Jay Tharappel | ‘No War on Iran’ Protest | 11 Jan 2020

Good afternoon everyone my name is Jay Tharappel. I’m a member of Hands off Syria and I too would like to acknowledge the
traditional owners of this land, the Gadigal people of the Eora nation. I am
here because the assassination of Qassem Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis should be condemned by everyone who calls themselves an anti-war activist, especially
if you live in a country like Australia which is known throughout the world for
blindly following the orders of the United States. Speaking of blindly two days ago our Prime Minister Scott Morrison said
Australian troops would remain in Iraq as a part of a broad coalition even
though the host of that coalition Iraq has asked us to leave. He said the
purpose was countering Daesh, but if the United States is turning its guns on
Iran we’re only strengthening Daesh, so his explanations make no sense. But just
compare Scott Morrison’s lazy and inept response to the bush fires to how
quickly he was willing to state his blind obedience to the agenda
Donald Trump has for the entire region (shame) the fact that he could say these
things speaks to the utter decimation of the anti-war movement in this country.
Remember over a million Australians marched against our decision to
participate in the invasion of Iraq in 2003. What’s happened since then? That
movement was brought under the control of the Empire and let’s make no mistake
about it. In 2003 the anti-war movement did not buy the lies presented by George
W. Bush but in 2011 they began not only buying, but selling, the lies of Barack
Obama in order to justify the regime change wars that were waged against the
peoples of Libya and Syria. Today the number of people who even care that we
we carried out this act of war against a sovereign nation that could
involve us in a potential escalation against nuclear-powered
Russia and China, is dangerously low so we have to take back the narrative. We
should begin by asking the question, yes, I mean everybody knows that the war on
Iraq was based on lies, but what happened after that? What happened in Iraq after
the invasion? In 2003 July Ayatollah Sistani issued a fatwa against US plans
to handpick Iraqis to write a new constitution. Hundreds of thousands of
Iraqis marched to demand that only freely elected Iraqis would be allowed
to write a new constitution. That was the resistance that broke the back of the US
occupation. The US invaded Iraq claiming they were bringing democracy, so the Iraqi people protested to demand that the occupation honour their promises.
Part of the reason the Iraqi people had some leverage against the US occupation
was precisely because men like Qassem Soleimani and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis stood
in the shadows, helping the people of Iraq with the means to resist if the US
occupation refused to honour their promises. There’s a reason why Sayyed Hassan Nasrallah referred to Qassem Soleimani, as the glue that holds the resistance together, thus even his death will deal
the Americans a humiliating blow, that too by a democracy they’re forced to
recognize as a consequence of their own stated objectives and aims. The 2005
elections produced a government in Baghdad that was friendlier to Iran than
to the United States. After Israel was defeated by the Lebanese resistance or
rather after the Lebanese resistance defeated Israel in 2006 they complained,
that is, Israel complained to the United States, that they were in a weaker
position precisely because Lebanon Syria Iraq and Iran were closing ranks and
joining forces. That’s why they hate Qassem Soleimani. The US were defeated
by democracy, so they turned to Saudi Arabia, the ideological godfather of al-Qaeda and Islamic state and they unleashed
terror across Iraq and Syria. Today they say that Qassem Soleimani killed US
soldiers, or was behind ordering the killing of US soldiers as if the US has
some god-given right to occupy any country they please but the great irony
of this situation is that the US got their own soldiers killed in Iraq. They
sent their soldiers to officially defend the government in Iraq that they were
asking the Saudis to undermine with terrorism. The shallow state was
supporting the Iraqi government but the US deep state was undermining the
Iraqi government and that’s the truth that they don’t want to tell
their own people, because they don’t want to tell their own people that they
themselves have the blood of American soldiers on their hands. After being
defeated in Iraq, the US turned on Syria. They created a predatory alliance
comprised of Turkey – the former colonial occupier of Syria in the form of the
Ottoman Empire which ruled over Iraq and Syria for 400 years. They joined forces
with France the colonial occupier after the Ottomans. They joined forces with the
Saudis, the Qataris, the other Gulf monarchies, in order to arm and fund
anyone that would fight against the Syrian government, including the forces
of Al Qaeda and ISIS, the only people, the only states, the only parts of the region
that the United States cared about protecting from the scourge of ISIS was
Iraqi Kurdistan and the Kurdish held areas of Syria, every other part of that
region, the United States was happy to be destroyed and thrown into chaos by
warlords and criminal gangs and mercenaries only because they wanted to
ultimately destroy this alliance that was forming with Iran at its natural centre I was in Syria and Lebanon I visited the
town of Ma’aloula. It’s a Christian town, one of the oldest Christian towns in the
world and if you ask them who their friends were, who supported them during
that war they will mention Iran, they will mention the Lebanese resistance
Hezbollah but you know what they won’t mention? Western Christians and I say, I
should be specific when I say this specifically the Zionist Christian
movement in the United States remember a few days ago Christian Zionists, they met
with Trump and then they made this absurd accusation and you know these
people have no idea what they’re talking about when they said that Qassem
Soleimani was wreaking havoc against the Christians of the region.
What a joke, I’ve been to Ma’aloula, I’ve seen the flag of Hezbollah fly alongside
the churches and alongside the crosses of that city, the reason
Christian towns across Syria and across Iraq are still standing today, to the
extent that they’re still standing because many of them have been destroyed
and looted, is because of the resistance that was organized by the glue Qassem
Soleimani, Shaheed Qassem Soleimani I was raised a Christian and one of the
stories that I remember was a story about the Good Samaritan the story about
a man in need who found more solidarity, more love, more support from
somebody who was outside of his own tribe, outside of his own nation, than
from members of his own nation. That’s how the Christians in Iraq and Syria
feel. They feel betrayed by those who call themselves Christian, living in the
West, who have no idea and do not care a damn about the plight of Christians in
the Middle East but Iran cared. General Qassem Soleimani cared and that’s why we
should care as well. The Palestinian resistance, to the extent that they have
any leverage against the Zionist colonisation of their homeland, it’s
because it was provided to them in the form of the military assistance
that Iran was providing and so a lot of Americans today are asking them was
asking themselves the question: why are we in the Middle East? Tulsi Gabbard is
is a prominent anti-war candidate in the United States. I don’t agree with
everything she did she says I think she was to condemnatory of Iran, but
nonetheless people are waking up in the United States and many people are
drawing the conclusion that these wars only benefit Israel, now I think it’s
more complicated than that, but that’s what a lot of Americans are saying. So we
have a great opportunity here. There is a regional war being waged against Iraq,
Syria, Lebanon, Yemen even Libya looks like it’s going to be thrown into the midst of another civil war as well. What’s happening in Libya is
exactly what would be happening in Syria right now if it wasn’t for the strength
of the resistance – Mehwat al-Moqawama So what can we do? As Australians we are
in a relatively privileged position we live within the borders of the empire
and therefore we have a powerful voice within those borders. We speak
English. We can communicate with Americans, we can communicate with
British people, we can have an influence in the dialogue. Do not think that just
because the media is against us today they’ll be against us tomorrow and do
not think that protesting doesn’t change anything. Do not think that they don’t
care what you think, that’s all they care about. If they didn’t care what you think
they wouldn’t spend millions of dollars, billions of dollars rather, trying to
convince you that black is white and white is black, that lies are in fact
the truth. They wouldn’t try and convince you with all of this Orwellian
doublethink. We know who defeated ISIS. We know that the resistance stands today
because countries like Iran were willing to take on US hostility in order to
support anyone in the region who is oppressed by the criminal forces of ISIS
Israel and Saudi Arabia, so do not be afraid. We are in a relatively privileged
position. Let’s close ranks, let’s organise, lets out-lobby our enemies
within this country because ultimately we believe that these wars are bad for
this country as well. We should not be dragging ourselves into these wars
because these wars are never ending. Let’s get that message across.

