Angela Stacy: Moving to Australia to study the Master of Marketing


Hi, my name is Angela. I am originally from Honduras in Central America and I’m a graduate student from the Masters of Marketing at Swinburne University. I came to Australia about four years ago, and I have loved every minute since I am here. When I came to Australia and I finished my masters I decided to resume my career in media. and what I saw was that the degree at Swinburne was highly accepted among the advertising agencies in Australia. I think I also chose Swinburne University because of the industry connections. So, for example, when we were doing class projects in the masters, we were actually doing the projects for businesses, real businesses either in Melbourne, or nationally. I went to work for two years, then I decided that it was time for me to do some research. So as part of my PHD at Swinburne University I am working on a project that is a result of an ongoing alliance between Zoos Victoria, which is the entity responsible for Melbourne Zoo. So the reason why I applied for this project was again, because of the industry connection. I did not want to do any research that was just going to be in a library, paperwork I wanted to do something that was going to be applied in real life and to address a real life issue. I think the decision to move overseas and come to Australia from Central America was one of the best things I could have ever done in my life.

Asha Mevlana’s Tiny Amplified House


(trans-siberian orchestra music) – I’m a professional musician. I play electric violin for
the Trans-Siberian Orchestra. (trans-siberian orchestra music) I started playing violin
when I was six years old and played basically all
the way through high school, college, everything. Was never planning on being a musician. My true dream job like growing up is I was gonna be a
professional baseball player. That was actually like my dream job and I played baseball all
the way through college. It just never entered my head
that I could be a musician. When I was 24, I was
diagnosed with breast cancer and it was just a total shock. I mean, I’d always been healthy. It really made me re-evaluate
every single thing in my life. Music was also part of my healing. I was taking lessons with this woman. I was really having a hard
time with my improv lessons, because I was so classically trained you play like what’s
written in front of you, and I was never able to really let go. So I show up at my lesson and she said, “I want you to tell me what happened today during your first treatment.” And I started telling her and she goes, “No, I want you to play it for me.” And I just, I closed my eyes
and I just started playing like all the feelings I had
of walking the hospital, being scared of like… and then being sleepy and groggy from the drugs, and
then being around my friends who came to the treatment with me. And I just played and was,
for the first time in my life I wasn’t seeking validation
from someone outside, and I wasn’t trying to do something that I thought was the
right thing to play. I was really just playing from my heart. After I finish my cancer treatments, I actually moved to LA not knowing anyone I said, “I’m gonna be musician.” If only I have a year to live,
that’s what I’m going to do. I’m going to travel,
I’m gonna be a musician and that’s what I did and I’ve
been a musician ever since. I was inspired by book
I read to just live with the things that bring you joy. And so after that, I got
rid of all the things that didn’t bring me joy
and I built this tiny house and I live with, I mean
really the things that I have are my instruments. (violin music) There are two parts to my house. The main house is 40 by 10,
so it’s 400 square feet. That’s on a foundation. And the music room is on a
trailer, it’s eight by 20, so it’s 160 square feet. Most tiny houses are eight
foot wide, and I went with 10 feet wide just to give
it a little more space. I also went with 40 foot long, which is pretty long for a tiny house. I didn’t wanna feel
cramped in a tiny house. I wanted a space where I
could actually walk around and have company over. I like a lot of light, so this
house has a lot of windows, big garage doors, anything
to like make it feel open. We usually lift the garage door
up so if people are indoor, and outdoor, it’s kind of a
seamless indoor outdoor thing. (acoustic guitar music) One of the really important things to me when I was building this house
is to have an outdoor space where I could have concerts. So I was Houzz, like
looking through pictures like for inspiration. Some people recommended
putting the porch in the back, ’cause that gives you a lot more privacy. And for me it was really
important to have it facing the street, so I could see people walk by, so I could kind of engage
with the community. That was really important to me. (band music) You might recognize the
outside of my house looks kind of like an amp, and it’s
actually a functioning amp. At the top, there’s four marine speakers and sound comes out of there. So next to the amp there’s
also another garage door, and that allows for a ton of
more light in that area too. So my tiny house is basically a rectangle, and it’s kind of divided
into three sections. There’s the kitchen section,
which is about 15 feet. My living room is
approximately 15 feet also, and then the loft area is about 10 feet. In a lot of tiny homes, you’ll
see the lofts right above the living space, and you
have to reach it by a ladder. And I really did not want a ladder, so I built these stairs that
lead you right up to the loft, kind of hidden in the back. My loft is really just for sleeping. There’s no storage up there,
and I built a custom railing around so my dog doesn’t fall off, or I don’t roll over in my sleep. Compared to a typical tiny home, my house was widened by two feet. So I was able to fit a lot
of things in there that you might not generally be able to do. A normal size fridge, normal
size stove, washer/dryer, I wanted all that to
be kind of normal size. (slow tempo music) So this is my first home, and
I wanted it to be perfect. So I was on Houzz, like
probably five hours a day for a couple months just
researching everything. Looking at exteriors,
looking at furniture. All the things that I wanted in my home. I really love the look of
the corrugated aluminum with wood. I definitely wanted that for
the exterior of my house. I entertain a lot, so I found this outdoor patio set on Houzz
which I absolutely love. It looks great on my
porch, it’s easy to clean, and it is super comfortable. The inside of my home is
pretty neutral with the colors. I really am very minimal, but
I wanted some pops of color in my living room, so
I found these prints. They’re kind of abstract with some golds, some reddish browns,
some blues that kind of brings everything together. A lot of people ask me how
I ended up in Arkansas. It seems really random,
although my brother and his wife have lived in Arkansas for years, and I’d always come to visit them and I really came to love
Fayetteville, Arkansas. A really cute town, the culture. It is absolutely gorgeous. There’s green everywhere. (acoustic guitar melody) Boys over, over. I have two little Havanese dogs. I spend a lot of time in
my backyard training them. I have a little agility
course that I set up for them. (guitar melody) My mom’s been visiting
and we’ve been able to use the space really well. And when I’m in my practice room, sometimes she’s here
practicing her ukulele. Sometimes she’ll practice out
on the porch with the dogs. I really use all of this
space in my tiny house every single day. (acoustic guitar melody) Before my cancer treatment I
actually thought I was gonna be a business person. I was gonna climb the corporate ladder. I was gonna have houses around the world, I was gonna have all these things. It was all about things and
it completely changed my perspective. I all of a sudden realized
life is not about things it’s about people and
experiences and community. (acoustic guitar melody) Go get the mail. Bring. Good boy, thank you.

Marketing as a Spectator Sport?


