cause and cure pain and other ways that the human mind have taken flight during this time so stay with us and we will explore how so much of the day has been shaped by ideas of industry set in motion hundreds of years ago what do you think about the problems they're an integral part of the Industrial Revolution where they solved or has industrialization only created more complex questions write me your thoughts I would absolutely love to read them stay tuned for the next episode where we cover in great detail other aspects of this incredible age I'm sure you'll find interesting if you want to find out more about this Adam Smith guy I mention click here for our first episode of great minds where we focus on the lives of those who shape that era my name is Brett nice to see you and until next time you

Advanced Turboprop: The First Engine With Extensive Additive Manufacturing – In The Wild – GE



hey I'm Ali hey Ali I'm Gordie nice to meet you what is happening yeah this is essentially the Burning Man for private pilots okay so all the plane nerds are here absolutely right people everywhere yeah I can't wait to see some stuff come back yeah go this way crazy I have never seen anything that's right this scope I mean how many planes are here at its time so there's 10,000 planes here spanning everything from classic planes to true experimental aircraft to more traditional aircraft there's an f-86 that's like a Korean war-era dad has GE engines in it Wow so over here on the Left we have a b-29 Superfortress this was actually used in World War two what aspects mechanically Archie a male yeah so we've made the turbo superchargers it's a small piece of machinery that sits in front of the reciprocating engines and it pressurizes the air so that they could fly very fast at high altitude to get over target do what they need to do and then get back to safety but really what I wanted to be able to do is fly high enough to be above all the fighters so this was really the first turbo machinery that GE built and after this we then started developing whole aircraft engines so this is really where we kind of all got our start so this airplane right here coming up on the right this is a thrush 510 G and it has an H 80 engine in it this is one of the engines that we make and we actually have one in the shower yep so this is the H 80 this is an engine that was originally designed back in the 1960s we've just continuously improved it over the last 50 plus years just keeps getting better and better and better and it's really a fantastic engine up to about 850 horsepower what came next after this so let's go over to the next one the next link in the chain so this is the T 700 this was designed back in the 1980s you can see it's more complex it's a more powerful engine than the last one we looked at this is really used primarily for helicopters like the Apache and the Blackhawk this is basically state-of-the-art today now let's go look at what we're gonna do tomorrow the future alright so this is the advanced turboprop and what we've done here is we've taken all of the best technology and learnings from those last two engines plus everything we've learned on the large commercial engines and we put it into this so what's different about this engine two things that really make this engine different and that's one there's extensive use of additive manufacturing ok the other thing is this has a digital engine control what is digital engine control the place that we saw on our ride basically they all have a hydro mechanical control which means the pilot has to make a decision on everything so they're independently controlling the propeller the controlling the engine so what this does is it simplifies all that into an electronic control and that frees up the pilot to think about other things so they can really fly the aircraft instead of flying the engine is this g e–'s first turboprop engine with additive manufacturing it's really the world's first engine with extensive use of additive basically we took 855 parts that would normally exist if we did it conventionally and condense that down to just twelve parts you know parts that are large complex assemblies that have to have people assemble those things together and those parts add weight they wear out and they create leakage paths which Rob's the performance and efficiency of the engine so the end result that you have here is a combination of technologies that we've really never used on small engines before what do these parts look like okay so we have some over the cabinet over here if you want to go take a look yeah so this is a few heater so fuel goes in here and engine oil goes in here and heats the fuel now this is one part this is one part that's right how many parts would you use so normally this would be about 300 300 parts that's right is it lightweight it is so it's about half the weight it would normally be so this is one part one part that is such a victory runway three six cleared for takeoff well this was an awesome awesome cool day yeah thanks for cooler is really a great day I hope you enjoyed it I guess there's a blank