This Woman Pays Drug Users Not To Have Kids (HBO)

Since the 1970s, at least 45 states have prosecuted women
for using drugs while pregnant. Alabama has one of the country’s
strictest laws on the subject. It’s been used to prosecute women
even before they’ve given birth. And one woman in Alabama is on a crusade to keep drug users from
getting pregnant in the first place. — Everyone knows a drug addict, unfortunately. So if you know anybody who’s
using drugs that could get pregnant, we’ll pay them to use birth control. That’s what we do. — Barbara Harris thinks drug addicts
shouldn’t have children, and she’s using cash incentives
to make sure they don’t. — Nothing positive comes to a drug addict who gives birth to eight children
that are taken away from her. This is a win-win for everybody. — Her non-profit, Project Prevention, pays addicts and alcoholics $300 if they get sterilized or put on long-term birth control. — It says no left turn here. — But you’re turning right. — I’m going this way— Oh, I thought she wanted me to go that way. — Over the last 20 years, she’s travelled the country in her branded RV and paid 7,000 people to give up their fertility. Most of them are women. She launched Project Prevention
after she adopted four babies in four years, each born to the same drug-addicted mother. — You’ve been doing this work for nearly 20 years now. How have things changed? — When I first started, the drug of choice was crack. Now it’s switched, and now it’s meth and heroin, and a lot of prescription drugs. Nothing else has changed— drugs are still just as bad, women are still having numerous children, foster care’s still overloaded, hundreds of thousands of kids
are still in need of homes. — The birth control she offers isn’t condoms and pills, it’s IUDs, implants and sterilization. Those who choose sterilization
get a lump sum after the procedure. Those who go for less permanent options
are paid in smaller installments. Thousands of women have taken her money
in exchange for permanent sterilization, entirely legally. Project Prevention itself doesn’t sterilize addicts, just pays them— Harris leaves the procedures to doctors. She gets anything up to half a million dollars
in private donations every year. — I think if there’s anything that
everybody can agree on— the left, the right, and everybody in the middle— it’s that it’s not okay to abuse children. — You think having a child when you’re
drinking and taking drugs is child abuse? — Yes. They say don’t even drink caffeine
when you’re pregnant, so I don’t know how meth could be good for a baby. — The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services estimates 4.7 percent of women aged 15 to 44
use drugs while they’re pregnant. And more than 32 percent of
all children placed in foster care were removed from home because
of their parents’ drug or alcohol use. Harris made the nine-hour trip to Mobile when she heard about a local woman who had
been imprisoned for taking heroin while pregnant. She doesn’t want drug users sent to jail, she wants them on long-term
or permanent birth control. — How is doing what you do, without looking at the social causes
that create a situation like this, how is that any more than
a Band-Aid on a huge problem? — It’s not a Band-Aid on the problem. We’re dealing with— we’re solving the problem we’re dealing with. We’re preventing women who are strung out
on drugs and alcohol from conceiving a child. — Harris targets areas where
she thinks addicts will congregate: like cheap motels, liquor stores and methadone clinics. It’s not even 11 a.m. when she meets
33-year-old Alesia Robinson, and Robinson already seems high. She has seven children, and used during all her pregnancies. — Can you still get pregnant? — Yes I can. — So, have you thought about
getting on birth control? — Yeah. — Well then, you need to do it.
— Let’s do it right now. — We don’t do the birth control, but you need to do it, okay? Okay, because that’s gonna prevent
the next heartache, right? One less worry. — One less worry. — It doesn’t bother you that,
by virtue of what you do, you’re targeting a specific section of the population? — No, no. — It doesn’t bother you at all.
— No. — A disproportionate number of people
who use your services aren’t white. How do you respond to the claim
that you are socially engineering? — For somebody to hear about what we do and
think we’re only paying people of color is very racist, because they’re assuming that all drug addicts
are people of color and that is not true. — Is it really informed consent
when they’re in a chaotic situation? — That’s between them and the doctor. He has to decide whether he thinks
they’re able to get birth control. Nobody has a right to force feed any child drugs and then deliver a child that may die
or may have lifelong illnesses— nobody has that right. — I think it was some kinda flyer or something, and all I remember is the number was 1-888-30-CRACK. — A memorable number. — Yeah. For someone, yeah, who is an addict, yeah. You can’t forget it. — Tina Boyd is a Project Prevention client
who was sterilized eight years ago. She’s been clean since 2012, but most of her life has been spent using drugs— including when she was pregnant with her sons, Joey and Michael. — Do you think that your drug use
has affected them long-term? — I know it has, it’s affected Joey. — In what way? — He has a receptive and cognitive delay. He doesn’t understand a lot. They said that he’ll probably have to
live with someone the rest of his life. Which, hopefully, will be me. I love you, that’s my baby. — I love you too. — After Joey was born, Boyd took Harris’s cash in exchange for getting an IUD, but then Boyd decided to have another baby. After Michael was born addicted, she went back to Project Prevention
to get paid for sterilization. — Do you ever have any second thoughts? — No. — Not even when your youngest son
says he wants a little sister? — Could you have it, and then I’ll give it back to you? I can’t. I can’t, I can’t, I can’t, I can’t. — Just listening to you,
it makes me feel like you have… you… don’t believe in yourself. — I believe in my limitations. God forbid, if you guys had bought drugs with you… I can’t say that I wouldn’t have sniffed ‘em out. And I don’t want to live like that. I don’t want my children to have to live like that. — Would you like the ability to
be able to do things differently? — Oh God, yes. Are you kidding? Yes, everything. Everything. Everything. — Barbara Harris’s greatest impact is in perpetuating really destructive and cruel myths about
pregnant women and their children. — Lynn Paltrow heads up the
National Advocates for Pregnant Women. She’s been a critic of Barbara Harris’s
work for over 20 years: — You’re assuming every woman that’s
a drug addict is looking for treatment, they’re not! — Paltrow works with Mary Barr, a social justice advocate, former addict, and mother who used drugs when
she was pregnant with both her kids. — I have two children who are incredibly healthy, were born healthy. They are 26 and 25, and they’re
very, amazingly, successful. — If you had met Barbara during
the height of your addiction, what would you thought of that offer? — I would have taken it, because $300, you know, and all at once— that meant, for me, three nights of sleeping indoors. — Paltrow says it’s the world
the children of addicts are born into that leaves them so disadvantaged, not the substances they were exposed to. — When you talk to the medical researchers, the great news is that none of the criminalized drugs cause unique, permanent, terrible damage. Three percent of all women give birth to babies
that have what are called serious birth defects. None of that has anything to do
with the criminalized drugs. — Do you think Barbara Harris has quite
a static view of addicts and addiction, that once you’re an addict you’re always an addict? — Yes, and she’s not the only one. When somebody was telling me
I couldn’t be a productive mother, and that my children would be born,
you know, disabled or something, I mean, wow. I believed that. — The biggest threats to our children have nothing to do with what any
individual woman did or didn’t do. It has to do with poverty,
the lack of access to health care. It has to do with the stress created by racism. — Do you not think that addicts might
deserve a second chance and that, by promoting sterilization,
you’re denying them a second chance? — Well, we don’t promote sterilization. That’s their choice. They got strung out, they decided they wanted $300 to sterilize themselves. And if it’s a decision they regret, it was a decision they made— just like prostituting and ending up with AIDS. Because I watched how my children suffered and
had to withdraw from drugs when they were born. So no, I wasn’t thinking about
the women—“these poor women.” I was thinking, “My poor children.” — This is all very straightforward for you, isn’t it? It’s very simple. — To me, it is. Nobody who disagrees with what we’re doing has yet to give me a logical, rational reason why a drug addict or an alcoholic should get pregnant. And I always say to them, if you believe that strongly that these
women should keep conceiving children, then you should step up and adopt the next one born. But most of the people who have a
problem with what we’re doing, they would never consider
adopting one of these children. So if you’re not part of the solution, you’re part of the problem.