– So I just did this training. It was called 5 Ways To Double
Your Sales With Webinars. And I did it as a webinar, so
I guess it was sort of meta. It was really cool, I did
it three times in two days. And I just did this,
just did this yesterday. And loved it, it was fantastic. It was one of the coolest
trainings I’ve done. I did it with my friend Don Crowther. It was just, everything about
it was super, super cool. And as part of it, we had
what’s known as a chat roll. So, all the attendees, and
we had a lot of attendees. We completely filled it up. People couldn’t get in. Completely maxed out the lines. In the chat roll, people
can actually make comments and they could see all the
comments from everyone else. So they’re watching us on the screen, and they could also see all
these comments flying by. And of course, I can see them as well. And so the way that the training worked is I did a section and
then Don did a section, I did a section, Don
did a section, I did it. Back and forth a few times like that. And so I really wasn’t
watching the chat roll when I was presenting, to be completely present,
I just turned it off. Shut down the window so I could
just be completely present. But while Don was on, I was curious to see how everything was landing,
how the training was landing with the attendees, how
everything was going. So, I would open up that
chat window and watch. And it was pretty funny
because when I opened it up, there was this debate
going on in the chat roll. People are watching the training, they were ostensibly
watching the training, and they were having this
discussion, this big discussion was whether it was
actually a live training or this was just a video and
we were pretending it was live. So, it was sort of humorous for me to be sitting there live, doing this live presentation, watching a whole bunch
of people discussing whether it was live or
whether we were faking it. So, this brought up a bunch
of whole different thoughts. One of them was like, what
difference does it make? Like really, whether
it’s live or not live. I mean in one sense, I
get people are interested whether we’re trying to fake it or not. But on the other hand, if we’re delivering a really great training,
and I think we did deliver a great training, based on the comments that came in. Then does it really matter
whether it’s live or not? And then this other thing
started kicking in for me and that was this idea that it was almost like a spectator sport for the people watching. They were more interested
in analyzing the nuances of whether we were faking it or not. Or whether it was live or not. And all the nuances of what
we were doing on the training. We gave a full out training
and then we made an offer for our new training program. And so people are sitting there watching, and they’re more watching as spectators. And like, well, that’s interesting because there are times when
I enjoy spectator sports. We just had like, I’m not
a huge spectator sport fan. I would more prefer to be doing it, getting out there and doing it. But like you know, we just
had those NBA playoffs, and those finals, that
was absolutely amazing. It had me riveted. It was just incredible
human drama playing out. So I get the idea of spectator sports. But really, is that the
thing you want to be doing, is opening up your email
and clicking on links and going to watch videos
and trying to analyze whether they’re live or
not instead of actually absorbing the wisdom,
absorbing the training. And I guess it’s just, you know, we sort of live in a meta world. And that term meta is like the discussion about the discussion. And maybe this video’s meta because I’m discussing the discussion about the discussion of my training. But the reality is, is that I
think there’s a lot of people that are more into being spectators. And I think you might want to think about moving from spectating
and moving into doing. I remember when I first started out, and it took me a while to get started, and I remember every step of the way, as I grew my business and
then I got comfortable, then I started shifting to spectating. It’s always easier to be a spectator. It’s always easier to sort
of be in the background and act like you’re too cool for school and act like you’re just so brilliant that you can figure out all
these little marketing tips. The secret sauce between the tricks that I’m trying to pull on you. Or maybe you could just step into it and actually do something. Do you want to be a
spectator? It’s always easier. I mean, if you watch this and it turns out that, hey, it’s not live,
does that make it easier to turn off and step
away and not do anything? I don’t know. Or is it maybe this is
how you fill your days by just watching and thinking
about the possibilities but you never actually do anything? I mean the reason I do these videos is to move you into action whether you’re just starting out, or whether you’ve got an amazing business, and amazing presence out there already, and just to challenge you to step further and get a bigger vision for
your future than you do. That’s how I think of my job. But yeah, that’s the question. What area of your life
are you a spectator? When I’m watching an NBA
game, I’m a spectator. I don’t aspire, I don’t expect that I’m gonna be in the NBA next year. But what areas of your life
are you just a spectator where you would actually
like to be participating? Isn’t it time to stop
spectating and be a participant? Isn’t it time to stop spectating and be creative, or go create something? So that’s all I got for you. Oh, by the way, I’ll put a link down below to the replay of that webinar we did. So, it was really awesome. It was a fantastic training. I think you’ll learn
a lot if you watch it. But also, I think this replay, we’ve got the chat roll. (no chatroll) You can actually watch the little debate about whether it was live or not. So, I’m Jeff Walker, wherever
you’re watching this, scroll down, leave a comment for me. And let’s go get ’em this week.