Julia Bacha: Pay attention to nonviolence

I’m a filmmaker. For the last 8 years, I have dedicated my life to documenting the work of Israelis and Palestinians who are trying to end the conflict using peaceful means. When I travel with my work across Europe and the United States, one question always comes up: Where is the Palestinian Gandhi? Why aren’t Palestinians using nonviolent resistance? The challenge I face when I hear this question is that often I have just returned from the Middle East where I spent my time filming dozens of Palestinians who are using nonviolence to defend their lands and water resources from Israeli soldiers and settlers. These leaders are trying to forge a massive national nonviolent movement to end the occupation and build peace in the region. Yet, most of you have probably never heard about them. This divide between what’s happening on the ground and perceptions abroad is one of the key reasons why we don’t have yet a Palestinian peaceful resistance movement that has been successful. So I’m here today to talk about the power of attention, the power of your attention, and the emergence and development of nonviolent movements in the West Bank, Gaza and elsewhere — but today, my case study is going to be Palestine. I believe that what’s mostly missing for nonviolence to grow is not for Palestinians to start adopting nonviolence, but for us to start paying attention to those who already are. Allow me to illustrate this point by taking you to this village called Budrus. About seven years ago, they faced extinction, because Israel announced it would build a separation barrier, and part of this barrier would be built on top of the village. They would lose 40 percent of their land and be surrounded, so they would lose free access to the rest of the West Bank. Through inspired local leadership, they launched a peaceful resistance campaign to stop that from happening. Let me show you some brief clips, so you have a sense for what that actually looked like on the ground. (Music) Palestinian Woman: We were told the wall would separate Palestine from Israel. Here in Budrus, we realized the wall would steal our land. Israeli Man: The fence has, in fact, created a solution to terror. Man: Today you’re invited to a peaceful march. You are joined by dozens of your Israeli brothers and sisters. Israeli Activist: Nothing scares the army more than nonviolent opposition. Woman: We saw the men trying to push the soldiers, but none of them could do that. But I think the girls could do it. Fatah Party Member: We must empty our minds of traditional thinking. Hamas Party Member: We were in complete harmony, and we wanted to spread it to all of Palestine. Chanting: One united nation. Fatah, Hamas and the Popular Front! News Anchor: The clashes over the fence continue. Reporter: Israeli border police were sent to disperse the crowd. They were allowed to use any force necessary. (Gunshots) Man: These are live bullets. It’s like Fallujah. Shooting everywhere. Israeli Activist: I was sure we were all going to die. But there were others around me who weren’t even cowering. Israeli Soldier: A nonviolent protest is not going to stop the [unclear]. Protester: This is a peaceful march. There is no need to use violence. Chanting: We can do it! We can do it! We can do it! Julia Bacha: When I first heard about the story of Budrus, I was surprised that the international media had failed to cover the extraordinary set of events that happened seven years ago, in 2003. What was even more surprising was the fact that Budrus was successful. The residents, after 10 months of peaceful resistance, convinced the Israeli government to move the route of the barrier off their lands and to the green line, which is the internationally recognized boundary between Israel and the Palestinian Territories. The resistance in Budrus has since spread to villages across the West Bank and to Palestinian neighborhoods in Jerusalem. Yet the media remains mostly silent on these stories. This silence carries profound consequences for the likelihood that nonviolence can grow, or even survive, in Palestine. Violent resistance and nonviolent resistance share one very important thing in common; they are both a form of theater seeking an audience to their cause. If violent actors are the only ones constantly getting front-page covers and attracting international attention to the Palestinian issue, it becomes very hard for nonviolent leaders to make the case to their communities that civil disobedience is a viable option in addressing their plight. The power of attention is probably going to come as no surprise to the parents in the room. The surest way to make your child throw increasingly louder tantrums is by giving him attention the first time he throws a fit. The tantrum will become what childhood psychologists call a functional behavior, since the child has learned that he can get parental attention out of it. Parents can incentivize or disincentivize behavior simply by giving or withdrawing attention to their children. But that’s true for adults too. In fact, the behavior of entire communities and countries can be influenced, depending on where the international community chooses to focus its attention. I believe that at the core of ending the conflict in the Middle East and bringing peace is for us to transform nonviolence into a functional behavior by giving a lot more attention to the nonviolent leaders on the ground today. In the course of taking my film to villages in the West Bank, in Gaza and in East Jerusalem, I have seen the impact that even one documentary film can have in influencing the transformation. In a village called Wallajeh, which sits very close to Jerusalem, the community was facing a very similar plight to Budrus. They were going to be surrounded, lose a lot of their lands and not have freedom of access, either to the West Bank or Jerusalem. They had been using nonviolence for about two years but had grown disenchanted since nobody was paying attention. So we organized a screening. A week later, they held the most well-attended and disciplined demonstration to date. The organizers say that the villagers, upon seeing the story of Budrus documented in a film, felt that there were indeed people following what they were doing, that people cared. So they kept on going. On the Israeli side, there is a new peace movement called Solidariot, which means solidarity in Hebrew. The leaders of this movement have been using Budrus as one of their primary recruiting tools. They report that Israelis who had never been active before, upon seeing the film, understand the power of nonviolence and start joining their activities. The examples of Wallajeh and the Solidariot movement show that even a small-budget independent film can play a role in transforming nonviolence into a functional behavior. Now imagine the power that big media players could have if they started covering the weekly nonviolent demonstrations happening in villages like Bil’in, Ni’lin, Wallajeh, in Jerusalem neighborhoods like Sheikh Jarrah and Silwan — the nonviolent leaders would become more visible, valued and effective in their work. I believe that the most important thing is to understand that if we don’t pay attention to these efforts, they are invisible, and it’s as if they never happened. But I have seen first hand that if we do, they will multiply. If they multiply, their influence will grow in the overall Israeli-Palestinian conflict. And theirs is the kind of influence that can finally unblock the situation. These leaders have proven that nonviolence works in places like Budrus. Let’s give them attention so they can prove it works everywhere. Thank you. (Applause)

Korean War 1950-1953 – to the 38th – COLD WAR DOCUMENTARY

We are just about to get to the year 2020,
and we all love big fancy milestones. In June of 2020, we’re coming to the 70th
anniversary of the outbreak of one of the key conflicts which would take us out of the
World War 2 era, and firmly into the Cold War. I mean of course, the Korean War. An especially poignant war for our times with
its seemingly endless war on terror, now incidentally being fought by soldiers who were born after
it started. But, much like the Korean War during its time,
often we don’t think about it much and this is probably on purpose. Let me explain. The US war in Vietnam, depressed, divided,
and threatened the very fabric of American civilization. After that, the war on terror needed a low
profile, so as not to make the people rally for its end as the student movement did in
the 1960s and 1970s against Vietnam. The Korean War had a similar dynamic. Think of the world in 1950. The whole globe had just suffered one of the
most catastrophic events in human history. We had not recovered, and many had VERY fresh
memories of lost family members, rationing, and the costs of mobilization. So, the Korean War was fought with a low profile
so low it has been nicknamed the Forgotten War. This low profile doesn’t take away though
that 3 million people died in the conflict. It doesn’t subtract from the fact that one
in TEN Koreans would be dead, more death than either the Chinese Civil War or the Vietnam
War. So, in the first major conflict of the Cold
War, we’re going to tell the story about what happened on the Korean peninsula between 1950
and 1953. The reason why we have two Koreas which always
seem at the brink of conflict to this day. I’m your host David and this is…The Cold
War. Our story begins not during the Second World
War this time but rather in the late 19th century. The Korean peninsula was more or less under
Chinese influence, that is until the Sino-Japanese War in 1894. The Japanese victory made Korea an independent
empire. They enjoyed about ten years of freedom before
Japan’s expansionist aims made them a Japanese protectorate in the wake of a different war
with the Russians. By 1910, the Peninsula had been annexed into
a burgeoning Japanese Empire. The Koreans didn’t take this lying down, however,
and the factions which would eventually become the belligerents of the Korean War took shape
in resistance to Japanese occupation. The first was a government in exile, founded
by Korean nationalists and living within the Republic of China. The second faction was a Communist resistance
movement. They were scattered guerillas resisting the
Japanese authority. Both camps had armies recruited and trained
in the different factions of China, made up primarily of Korean refugees who had fled
Japanese annexation. The military nationalist leader was Yi Pom-Sok,
and the Communist military leader was Kim Il-sung. Yes, Rocketman’s grandfather. Then World War 2 happened. Japan found itself as a vital member of the
Axis powers, and at war with Western powers and by wars end, with the Soviet Union as
well. Some of these countries vowed to free Korea
after the war. In the dying days of that war, the Soviets
moved troops into the upper part of the Korean Peninsula. After Japan’s surrender, the United States
and the USSR agreed to split Korea into occupation zones, similar to what occurred in Germany
around the same time. The agreement split the peninsula at the 38th
parallel. The initial deal was that this would last
for about five years while the US and USSR worked out an independence plan. Clearly THAT worked out well! So, the US began to occupy the southern half
of the Korean Peninsula, and the post-war era began. To keep order, they attempted to put the Japanese
colonial administrators into power. For obvious reasons, the Koreans began to
protest, and the US had to back down on that plan. Despite that, many of the leaders in the Republic
of Korea, what is often simply called South Korea, had been collaborators with the Japanese
authority during the occupation. This decision by the US was of course in opposition
to a provisional government called the People’s Republic of Korea already set up in the wake
of the Japanese surrender. The Americans thought it was communist and
outlawed the party in the south, along with the right to strike. While in the north, the Soviets coopted this
government and it became the seeds of what would be the Democratic People’s Republic
of Korea. It was one possible path to reunification,
but well here we are. Elections were run in 1948 with help from
the United Nations. Communist Koreans and the Soviet authorities
as well as many South Korean politicians had issues with the fairness of the election and
opted to boycott it. Without elections in the north, the south
elected Syngman Rhee to the presidency of Korea. North Korea then held an election a few months
later. And with this disagreement, Korea was now
two Koreas, and the division established here continues to this very moment. Or at least the moment we filmed this. One year later, the Chinese Civil War ended
with a Communist victory. During that war, North Koreans had given the
Chinese Communists support, and they’ve been allies ever since. As a way to say thank you, many North Korean