Hot Work: Hidden Hazards


[Music] Narrator: On November 9, 2010,
a powerful explosion … [Sound of explosion] shook the DuPont Chemical Manufacturing Plant
in Tonawanda, New York, a suburb of Buffalo. A contract welder was performing maintenance work on
a tank, that unknown to him contained flammable gas. The explosion blew the top off the tank, throwing
the welder to the ground and killing him instantly. A second contract worker was burned. Moure-Eraso: The tragic explosion at the DuPont facility exposed weaknesses in how process hazards
were analyzed and controlled. The result was the death of a welder
in a preventable hot work accident. Narrator: Hot work accidents occur when workers
are welding, cutting or grinding near flammable vapor and were the focus of a 2010 CSB Safety Bulletin. Deficiencies in the safety management of hot work
were among the causes of the tragedy at DuPont. [Music] Narrator: DuPont’s Tonawanda facility manufactures
a polymer known as Tedlar, used in solar panels and Corian for use in countertops. The process of producing Tedlar
began with a chemical reaction to convert flammable vinyl fluoride gas into a
slurry of polyvinyl fluoride polymer, or PVF, in water. The PVF slurry then passed through separators, compressors recycled unreacted
vinyl fluoride gas into the process, while a small flash tank released
residual vinyl fluoride into the atmosphere. Finally, the slurry was transferred to one of
three insulated holding tanks, usually Tank Number 3. Tanks 1 and 2 were reserved for slurry overflow. Tank 1 normally remained empty. On October 22, 2010, the Tedlar
process underwent a planned shutdown, during which workers removed the
asbestos insulation on Tanks 1 and 2. Removing the insulation revealed that the
agitator supports for the tanks were heavily corroded. DuPont directed contractors to repair the supports,
which would involve welding and grinding on Tanks 1 and 2. The hot work on Tank 2
occurred during the shutdown without incident. But the repairs on Tank 1 were
delayed while parts were ordered. DuPont personnel determined that it would be safe
to perform hot work on Tank 1 after the restart. On November 7, DuPont operators locked all five valves
leading to and from Tank 1 in the closed position, in order to stop potential slurry flow. The tank’s agitator motor was also locked out. However, DuPont personnel did not block
the flow of gas inside the overhead piping or overflow line that connected
the vapor space of all three tanks. They mistakenly believed that flammable vinyl fluoride gas
could not reach any of the slurry tanks. But the CSB investigation found
that even in normal operations, vinyl fluoride was not completely removed from the slurry and was always present in the slurry tanks in varying amounts. When the process restarted on November 6,
the flammable gas was able to travel from Tanks 2 and 3, through the open overflow line, into Tank 1. On the morning of November 9,
a DuPont technician tested the atmosphere above Tank 1, where welding would later take place. There were also two continuous air monitors in the vicinity. No flammable gas was detected and
the hot work was cleared to begin. But no testing was done to measure or
monitor the atmosphere inside the tanks, where unknown to the contractors, the
flammable gas was at dangerous levels. Around 9:00 a.m., two contract workers
began welding and grinding on Tank 1. The welder connected his safety harness to the
tank’s agitator support and worked on top of the tank, as the foreman looked on from the nearby catwalk. At approximately 11:00 a.m., the welder was
repairing corroded portions of the agitator support beams, directly above the flammable gas. A hole around the agitator shaft may
have provided a pathway for ignition. Welding sparks could fall into the tank, even as
flammable gas might drift upward toward the sparks. The ignition of the vinyl fluoride caused
a powerful explosion. [Sound of explosion] Narrator: The force of the blast blew
the top of the tank almost completely off. A flash fire erupted, that consumed
the flammable gas and quickly burned out. The welder was thrown to the ground,
killed instantly from blunt force trauma. The foreman’s face and arms were burned. Mark Wingard was a member of the CSB team
that investigated the accident at DuPont. Wingard: Had DuPont technicians
tested Tank 1 for flammable atmosphere, they would have known that any hot work
presented a serious explosion hazard. But plant engineers did not realize
that significant amounts of flammable gas could be present in the slurry tanks
and the testing was never done. Narrator: DuPont regarded most
of the Tedlar production process as covered under the OSHA standard
for process safety management, or PSM, and therefore subject to stricter
operating and maintenance requirements. But DuPont personnel did not include the
slurry tanks in the facility’s PSM program. In 2009 process hazard analysis, DuPont
erroneously concluded that flammable vinyl fluoride gas could never reach the tanks in dangerous quantities. Wingard: We found that the contractors did
obtain hot work permits for welding on Tank 1. But those permits were authorized by DuPont employees, who were unfamiliar with the specific hazards of the process. And the permits did not require
testing the atmosphere inside the tanks. Narrator: Two additional factors
may have contributed to the tragedy. Prior to the explosion, DuPont personnel had discovered
that slurry Tank Number 2 had a hole in a liquid trap, which was designed to prevent the
flow of gas from the flash tank. Without a liquid seal in the trap, there was an
additional pathway for vinyl fluoride gas to flow into the tanks. However, this hazard went unrecognized and DuPont engineers concluded that it
would be safe to return the tank to service. No formal management of change review was conducted. Further adding to the danger, on November 8, there was a malfunction in a compressor used
to strip vinyl fluoride gas from the PVF slurry. As a result, the slurry contained more
than the normal amount of vinyl fluoride. Once again, DuPont personnel did
not formally analyze the safety impact of continuing to operate with a malfunctioning compressor. In its final report, the CSB
recommended that DuPont revise its corporate policies to require atmospheric monitoring inside tanks
before and during any hot work. And the Board recommended that
DuPont require all process piping, including vent lines on tanks, to be
positively isolated before authorizing any hot work. Moure-Eraso: In our 2010 hot work bulletin, the CSB
identified eleven accidents similar to the one at DuPont. All involved hot work on tanks
that ignited flammable gas inside. Narrator: In all cases, the CSB found that
there was not an adequate system in place for monitoring the atmosphere for flammable vapor,
where hot work was to occur. For example, in June, 2006, three
contractors were killed and another seriously injured in an explosion at the Partridge-Raleigh Oilfield
in Raleigh, Mississippi. The contractors were welding on one of four storage tanks when welding sparks ignited flammable vapor
flowing from an adjacent tank. As was the case at DuPont. No monitoring was performed to test
for flammable gas inside the tank. Narrator: And piping to the adjacent tank was not isolated. In July, 2001, an explosion killed one contract worker
and injured eight others … [Sound of explosion] when welding sparks ignited flammable hydrocarbon vapors
in a large sulfuric acid storage tank at Motiva’s Delaware City refinery. And in January, 2006, two workers died
and another was seriously injured in an explosion at a municipal wastewater plant in Florida, when hot work ignited vapor inside a
storage tank … [Sound of explosion] of highly flammable methanol. In all of these cases, combustible gas monitoring
either was inadequate or wasn’t performed at all. In its 2010 Safety Bulletin, the CSB said
companies can prevent hot work accidents by analyzing the hazards, enforcing
rigorous training and permitting procedures, constantly monitoring the atmosphere for flammables and avoiding hot work in favor of
non-spark producing methods whenever possible. Moure-Eraso: Hot work is often seen as a routine activity. But it can prove deadly … [Sound of explosion] if fire and explosion hazards are overlooked. Thank you for watching this CBS Safety Video. Narrator: For more information on the CSB’s
DuPont investigation, please visit CSB.gov. [Music]