volunteers in that war were able to take their supplies back home with them. The North Koreans now had a force of veterans,
combat experienced and well-supplied, ready for a new fight to unify their homeland. The Chinese also promised that if war broke
out, they’d have North Korea’s back. Remember that point for later. The US saw the massive new Communist nation
of China as a considerable loss to its own global strategic aims and also as a threat
to the hope of turning former European colonies in Southeast Asia into capitalist, and-only-kind-of-sort-of
colonies of US corporations. China, remembering the legacy of the Century
of Humiliation, and the effect of European dominance over the old Chinese Empire, vowed
to oppose the west and promote communist revolutions on any country which borders it. So with that shot in the arm, North Korea
did just that. Since the election, communist insurgencies
had broken out all around South Korea. Fighting broke out at the Korean border, and
once they had Chinese support the next year, both fronts went into overdrive. North Korean Guerillas and Commandos fought
a campaign against the South Koreans. The Border skirmishes turned into full-on
battles. The South Korean government launched a forceful
response, which subdued the conflict… for now, but the writing was on the wall. The North Korean leader was Kim Il-sung. Remember him? He thought he had dealt a significant blow
to the South Korean military. Kim began to prepare for a major invasion
to finish this once and for all. He approached both Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin
and the Chairman of China’s new Communist government Mao Zedong for support in this
project. And, he got it. The Chinese sent soldiers close to the North
Korean border, and the Soviets sent their best generals to the northern capital of Pyongyang
to plan. In June of 1950, Kim called for a peninsula-wide
election, which Rhee rejected. Neither the US military or the CIA in South
Korea anticipated an attack. On June 25th, 1950, the North Korean army
pushed past the border on the 38th parallel. Rhee left the South Korean capital of Seoul,
as it is quite close to the border. The North Koreans outgunned their enemy and
continued to push south. To stop them, the South Koreans tried to find
any way to make it challenging for the North Koreans to keep moving. One effort included blowing up a bridge with
thousands of refugees crossing it to keep them from crossing the Han river. Despite these efforts, two days after the
invasion, Seoul fell. The day after that, President Rhee ordered
a massacre of anyone he suspected aiding the North Koreans. The South Korean Army collapsed in a matter
of days. The US President Harry Truman decided to intervene
when he got confirmation that the USSR was not sending troops into the fight. The Americans had a massive asset in the region
in Japan and they needed to protect it from communist influence coming across the sea. The action was also intense over at the United
Nations. This conflict would be their first big test
of the international order established after the Second World War. The security council condemned the invasion. Protesting the UN’s recognition of Taiwan
and not the People’s Republic of China as the permanent member of the Security Council,
the USSR was boycotting the committee. The council assembled a resolution calling
on UN member states to provide aid for South Korea. Without the Soviets there to veto the vote,
the resolution passed. As Seoul fell, Truman pledged the United States’s
support. The invasion was compared to Hitler’s invasion
of Poland. UN soldiers began to arrive in South Korea,
but despite their aid, the North Koreans continued to make progress. One horrific action was that as the North
Koreans took territory, they committed massacres of intellectuals and people who worked for
the South Korean government. Less than three months into the war, the UN
and South Koreans were pushed back to this tiny spot, the Pusan Perimeter. The UN and South Korean forces, led by legendary
American megalomaniac General Douglas MacArthur, planned a breakout of this line. With UN ground forces and US air support,
the line broke down. They began to push back the North Korean tide,
and reverse the momentum of the war that Kim thought might be nearly over. The surprise landings by UN forces at Inchon
on the 15th of September helped their position immensely. By September 25th, the campaign was so successful
they had recaptured the capital of Seoul, cutting off supply lines to North Korean troops
still to the south of the Capital. Many North Korean divisions dissolved, and
it looked as if the war could still be over soon, with a southern victory. But the war would continue for a few more
years. The UN forces decided to cross the 38th parallel
themselves. But that story we’ll have to save for next
week in part two of this Korean War history. A big thank you to Tristan from StepBack History
for providing the first part in our two part narrative! We can be reached via email at [email protected] We are also on facebook and instagram at TheColdWarTV. To help us both keep the lights on and feed
my children, consider supporting us on Patreon via www.patreon.com/thecoldwar. This is the Cold War Channel and don’t forget,
“The trouble with a cold war is that it doesn’t take too long before it becomes heated.”