Why Private Investment Works & Govt. Investment Doesn’t


In 2011, a solar power company called Solyndra
declared bankruptcy. A company going bankrupt is not news. But Solyndra was not just any
company. Its biggest “investor” was the federal government which had given it $500
million dollars. That was news. But, really, it shouldn’t have been. If
history is any guide, it was quite predictable. The government is a very poor investor. And
always has been. There are countless examples, but two should serve our purpose here. After the Civil War, American leaders were
anxious to bind the country’s North, South, East, and West regions together with transcontinental
railroads. Congress therefore gave massive federal aid to build the Union Pacific, the
Central Pacific, and later the Northern Pacific Railroads. But all three of these roads had
huge financial problems. The Union Pacific, for example, was mired in financial scandal
from its inception, went bankrupt several times, and had to rebuild large sections of
track thanks to shoddy construction practices. At that same time, James J. Hill, with no
federal aid whatsoever, built a railroad from St. Paul to Seattle — the Great Northern.
How was Hill able to do with private funds what the Union Pacific failed to do with a
gift of tens of millions of federal dollars? The starting point is incentives. The Union
Pacific was paid by the government for each mile of road it built. It was in the railroad’s
interest not to build the road straight. The more miles it took the UP to cross Nebraska,
for example, the more money it made. Hill, by contrast, used his own capital. To
make a profit, he had to build his Great Northern Railroad sturdy and straight. Hill’s company
remained in business for almost a hundred years until 1970 when it merged with other
railroads. The original Union Pacific, riddled with corruption and numerous other financial
misdeeds, including the wholesale bribery of public officials, went broke within ten
years. The story of the airplane is even more stark.
By the opening of the twentieth century, the major nations of Europe and America were frantically at work trying to invent a flying machine. The first nation to do so would have a huge
military and commercial advantage. In fact, leading American politicians of the
day, such as Teddy Roosevelt, President William McKinley, and others argued that building
an airplane was a national emergency. There was no time, they argued, to wait for private
industry to get the job done. The government needed to pick the best aeronautics expert
and give him the money he needed. That expert was Samuel Langley, the president
of the prestigious Smithsonian Institution and holder of honorary degrees from Harvard,
Yale, Oxford, and Cambridge. Langley was already an accomplished inventor and he had written
a highly praised book Experiments in Aerodynamics. Federal officials gave Langley funds for two
trial flights. He immediately set to work. His theory was that his plane needed to be
thrust into the air from a houseboat on the Potomac River. The big engine on the plane
would then propel it through air for several minutes. When his first attempt failed, and the plane
splashed into the river, Langley was not deterred. But when his second flight did no better,
Langley and the politicians gave up. If Langley, with the full backing of the government,
could not solve the problem, people simply assumed that it could not be solved. Indeed,
The New York Times wrote that human flight might take a million years to accomplish. But to everyone’s surprise, nine days after
Langley’s failure, the Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, two bicycle mechanics
from Dayton, Ohio, with $2,000 of their own money, conquered the air. On a beach at Kitty
Hawk, North Carolina, they flew the first plane. Within five years they had constructed
an aircraft suitable to sell to the government for military defense. Langley’s subsidized failure was similar
to that of the Union Pacific. And the Wright brothers’ success resembled that of James
J. Hill and the Great Northern Railroad. Langley and the Union Pacific were using other people’s
money. They did not spend it as carefully as Hill and the Wright brothers spent their
own money. As the San Francisco Chronicle concluded at the time: “The destruction
of Langley’s machine should put an end to Congressional appropriations of any kind in
every field of experiments which properly belongs to private enterprise.” That remains good advice. Economic growth comes from entrepreneurs risking
their own money, not from politicians risking your money. I’m Burton Folsom, Professor of History
at Hillsdale College, for Prager University.