What If Hitler Had Been Removed From Office?

We all know how the second world war ended
in Europe, with allied forces surrounding Berlin and Hitler killing himself in his bunker
before the entirety of the German army surrendered, stopping the spread of fascism throughout
Europe and the rest of the world. But throughout much of the war, this end was
anything but certain and there was a real fear that Germany and the axis powers couldn’t
be stopped. Luckily, Hitler was an ineffectual military
leader and much of Germany’s failures on the battlefield can be traced to his poor
decisions. But what would have happened if the Germans
had removed him early in World War II? The Date is May 15th, 1940, and World War
II has erupted with unprecedented violence across the heart of Europe. For eight months British and French troops
had largely held their defensive positions across France and Belgium during a period
known as the “Phoney War”. Despite the declaration of war by France and
Britain on Germany, neither side had yet launched any major offensives, and only minor skirmishes
had taken place between the two sides. Then suddenly, with shocking ferocity the
German army ambushed the Allied forces by cutting through the thick Ardennes forest. Considered far too difficult terrain for large
columns of tanks and vehicles, the move is a logistical miracle and a strategic coup
for the Wehrmacht, which quickly flanks and splits the British and French forces in two. Hooking to the north, the Germans have caught
the majority of Britain’s expeditionary forces- over 300,000 men- between themselves and the
north sea. Disaster looms for Britain, a defeat of their
BEF will cripple Britain’s military and see the single greatest loss of personnel by any
power in centuries. Across the channel an armada of boats assembles,
the British desperate to save their stranded forces along with eighty thousand French forces. Naval vessels along with fishing vessels and
even pleasure craft are recruited into the effort, creating an armada of over eight hundred
ships to rescue the doomed soldiers. On the German side, German general Gerd Von
Rundstedt orders a halt to the offensive against the retreating British and French forces. His subcommanders are in complete shock, they
are days away from crushing the bulk of Britain’s army and inflicting a mortal blow on the French
forces. A halt here, just miles from Dunkirk, will
allow the British and their allies to retreat to the safety of Britain. But Rundstedt is concerned that the marshy
ground around Dunkirk will prove too difficult for his Panzers, and despite objections from
nearly all his subcommanders, the order is given for the Panzer assault to halt. The order is relayed to German high command,
and directly to the desk of the Fuhrer himself. Hitler agrees with Rundstedt’s assessment
and approves a halt to the offensive operation, against the protest of nearly all of his generals. An official approval of Rundstedt’s halt
order is dispatched via secretary to a wire operator, who prepares to transmit the order
to the units out in the field. Suddenly though, the operator, a young German
officer, is escorted away from his work station by German military police and in three days
time he will find himself amongst the troops preparing for the assault into France’s south,
confused by his swift and sudden change of posting. In his place is another young German officer,
this one fiercely loyal to Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel, Chief of the Armed Forces
High Command. The officer dispatches a modified version
of Hitler’s orders to Rundstedt, ordering him to continue with the assault. A day later Hitler is furious to discover
that his order has been botched, and the blame is laid on the new young wire officer. He is punished for his mistake by being stripped
of rank and sent to the front, though secretly Field Marshall Keitel has already prepared
to restore the officer’s rank once he arrives at his new unit and is clear of Hitler’s wrath. Hitler’s increasing micromanaging of the war
is grating on Keitel and the other senior officer’s nerves, and with alarm they are
beginning to realize that the Fuhrer considers himself a strategic genius who insists on
running the war his own way- yet Hitler’s own battlefield experience never went past
trench warfare in World War I. He never even held his own command. In Dunkirk the Luftwaffe savages the British,
and despite the brief lull in the fighting, they are not able to construct key defensive
positions that will buy time for the retreat. The Panzers savage the British forces long
before the rescue armada is able to sail away more than a few thousand to safety. The British Expeditionary Force and their
French allies are crushed, with tens of thousands of casualties and over two hundred thousand
taken prisoner. Historians consider the Dunkirk defeat the
greatest military catastrophe in history. Back at the German High Command, Field Marshall
Keitel holds a secret meeting with the other senior military commanders- they have successfully
defeated the British forces at Dunkirk, but Hitler’s order to halt the Panzer divisions
would have seen this major victory turned into a disastrously missed opportunity. The generals grow increasingly worried about
the Fuhrer’s capacity to lead Germany’s armed forces. Weeks later France falls, with German troops
triumphantly marching through the streets of Paris. The French government in exile in Britain
joins its ally in calling for US help. In America, congress agrees to accelerate
the production of war material to be shipped to Britain, and President Roosevelt dispatches
William J. Donovan, a trusted confidant and World War I veteran to Britain in order to
assess Britain’s ability to resist the Nazis. President Roosevelt and the American people
on a whole are wary of joining another World War, and despite their close ties to Britain
there is little appetite for joining a war on the losing side and sacrificing hundreds
of thousands of American lives. Donovan arrives in Britain and despite the
British foreign ministry’s best efforts to paint the situation in a positive light, it’s
clear to the experienced soldier that the loss of the entire British Expeditionary Force
has crippled Britain’s military. Within two days of arrival he sends a secret
telegram to President Roosevelt, informing him that it is his personal assessment that
the best Britain can do in its war against Germany is defend its home isles, and use
its mighty fleet to keep Germany landlocked on the mainland. Roosevelt agrees with the assessment and in
a private session with congress, informs US lawmakers that he has no interest in declaring
war against Germany. Material support to Britain will continue,
but America is not willing to sacrifice its soldiers in a European war. German intelligence learns that America is
not considering joining the war on the Allies side, and sends its own delegations to Washington. They implore America to cease its shipments
of materials to Britain, which the US refuses but in a bid to maintain relations, they do
agree to limit the total tonnage of goods shipped to their former ally. In exchange Germany promises to not harass
American shipping vessels. The joint American-German accord frees up
naval vessels from the Atlantic, which quickly transition to the Pacific through the Panama
Canal. While war has been raging in Europe, Japan
has continued its aggressive campaign in China and the United States is wary of Japan’s ambitions
in the Pacific. Japan knows that if it is to successfully
grow its empire, it must quickly neutralize China and the Americans both, it is too small
a nation to wage a long-term war of attrition against the superior manufacturing might of
the United States. Plans for a surprise attack on the American
fleet at Pearl Harbor are considered, and then quickly scrapped when the fleet is reinforced
by major elements from the Atlantic. America pushes Japan to cease its hostilities
against the Chinese, but stops just short of declaring war. For their part, the Japanese largely ignore
America’s demands and continue to push Chinese forces south and west out of Manchuria. Having placed America on a war footing, President
Roosevelt dispatches large amounts of troops, planes, and ships to the Philippines in order
to secure American interests. On a diplomatic visit, the Japanese ambassador
assures President Roosevelt that Japan’s ambitions are limited to China, yet Roosevelt demands
that Japan pull its forces out of China and cease its hostilities. In Europe, Germany has consolidated its hold
on France and Belgium, and launches an assault into Belgium in order to seize vital iron
mines and other vital wartime industries in the country. Sweden remains neutral and in secret negotiations,
Finland agrees to support German offensives against the Soviet Union. With Britain’s military crippled by the defeat
at Dunkirk and America refusing to join the European war, Germany knows its position in
France is secure. This frees up many divisions of infantry and
panzers who all prepare to join Germany’s eastern command for a massive assault against
the Soviet Union. Prior to the start of the invasion, code named
Operation Barbarossa, German ambassadors meet with President Roosevelt and present an offer
by Hitler himself: a non-aggression pact. The pact is mutually beneficial to both sides,
it will ensure that Germany need not fear a British/American invasion of France, and
it will allow the US to concentrate on a single-front war against Japan to remove them from China. The deal is signed and publicly declared three
days later, sinking British hopes that America will join the war on their side. With the declaration of the non-aggression
pact between the US and Germany, Japan immediately launches a surprise attack against American
forces in the Philippines, while a carrier strike group launches a massive air raid against
Pearl Harbor. With the buildup of American forces in the
Pacific though, the assault against the Philippines is easily repelled, and the surprise attack
against Pearl Harbor is a disaster. Japanese aircraft manage to cripple and destroy
several American battleships and destroyers, but the bulk of the fleet is already out on
maneuvers and not in harbor when the attack arrives. American submarines locate the Japanese carriers
waiting for their air crews to return and savage the carrier strike force, sinking three
of the six carriers. Dozens of returning Japanese aircraft can’t
find room to land on the surviving carriers and crash land into the sea. The US officially declares war on Japan and
immediately launches offensives against is Pacific holdings, while transferring hundreds
of thousands of troops to mainland China. At the same time, Germany declares war on
the Soviet Union, and the blistering German assault catches the Red Army completely by
surprise. Finnish forces, eager to retake territory
lost in the Winter War of 1939, join in the assault and quickly reclaim all territory
they were forced to cede to the Soviets. With France secured against invasion via the
joint German-US non-aggression pact, the bulk of Germany’s forces are free to join in the
assault against the Soviet Union. In the initial stages of the offensive, Hitler
once more meddles with the strategies and plans of the German military high command. His command to begin the mass extermination
of Europe’s jews has driven a deep rift between himself and Field Marshal Keitel, who has
rallied most of the High Command to his side. In a stunning move, the High Command launches
a coup and removes Hitler from power. The SS, under the command of Heinrich Himmler,
launches an assault on army headquarters in Berlin, but Wehrmacht units, long wary of
the SS, rush to the defense of the High Command. In a brief battle lasting just a few hours,
the SS contingent is defeated, and military police arrest Heimlich Himmler. Martial law is declared across Germany and
the Wehrmacht begins a campaign of police action against the fanatical SS loyalists
remaining, leading to many firefights between the Germany army and the surviving SS units. The state sanctioned genocide of the Jewish
and other marginalized people are stopped and Hitler and Himmler are both placed on
trial for incompetence and crimes against humanity, with the extermination camps built
by the SS serving as key evidence against them both. In days they are executed, and Germany begins
to reform itself as a republic. By 1945 the German army has successfully conquered
the eastern territories of Russia, and content to hold the richer areas of the Soviet Union
have forced a cease fire on the crumbling Soviet Union. Germany now controls Europe from as far west
as France to as far east as Kazakhstan. In the Pacific, the United States at last
pushes Japan out of China, and with the dropping of two atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima,
the war in the Pacific comes to an end. The year is now 2019, and the world is very
different from the one we know today. The German Republic continues to control the
majority of mainland Europe. An alliance of vassal states that includes
Britain and Spain forms the bulk of a German-led alliance known as the European Union. In the Pacific, the Philippines, Australia,
Japan and China form the backbone of the Pacific Treaty Organization, led by the United States
of America. The removal of Hitler in the early stages
of World War II has allowed a German Republic to flourish following their conquest of Europe,
and with the collapse of Communism in the remnants of the Soviet Union, the world never
experienced a cold war. International treaties limit the number of
nuclear weapons amongst the two global superpowers, Germany and the United States, to only seven
hundred active warheads. Of course it’s impossible to know how World
War II would have played out had Hitler been removed, but there’s a good chance that
many of the worst atrocities of the war would not have been allowed to continue had he and
his Nazi cronies not been in power. But how do you think World War II would have
gone if Hitler had not controlled Germany for so long? Let us know in the comments! And as always if you enjoyed this video don’t
forget to Like, Share, and Subscribe for more great content!