The Greco-Turkish War & The Turkish War Of Independence I THE GREAT WAR 1920


This episode of The Great War is sponsored
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productions from us on Nebula, where we can show history like it really was.So, sign up
at curiositystream.com/thegreatwar, get access to Curiosity Stream and to Nebula, support
independent history productions. And now that I have rambled for way too long,
over to Jesse and The Great War. It’s January 1920, and in Constantinople,
the Ottoman Parliament adopts Mustafa Kemal’s National Pact, which promises resistance against
the Allied and Greek forces in the country – it’s the Greco-Turkish War and the War
of Turkish Independence. Hi, I’m Jesse Alexander and welcome to The
Great War. In late October, 1918, the Armistice of Mudros
had brought a stop to the war between the Allies and the Ottoman Empire. But the region was gripped by uncertainty
made worse by hunger and the threat of violence between ethnic and religious groups, especially
between Muslim Turks and Christian Armenians and Greeks. Although the armistice did not call for a
full occupation, it did give the Allies the right to station troops in areas they felt
vital to their security. This was interpreted liberally, and the harbour
at Constantinople was soon full of Allied warships, and Allied military officers entered
the city. British, French, and Italian troops also landed
along the Anatolian coast and advanced into the southeast. This caused great resentment amongst the Ottoman
Turks, since British Admiral Calthorpe had told the Ottoman negotiators there would be
no occupation. Husein Rauf Orbay, the head of the Ottoman
delegation, wrote later: “There was a general conviction in our country that England and
France were countries faithful not only to their written pacts, but also to their promises. And I had this conviction too. What a shame that we were mistaken in our
beliefs and convictions!” (Macmillan 379) Sultan Mehmed VI’s government
adopted a conciliatory policy, and agreed to most Allied demands, including war crimes
trials and disarmament. SEGUE
So with Allies having begun a de facto partial occupation of the Ottoman Empire, the Paris
Peace Conference turned to the so called Eastern Question. This was the riddle of what do to about the
long decline of the Ottomans, a problem for European diplomats since the late 18th century. The Ottoman Sick Man of Europe had been crushed,
but re-organizing Asia Minor would prove to be a difficult task. For one thing, various secret wartime agreements
had allotted different spheres of influence, but these were sometimes vague and sometimes
contradictory. The Greeks and Italians, for example, had
been promised overlapping zones, and the plans for Russian involvement had to be scrapped
due to the revolution. Each power had its own interests to look out
for as well. The French had important financial interests
in Turkey, and were not keen to see the Italians or the British dominate the eastern Mediterranean. The British needed a new partner in the region,
which was vital for communication with India because of the Suez Canal. Lloyd George saw the Greeks in this role,
but his cabinet was divided on the question. The Americans, for their part, had never even
declared war on the Ottomans, but were getting on quite badly with the Italians at the Peace
Conference. Wilson’s 14 points included one about the
Ottoman empire, but it promised the Turks quote secure sovereignty and the minorities
a quote unmolested opportunity of autonomous development. (Macmillan 387). It was not easy to see how all these circles
could be squared, even if many Allied leaders had a soft spot for Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios
Venizelos based on their admiration for Ancient Greece. Clemenceau said of him: “Ulysses is only
a small man beside him. He is a diplomat of the first rank, very sensible,
very well prepared, very shrewd, always knowing what he wants.” (Macmillan 443). Lloyd George was no less enthusiastic, and
called him: “The greatest statesman Greece had thrown up since the days of Pericles.” (Macmillan 364). In Paris, there were endless discussions about
spheres of influence, mandates, whether Constantinople should be given to Turkey or Greece, and what
should be done about the Armenian and Kurdish questions. A tentative agreement was reached in early
May, by which Wilson half-heartedly agreed to a US mandate for the region, including
a large Armenian state in eastern Anatolia. This was subject to the approval of the US
Senate, even though according to the conference records: “[Wilson] could think of nothing
the people of the United States would be less inclined to accept than military responsibility
in Asia.” (Macmillan 390)
But this agreement proved to be short-lived, and fell apart soon after it had been reached. The Allies could not agree on what to do,
and, after the human and economic cost of the previous years of total war, they lacked
the military forces necessary to impose their will even if they had a common policy. It was clear the old Ottoman Empire would
be no more, but it was not clear what would take its place amid the growing tensions in
the unstable region – and everyone was hoping for a share of the spoils. And that is where the Greeks come in. Now, Greece had entered the war late and was
politically divided between those who still supported the exiled King Constantine, and
those who followed Prime Minister Venizelos and his ambitious plans for expansion. For Venizelos and many other Greeks, 1919
was an historic moment that might finally see the realization of the Megali Idea, the
dream of 19th century nationalists. This would see a Greater Greece stretching
from the central Balkans deep into Anatolia, including lands that had been part of Ancient
Greece and the Byzantine Empire. And there actually was a large Greek-speaking
minority in the Ottoman Empire, especially along the Aegean coasts centred on Smyrna. The city had a Greek majority, some of whom
wanted union with Greece, but was surrounded by majority Turkish regions. Chauvinism played a role in Greek aspirations
as well, and some felt they had a right to rule over the inferior Turks. Venizelos described how he felt: “The Turks
were good workers, honest in their relations, and a good people as subjects. But as rulers they were insupportable and
a disgrace to civilisation, as was proved by their having exterminated over a million
Armenians and 300,000 Greeks during the last 4 years.” (Karsh 330) Wartime deportations and deaths
of Ottoman Greeks, though fewer than Venizelos claimed, helped radicalize the Greek community. Venizelos argued forcefully for his ideas
at the Paris Peace Conference. On February 3rd, he presented Greek claims:
Thrace and southern Albania in the Balkans, numerous islands in the Aegean, and a large
part of the western Anatolian coast, including Smyrna and its hinterland. (Macmillan 362) He did not ask for Constantinople,
though privately he still hoped that it would go to Greece eventually (Macmillan 359). The Orthodox Patriarchate, which was based
in Constantinople, went further, and lobbied the Peace Conference to give the city to Greece
(Macmillan 383). So the Greeks based their claims on history,
ethnicity, and cultural arguments. And in the confusion and deadlock of the Peace
Conference, Greater Greece was about to get its chance. In April and May, the Peace Conference was
in crisis on several topics. In particular, the Italian delegation clashed
bitterly with their Allies, and left the conference. While they were away, the Italians decided
the time had come to take what they felt they had been promised in Asia Minor. They landed more troops on the Mediterranean
coast, and rumours reached Paris of Italian warships off Smyrna. The other Allies, and the Greeks, were incensed. Clemenceau said of the Italians: “If we
don’t take precautions, they will hold us by the throat.” (Macmillan 440). Lloyd George and Venizelos agreed now was
the time for Greece to intervene, and the British Prime Minister pushed the issue with
Clemenceau and Wilson. On May 6th, the day before the Italians were
to return to Paris, Wilson, frustrated with the Italians, suggested the Greeks land sooner
rather than later. The Big Three agreed, and the die was cast. But in doing so, they had ignored the warnings
of some of their own advisors. A British general staff report pointed out:
“[Greek occupation] will create a source of continual unrest, possibly culminating
in an organised attempt by the Turks to reconquer this territory.” (Criss) General Wilson described the plan
in his diary as quote mad and bad, and Winston Churchill opposed it as well. The American experts questioned the wisdom
of a Greek presence in Smyrna, given the economic importance of the city to a viable Turkish
state. Even the Greek General Metaxas had his doubts,
as he told hid Prime Minister: “The Greek state is not today ready for the government
and exploitation of so extensive a territory.” (Macmillan 441). But in spite of the warnings, the Allied leaders
had decided the Greek army would land at Smyrna and occupy the surrounding countryside. It was officially a mission to maintain law
and order, but many Greeks had hopes for more. Greek troops began landing at Smyrna the morning
of May 15, 1919. The previous night, thousands of Turks had
drummed in protest, but on this day thousands of Greek-speaking residents turned up to welcome
the Greek army. Due to a mix-up with their orders, one unit
marched past an Ottoman Army barracks. A shot was fired at the Greeks, though it
is still disputed who pulled the trigger. Outraged, the Greek troops returned fire and
stormed the barracks. As they marched the captured Ottoman soldiers
to the prison ship in the harbour, several prisoners were killed by Greek troops and
Greek-speaking civilians. (Smith 89) The passions aroused by wartime
oppression of Ottoman Christians ran wild, and riots soon broke out across the city,
with deadly results. Sources disagree on the exact numbers, but
by the end of the day some 300 to 400 Turks and 60 to 100 Greeks were dead or seriously
wounded. (Macmillan 444, Gerwarth 344)
Venizelos had appointed a civilian governor to administer the region, Aristeidis Stergiadis. Stergiadis needed to restore calm, and this
he was able to do relatively effectively in Smyrna. He punished most of those responsible for
the killings, and insisted on strict legal equality for both Christians and Muslims. He also resisted demands from the Orthodox
Church and more extreme Greeks for anti-Muslim legislation. (Gerwarth 231, Smith 92). He reorganized public administration and began
to resettle 100,000 Greek refugees who had fled or been deported during the war (Smith
100) – a task complicated by the presence of Turkish refugees from the Balkans, who
were also in a desperate situation. Some of his policies, along with his fiery
temper, were unpopular with more zealous Greeks, who called for him to be dismissed. But Venizelos defended Stergiadis and instead
criticized the army: “[…] if in particular our military men in Smyrna do not pull themselves
together from their intoxication and do not prevent any new excess, and punish […] all
those that have occurred, we shall end by being driven out of Smyrna, humiliated and
degraded.” (Smith 99-100) The very nationalism that had
prompted the Greek intervention now threatened it. But even as the Greeks began to try to stabilize
the situation in Smyrna, in the countryside outside the city, there were violent clashes
between Greek troops and Turkish armed groups known as cete – and the civilian population
also participated in the killings. A case in point was Aydin. Greek troops entered the town at the end of
May, and massacres ensued. Then they left, but returned in late June. A see-saw battle raged into July, with the
town changing hands several times. Each time one side advanced, new atrocities
were committed, and both the Greek and Turkish quarters were torched. One Greek soldier recalled: “It was hell. The regular Turkish army was in retreat, but
the cete had remained and were slaughtering, plundering, and torturing Greeks and Armenians,
and were rounding up women for their harems […] Then reprisals began – mosques set
alight, the beards of hodjas set fire to; trousers were pulled down, followed by shots
in the buttocks […]” (Gerwarth 231) SEGUE
So the Greeks had established themselves in and around Smyrna, and local Turkish resistance
groups had organized in response. But farther East, in the Turkish Anatolian
heartland, a much bigger political and military movement was growing. The Turkish cete bands in the west were not
the only Turks who were unhappy with the presence of Greek and Allied troops in Asia Minor. Ottoman General Mustafa Kemal was convinced
that there was no other option but to expel the foreign troops. Upon seeing the Allied fleet at Constantinople
in late 1918, he simply observed: “As they have come, so they shall go.” (Karsh 328)
He would get his chance when the Ottoman government appointed him Inspector of the 9th Army, based
in Eastern Anatolia. He arrived in Samsun on May 19, and immediately
began to rally provincial officials and officers to the cause. In his words, he wanted to: “[…] create
a new Turkish state, the sovereignty and independence of which would be unreservedly recognised
by the whole world.” (Karsh 328)
The incidents at Smyrna had sparked many Turks out of the shock of defeat. One nationalist supporter wrote: “After
I learned about the details of the Smyrna occupation, I hardly opened my mouth on any
subject except when it concerned the sacred struggle which was to be.” (Macmillan 444) On this foundation of outrage
and national pride, Kemal planned to organize in Anatolia, out of reach of foreign forces. He secretly met with other prominent Turks,
and along with the help of General Karabekir and others, called for resistance. This activity was at odds with the Ottoman
government’s conciliatory policies, and Kemal was dismissed from his post and recalled
to the capital. But instead of returning, he resigned and
pushed ahead with his plans. He sent a telegram known as the Amasya Circular
to Turkish officials, outlining the principles of resistance discussed in the secret meetings
and announcing upcoming conferences to take action. This was a major step in the beginning of
the Turkish War of Independence. The Erzurum conference in July and August,
and the Sivas Conference in September, were attended by fewer delegates than expected. But, they adopted a program that would soon
become influential. This program, which would later become known
as the National Pact, set out the basis for Turkish national resistance. It rejected foreign influence, proclaimed
the territorial integrity and independence of a Turkish state where Muslim Turks formed
a majority, and asserted the right to use force of arms to achieve these goals. (Karsh 332) It also called for plebiscites
in other parts of the empire. Now there was some support among conference
delegates for the idea of an American mandate for the region, but only if it did not infringe
on Turkish independence (McMeekin 421). Now although he didn’t publicly come out
against the Sultan, Kemal favoured a move to a modern republic: “To labour for the
maintenance of the Ottoman dynasty and its sovereign would have been to inflict the greatest
injustice upon the Turkish nation… As for the caliphate, it could only have been
a laughing stock in the eyes of the really civilised and cultured people of the world.” (Karsh 328) But instead of attacking the Sultan,
who represented centuries of tradition and pride, he criticized Grand Vizier Damad Ferid
Pasha and his ministers instead. But the Grand Vizier also tried to preserve
the country’s sovereignty. He travelled to Paris and on June 17th addressed
the Big Four, pleading against the breakup of the Ottoman state. But he made a poor impression, and left empty
handed. President Wilson remarked: “They had exhibited
a complete absence of common sense and a total misunderstanding of the West.” (Macmillan 448) The Ottoman government fell
back on hopes for Allied leniency, or an American mandate to shield them from Greek and Armenian
claims. SEGUE
So the Greek intervention at Smyrna had galvanized Turkish nationalist forces, who were growing
in political and military strength and by fall 1919 controlled much of Anatolia. Meanwhile, the Allies still struggled to find
an answer to the Eastern Question. While tensions mounted, the Allies continued
to be at a loss of what to do about the region and the mess it was in. In June, even Clemenceau was confused: “As
for the way we will dispose of the territories of the Turkish empire, after our last conversations,
I must say I no longer know where we are.” (Macmillan 449)
The British, the most influential Power in the region, were still very much divided amongst
themselves. Lloyd George still supported the Greeks, but
was concerned with the violence. Forgetting the warnings he had received in
May he remarked “Our military intelligence had never been more thoroughly unintelligent.” (Macmillan 445). Lord Curzon wanted Constantinople taken away
from the Turks, but he feared the impact of abolishing the Caliphate on British Muslim
subjects in India. Edwin Montagu, British Secretary of State
for India, urged a moderate position: “Let us not for heaven sake, tell the Moslem what
he ought to think, let us recognise what they do think.” But others objected, like Lord Balfour: “I
am quite unable to see why heaven or any other power should object to our telling the Moslem
what he ought to think.” (Macmillan 391) Churchill, never one to shy
away from international involvement, recommended leaving the Ottoman Empire intact (McMeekin). The Americans were by late 1919 turning towards
isolationism, and President Wilson was gravely ill after suffering a stroke, which made a
mandate much less likely. The new Italian government was distracted
by domestic affairs, and in any case Italy had some interests in common with Kemal in
opposing the Greeks and French. The French were also wavering, and Clemenceau
hinted to Venizelos that French troops would not be used to prop up the Greeks. The complexity of the dilemma was made abundantly
clear by two investigative reports which reached the Supreme Council aka The Big Four that
fall. British General Milne’s conclusions about
the situation were grim. The first report confirmed that there was
a state of virtual war between the Turks and Greeks, and the government in Constantinople
could not stop the violence: “The greater portion of the Turkish forces is composed
of organised bands of brigands, reinforced by armed peasants driven from the villages
by the Greeks and determined to prevent further advance of the Greeks […] The Turkish government
has no control over these forces.” (Smith 111)
The findings of the second report, on the events in May at Smyrna, were even more worrying. The report criticized the Greeks, and recommended
ending the occupation, which was compared to an outright annexation: “It is the duty
of the Commission to observe the fact that the Turkish national sentiment, which has
already manifested its resistance, will never accept this annexation. It will submit only to force, that is to say,
before a military expedition which Greece alone could not carry out with any chance
of success.” (Smith 112)
Publicly, Venizelos maintained a confident air – but privately, he despaired. Kemal grew stronger as time passed, and Greece
was too weak to impose its will alone. He argued that the troubles could be stopped
if the Peace Conference made a decision, and made his case again in Paris: “The Supreme
Council notices that the occupation of Smyrna was only decided for political reasons, and
constitutes no new right in the future […] The Greek claims on Smyrna and the neighbouring
region were not only well known, but they had been officially formulated to the conference
[…] In occupying Smyrna, Greece knew that [if] she was not yet legally, she was at least
morally, entitled to it.” (Smith 114) In November, the Milne Line was
established to define the Greek occupation zone, and it certainly seemed to the Turks
as though the Greeks were planning to stay. Anatolia was a ticking time bomb, and by now,
everyone knew it. But while the Allies continued to discuss,
the political and military situation continued to evolve. In January 1920, Clemenceau resigned, and
Alexandre Millerand replaced him as Prime Minister. Allied talks on the fate of Asia Minor resumed
in February, but Turkish nationalists were already taking action. After the December elections, the new parliament
met in Constantinople in January and adopted most of the points of the National Pact, which
was announced a few days later. Turkish troops attacked French and Armenian
units at Marash in January and Urfa in February. When Marash fell on February 20th, Turkish
forces entered the city and killed some 10,000 Armenians (Gerwarth 237). As they withdrew through nearby villages,
the Armenian soldiers also murdered local Turks. For the Allies and Greeks, the situation in
Asia Minor was spinning out of control, and the nationalist camp in Anatolia was now a
force to be reckoned with. The words of British Admiral Richard Webb
were to prove more prophetic than he realized when he wrote them in June 1919: “The situation
in the interior, due practically entirely to the Greek occupation of Smyrna, is getting
more hazy and unsettled. Were this anywhere but Turkey, I should say
we were on the eve of a tremendous upheaval.” (Criss) Now that we have caught up with events in
Asia Minor, it’s time for our roundup segment, where we take a look at what else is going
on in January 1920. On January 10th, the Treaty of Versailles
entered into force – even though the United States, China, Greece and Romania had not
ratified the treaty. The League of Nations officially came into
existence the same day. On the 15th, local elections were held in
Ireland amidst growing tensions about British rule. Sinn Fein won control of a majority of urban
councils on the island, but came in third in Ulster. On January 16th, the Allies demanded that
the Netherlands extradite former German Kaiser Wilhelm II, so he could stand trial for war
crimes, but the Dutch refused. On the 26th, assassins tried but failed to
kill German Minister Matthias Erzberger, who had signed the November 1918 armistice for
Germany. In Russia, on the 4th, following a string
of defeats in Siberia at the hands of the Reds, White Admiral Kolchak resigned as Supreme
Leader in favour of warlord Grigori Semenov. Two weeks later, he was turned over to the
Reds by the Czech Legion. And finally in the United States, on January
2nd the Red Scare continued as more Palmer raids against socialist radicals result in
3000 arrests. On the 15th, in US-occupied Haiti, the Battle
of Port au Prince took place. Some 300 Haitian rebels known as cacos attacked
Haitian gendarmes and US marines, but were defeated after dozens were killed. We want to thank Dr. Konstantinos Travlos
and Athanasiou Valantis for their help with this episode. As usual, you can find all our sources for
this episode in the video description, including links to our amazon stores. To get access to all our podcast episodes
with expert interviews and other perks, you can also support us on Patreon or by clicking
the join button below. I’m Jesse Alexander and this is The Great
War 1920, a production of Real Time History and the greatest YouTube history channel thrown
up since Pericles.