From Tradition to Fashionable Occupation

People escaped the way they could: some by donkey, some by horse or on foot. They would cross the river and wait for a car to take them as Azerbaijanis approached the village. My oldest son, Samvel, found a donkey. He took this carpet and another smaller one in a sack and brought it to us. We had already crossed the river. We had 3-4 carpets at home, but we could only take this one. First we were carding the wool and only after that, dyeing it. We would boil the water, add dye and continue boiling with the wool in it. Sometimes elders used acid for better color saturation. Then we dried the threads and started working. The relatives of my grandmother were living nearby and in the evenings we were gathering in our home for carding and spinning wool together. The spinning wheel wasn’t taken to the neighbor’s house but they were spinning thread and carding wool and cotton. In the past we didn’t have electricity and had to weave carpets under the lamp-light while losing our eyesight. When I just came to this house as a bride, the threads of this carpet were ready and my mother-in-law and I started to weave. We decided the patterns depending on the threads we had. In the past, carpets with patterns were hanging only on the walls, It wasn’t accepted to roll it on the floor. I have 2 daughters and according to traditions I gave them as a dowry 3 carpets, one to hang from the wall, the others to put on the floor. The first time I came to this factory, I came to make a profile story about the workers with disabilities. When I saw how the carpets were weaved, I decided to give it a try myself and I liked it. I asked them to teach me too, and they accepted me. It has been already 2 years that I’m combining my work here with the study in the university. I think that a girl, besides studying, should learn a craft. I choose specifically carpet making, and not cooking or hairdressing, as it is one of the oldest crafts. It has been two and half years that we are functioning and I already have branches in Shushi, Hadrut and Jartar. There are 150 employees in all the branches combined. We had 2 goals when we were establishing the factory. The first one was social – to provide jobs for 150 women and the second one was to revive the old tradition of carpet-weaving and continue it. The very first works were just examples of the traditional Karabakh carpets without any changes. In the beginning our aim was to recover and preserve our heritage. Now, parallely, to recover such, we also use our creativity. Our carpets differ from the Kazakh and Tibetan carpets, both in the quality and the techniques that we use. The museum opened in 2013 with the initiative of Vardan Asatryan. Here the personal carpet collection of Vardan Asatryan is exhibited. There are more than 300 carpets from different parts of Karabakh here, but only 100 are represented in the museum, the other part is kept in the fond. From time to time, exhibited ones are replaced with new ones. The oldest carpet in the museum is from the 17th century. It is embroidery work weaved with silk threats and is called “Karabakh”. It is a unique example and there is no other like this in the region. It is unique with its patterns and color arrangement. A popular British magazine wrote an article about this carpet.

The Occupation Is Killing Israel’s Soul by the Palestine Liberation Orchestra

I’m an American Jew you see but Bibi and Trump don’t speak for me I’m another Jew against the occupation I’m an American who needs a vacation peace with justice brings liberation even to the occupying nation open-air prison is no compensation they put the U.S. embassy in the wrong location they put the U.S. embassy in the wrong location from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem Jews say no to the occupation tearing up the West Bank, checkpoint blues colonial thugs and their military crews sling-shot shabab shot dead on the news here you are in Palestine lighting the fuse this is my neighborhood, this is my family this is the air I can no longer breathe look what they’ve done with grenades that stun empty my street with a tear-gas gun the occupation is destroying Israel’s soul tearing up the West Bank, checkpoint blues colonial thugs and their military crews sling-shot shabab shot dead on the news here you are in Palestine lighting the fuse

Uri Avnery – An enlightened occupation (141/315)

OK, the war was over, there was no pressure on Israel to immediately evacuate the territories and slowly it became an
‘enlightened occupation’, as they called it. In other words, we did not bother the Palestinians. Dayan was a strange man. He was not a wise person who had a good broad
perspective of the situation, but he was clever. He was quite clever in the short-term. I always thought it was a characteristic
of the Sabra people in general; they are smart in small things but lacked vision and imagination
regarding the big problems. Dayan invented something
that did not exist in history: open bridges. We signed on armistice agreements, one after the other with all the
countries that we had been at war with, but not peace, only a truce. And there was a regime
of official occupation of the West Bank. The first governor
was Chaim Herzog, The father of [Isaac Herzog],
who was a really, really smart person. The genius was the uncle, the brother of Chaim Herzog. The brother of Chaim
Herzog was Yaakov Herzog, who was a really, really smart person. He was Director-General of
the Prime Minister’s office. Let’s go back. Chaim
Herzog was the governor, he was located at the Ambassador
Hotel in East Jerusalem. There was no relationship, the armistice came after the war, the war, after the war and before peace;
it was a kind of short intermediate stage. But in a situation of truce the hostility remains. And here Moshe Dayan
devised a new idea: an open bridge, free movement between the West Bank
to the country of the enemy, Jordan. Only a person who had never in
his life read a book about history could come up with such an idea. He had Sabra-like thinking
which was terribly simple: we conquered, we are holding
areas for the time being, let’s not bother the population; htey can do whatever they want. Listening to the enemy radio is
also something unthinkable. For example, during the war, the Germans executed anyone who listened to BBC radio. ‘To trade, bring goods from abroad,
to sell abroad, to listen to any radio they want. What we need, for security reasons we have, all the rest, let them do
whatever they want’. Then the [Allenby] bridge was opened. and it reduced the pressure. It was one of the smartest
things that Israel ever did, but with very poor results, because it allowed the
occupation to live forever!