Rosalía Reveals She’d Love to Work With Kanye West & Talks Singing With Penélope Cruz | Billboard


– Hi, I’m Rosalia and I’ll be Fishing for
Answers with Billboard. (upbeat music) What is your favorite dance move? Can you show us? (giggling)
Okay. So I like a lot I don’t know if it’s a
dance move honestly, but I like a lot.
(clapping hands) You know?
Or use my hands. (laughs) Kind of like that. If you were invited to a costume party what would you dress up as? Put like that? I mean (laughing). First celebrity crush. Come on. For real, really? Frank Ocean.
You know I love his music. He’s amazing. Who is your style icon and why? My style icon, Lola Flores. (speaking in foreign
language) I love Lola Flores. She was amazing back in the days like the way she used to dress. Her attitude, everything.
I love her. Or Carmen Amaya.
She was a flamenco dancer. I loved her, she used to
wear masculine clothes in a moment of no any other women was dancing in masculine clothes. She used to dance amazing,
with a lot of strength. Camaron also, with his rings, his tattoos. What is your guilty pleasure food? I have too many.
(giggling) I have too many. Pizza, pasta, chocolate. All kinds of chocolate. Cookies, you know. These type of things that
I am not supposed to eat. What is your favorite fashion accessory? My favorite fashion accessory I would say I love glasses, sunglasses. Crazy ones.
Rings. Earrings, necklace.
Everything at the same time. A lot of jewelry. Who would you love to collaborate with on your next album? I’m gonna tell you. It’s supposed to be a surprise. So, I won’t say. But I would like to say that
I love Kanye West Productions. I would love to work with him. I would love to write with
him, produce with him. Make music with him. It would be such a dream. I love him. Next. What was the funniest, most
memorable moment on set with Penelope Cruz and Antonio Banderas? (speaking foreign language) I didn’t shoot with Antonio Banderas. It was with Penelope, just Penelope and other actresses from Spain. It was kind of funny that
we had to sing all together. Penelope was asking me to
rehearse together, to sing before the scene. We were beside the river singing. (singing in foreign language)
Like that. (singing in foreign language) I remember they were asking come on come on, show us how you do it. And we started laughing,
it was very funny. It was a great moment. What is the last picture
you took on your phone? Five minutes ago I took a selfie. I loved the outfit and
I just took a selfie. Took a selfie? Do you say it like that, right? Yeah.
(chuckles) So, five minutes ago. That’s it. (upbeat music)

What’s it like to work at Amazon Web Services? Meet Scott.


(upbeat music) – It was my first re:Invent. As you can imagine, I was
super eager and all shiny. I had all my courses picked
out that I wanted to attend. But I was a late entry, so I
couldn’t register for anything. And I thought, “Well, that’s not a big deal. “I’ll just go down early and pop in “and get into a course.”
Keep in mind it’s Vegas. Keep in mind courses start at 8 o’clock. Keep in mind that I was out here in this hallway at about 6:45. There were customers and
partners waiting in line to get in to the sessions. I was totally blown away. It’s just doing stuff. Let’s just go. Let’s just get stuff done. I love that. (upbeat music)

Dirk Verbeuren from MEGADETH pays tribute to his friend Sean Reinert (ex CYNIC / DEATH)


We have become good friends these last years His husband, me and my wife we spent a lot of time together making meals, playing video games He was quite private He wasn’t glamour you know hanging in backstages We had a very good human relationship Even outside the music business They were really friends It was a big shock for me I had a phone call after his death My wife called me crying while I was in the tourbus She told me “Sean Reinert” is dead I have not understood yet I’m trying to digest that and it’s rough I interviewed him 10 years ago while He was in Cynic He was so gentle He was a super cool dude a heart of gold, he was nice, he loved his cats Always smiling And of course he was for me a big influence on drums He changed everything, especially on the Human album I was “what’s going on here” ? Nobody did that in the extreme metal I bought the Splash cymbals because of him Before that, I never thought about using that and even knowing that I was watching the Lack of comprehension videos Fuck It was huge and I wanted to play like him So he was for me a huge influence And I’m shocked that he passed away overnight, he wasn’t ill and we don’t know yet what happened I am brokenhearted at the moment It’s really hard !

Sapporo Fish Market, Hokkaido 🦀 (Sapporo Morning Market)


Today we’re looking round a fish market in Sapporo in Hokkaido There’s actually markets like this in a lot of places around Japan Especially near the coast If you like seafood, they’re a great place to get really fresh sushi & rice bowls Or kaisendon Which is fish (mostly raw fish or sashimi) On a bowl of rice We’re going to have breakfast at the market Or really more like lunch It’s not that early We’ll meet a giant crab And buy an expensive apple There’s new Japan videos on my channel every Thursday if you want to subscribe We’ve come for breakfast/lunch (brunch) At Sapporo Central Wholesale Market We were going to go to Nijo Market Whihc is in central Sapporo But I heard that one’s a bit touristy And this one’s more where the locals go As well as tourists And it’s a lot bigger You have to take a train from Sapporo central station On the JR line (just 1 stop) Then we walked a bit To start off with it was a bit confusing To work out where to go We went in one building & everything was shut Then we walked around & found a street with lots of restaurants on They all do pretty similar things by the look of it Lots of sushi, seafood rice bowls And a lot of them have sweetcorn & butter And melon There’s actually a really big choice on the menu Every variation of seafood & rice bowl you can think of This is fairly typical of most places at the market They all seemed to have a big choice Of quite similar items All the tuna! That’s what I couldn’t find on there, oh well… I don’t like seafood But there were a couple of options Ah I didn’t see that! Potato mochi Everyone gets free green tea Nice to warm my hands up Phil’s got a rice bowl with salmon, tuna and – what’s this one? I’m going to say squid But I’m not 100% sure I’ll try it We were a bit rushed when we were ordering It’s got pickled ginger, wasabi… That looks like grated radish That’s quite a lot of rice in there actually I’ve got a jaga bata Butter baked potato There’s the butter melting in there Hokkaido’s known for potatoes Here’s my white sweetcorn Hokkaido’s known for white sweetcorn I’m not sure of the difference between the white & the normal yellow corn I think there’s one that has white & yellow kernels on it as well I can really smell how this has been grilled Eating a potato with chopsticks is a bit challenging! It’s quite a floury potato Phil, you said that was better than the one you had the other day at the fish market in Hakodate? Yes, so I’ve been to 3 markets recently I’ve been to Tsukiji We went to the Hakodate Morning Market And I’ve come here Quite the fish mrket connoisseur now In terms of food Tsukiji was significantly better than the other two But I did pay quite a lot of money for it So you kind of expect that It was really good quality It was well prepared It was a nice experience The one I had yesterday In Hakodate That was not so good The scallops were really nice And the rice was really nice But the tuna & salmon were a bit questionable They just weren’t very nice cuts I questioned how fresh it was It wasn’t bad It just wasn’t very good The mistake I made there Was I bought from the first place I saw where we could both eat Whereas I should have really looked around a little bit more So that place did a lot of grilled stuff as well So it probably wasn’t the right decision to buy from But nevermind What I had today Was excellent Very good I had tuna, which was great, really nice flavour It wasn’t fatty tuna It was a fairly standard cut But a good cut of it The salmon was really nice Then I had squid, and I’m not a big squid fan I find it a bit rubbery I quite like it when it’s cooked But not so much raw But this was really really nice I’m not sure I’d go rushing out & have it again Because I don’t really like the texture But the freshness sort of compensated for it For the price, I thought that was an excellent meal Good! My potato was nice! Probably because of all the butter I think it had some salt on as well That tasted nice, good to have something hot The corn – I had white corn Whihc is something Hokkaido’s known for It was less sweet than normal yellow sweetcorn I think I actually preferred the yellow one Glad I tried it though The bill was 2631 yen So it’s not cheap But you’re getting quality – as fresh fish as you can get anywhere really It was fresh The experience wasn’t classy or anything The place where you eat is sort of “no frills” It’s just a table, they’ve stuck some plastic up to keep people warm Really basic That’s what it is The thing about this though, compared to other places we’ve been Is the variety This one place, and a few we’ve seen down this street Have a lot more than just a couple of dishes This one had loads of stuff A big menu Which made me wonder if it was going to be good And it was It seemed to have a lot of people coming in and out I don’t know if they’re locals or tourists But it was very nice This is the street with all the shops & restaurants on It’s a separate place from the other bit of the market we went into This seems to be the bit for consumers & tourists Just look at these huge piles of snow These were everywhere in Hokkaido This is the one we ate at I don’t know what it’s called It’s got a picture of a crab on it They’ve all got pictures of the dishes outside Havign said this market’s less touristy Here’s all the tourist buses Of people come on coach trips There are definitely tourists around But I think it’s less touristy than Nijo Market Which is in the centre of Sapporo Sapporo is way more white than this! Where’s the snow?! When you find a photo opportunity like thi You’ve got to make the most of it Time to warm up with a hot drink from the vending machine You can tell which vending machine drinks are going to be hot Because they have red on the price signs And the cold drinks have blue Here we’ve got different types of coffee in a can That’s a tea Hot chocolate And green teas at the end This one’s got lots of coffee in a can I’m wondering what this rainbow blend is This is cocoa Bistro boss Is tomato soup & sweetcorn soup There’s milk tea And some more coffees there Look there’s a special Japanese version of Pepsi J-cola They changed the flavour slightly It’s not that different though Fish markets are also a place to find fruit I’d been looking forward to trying some Because they have different varieties in Japan That have different flavours I’ve been seeing these giant apples everywhere So I wanted to see what they’re like I think they might be from Aomori Which is in North Japan That’s a place that’s famous for apples Here it is! They’re all individually packaged In polystyrene foam He said this was a honey apple He said it’s really sweet So that’ll be good It was 380 yen Which is abotu £2.80 For one apple The most expensive apple I’ve ever bought Fruit here is so expensive There’s way more expensive fruit than this I was really tempted to try these grapes at the market in Hakodate Maybe I’ll save up for next time I was excited to try different varieties Because I think they have different species of fruit here Compared to the same ones we have at home So they might have a different flavour I got a bit confused with the money And the different coins When I was paying Which sounds really dumb But even after all this time I still get them mixed up sometimes So don’t worry if that happens Just say “Sumimasen” Which means sorry Try again He gave you some money off because of it He sold it to me for 300 yen A very nice man There’s also lots of ice cream here Soft serve ice cream They’ve got some interesting-looking flavours Like melon and ramune Which looks really good But in this snowy weather It’s -6 degrees Although it’s not so bad in the sun here Ice cream is probably the last thing I want right now But the milk in Hokkaido’s supposed to be really good so the ice cream’s supposed to be really nice This market’s actually the smallest of the markets we’ve been to Tsukiji was a lot bigger According to Phil I didn’t go there! The one in Hakodate was a lot bigger as well That had about 250 stalls And this one’s got about 60 stalls I’ve heard that this market’s bigger than Nijo market in central Sapporo So there you go There’s still a good choice of places to eat And plenty of seafood here We got a bit confused on the way here And went to a place that I think was trade only And a lot of the stalls were shut Because it’s about midday And it opens at 5am It turns out the confusion was We went to Sapporo wholesale fish market And the one you want is Sapporo Fish Market There were a couple of restaurants in that other one They weren’t open though were they? A couple of them were The walk between this market and the wholesale one Is about 5 minutes They’re really close together It might be worth having a look around if you’re early enough anyway But to start off with we weren’t sure where to go Then when we came round the corner You could see all the shops with the big signs of all the fish & everything That’s how you know you’re in the right place After this we hopped on the train to Otaru For the Snow Light Path Festival There’s already a video about it on my channel I’ll put the link in the description If you haven’t seen it Take a look It was absolutely magical And the best thing we did in Hokkaido I hope you enjoyed this look around the market As I said, there are fish markets in lots of places around Japan Especially on the coast And they’re an interesting place to look round And get breakfast or lunch Let me know if you’ve been to any And I’ll be back next week I’ll see you on Thursday!